Haploblepharus fuscus Smith, 1950

Ebert, David A., Wintner, Sabine P. & Kyne, Peter M., 2021, An annotated checklist of the chondrichthyans of South Africa, Zootaxa 4947 (1), pp. 1-127: 49

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4947.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:7F3B4794-65CF-4691-A330-78A423F2606F

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4614731

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039287A1-9559-FFBE-CFF7-582FFDED2642

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Haploblepharus fuscus Smith, 1950
status

 

Haploblepharus fuscus Smith, 1950  

Brown Shyshark

Haploblepharus fuscus Smith, 1950: 883   , fig. 2. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 21. Type locality: off East London   GoogleMaps , Eastern Cape Province, South Africa, 33°00'S, 27°55'E.

Local synonymy: Haploblepharus edwardsii   : G̹nther, 1870: 401 (in part); Smith, 1949a: 54, fig. 39 (= H. fuscus   ). Haploblepharus fuscus: Smith, 1950: 883   , fig. 2; Smith, 1965: 54, fig. 39; Bass et al., 1975a: 19, fig. 12; Springer, 1979: 89; Compagno, 1984b: 334, fig.; Bass, 1986: 92, fig. 11.9, pl. 3; Compagno, 1988a: 151; Compagno et al., 1989: 50, pl.; Compagno, 1999: 119; Compagno et al., 2005: 235, fig., pl. 40; Human & Compagno, 2006: 41; Human, 2007: 22, fig. 7; Ebert et al., 2013 a: 354, fig., pl. 48; NPOA, 2013: 46; da Silva et al., 2015: 248; Ebert & van Hees, 2015: 147; Weigmann, 2016: 876.

South Africa voucher material: Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 21. Non-types : SAIAB [formerly ORI] 2477, SAIAB [formerly ORI] 2595, SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 3700, SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 3701, SAIAB 6079 View Materials [formerly ORI 2470 View Materials ], SAIAB 6081 View Materials [formerly ORI 2487 View Materials ), SAIAB 6082 View Materials [formerly ORI 2471 View Materials ], SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 7617, SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 10289, SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 12826, SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 13144, SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 14005, SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 19993, SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 25182, SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 41963, SAM 32523, SAM 32614. See Human (2007) for details.  

South African distribution: Endemic. The species occurs from just west of Cape Agulhas (WC) to Hibberdene, southern KZN, although it is most common from Storms River to East London (EC). It is less common to the west between Cape Agulhas and Storms River , with one anomalous specimen recorded from Langebaan Lagoon ( SAM 32614 View Materials ) on the west coast. East London (EC) appears to be the eastern limits for the species, although Bass et al. (1975) reported two specimens from southern KZN ( ORI 2595 View Materials ). Similar to other Haploblepharus   species, improved species-specific identification will help in determining the distributional limits of this South African endemic   .

Remarks: Knysna (EC) is also frequently listed as a type location, but this second specimen, a possible ‘paratype’ according to Human (2007) appears to never have been catalogued despite a search of the SAIAB collection. Both Bass et al. (1975a) and Springer (1979) refer to the two specimens described by Smith (1950) but make no mention of a paratype. One of us (D.A. Ebert) along with L.J.V. Compagno also searched the J.L.B. Smith (= SAIAB) collection (ca. 1988–89) and could not locate this second specimen.

Conservation status: VU (2020).

SAIAB

South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity

RUSI

J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology (formerly of Rhodes University)

ORI

Ocean Research Institute

SAM

South African Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Elasmobranchii

Order

Carcharhiniformes

Family

Pentanchidae

Genus

Haploblepharus

Loc

Haploblepharus fuscus Smith, 1950

Ebert, David A., Wintner, Sabine P. & Kyne, Peter M. 2021
2021
Loc

Haploblepharus fuscus Smith, 1950: 883

: Smith 1950: 883
1950
Loc

Haploblepharus edwardsii

: Smith 1950
1950
Loc

H. fuscus

: Smith 1950
1950
Loc

Haploblepharus fuscus

: Smith 1950: 883
1950