Trichardis apicalis Oldroyd, 1974

Londt, Jason G. H., 2008, A review of Afrotropical Trichardis Hermann, 1906, and the description of the first Oriental representative of the genus (Diptera: Asilidae: Laphriinae), African Invertebrates 49 (2), pp. 171-171 : 176-178

publication ID 10.5733/afin.049.0210

persistent identifier

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scientific name

Trichardis apicalis Oldroyd, 1974


Trichardis apicalis Oldroyd, 1974 View in CoL

Figs 7, 8 View Figs 5–10 , 58 View Fig 58

Trichardis apicalis: Oldroyd 1974: 120 View in CoL ; 1980: 355 (catalogue).

Redescription (based on ơ holotype in good condition):

Head: Uniformly brown-orange. Antenna uniformly brown-orange, yellowish setose; postpedicel not markedly clavate (L:D=3.2:1). Mystax uniformly yellowish on slightly and evenly convex face. Ocellar tubercle with 4 macrosetae. Proboscis brown-orange with dark red-brown distal half, palpi brown-orange.

Thorax: Brown-orange, dorsal parts slightly darker; mesonotal macrosetae orange, fine setae white or pale yellow. Postpronotum entirely pruinose, mesonotum apruinose except for narrow silver pruinose lateral and posterior margins. Scutellum apruinose. Anepisternum with yellow posterior macroseta; dorsal half pruinose, ventral half apruinose. Proepimeron dorsally pruinose, ventrally apruinose; katepisternum dorsally pruinose, ventrally apruinose; anepisternum posteriorly pruinose, anteriorly apruinose. Legs: Brown-orange except for terminal tarsomeres and distal parts of hind tibiae; pulvilli and empodium of similar length. Hind femur brown-orange, length:height ratio 3.5:1,

ventral tubercles poorly developed. Hind tibia lacking ventrodistal spur. Wing: 5.0× 2.1 mm. Costal vein strongly developed around most of wing margin, weak to absent along anal cell and alula. Membrane not extensively microtrichose—discal cell entirely lacking microtrichiae, cell r 5 with microtrichiae only in distal half.

Abdomen: Uniformly brown-orange, fine white setose. T2 orange, apruinose except for small areas of silver pruinescence on posterolateral corners.

ơ genitalia ( Figs 7, 8 View Figs 5–10 ): Epandrium in lateral view slightly longer than basal part of gonocoxite (i.e. excluding distal projection of gonocoxite and gonostylus). Proctiger moderately dorsoventrally compressed. Hypandrium greatly reduced and simple in structure. Gonocoxite in ventral view without median projections distally and with a few moderately developed mediodistal setae; mediodistal projection stout with upturned and darkly sclerotised distal end. Gonostylus stout with upturned, slightly clavate distal end. Aedeagal prongs more or less straight, with small, slender tips.

Holotype (examined): MOZAMBIQUE: ơ ‘Holo- / type’ [circular, red edge], ‘Lourenço Marques. [Maputo, 25°57'S: 32°34'E] / Sept. – Dec., 1913. / H. A. Junod.’, ‘C. J. Wainwright / collection / B.M. 1948-488’, ‘ Trichardis / apicalis Oldr. / det. H. Oldroyd 1972 / Holotype’ [white] (BMNH).

Paratypes (examined): MOZAMBIQUE: 3 ơ 1^same data as holotype (BMNH); 1 ơ 1^same data as holotype but ‘Jan. – Mar., 1914’ (BMNH); 1 ơ ‘Para- / type’ [circular with yellow border], ‘Lourenço Marques / Sept.– Dec., 1913, / H.A. Junod’, ‘C. J. Wainwright / collection. / B.M. 1948–488’ (BMNH). SOUTH AFRICA: 1 ơ ‘South Africa, Natal Prov / Zululand. 4 mi S. Ndumu / Game Res. Camp (2632Cc) / Dec. 1, 1971; ME&BJ Irwin / dry scrub forest; 160 ft’ (NMSA); 7 ơ 1^1? ‘South Africa, Natal Prov / Zululand. 20 mi S. Ndumu / Game Res. Camp (2732Aa) / Nov. 29, 1971; ME&BJ Irwin / dry scrub forest; 320 ft’, ‘ Trichardis / apicalis Oldr / det. H. Oldroyd 1973 / Paratypes’ (NMSA); 3 ơ 3^‘ Ndumu Reserve [26°52'S: 32°15'E], / Ingwavuma District / Tongaland, S. Africa / B. & P. Stuckenberg / 1–10 December 1963 ’, ‘ Trichardis / apicalis Oldr / det. H. Oldroyd 1973 / Paratypes’ (NMSA); 2^‘ Para- / type’ [circular with yellow border], ‘Ndumu Reserve / Ingwavuma dist. / Zululand, Natal / South Africa / 1–10.xii.63’, ‘collectors / B. & P. Stuckenberg’ (BMNH).

