Nephasoma (Nephasoma) pellucidum ( Keferstein, 1865 ),

Dean, Harlan K., Hernández-Ávila, Iván & Cutler, Edward B., 2007, Sipunculans of the Caribbean coast of Venezuela and Curaçao, Zootaxa 1431, pp. 45-54: 46-47

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.175810

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:46F2522A-C727-4B90-8A2D-1C7C71E9C3F5

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039AF26B-A34A-FFE1-FF77-F8163C76B6F9

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Nephasoma (Nephasoma) pellucidum ( Keferstein, 1865 )
status

 

Nephasoma (Nephasoma) pellucidum ( Keferstein, 1865) 

Phascolosoma pellucidum Keferstein, 1865: 433  . – ten Broeke, 1925: 83. Phascolosoma sluiteri  ten Broeke, 1925: 84–85.

Specimens collected.

CURA Ç AO: EBC – STA 303: 29 /xii/ 87; 12 º 0 4 ’ N, 68 º 53 ’ W; Caracas Baai, to right of causeway; (3). STA 305: 31 /xii/ 87; 12 º 0 4 ’ N, 68 º 53 ’ W; Caracas Baai, along causeway on ocean side; (2). STA 308: 1 /i/ 88; Baibara Beach, east side of outlet to Spaansche water; (1).

CUMAN Á: EBC – STA 311: 5 /i/ 88: 10 º 27 ’ N 68 º09’W; Playa Colarada, west of Mochima; (1). STA 312: 6 /i/ 88: at Galita near Playa Quetepe, east of Cumaná; (1). STA 313: 7 /i/ 88: Playa Colorada, west of Mochima; (2).

LOS ROQUES ARCHIPELAGO: EBC – STA 314: 10 /i/ 88: 11 º 48 ’ N, 66 º 53 ’ W; dead reef west of dock, north side of Isla Dos Mosquises Sur; (1). STA 317: 12 /i/ 88: Isla Dos Mosquises Sur, Cayo off Southeast corner in outer Acropora  reef; (1).

Remarks. Members of the genus Nephasoma  have a continuous longitudinal muscle layer, a pair of nephridia, and two (rather than 4) retractor muscles. N. pellucidum  may be recognized by its small, sausageshaped body (<30 mm long) and the uniformly distributed papillae on the trunk.

Distribution. Nephasoma  Nephasoma pellucidum  is usually encountered in shallow water in sand or mud burrows. It has been reported from the western Atlantic and Caribbean south to Brazil as well as the south Pacific and Indian Ocean ( Cutler, 1994). ten Broeke (1925) reported this species from Spaansche Water, Curaçao, on Porites furcata  , and on coral (as P. sluiteri  ).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Sipuncula

Class

Sipunculidea

Order

Golfingiiformes

Family

Golfingiidae

Genus

Nephasoma

Loc

Nephasoma (Nephasoma) pellucidum ( Keferstein, 1865 )

Dean, Harlan K., Hernández-Ávila, Iván & Cutler, Edward B. 2007
2007
Loc

Phascolosoma pellucidum

Keferstein 1865: 433
1865