Neopleurophora polychaetopoda, Ament & Amorim, 2013

Ament, Danilo Cesar & Amorim, Dalton De Souza, 2013, Taxonomic revision of the genus Neopleurophora Brown (Diptera: Phoridae), with the description of thirty seven new species, Zootaxa 3657 (1), pp. 1-93: 65-68

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3657.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D3E95FDE-9836-474B-89E5-3575C82DD307

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039287F2-FF9C-FFCE-FF42-2134CEEFD60F

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Neopleurophora polychaetopoda
status

sp. nov.

Neopleurophora polychaetopoda   , sp. nov.

( Figs. 156–159 View FIGURES 156–159 , 195 View FIGURES 160–195 , 233 View FIGURES 196–233 , 326–327 View FIGURES 324–327 )

Diagnosis (males). Epandrial medial process not bifurcated, tapered at apex; hypandrium left lobe large, curved, apically pointed, right lobe medium-sized, apically pointed.

Material examined. Holotype ♂, COLOMBIA: Bolivar : SFF Colorados: El Mirador, 9.90ºN, 75.12ºW, 18.viii–3.ix.2001, Malaise trap, 400 m, E. Deulofeut col. ( IAVH) GoogleMaps   . Paratypes: COSTA RICA: 3♂, Puntarenas 3 km SW Rincon , 8.68ºN, 83.48ºW, iii–v.1991, Malaise trap, 10 m, P. Hanson col. ( LACM) GoogleMaps   ; PANAMA: 1♂, Darien Cruce de Mono , 7.92ºN, 77.62ºW, 6.ii–4.iii.1993, Malaise trap, R. Cambra & J. Coronado col. ( LACM) GoogleMaps   ; COLOMBIA: 1♂, Chocó : PNN Utria Sendero Cocalito. 6.02ºN, 77.35ºW, 26.xii–1.ii.2001, Malaise trap, 20m, J. Pérez col. ( LACM) GoogleMaps   .

Description. Male. Body length, 3 mm. Head. Frons dark brown, anterior edge yellow, pubescent, without median furrow. Flagellomere 1 light brown, pubescent, oval. Arista pre-apical, pubescent. Palpus light brown; 1–2 upper genal and one lower genal seta. Thorax. Scutum and pleural sclerites yellowish-brown; anepisternum setulose dorsally, with one long seta; scutellum dark brown, with medial and posterior areas white. Legs yellowishbrown. Forefemur with ventral row of four strong setae near apex. Foretibia with one dorsal seta at basal third and an anterodorsal row of strong setae. Foremetatarsus ratio, 6.0. Midtibia with 2–3 anterodorsal and 2–4 posterodorsal setae ( Fig. 195 View FIGURES 160–195 ). Hind femur swollen (height/length ratio, 0.42), without ventral strong setae. Hind tibia with 3–5 anterodorsal and 5–7 posterodorsal setae ( Fig. 233 View FIGURES 196–233 ). Wing. Costa 0.49 of the wing length, other wing features as for the genus. Halter yellowish-brown. Abdomen. Tergites dark brown, with lighter posterior band. Hypopygium light brown ( Figs. 156–159 View FIGURES 156–159 ). Epandrial medial process not bifurcated, tapered apically, pointed, curved ventrally. Epandrial right posterior margin without projections, with subepandrial setulose process. Hypandrium left lobe large, curved, apically pointed, right lobe medium-sized, apically pointed. Hypoproct with two setae. Phallus ( Figs. 326–327 View FIGURES 324–327 ). Basiphallus without dorsal process. Core plate flattened. Epiphallus with transparent scales, connected to right arm at left lateral of the phallus. Ventral plate well developed, composed by the secondary scaled process and a ventral process formed by a posterior scaled lobe and a ventral sclerotized, anteriorly directed sharp process.

Female. Unknown.

Geographic distribution. Known from Costa Rica and Panama, extending its distribution into western Colombia.

Etymology. The specific epithet polychaetopoda   refers to the tibia with many setae, and is derived from the Greek roots poly (many), chaite (long hair, seta) and podos (foot).

Identification key for groups of species and species of Neopleurophora  

1 Tergites with dense microtrichia producing a silvery sheen, right subepandrial setulose process absent, epiphallus ending free ( Fig. 6 View FIGURES 1–7 )................................................................................... (Group I) 2

- Tergites without dense microtrichia producing a silvery sheen, right subepandrial setulose process present, epiphallus connected to right arm at left lateral of the phallus ( Fig. 7 View FIGURES 1–7 )............................................. (Group II) 14

2 Right arm of phallus fused to basiphallus ( Figs. 252, 254 View FIGURES 252–255 )........................................... (Group 1) 3

- Right arm of phallus clearly separated from basiphallus ( Fig. 258 View FIGURES 256–259 )............................................. 4

3 Apex of epandrial medial process trifurcated; hypoproct with two setae ( Figs. 8–11 View FIGURES 8–11 ).............. N. scleropyga   sp. nov.

- Epandrial medial process with two apical pointed edges, hypoproct with seven setae ( Figs. 12–15 View FIGURES 12–15 ). N. synaptodrilus   sp. nov.

4 Hypandrium right lobe much shorter than left lobe ( Figs. 17 View FIGURES 16–19 , 21 View FIGURES 20–23 , 25 View FIGURES 24–27 ); halter with apical, black, round maculation.................................................................................................... (Group 2) 5

- Hypandrium right lobe almost as long as left lobe ( Figs. 37 View FIGURES 36–39 , 41 View FIGURES 40–43 , 45 View FIGURES 44–47 ); halter color uniform........................... 9

5 Phallic ventral plate bifurcated ( Figs. 256–257 View FIGURES 256–259 , 260–263 View FIGURES 260–263 ); epandrial posterior right margin folded and projected medio-posteriorly ( Figs. 19 View FIGURES 16–19 , 27 View FIGURES 24–27 , 31 View FIGURES 28–31 )................................................................................. 6

- Phallic ventral plate not bifurcated, dorsally serrated ( Figs. 264–267 View FIGURES 264–267 ); epandrial right posterior margin not projected medioposteriorly ( Figs. 39 View FIGURES 36–39 , 43 View FIGURES 40–43 ).............................................................................. 8

6 Hypandrium left lobe dorsal margin serrated ( Fig. 30 View FIGURES 28–31 ), epandrial medial process tapering apically, with a single pointed apical edge ( Fig. 28 View FIGURES 28–31 ).................................................................... N. prionotopyga   sp. nov.

- Hypandrium left lobe dorsal margin smooth ( Figs. 18 View FIGURES 16–19 , 26 View FIGURES 24–27 ), epandrial medial process not tapering apically, with two pointed apical edges ( Figs. 16 View FIGURES 16–19 , 24 View FIGURES 24–27 )............................................................................. 7

7 Hypandrium left lobe strongly sclerotized ( Figs. 25–26 View FIGURES 24–27 )................................... N. microssoma   sp. nov.

- Hypandrium left lobe not sclerotized ( Figs. 17–18 View FIGURES 16–19 ).......................................... N. acrensis   sp. nov.

8 Epandrial medial process clearly bifurcated at apex ( Figs. 20, 22–23 View FIGURES 20–23 ); phallic ventral plate serrated at apical half of dorsal margin ( Figs. 258–259 View FIGURES 256–259 )..................................................................... N. kleini   sp. nov.

- Epandrial medial process with two pointed apical edges ( Figs. 32, 34–35 View FIGURES 32–35 ), but not bifurcated; phallic ventral plate dorsal margin serrated only near apex ( Figs. 264–265 View FIGURES 264–267 )............................................... N. reginensis   sp. nov.

