Nops enae Sánchez,

Sánchez-Ruiz, Alexander & Brescovit, Antonio D., 2018, A revision of the Neotropical spider genus Nops MacLeay (Araneae: Caponiidae) with the first phylogenetic hypothesis for the Nopinae genera, Zootaxa 4427 (1), pp. 1-121: 27-28

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Nops enae Sánchez


Nops enae Sánchez  – Ruiz, 2004

Figures 12A ‒FView FIGURE 12; 13A ‒G

N. enae Sánchez  – Ruiz, 2004: 98, figs 4–10. Male holotype from Piedra La Vela (20°27′12″N, 74°59′34″W), 1500 m, Guantánamo, Cuba, 10.xii.1997GoogleMaps  . A. Sánchez – Ruiz & R. Teruel ( BSC 541View Materials); female paratype, same data as holotype ( AMNH); male paratypeGoogleMaps  , 8.xii.1997, other data as holotype ( AMNH); female paratype, same data as holotype ( BSC 544View Materials); four female and three immature paratypesGoogleMaps  , 6.xii.1997, other data as holotype (BSC 545); all types examined.

Additional material examined. CUBA: Holguín: Road to Yaguaneque, 150 m, 1 Km after bifurcation to Sagua (20°38′21″N, 75°01′44″W), Moa, 26.ix.2005, R. Teruel, 1♂ ( BSC 539View Materials)GoogleMaps  . Granma: Jardín Botánico de Cupaynicú (20°15′6″N, 76°34′15″W), Guisa , 18.i.1994, R. Teruel, 1♀ ( BSC 552View Materials)GoogleMaps  . Santiago de Cuba: Dos caminos (20°10′55″N, 75°47′30″W)GoogleMaps  , San Luis, 17.vii.1999, A. Sánchez ‒ Ruiz , 1♂ ( BSC 622View Materials)  . Presa El Avispero (20°06′46″N, 75°43′56″W), El Cristo, 8.x.1997, A. Sánchez ‒ Ruiz , 1♀ ( BSC 566View Materials)GoogleMaps  . Jardín Botánico de San Juan (20°0′26″N, 75°47′40″W), 10.ii.1999, A. Sánchez ‒ Ruiz , 1♀ ( BSC 563View Materials)GoogleMaps  . Ditto, 11.ii.1998, R. Teruel , 1♀ ( BSC 555View Materials)  . Ditto,, A. Sánchez ‒Ruiz , 2♀ 1 immature ( BSC 578View Materials)  . Jardín Botánico San Juan (100 m of entrance) (20°0′40″N, 75°47′36″W), 24.iii.2003, R. Teruel & Y. Pérez , 1♀ ( BSC 582View Materials)GoogleMaps  . Universidad de Oriente (20°2′48″N, 75°49′3″W), Quintero , 2.vii.2006, R. Teruel, 2♀ ( BSC 614View Materials)GoogleMaps  . Loma de Quintero, Universidad de Oriente (20°2′42″N, 75°48′46″W), Quintero , 50 m, 24.iii.2003, R. Teruel, 1♀ ( BSC 543View Materials)GoogleMaps  . Ditto, 9.iv.1999, R. Teruel , 1♂ 2♀ ( BSC 540View Materials)  . La Pimienta, 1.5 Km. from La Tabla (20°11′29″N, 76°24′26″W), Tercer Frente , 18.iv.2000, R. Viña, 1♂ 3♀ 4 immatures ( BSC 504View Materials)GoogleMaps  . El Oro (20°31′N, 75°29′W), Sierra Cristal, Segundo Frente, 24.iii.2001, R. Teruel, 1♀ ( BSC 583View Materials)GoogleMaps  . La China (20°31′08″N, 75°29′03″W), Sierra Cristal, 27.iii.2001, R. Teruel, 1♂ 1♀ ( BSC 542View Materials; both specimens for SEM). El Cobre (20°2′56″N, 75°56′48″W), 10.v.2010, A. Sánchez – Ruiz , 3♀ 1 immature ( IBSP).GoogleMaps 

Diagnosis. Males resemble similar congeners Nops guanabacoae  ( Fig. 20C ‒DView FIGURE 20) by having a straight embolus; but can be distinguished by a shorter embolus with the first two ‒thirds thicker ( Fig. 12B ‒CView FIGURE 12), and the tip with only three short extensions ( Fig. 13FView FIGURE 13). Females can be distinguished by the receptaculum with narrower invagination and uterus externus with wide base ( Figs 12FView FIGURE 12; 13A ‒C).

Description. Male (holotype): Carapace dark orange. Chelicerae, palps, endites, labium, sternum and legs orange; coxae and trochanters lighter. Abdomen dark gray, dorsal pattern as in figure 6I. Anal tubercle and spinnerets lighter than abdomen. Total length 8.6. Carapace 5.1 long, 3.9 wide. Sternum 3.8 long, 3.0 wide. Leg measurements: I: 3.80; II: 3.70; III: 3.0; IV: 4.15. Posterior unpaired claw elongated and dorsally reflexed ( Fig. 13GView FIGURE 13). PLS same size as PMS. Palp with embolus nearly as long as palpal tibia, straight and with the first two ‒thirds thicker ( Fig. 12B ‒CView FIGURE 12); tip ending with three short extensions ( Fig. 13FView FIGURE 13).

Female ( AMNH): Carapace, chelicerae, labium, legs, coxae, endites and sternum as in the male. Abdomen as in male, but somewhat lighter. Anal tubercle and spinnerets lighter than abdomen. Total length 8.7. Carapace 5.5 long, 4.0 wide. Sternum 3.9 long, 3.2 wide. Leg measurements: I: 3.9; II: 3.85; III: 3.30; IV: 4.15. Posterior unpaired claws and spinnerets as in the male. External genital area with sclerotized anterior plate, strongly sclerotized lep and remarkable ess ( Fig. 12EView FIGURE 12). Internal genitalia with narrow invagination on receptaculum and uterus externus with wide base ( Figs 12FView FIGURE 12; 13A ‒C).

Variation. Specimens from Santiago de Cuba have the dorsal part of abdomen clearer than those from type locality.

Natural history. All specimens from the type locality were collected under the bark of Pinus cubensis  trunks at 1500 m elevation. Specimens from Tercer Frente were found under dried plants of Agave  sp. at 200 m. All other specimens were collected under rocks at less than 100 m. The differences in habitats and microhabitats, including elevation suggest a wide ecological plasticity for this species.

Distribution. Known only from localities in the eastern region of Cuba ( Fig. 25BView FIGURE 25).


American Museum of Natural History


Instituto Biologico de Sao Paulo


Prirodonamen Muzej Skopje