Ophiomyia carolinensis Spencer

Eiseman, Charles S., Lonsdale, Owen, Linden, John Van Der, Feldman, Tracy S. & Palmer, Michael W., 2021, Thirteen new species of Agromyzidae (Diptera) from the United States, with new host and distribution records for 32 additional species, Zootaxa 4931 (1), pp. 1-68: 16-17

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4931.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:88CF2B0D-E02B-46E1-9F52-1B95F717FC8F

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4545249

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0395A00B-702D-EB5C-2A99-FAE7664567EA

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Ophiomyia carolinensis Spencer
status

 

Ophiomyia carolinensis Spencer  

( Fig. 68 View FIGURES 59–72 )

Material examined. NORTH CAROLINA: Durham Co., Durham, Leigh Farm Park , 4.v.2018, em. 25.v.2018, T   . S. Feldman , ex Symphyotrichum patens   , # CSE4558, CNC1144104 View Materials (1♀); 10.v.2018, em. 25.v.2018, T   . S. Feldman, ex Symphyotrichum patens   , # CSE4563, CNC1144103 View Materials   (1♁).

Hosts. Asteraceae   : Symphyotrichum   * patens (Aiton) G.L.Nesom. We   have seen similar leaf mines on S. cordifolium   (L.) G.L.Nesom, S. georgianum (Alexander) G.L.Nesom   , S. laeve   (L.) Á.L̂ve & D.L̂ve, S. lateriflorum   (L.) Á.L̂ve & D.L̂ve, S. novae-angliae   (L.) G.L.Nesom, and S. novi-belgii   (L.) G.L.Nesom.

Leaf mine. ( Fig. 68 View FIGURES 59–72 ) Mostly greenish and interparenchymal, with portions sometimes becoming discolored reddish or brownish; initially long, narrow, and linear, later becoming an elongate, poorly defined blotch running along both sides of the midrib. The linear portion is sometimes only intermittently visible on the upper surface.

Puparium. Whitish; formed within the leaf, with the anterior spiracles projecting through the lower epidermis. On Symphyotrichum patens   , each puparium was found at the tip of one of the basal leaf lobes, which in one instance was 6 cm away from the apparent end of the mine.

Phenology and voltinism. Our North Carolina specimens were collected as larvae in early May, with adults emerging later that month. In New York, larvae are present in June and July ( Scheffer & Lonsdale 2018).

Distribution. USA: NC, NY ( Scheffer & Lonsdale 2018). We have seen similar leaf mines in GA, IA, MA, MD, NH, NJ, VT, and ON.

Comments. The only previous host record for this species is that of “possibly Symphyotrichum   sp.” from Scheffer & Lonsdale (2018); the host genus is now confirmed.

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Agromyzidae

Genus

Ophiomyia