9 Hypandrium left lobe elongated, narrow ( Figs. 37 View FIGURES 36–39 , 41 View FIGURES 40–43 , 45 View FIGURES 44–47 ); epandrial medial process right face with pointed projection ( Figs. 39 View FIGURES 36–39 , 43 View FIGURES 40–43 , 47 View FIGURES 44–47 )................................................................................ (Group 3) 10

- Hypandrium left lobe wide ( Figs. 53 View FIGURES 52–55 , 57 View FIGURES 56–59 ); epandrial medial process without projections.................. (Group 4) 13

10 Hypandrium lobes strongly sclerotized; two setae on foretibia ( Figs. 44–47 View FIGURES 44–47 )....................... N. dichaeta   sp. nov.

- Hypandrium lobes not strongly sclerotized; one seta on foretibia.............................................. 11

11 Hypandrium left lobe bifurcated ( Figs. 37 View FIGURES 36–39 , 41 View FIGURES 40–43 )............................................................ 12

- Hypandrium left lobe not bifurcated ( Fig. 49 View FIGURES 48–51 )............................................. N. tanytarsus   sp. nov.

12 Hypandrium left lobe bifurcated into a pair of processes, each with two pointed apical edges; hypandrium right lobe bifurcated into two sharp projections ( Fig. 41 View FIGURES 40–43 )................................................... N. carcharopyga   sp. nov.

- Hypandrium left lobe bifurcated into a basal pointed projection and a long apically rounded process; hypandrium right lobe not bifurcated ( Fig. 37 View FIGURES 36–39 ).............................................................. N. acrochaetopyga   sp. nov.

13 Epandrial medial process elongated (about twice as long as wide); epandrial right posterior margin forming a triangular posterior projection ( Fig. 55 View FIGURES 52–55 ); hypandrium right lobe bifurcated at apex ( Fig. 53 View FIGURES 52–55 )....................... N. atlantica   sp. nov.

- Epandrial medial process approximately round (about as long as wide); epandrial right posterior margin not projected ( Fig. 59 View FIGURES 56–59 ); hypandrium right lobe not bifurcated, with posterior margin serrated ( Fig. 57 View FIGURES 56–59 )................ N. boliviana   sp. nov.

14 Hind femur base with row of strong setae ( Fig. 234–251 View FIGURES 234–239 View FIGURES 240–245 View FIGURES 246–251 )........................................... (Group 5) 15

- Hind femur base without strong setae................................................................... 23

15 Apex of epandrial medial process forming a long, curved process directed posteriorly (about twice the length of epandrium) ( Fig. 64 View FIGURES 64–67 ); base of hind femur with about 20 strong setae ( Figs. 236–237 View FIGURES 234–239 )...................... N. dolichopyga   sp. nov.

- Apex of epandrial medial process not forming a long process; hind femur base with 12 or less strong setae............ 16

16 Epandrial medial process bifurcated ( Figs. 88–95 View FIGURES 88–91 View FIGURES 92–95 )......................................................... 17

- Epandrial medial process not bifurcated ( Figs. 60 View FIGURES 60–63 , 72 View FIGURES 72–75 , 80 View FIGURES 80–83 )................................................... 18

17 Area bearing a group of setae in abdomen venter; hind tibia with five posterodorsal and two anterodorsal setae; hind femur with ventral lobe posterior to the strong seta ( Figs. 250–251 View FIGURES 246–251 ).................................. N. setiventris   sp. nov.

- No conspicuous setulose area in abdomen venter; hind tibia with 4-5 posterodorsal and three anterodorsal setae; hind femur without ventral lobe ( Figs. 248–249 View FIGURES 246–251 )..................................................... N. setipes Borgmeier  

18 Middle of the epandrial right posterior margin projected posteriorly ( Figs. 75 View FIGURES 72–75 , 79 View FIGURES 76–79 )................................ 19

- Middle of epandrial right posterior margin not projected ( Figs. 63 View FIGURES 60–63 , 71 View FIGURES 68–71 )......................................... 22

19 Epandrial medial process thin, tapering apically ( Figs. 72 View FIGURES 72–75 , 80 View FIGURES 80–83 )................................................ 20

- Epandrial medial process not clearly tapering apically ( Figs. 76 View FIGURES 76–79 , 84 View FIGURES 84–87 )........................................... 21

20 Epandrial medial process slightly sinuous ( Fig. 72 View FIGURES 72–75 ); epandrial right posterior margin projection apically pointed ( Fig. 75 View FIGURES 72–75 ).......................................................................................... N. kungi   sp. nov.

