Scolopia manongarivae H.Perrier

Applequist, Wendy L. & Schatz, George E., 2016, A synoptic revision of the Malagasy species of Scolopia Schreb. (Salicaceae, Scolopieae), Adansonia 38 (1), pp. 99-115 : 110-111

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Scolopia manongarivae H.Perrier


7. Scolopia manongarivae H.Perrier View in CoL

Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, n.s., 13: 281 (1940).

— Type: Madagascar. Prov. Antsiranana, Massif de Manongarivo , bords des torrents, gneiss vers 1900 m alt., s.d., fl., Perrier de la Bâthie 4608 (holo-, P [ P00077431 ]!) .

ADDITIONAL MATERIAL EXAMINED. — Madagascar. Prov. Antsiranana, Tsaratanana Massif along path to summit, 14°06’54- 14°06’56”S, 48°58’54”-48°59’08”E, 2400-2500 m, 27.IV.2001, post-fl., Birkinshaw 885 (MO, P). Sommet du Marojejy, 1000 m, 31.III.1949, fr., Cours 3564 (P). Antsatrotro (14°05’S, 48°23’E), entre le campement ‘Chris’ et le sommet, Coord . précises ( Laborde ): 609680/1331880, alt 1580 m, 24.V. 1995, fl., Gautier & Chatelain 2782 (MO, P). Massif de l’Anjanaharibe (pentes et sommet N) à l’W d’Andapa (haute Andramonta , bassin de la Lokoho : NE), sylve à lichens, 1600-1800 m, 10.XII.1950 - 3.I.1951, fr., Humbert et al. 24785 (P). Marojejy RNI no. 12, path from Mandena to summit of Marojejy , forest surrounding River Andranomifototra , 14°26’S, 49°45’E, 800-1000 m, 1.X.1994, fr., Lewis et al. 1233 (MO×2, P). WNW of Andapa, NW of village of Ambodisatrana , 14°32’S, 49°26’E, 1100-1200 m, 3.VII.1997, fr., McPherson 17207 (MO×2). Réserve Naturelle de Marojejy , W slopes of Mt. Beondroka , 14°27’S, 49°47’E, 750-900 m, 27.X.1989, fr., Miller & Randrianasolo 4478 (MO, P). DIANA, Ambilobe, Beramanja , Anketrabe , village le plus proche Antanambao Belinta , versant W du campement II, 13°39’03”S, 48°40’20”E, 934 m, 1.XII.2007, fr., Rakotovao et al. 3873 (MO). SAVA, Vohemar, Andrafainkona , forêt de Sorata , 13°41’46”S, 49°26’32”E, 1372 m, 4.XI.2007, fr., Randriambololomamonjy et al. 232 (MO). SAVA, Vohemar, Andrafainkona , Ampisarahina , forêt de Maromaniry , 5 km N d’Ampisarahina, 13°38’33”S, 49°32’19”E, 1206 m, 7.XI.2007, fr., Randriambololomamonjy et al. 282 (MO). Anjanaharibe-Sud Special Reserve , S of camp at Mandritsarahely, Andapa, 14°46’S, 49°30’E, 3.VII.1998, fr., Razafimandimbison & Ravelonarivo 377 ( G, K, MO, USMS). SAVA, Antalaha, Andapa, Bealampona , Befingotra , RS4 Anjanaharibe-Sud , 14°45’04”S, 49°27’56”E, 1062 m, 12.X.1998, fr., Razafindramora 54 (MO). Tsaratanana RNI, fokontany Beangona , 8 km E de Beangona , Antsahamanara , 14°02’50”S, 48°47’09”E, 1408 m, 29.XI.2000, fr., Razakamalala et al. 33 (MO). Ambavala, cant. Marovato , dist. Ambanja , fr., Réserves Naturelles 2247 (MO, P). Massif du Tsaratanana: Crête (et ses abords) séparant les bassins du Sambirano et de la Mahavavy , entre l’Andohanisambirano et la cote 2362, 9-10.XI.1966, fr., Service Forestier 27017 (P).

Prov. Mahajanga. SW d’Antahivo, 14°14’50”S, 49°01’30”E, 1920 m, 3.XII.2005, fr., Randrianarivony et al. 122 (MO, P). Sous-Préfecture de Befandriana-Nord, commune rurale de Matsoandakana, quartier de Belalona , SW d’Andapa, Réserve Spéciale Anjanaharibe-Sud , village d’Anjiamazava, suivant la route Nationale d’Andapa–Beala-nana, piste vers le N approchant le sommet de Bevitsika, 14°42’S, 49°27’E, 1100 m, 14.XII.1994, fr., Ravelonarivo & Rabesonina 554 ( G, MO, P). Fivondronana Bealanana, commune Mangindrano , forêt de Mahatsabory aux environs du lac Majatsabory , 14°09’07”S, 48°57’25”E, 2086 m, 24.II.2003, fl., Razafitsalama et al. 289 (MO, P). Fiv. Bealanana, commune Mangindrano , 14 km au N du village Mangindrano , aux environs de Matsabory no. 02, 14°09’03”S, 48°57’20”E, 2043 m, 17.IV.2003, fr., Razafitsalama et al. 364 (MO, P).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. — Scolopia manongarivae is restricted to the northern province of Antsiranana and a small adjacent portion of Mahajanga ( Fig. 6 View FIG ); it is found at moderate to high elevations, sometimes along streambanks. Habitat types include sclerophyllous forest, moss forest, and at lower elevations cloud and valley forest; it is reported to occur on laterite.


Scolopia manongarivae is a tree to 15 m tall. The leaves are persistent and coriaceous, with many weak wavy secondary veins; they dry green, often to olive beneath, or less often brown. Most specimens from lower elevations have large, broad leaves (usually 5.5-9.5 cm long, but relatively short-petioled) with often conspicuous venation. A few specimens from the highest elevations, around Tsaratanana, have much smaller and more strongly coriaceous leaves; these may represent a genetically distinct local variety or a phenotypic response to extreme altitude. The flowers are white to pale yellow, with yellow to red glands. The adaxial surface of the sepals and petals is pubescent and the perianth is accrescent in fruit, with sepals elongating to 2.5-3 mm. Fruits are usually described as green, rarely as reddish, but fully ripe fruits may never have been collected.


Telotritry (Gautier & Chatelain 2782; Miller & Randrianasolo 4478).


Scolopia manongarivae is known to exist at 13 locations; though its minimum Area of Occupancy is only 64 km 2, it has an Extent of Occurrence of 12005 km 2 and a potential maximum Area of Occupancy of c. 4500 km 2 based on the remaining area of possibly suitable forest within the EOO. The preliminary assessment of its conservation status is therefore Near Threatened (NT). While it occurs in the Protected Areas of Anjanaharibe-Sud, Manongarivo, Marojejy, and Tsaratanana, there is likely to be decline outside of those protected areas.














Scolopia manongarivae H.Perrier

Applequist, Wendy L. & Schatz, George E. 2016

H. Perrier 1940: 281
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