Stylopathes Opresko, 2006

Lima, Manuela M., Cordeiro, Ralf T. S. & Perez, Carlos D., 2019, Black Corals (Anthozoa: Antipatharia) from the Southwestern Atlantic, Zootaxa 4692 (1), pp. 1-67: 53-54

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Stylopathes Opresko, 2006


Genus Stylopathes Opresko, 2006  

Type-species. Arachnopathes columnaris Duchassaing, 1870   (by original designation).

Diagnosis. “Corallum monopodial or very rarely branched. Stem (and branches when present) pinnulate. Primary pinnules simple or subpinnulate; arranged, in varying degrees of regularity, in three, occasionally four rows, and sometimes in quase-verticillate groupings of three or four. Subpinnules, when present, arranged singly, subopposite- ly, or in verticils of three or four (rarely five). Spines short, usually not more than 0.1 mm in height on the pinnules and subpinnules; smooth, conical, and inclined distally to varying degrees, especially near the tips of the subpinnules. Polyps 0.6 to 1.3 mm in transverse diameter; arranged uniserially and appearing transversally elongated on the pinnules and subpinnules” ( Opresko, 2006).

Remarks. Opresko (2006) established the genus Stylopathes   based on the species Stylopathes columnaris   and included in it four other species; S. americana (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860)   , S. tenuispina (Silberfeld, 1909)   , S. adinocrada Opresko, 2006   , and S. litocrada Opresko, 2006   . The species are differentiated mainly by the presence of subpinnules covering the “worm run”, length of the pinnules and degree of subpinnulation.

Distribution. Western Atlantic, Japan and IndoPacific ( Opresko, 2006).