Belciana hemodi (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874),

Behounek, G., Han, H. L. & Kononenko, V. S., 2015, A revision of the genus Belciana Walker, 1862 with description of three new species (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae: Pantheinae) from East and South East Asia. Revision of Pantheinae, contribution XII, Zootaxa 4027 (3), pp. 341-365: 351-352

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Belciana hemodi (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874)


Belciana hemodi (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874) 

( Figs 21, 22View FIGURES 17 – 24, 39View FIGURES 38 – 40, 50View FIGURES 46 – 52)

Belciana hemodi Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874  , Reise der Oesterreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1859. Zoologischer Theil, Zweiter Band, Zweite Abtheilung, Lepidoptera  . Pl. 111: 25. Holotype: India, Himalaya (NHM).

References: Poole 1989: 160 (as synonym of Belciana biformis  ); Holloway 2009: 19 (bona species, commentary, Belciana  ).

Material examined. LAOS: 1 male, Prov. Ban Nam Phong, road Khammonan to Lak Sao, (Lime stone), 380 m, 18 °08′ 267 N, 104 ° 32 ′ 332 E, Ihle T. leg., 8–9.iii. 2008, slide GB 7412 m, BC ZSM Lep 48887, coll. Behounek, ZSM, Munich; 1 male, 1 female, same data, slides GB 12169 female, and 12170 male, coll. A. Becher; 1 male, MYANMAR, Shan State, Soe Pin vill., Utut Ni Pass, 1773m, 20 ° 57,142 ′ N, 96 ° 37, 636 ′ E, Ihle Th., S. Löffler & Spona leg., 4–5.viii. 2007, slide GB 12171 male, coll. A. Becher.

Note. The specimen labelled as BC ZSM Lep 48887 has been used for barcoding. Molecular distance based on the Kimura two-parameter model for COI DNA barcodes between nearest T. hemodi  and T. hreblayi  is 3,17 %; the distance between B. hemodi  and B. pinratanai  is 6,42 %.

Diagnosis. Adult ( Figs 21, 22View FIGURES 17 – 24). Wingspan 35–39 mm. B. hemodi  together with B. pinratanai  sp. n. represents fourth species group of Belciana  . Externally it is similar to the species of biformis  group by having of bluish-green ground colour, but differs by more developed wing pattern. Head, thorax and forewing bluish-green, tegulae bordered with blackish-brown. Wing pattern in the male with more expressed blackish elements; female almost has not blackish lines, looks more similar to B. biformis  . Subbasal field half-filled with blackish brown, outlined with whitish line; antemedial line blackish, thin, distinct; orbicular and reniform expressed as white spots, orbicular with black bottom spot; medial mark in costal area small; medial line blackish, diffused, connected with costal mark; postmedial line blackish, thin, diffused; subterminal line as row blackish dashes outlined with whitish; subapicalapical mark brown with blackish dashes; subtornal-tornal mark brown; terminal line as row of interrupted blackish streaks; cilia brown with pale bluish-green marks opposite veins. The hindwing are dull greyish-brown around terminal margin, pale yellowish-grey towards base and along anal margin, with slightly traceable discal spot and medial fascia. In females blackish transversal lines expressed by white bordering lines, except medial line, which is formed by diffused blackish scales; the hindwing darker than in male.

Male genitalia ( Fig. 39View FIGURES 38 – 40). In the male genitalia it differs from other groups by extended flattened shape of valva and structure of the aedeagus with extended branches of carina armed with strong spines. Uncus more solid than in B. biformis  , less curved and more extended apically; valva broader more rounded and more sclerotised, sacculus more formed compared with B. biformis  , with large basal coremata; harpe short, but broadly extended, flattened, terminated by small spine. Aedeagus with broad lobes of carina, vesica in joining with carina armed with row of strong short spines and cluster of spines; basal diverticulum with 12–14 moderate and small cornuti.

Female genitalia ( Fig. 50View FIGURES 46 – 52). In the female genitalia antevaginal plate one-piece, like in biformis  -group, much smaller than in prasina  -group. Ovipositor quadrangular; apophyses anteriores and posteriors ones moderate and equal in length, rather strong; antrum quadrangular, with not split antevaginal plate; ductus bursae short, membranous; corpus bursae elongated, with strongly sclerotised slightly ribbed patch in junction with ductus bursae and prominent lateral extension.

Distribution and bionomics. India ( Hindustan, Uttar Pradesh, Bhimal, East and Westghats, Tamil Nadu, Nilgiri), * Laos (Khaimmonan), * Myanmar (Shan state). The species was collected in lowland at elevation 380 m. Moth flies in March, Mai, June and August.


Bavarian State Collection of Zoology


University of Coimbra Botany Department


Department of Natural Resources, Environment, The Arts and Sport