Cepheia Simon 1894

LOPARDO, LARA & HORMIGA, GUSTAVO, 2007, On the Synaphrid Spider Cepheia longiseta (Simon 1881) (Araneae, Synaphridae), American Museum Novitates 3575, pp. 1-20 : 3

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.1206/0003-0082(2007)3575[1:OTSSCL]2.0.CO;2

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5467490

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03908786-191E-FFFD-3C7B-FB274144FB73

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Cepheia Simon 1894
status

 

Cepheia Simon 1894

Cepheia Simon 1894: 589 . Type species by original designation and monotypy: Theonoe longiseta Simon 1881: 132 .

Cepheia, Simon, 1926: 312 , 314–315; Brignoli, 1970: 1410– 1412; Forster and Platnick, 1977: 2; Brignoli, 1980: 730; Wunderlich, 1980: 266; Thaler, 1993: 99; Marusik and Lehtinen, 2003: 151; Schütt, 2003: 134, 137.

DIAGNOSIS: Cepheia can be distinguished from other synaphrid genera by the following combination of features: carapace rounded, as long as wide, with the clypeal area protruding in dorsal view ( figs. 3, 4 View Figs , 9); tarsal organ flat ( figs. 26, 27 View Figs ); two AC gland spigots on PMS ( figs. 34, 35 View Figs ); one CY spigot in females on PLS ( fig. 36 View Figs ); one (possibly chemosensory) seta in both sexes located on the side of distal PLS segment ( figs. 36, 37 View Figs ); male palp enormous (in lateral view, almost as large as prosoma, fig. 2 View Figs ), compressed ( figs. 2, 6 View Figs , 44, 47); cymbium long and narrow ( figs. 46–49), with tarsal organ distal, flat, opening teardropshaped ( fig. 54 View Figs ); small membranous cuticular protuberances interspersed on distal area of conductor ( figs. 2 View Figs , 42, 50 View Figs ); one dorsal tegular pointed apophysis ( figs. 39, 45, 49); female copulatory ducts initially coiled posteriorly in one loop ( fig. 40 View Figs ), then wrapping around spermathecae in four loops ( figs. 40, 41 View Figs , 59), and epigynum slightly sclerotized, with a medial depression bearing the copulatory openings ( fig. 57).

NATURAL HISTORY: Cepheia longiseta has been collected from coastal dry regions and near the shore, for example, in dry grasses ( Simon, 1926); 100 m of the sea beach, under Ammophila ( Wunderlich, 1980) ; and in dry hillsides of prevailing porphyry rocks habitats, dry lawns, and seam areas ( Thaler and Noflatscher, 1990). No information is available on its web architecture.

DISTRIBUTION: Cepheia longiseta : West Mediterranean Region: southern France ( Simon, 1881, 1894, 1926; Denis, 1933a; Brignoli, 1970), northern Italy ( Bertkau, 1890; Thaler and Noflatscher, 1990), southern Spain ( Wunderlich, 1980; Thaler and Noflatscher, 1990; Lopardo et al., 2007), southern Austria ( Thaler, 1993), southern Portugal, and the Baleares Islands ( Lopardo et al., 2007) (see geographic distribution map in Lopardo et al., 2007, fig. 1 View Figs ).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Synaphridae

Loc

Cepheia Simon 1894

LOPARDO, LARA & HORMIGA, GUSTAVO 2007
2007
Loc

Cepheia, Simon, 1926: 312

Marusik, Y. M. & P. T. Lehtinen 2003: 151
Schutt, K. 2003: 134
Thaler, K. 1993: 99
Brignoli, P. M. 1980: 730
Wunderlich, J. 1980: 266
Forster, R. R. & N. I. Platnick 1977: 2
Brignoli, P. M. 1970: 1410
Simon, E. 1926: 312
1926
Loc

Cepheia

Simon, E. 1894: 589
Simon, E. 1881: 132
1894