- Epandrial medial process straight ( Fig. 80 View FIGURES 80–83 ); right posterior epandrial margin projection apically rounded ( Fig. 83 View FIGURES 80–83 )............................................................................................. N. marquesi   sp. nov.

21 Epandrial medial process elongated (approximately thrice as long as wide) ( Fig. 84 View FIGURES 84–87 ); phallic ventral plate bearing only two teeth, serrated at left lateral dorsal margin ( Figs. 290–291 View FIGURES 288–291 ).................................. N. ptychodrilus   sp. nov.

- Epandrial medial process not elongated (approximately twice as long as wide) ( Figs. 76 View FIGURES 76–79 ); phallic ventral plate bearing many teeth, uniform at left lateral ( Figs. 286–287 View FIGURES 284–287 ).............................................. N. manauara   sp. nov.

22 Hypandrium left lobe serrated at dorsal margin, epandrial medial process only slightly longer than wide, with two pointed apical edges ( Figs. 68–71 View FIGURES 68–71 )............................................................ N. dorsimaculata   sp. nov.

- Hypandrium left lobe uniform at dorsal margin, epandrial medial process short, with a single pointed apical edge ( Figs. 60–63 View FIGURES 60–63 )................................................................................. N. brachypyga   sp. nov.

23 Basiphallus with dorsal process ( Figs. 296–317 View FIGURES 296–299 View FIGURES 300–303 View FIGURES 304–307 View FIGURES 308–311 View FIGURES 312–315 View FIGURES 316–319 ) (Group 6) .................................................. 24

- Basiphallus without dorsal process ( Figs. 318–323 View FIGURES 316–319 View FIGURES 320–323 )........................................................ 34

24 Epiphallus not evident, a transparent membrane at its position ( Figs. 322–323 View FIGURES 320–323 ); hypandrial left lobe with a sclerotized triangular lateral projection near apex ( Figs. 148–151 View FIGURES 148–151 )......................................... N. hymenodrilus   sp. nov.

- Epiphallus evident, bearing scales; hypandrial left lobe without triangular lateral projection near apex................ 25

25 Phallic secondary scaled process bearing strongly sclerotized scales ( Figs. 296–307 View FIGURES 296–299 View FIGURES 300–303 View FIGURES 304–307 ).............................. 26

- Phallic secondary scaled process bearing weakly or more or less sclerotized scales ( Figs. 308–317 View FIGURES 308–311 View FIGURES 312–315 View FIGURES 316–319 ).................. 30

26 Epandrial medial process bifurcated ( Figs. 96–99 View FIGURES 96–99 , 100–107 View FIGURES 100–103 View FIGURES 104–107 )................................................. 27

- Epandrial medial process not bifurcated ( Fig. 108–111 View FIGURES 108–111 ).................................... N. costaricana   sp. nov.

27 Epandrial medial process with left branch bearing an apical sclerotized tooth and a basal pointed projection ( Figs. 100–103 View FIGURES 100–103 )....................................................................................... N. cauca   sp. nov.

- Epandrial medial process with left branch without a differentiated apical sclerotized tooth and a basal projection........ 28

28 Phallic core plate apically rounded ( Figs. 296–297 View FIGURES 296–299 ); epandrial medial process with left branch strongly sclerotized ( Figs. 96– 99 View FIGURES 96–99 )................................................................................... N. balbii   sp. nov.

