Centroscymnus coelolepis Barbosa du Bocage & de Brito Capello, 1864

Ebert, David A., Wintner, Sabine P. & Kyne, Peter M., 2021, An annotated checklist of the chondrichthyans of South Africa, Zootaxa 4947 (1), pp. 1-127: 31

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4947.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:7F3B4794-65CF-4691-A330-78A423F2606F

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4614628

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039287A1-9577-FF90-CFF7-5A9BFDE823A7

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Centroscymnus coelolepis Barbosa du Bocage & de Brito Capello, 1864
status

 

Centroscymnus coelolepis Barbosa du Bocage & de Brito Capello, 1864  

Portuguese Shark

Centroscymnus coelolepis Barbosa du Bocage & de Brito Capello, 1864: 263   , fig. 4. Holotype: Museu Bocage , Lisbon, MB T113, destroyed in fire. Type locality: off Portugal, northeastern Atlantic.

Local synonymy:? Centroscymnus fuscus: Gilchrist & von Bonde, 1924: 2   (off St. Helena Bay, South Africa, SE Atlantic); Barnard, 1925: 51; Smith, 1949a: 58; Smith, 1965: 58. Centrophorus squamosus: Hulley, 1971: 267   , fig. 1; Bass et al., 1976: 28 (in part, for synonymy of C. fuscus   with this species). Centroscymnus coelolepis: Compagno, 1984a: 55   , fig.; Compagno et al., 1989: 32, pl.; Compagno et al., 1991: 56; Ebert et al., 1992: 603; Compagno, 1999: 115; Compagno et al., 2005: 112, fig., pl. 10; Ebert, 2013: 90, fig. 127; Ebert et al., 2013 a: 151, fig., pl. 13; Ebert & Mostada, 2013: 35, fig.; Ebert, 2015: 87, fig. 104; Ebert & Mostada, 2015: 31, fig.; Ebert & van Hees, 2015: 144; White et al., 2015: 214; Weigmann et al., 2016b: 642; Compagno, 2016: 1189; Weigmann, 2016: 899.

South Africa voucher material: SAIAB 25727, SAIAB 26272, SAIAB 26273, SAIAB 26417, SAIAB 27601.

South Africa distribution: Common off the west coast from the Orange River (NC) to off Cape Agulhas (WC), but also extending to the EC. It has not been found off KZN, but likely occurs there since it has been caught off southern Mozambique and is common on the Walters Shoal ( Weigmann et al., 2016).

Remarks: Centroscymnus fuscus   was described from a specimen taken off St. Helena Bay and was recognized as a valid species until Hulley (1971) and Bass et al. (1976) synonymized it with Centrophorus squamosus   . However, details of the original description by Gilchrist and von Bonde (1924) suggest that C. fuscus   may be a synonym of C. coelolepis   rather than C. squamosus   . Centroscymnus coelolepis   is common in the area off St. Helena Bay where the type specimen was caught, while C. squamosus   is relatively uncommon in that area. Unfortunately, C. fuscus   was never illustrated and the holotype is lost.

Conservation status: NT (2020).

SAIAB

South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Elasmobranchii

Order

Squaliformes

Family

Somniosidae

Genus

Centroscymnus

Loc

Centroscymnus coelolepis Barbosa du Bocage & de Brito Capello, 1864

Ebert, David A., Wintner, Sabine P. & Kyne, Peter M. 2021
2021
Loc

Centroscymnus coelolepis

Barbosa du Bocage, J. V. & de Brito Capello, F. 1864: 263
1864