Other material examined: BOTSWANA: 1^Ghanzi-Maun Rd, 2122AB, 19.xii.1984, Johnson; 1 ơ Palapye [22°33'S: 27°08'E], 4.iii.1934, Ogilvie ( BMNH) GoogleMaps . MOZAMBIQUE: 1^Nampula [15°07'S: 39°15'E], 29.ii.1982, Feijen; 1 ơ Masiene [16°24'S: 39°54'E], xii.1923, Lawrence ( SAMC) GoogleMaps ; 1 ơ Nyaka [16°40'S: 32°42'E], ii.1924, Lawrence ( SAMC) GoogleMaps ; 1 ơ Mabote [22°02'S: 34°08'E], 27–30.iii.1964, Moore ( NMNH) GoogleMaps ; 2 ơ Massangwa [?Massangera, 22°02'S: 34°08'E], 1–8.ii.1964, Moore ( NMNH) GoogleMaps ; 1^Inhambane [23°51'S: 35°29'E], i.1924, Lawrence ( SAMC) GoogleMaps ; 4 ơ 4^Chimonzo [24°58'S: 33°17'E], 21–27.ii.1964, Moore ( NMNH) GoogleMaps ; 1? Lorenzo Marques [= Maputo, 25°57'S: 32°34'E], 1909, De Azevedo ( NMNH) GoogleMaps ; 7 ơ 10^Chiqubo [?], 11–20.ii.1964, Moore ( NMNH) . NAMIBIA: 1 ơ 1^Waterberg Nat. Park Entrance, 20°32'S: 17°20'E, 20.iii.1984, Stuckenberg & Londt, Acacia thornveld; 1 ơ Etosha-Pan, Namutoni [18°48'S: 16°59'E], 23.i.1993, Koch ( ZMHB) GoogleMaps . SOUTH AFRICA: 1^Messina Nat. Res., 22°24'54"S: 30°05'12"E, 487 m, 14.ii.2005, Londt & Dikow, dry woodland Sand R.; 1 ơ 2^Soutpansberge Soutpan , 2229CD, 23–24.ii.1980, Londt & Schoeman, bushveld vegetation; 1 ơ GoogleMaps 37 km N Louis Trichardt , 2229DD, i.1975, Stuckenberg, arid bushveld; 1^Wyllies Poort , 10 km N Louis Trichardt, 2229DD, 22.ii.1980, Londt & Schoeman; 1^Lapalala Nat. Res., 23°52'52"S: 28°20'19"E, 1072 m, 16.ii.2005, Londt & Dikow, Acacia Combretum woodland; 4 ơ Mogol Nat. Res., Ellisras Dist. , 23°58'S: 27°45'E, 19–23.xi.1979, van Tonder, Kok, Prinsloo & Mansell ( SANC) GoogleMaps ; 2 ơ Ndumu Game Reserve , 26°55'S: 32°19'E, 3.ii.1995, Koch ( ZMHB) GoogleMaps ; 1 ơ Ndumu Game Reserve Rest Camp, 2632CD, 95 m, 15.ii.1978, Brothers, Malaise trap; 1^Ndumu Reserve, Ingwavuma Dist. [27°08'S: 31°59'E], 1–10.xii.1963, Stuckenberg; 1 ơ GoogleMaps 32 km N Jozini , 2732AC, 229 m, 28.xi.1971, Irwin . ZIMBABWE: 2 ơ Lusulu [18°04'S: 27°50'E], 19.xi.1963, Phelps; 1^Hartley [18°08'S: 30°09'E], xii.1930, Cuthbertson ( BMNH) GoogleMaps ; 1^Sawmills [19°35'S: 28°01'E], 10.ii.1923, Swinburn & Stevenson; 1 ơ 1^Sawmills, 26.xii.1923, Stevenson ( SAMC) GoogleMaps ; 1^Sawmills , 14.xi.1924, Stevenson .

Distribution and biology: The species, a southern African endemic, has a fairly wide distribution ( Fig. 58 View Fig 58 ), occurring in the northern parts of Namibia eastwards through Botswana, Zimbabwe, the northern parts of South Africa and Mozambique. Adults fly between November and March (Table 1). While little information is available concerning habitat, labels suggest that the species is found in dry to arid woodland dominated by Acacia trees.

Similar species: T. apicalis has an entirely pruinose postpronotal lobe and in this respect can be grouped with grisescens , ornata , picta , terminalis , testacea , turneri and zinidi . The species is, however, most similar to zinidi .


Iziko Museums of Cape Town


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History


Agricultural Research Council-Plant Protection Research Institute














Trichardis apicalis Oldroyd, 1974

Londt, Jason G. H. 2008

Trichardis apicalis

: Oldroyd 1974: 120
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