- Phallic core plate pointed ( Figs. 300–301 View FIGURES 300–303 , 304–305 View FIGURES 304–307 ); epandrial medial process with left branch only slight sclerotized or very weakly sclerotized.................................................................................. 29

29 Epandrial medial process left branch with two pointed apical edges; epandrial right posterior margin with no well-defined row of setae ( Figs. 104–107 View FIGURES 104–107 ).............................................................. N. colobopyga   sp. nov.

- Epandrial medial process left branch with a single pointed apical edge; epandrial right posterior margin with a projection bearing a row of setae ( Figs. 112–115 View FIGURES 112–115 ).......................................................... N. lamasi   sp. nov.

30 Middle of epandrial right posterior margin with a sclerotized, tooth-like projection; hypandrium left lobe clearly bifurcated ( Figs. 128–131 View FIGURES 128–131 ).................................................................... N. chocoensis   sp. nov.

- Middle of epandrial right posterior margin without tooth-like projections; hypandrium left lobe not clearly bifurcated ( Figs. 136–139 View FIGURES 136–139 , 132–135 View FIGURES 132–135 ).................................................................................. 31

31 Basiphallus with large dorsal process ( Figs. 316–317 View FIGURES 316–319 ); epandrium projected posteriorly in left lateral dorsal margin ( Fig. 136 View FIGURES 136–139 )................................................................................. N. odontopyga   sp. nov.

- Basiphallus with narrow dorsal process ( Figs. 308–311 View FIGURES 308–311 , 314–315 View FIGURES 312–315 ); epandrium not projected posteriorly in left lateral dorsal margin ( Figs. 120 View FIGURES 120–123 , 132 View FIGURES 132–135 ).............................................................................. 32

32 Hind tibia with one anterodorsal and 4–5 posterodorsal setae; epandrial medial process left branch rounded, with pointed, adjacent process ( Figs. 132–135 View FIGURES 132–135 )............................................................. N. diffusa   sp. nov.

- Hind tibia with one anterodorsal and three posterodorsal setae; epandrial medial process left branch without adjacent process ( Figs. 120–127 View FIGURES 120–123 View FIGURES 124–127 ).................................................................................... 33

33 Four setae on hypoproct; epandrial medial process right branch slightly projected anteroventrally ( Figs. 120–123 View FIGURES 120–123 )......................................................................................... N. brachytarsus   sp. nov.

- Two setae on hypoproct; epandrial medial process right branch stout, pointed, strongly curved anteroventrally ( Figs. 124–127 View FIGURES 124–127 ).................................................................................. N. ceratopyga   sp. nov.

34 Hypopygium large, epandrial medial process trifurcated at apex; epandrial right posterior margin with large setulose projection ( Figs. 140–143 View FIGURES 140–143 )....................................................................... N. browni   sp. nov.

- Hypopygium not large, epandrial medial process bifurcated or not divided at apex; epandrial right posterior margin without large setulose projection.............................................................................. 35

35 Epandrial medial process bifurcated (144–147); phallic ventral plate bifurcated into two sclerotized processes ( Figs. 320–321 View FIGURES 320–323 ).................................................................................. N. dicrodrilus   sp. nov.

- Epandrial medial process not divided ( Figs. 152–159 View FIGURES 152–155 View FIGURES 156–159 ); phallic ventral plate not bifurcated ( Figs. 320–323 View FIGURES 320–323 )............. 36

36 Hypandrium left lobe slightly serrated at dorsal margin, apically rounded; epandrial medial process with apical, ventrally curved, flat projection rounded at posterior apex, pointed at anterior apex ( Figs. 152–155 View FIGURES 152–155 ).......... N. platypyga   sp. nov.

- Hypandrium left lobe with uniform dorsal margin, apically pointed; epandrial medial process without projections ( Figs. 156– 159 View FIGURES 156–159 ).......................................................................... N. polychaetopoda   sp. nov.

IAVH

Instituto de Ivestigacion de los Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt

LACM

Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Phoridae

Genus

Neopleurophora