Haploblepharus edwardsii ( Schinz, 1822 )

Ebert, David A., Wintner, Sabine P. & Kyne, Peter M., 2021, An annotated checklist of the chondrichthyans of South Africa, Zootaxa 4947 (1), pp. 1-127: 48-49

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4947.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:7F3B4794-65CF-4691-A330-78A423F2606F

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4693865

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039287A1-9546-FFBE-CFF7-5FE3FDEB219A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Haploblepharus edwardsii ( Schinz, 1822 )
status

 

Haploblepharus edwardsii ( Schinz, 1822)  

Puffadder Shyshark

Squalus edwardsii Schinz, 1822: 214   (in van Oijen, 2001). Neotype: SAM 36079 View Materials . Type locality: Millers Point   GoogleMaps , False Bay, Western Cape Province, South Africa, 34°14'S, 18°28.6'E.

Local synonymy: Squalus edwardsii   : Schinz, 1822: 214. Scyllium edwardsii   : M̹ller & Henle, 1838c: 4, pl.; Gray, 1851: 28; Duméril, 1853: 79; Bleeker, 1860b: 57; G̹nther, 1870: 401; Gilchrist, 1902: 164; Lampe, 1914: 213. Scyllium edwardsii   : Voigt, in Cuvier, 1832: 504 (in van Oijen, 2001). Catulus edwardii   : Smith, 1837: 85. Scyliorhinus edwardsii   : Regan, 1908b: 463. Scylliorhinus edwardsi   : Thompson, 1914: 137; Barnard, 1925: 41. Scylliorhinus edwardsii   : Gilchrist & Thompson, 1916: 283; Gilchrist, 1922a: 4. Haploblepharus edwardsii   : Smith, 1950: 879, fig. 1; Smith, 1965: 512, fig. 39a; Bass et al., 1975a: 17, fig. 11a (in part, illustration is actually H. kistnasamyi   ); Springer, 1979: 88; Compagno, 1984b: 332, fig.; Bass, 1986: 91, (fig. 11.8 caption as H. edwardsii   is actually H. kistnassamyi   ); Compagno, 1988a: 15; Compagno et al., 1989: 50, pl.; Compagno, 1999: 119; Heemstra & Heemstra, 2004: 66; Compagno et al., 2005: 234, fig., pl. 40; Human & Compagno, 2006: 41; Human, 2007: 7, fig. 3; Ebert et al., 2013 a: 354, fig., pl. 48; NPOA, 2013: 46; da Silva et al., 2015: 248; Ebert & van Hees, 2015: 147; Weigmann, 2016: 876. (non) Haploblepharus edwardsii   : Smith, 1950: 54, fig. 39 (= H. fuscus   ).

South Africa voucher material: Human (2007) provides an extensive list of specimens in the SAM.

South African distribution: Endemic. This species is confirmed from Langebaan Lagoon (WC) to Algoa Bay (EC) ( Human, 2007), but is most common from False Bay to southeast of Cape Agulhas (WC). Records of this species from East London (EC) could be this species or more likely H. kistnasamyi ( Human, 2007)   .

Remarks: This species was the most common Haploblepharus   species between False Bay and Hermanus (WC) during the 1980s and early 1990s, but in recent years appears to have been replaced in this area by H. pictus   due to cooling oceanographic conditions.

Conservation status: EN (2020).

SAM

South African Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Elasmobranchii

Order

Carcharhiniformes

Family

Pentanchidae

Genus

Haploblepharus

Loc

Haploblepharus edwardsii ( Schinz, 1822 )

Ebert, David A., Wintner, Sabine P. & Kyne, Peter M. 2021
2021
Loc

Gilchrist & Thompson, 1916: 283
Gilchrist, 1922a: 4