Agromyza parca Spencer

Eiseman, Charles S., Lonsdale, Owen, Linden, John Van Der, Feldman, Tracy S. & Palmer, Michael W., 2021, Thirteen new species of Agromyzidae (Diptera) from the United States, with new host and distribution records for 32 additional species, Zootaxa 4931 (1), pp. 1-68: 6

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Agromyza parca Spencer


Agromyza parca Spencer  

Material examined. IOWA: Allamakee Co., Footbridge Farm , 22.vii.2018, em. by 14.viii.2018, J. van der Linden, ex Poaceae     , # CSE4946,   CNC1643675–1643677 View Materials (2♁ 1♀)   ; NORTH CAROLINA: Durham Co., Durham , 17- Acre Wood Preserve, 8.v.2017, em. 4.v.2018   , T.S. Feldman, ex Dichanthelium     , # CSE4482,   CNC1135677–1135678 View Materials (1♁ 1♀)   ; Scotland Co., Laurinburg , St. Andrews University, 10.v.2017, em. 6–14.v.2018   , T.S. Feldman, ex Dichanthelium     , # CSE4502,   CNC1144099–1144100 View Materials (1♁ 1♀)   ; Wake Co. , Morrisville, Lake Crabtree County Park,, em.   , T.S. Feldman, ex Dichanthelium scoparium     , # CSE4695,   CNC1135686 View Materials   (1♁).

Tentatively identified material. NORTH CAROLINA: Scotland Co., Laurinburg, St. Andrews University , 3.v.2017, em. 6.v.2018, T   . S. Feldman, ex Dichanthelium   , # CSE4503, CNC1144101–1144102 View Materials (2♀)   .

Hosts. Poaceae   : Dichanthelium clandestinum   (L.) Gould, D. * scoparium (Lam.) Gould   , Glyceria canadensis (Michx.) Trin.   , G. striata (Lam.) Hitchc. ( Eiseman & Lonsdale 2018)   .

Leaf mine. On Dichanthelium   , eggs are inserted near the leaf margin, associated with a cluster of feeding punctures. The usually gregarious larvae initially mine along the margin toward the apex, then turn around and form a large, dirty whitish upper surface blotch with generally distributed, liquidy, greenish to brown frass. Concentric feeding lines are present in some mines. Mines on Glyceria   may be on the lower leaf surface and the photographed examples do not have associated feeding punctures.

Puparium. Yellowish-brown to reddish-brown; formed outside the mine.

Phenology and voltinism. In Massachusetts, larvae feeding from late June to mid-July emerge as adults from mid-July to early August; larvae collected in mid-August yielded some adults in early September, with some females emerging the following spring ( Eiseman & Lonsdale 2018). In Iowa, a larva found feeding in late July emerged as an adult about three weeks later. In North Carolina, larvae collected in early May did not emerge as adults until the following spring, whereas a larva collected in early June yielded an adult later that month.

Distribution. USA: *IA, MA, NC, TN.


University of Iowa, Museum of Natural History


Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics