Neopleurophora odontopyga, Ament & Amorim, 2013

Ament, Danilo Cesar & Amorim, Dalton De Souza, 2013, Taxonomic revision of the genus Neopleurophora Brown (Diptera: Phoridae), with the description of thirty seven new species, Zootaxa 3657 (1), pp. 1-93: 57-59

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Neopleurophora odontopyga

sp. nov.

Neopleurophora odontopyga   , sp. nov.

( Figs. 136–139 View FIGURES 136–139 , 190 View FIGURES 160–195 , 228 View FIGURES 196–233 , 316–317 View FIGURES 316–319 )

Diagnosis (males). Epandrium posterodorsal margin projected posteriorly at left; epandrial medial process bifurcated into a pointed left branch and a right branch with irregular ventral margin; phallus with long spine adjacent to the secondary scaled process.

Material examined. Holotype ♂, ECUADOR: Napo: Yasuni NP Puce Yasuni Research Stn , 0.67ºS, 76.39ºW, 3– 20.xi.1998, Malaise trap, T. Pape & B Viklund col. ( LACM) GoogleMaps   . Paratypes: COSTA RICA: 1♂, Puntarenas 24 Km W Piedras Blancas , 8.77ºN, 83.4ºW, x.1990, Malaise trap, 200 m, P. Hanson col. ( LACM) GoogleMaps   ; PANAMÁ: 1♂, Canal Zone: Barro Colorado Is. , 9.17ºN, 79.83ºW, 7–14.vii.1993, Malaise trap, J. Pickering col. ( LACM) GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, same data but 18– 25.ix.1996 GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, Valle de Cauca: PNN Farallones de Cali Anchicaya , 3.48ºN, 76.80ºW, 3–17.vii.2001, Malaise trap, 650 m, S. Sarria col. ( LACM) GoogleMaps   ; COLOMBIA: 1♂, Amazonas: PNN Amacayacu Mocagua , 3.82ºS, 70.26ºW, 27.iii– 13.iv.2000, Malaise trap, A. Parente col. ( LACM) GoogleMaps   ; FRENCH GUIANA: 1♂, Regina: Kaw Mtn. Patawa   , 4.55ºN, 52.17ºW, v.2005, Malaise trap, J.A. Cerda col. ( LACM) GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, same data but xi.2005 GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, same data but ii.2006 GoogleMaps   .

Description. Male. Body length, 2.6–2.9 mm. Head. Frons dark brown, pubescent, without median furrow. Flagellomere 1 light brown, pubescent, oval. Arista pre-apical, pubescent. Palpus yellowish-brown; one lower genal and two upper genal setae. Thorax. Scutum and pleural sclerites brown; anepisternum setulose dorsally, with one long seta; scutellum brown, with posterior area gray. Legs light brown, foretibia and foretarsus yellowishbrown. Forefemur with ventral row of four strong setae near apex. Foretibia with one dorsal seta at basal third and an anterodorsal row of strong setae. Foremetatarsus ratio, 4.9. Midtibia with one anterodorsal and one posterodorsal setae at basal third ( Fig. 190 View FIGURES 160–195 ). Hind femur swollen (height/length ratio, 0.42). Hind tibia with one anterodorsal and four posterodorsal setae ( Fig. 228 View FIGURES 196–233 ). Wing. Costa 0.5 of the wing length, other wing features as for the genus. Halter yellowish-brown. Abdomen. Tergites dark brown, with lighter posterior band. Hypopygium yellowish-brown ( Figs. 136–139 View FIGURES 136–139 ). Epandrium posterodorsal margin projected posteriorly at left. Epandrial medial process bifurcated into a pointed left branch and a right branch with irregular ventral margin. Epandrial right posterior margin without projections; subepandrial setulose process present. Hypandrium left lobe large; right lobe medium-sized. Hypoproct with two setae. Phallus ( Figs. 316–317 View FIGURES 316–319 ). Basiphallus with large, dorsal process. Core plate flattened. Epiphallus with transparent large scales, connected to right arm at left lateral of the phallus. Ventral plate well developed, apically bifurcated into a short secondary scaled process bearing an adjacent long spine, and a medial large lobe with two adjacent scaled processes.

Female. Unknown.

Geographic distribution. This species is present in southern Central America, both Pacific and Amazonian Colombia, Amazonian Ecuador, as well as French Guiana.

Etymology. The specific epithet odontopyga   refers to the irregular ventral margin of the epandrial medial process right lobe, and is derived from the Greek roots odontos (toothed) and pyge (rump, buttocks).


Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County