Tetramorium aisha Mbanyana, Robertson & Hita Garcia, 2018

Mbanyana, Nokuthula, Garcia, Francisco Hita, Robertson, Hamish Gibson & Roux, Johannes Jacobus Le, 2018, A taxonomic revision of seed harvester ants of the Tetramorium solidum group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in southern Africa, European Journal of Taxonomy 454, pp. 1-59 : 10-12

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2018.454

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:07F6B28D-ECA4-4F14-8132-0A58DE156057

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3818726

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/8F4D69D1-F181-4B73-A11F-6F7476793CD6

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:8F4D69D1-F181-4B73-A11F-6F7476793CD6

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Tetramorium aisha Mbanyana, Robertson & Hita Garcia
status

sp. nov.

Tetramorium aisha Mbanyana, Robertson & Hita Garcia sp. nov.

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:8F4D69D1-F181-4B73-A11F-6F7476793CD6

Figs 4D, L View Fig , 5 View Fig , 24 View Fig

Diagnosis

Morphologically, T. aisha sp. nov. is similar to T. solidum in that these are the only species in the group with sparse simple erect hairs that are restricted to the mesosoma and petiole only. They can be separated on the basis of the length of the propodeal spines: in T. aisha sp. nov., the propodeum is only armed with very short propodeal teeth (PSLI 5–9) ( Fig. 4L View Fig ), which are shorter than their basal width, whereas in T. solidum the propodeum is armed with elongate and acute spines (PSL 0.157 –0.197) ( Fig. 4K View Fig ).

Etymology

Named after Aisha Mayekiso, one of the collectors, who is a Collections Manager (Entomology) in the Natural History Collections Department of the Iziko Museums of South Africa.

Material examined

Holotype

SOUTH AFRICA: worker, Western Cape, Abrahamskraal, 32.92560° S, 22.01319° E, 516 m a.s.l., flood plain of dry river bed with Salsola aphylla and Acacia karoo , in deep finely grained soils, 15 Apr. 2008, N. Mbanyana, A. Mayekiso and H.G. Robertson leg. ( SAM-HYM-C020292 ).

GoogleMaps

Paratypes

SOUTH AFRICA: 12 pinned workers, same collection data as for holotype ( SAM-HYM-C020288 to SAM-HYM-C020292 , SAM-HYM-C020316 , SAM-HYM-C020329 ).

Other material

SOUTH AFRICA (29 pinned specimens): Northern Cape: Melton Wold, 31.46741° S, 22.72155° E, 1333 m a.s.l., 7 Jan. 2009, N. Mbanyana and H.G. Robertson leg. ( SAM-HYM-C023306 , SAM- HYM-C023313); Sakrivier, 23 Apr. 1963, A.J. Prins leg. ( SAM-HYM-C019290 ); Onder-downs, 24 Apr. 1963, A.J. Prins leg. ( SAM-HYM-C019306 ); Kortkop farm near Strydenburg, 30°09′ S, 23°44′ E, pitfall trap, Karoo vegetation, 17 Jun. 1995, B. Chambers leg. (SAM-HYM-C008783); GoogleMaps Hopetown Municipal Farm, 4 km E of Hopetown , 15 Feb. 1997, B. Chambers leg. (SAM-HYM-C010847); Prieska, 2 mi. from Prieska to Canarvon , 23 Oct. 1963, A.J. Prins leg. (SAM-HYM-C015044). – Western Cape: 36 km from Prince Albert on Leeu Gamka road, 32°54′ S, 21°59′ E, 10–19 Oct. 1996, T.E. Tshiguvho leg. (SAM-HYM-C009335); GoogleMaps 21 km from Prince Albert on Leeu Gamka road, 33°02′ S, 22°00′ E, 10–19 Oct. 1996, T.E. Tshiguvho leg. (SAM-HYM-C009336). GoogleMaps

GoogleMaps

NAMIBIA (3 pinned specimens): Klein-Aus Vista , 26°39.198′ S, 16°14.542′ E, 1273 m a.s.l., 4 Apr. 2011, in rocky sandy soil in the middle of dry riverbed, nest entrance with crater of soil around, N. Mbanyana and H.G. Robertson leg. (SAM-HYM-C026799); GoogleMaps Erongo, Swakopmund, Central Namib Desert 2010 site 20, 22.92214° S, 15.20903° E, 572 m a.s.l., hand collected, 26 Oct. 2010, P. Hawkes, J. Fisher, J. Irish and R. Scholtz leg. ( AFRC: CASENT0250969 ). GoogleMaps

Measurements (workers N = 13)

HL 0.993 –1.082 (1.037); HW 1.023 –1.082 (1.060) SL 0.718 –0.787 (0.764); EL 0.236 –0.275 (0.262); PH 0.393 –0.580 (0.474); PW 0.639 –0.738 (0.673); WL 1.013 –1.208 (1.102); PSL 0.049 –0.089 (0.070); PTH 0.305 –0.364 (0.335); PTL 0.246 –0.328 (0.277); PTW 0.305 –0.364 (0.338); PPH 0.375 –0.384 (0.356); PPL 0.256 –0.344 (0.284); PPW 0.393 –0.482 (0.436); OI 22–26 (25); CI 100–108 (102); SI 68–74 (72); DMI 56–68 (61); LMI 33–53 (43); PSLI 5–9 (7); PeNI 47–52 (50); LPeI 75–93 (83) DPeI 108–132 (122); PpNI 61–70 (65); LPpI 64–100 (80); DPpI 131–180 (154); PPI 126–133 (129).

Description

Holotype (worker)

Mandibles with fine longitudinal striations. Anterior clypeal margin with extensive, semicircular indentation. Frontal carinae extending back from frontal lobes as fine ridges ending approximately at level of anterior eye margin. Propodeum armed with pair of short triangular teeth (PSLI 5–9). Metapleural lobes low and rounded. Peduncle with prominent keel-shaped subpetiolar process. Petiolar node in profile nodiform, with posterior face slightly more steeply angled than anterior face; anterior face also rounding into dorsum but with slightly angled corners as seen in dorsal view. Postpetiolar node low and rounded. Dorsal surfaces of head and mesosoma with finely reticulate ground sculpture overlain by longitudinal striations. Petiolar and postpetiolar nodes with fine reticulate sculpture overlain by irregular transverse striations. First gastral tergite with fine, superficial reticulate pattern. Numerous long hairs on clypeus. Ventral surface of head with prominent psammophore. Erect hairs distributed as follows elsewhere: dorsum of head with four pairs; dorsum of mesosoma with three pairs (two on humeri and one on mesonotum); one pair on petiolar node; and numerous hairs on first gastral sternite. Colour uniformly black.

Paratypes and other material examined similar to holotype, except for following differences: three to five pairs of long erect hairs on dorsum of mesosoma, arranged as follows; two to four pairs along anterior margin of pronotum and one pair on the mesonotum.

Distribution

Known from South Africa (Western Cape and Northern Cape) and Namibia, where it occurs in Nama Karoo, Montane Fynbos, Renosterveld, Kalahari Xeric Savanna and Namib Desert.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Formicidae

Genus

Tetramorium