Thyroscyphus ramosus Allman, 1877

Calder, Dale R., 2013, Some shallow-water hydroids (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) from the central east coast of Florida, USA, Zootaxa 3648 (1), pp. 1-72: 24

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3648.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:22089255-436A-4DBB-BD93-1D3C8CF281FE

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5263372

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039B197E-FFC8-F553-E6F9-FCA4FB81122C

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Thyroscyphus ramosus Allman, 1877
status

 

Thyroscyphus ramosus Allman, 1877  

Fig. 7e, f View FIGURE 7

Thyroscyphus ramosus Allman, 1877: 11   , pl. 6, figs. 5, 6.— Winston, 1982: 116; 2010: 231.

Type locality. USA: Florida, south of Sand Key , 10 fathoms (18 m) ( Allman 1877)   .

Voucher material. Off Fort Pierce , 27°29.6’N, 80°17.0’W, 7–8 m, SCUBA, one fragmentary colony, 4 cm high, without gonophores, coll. F. Stanton, ROMIZ B1133 GoogleMaps   .— Fort Pierce Inlet , north jetty, 13.iii.1975, collected manually, one colony, 14 cm high, without gonophores, coll. J.E. Winston, ROMIZ B1926   .

Remarks. Thyroscyphus ramosus Allman, 1877   is widely reported in the Caribbean region ( Vervoort 1968; Calder & Kirkendale 2005; Galea 2008; Castellanos Iglesias et al. 2011). Shimabukuro & Marques (2006) provided a detailed account of its morphology based on material from Brazil.

According to Winston (1982), Thyroscyphus ramosus   is abundant year-round on the North Beach breakwater at Fort Pierce, Florida, within the study area, although colonies she observed there were dormant during January. A large hydroid extending bathymetrically into the intertidal zone, it was an important substrate for bryozoans in the area. In turn, it grows on a variety of substrates, both animate (e.g., algae, sponges) and inanimate (e.g., artificial reefs, rocks, sand, pilings) (Oliveira et al. submitted). Although usually recorded from relatively shallow waters, Nutting (1915) reported T. ramosus   from 100–250 fathoms (183–457 m) off Morro Castle, Cuba.

Reported distribution. Atlantic coast of Florida. Indian River area ( Winston 1982, 2010).

Western Atlantic. Sebastian Inlet, Florida ( Winston 1982: 116) to Brazil (Oliveira et al. submitted), and including the Gulf of Mexico ( Calder & Cairns 2009) and the Caribbean Sea ( Galea 2008).

Elsewhere. Eastern Atlantic ( Vervoort 1959);?Indian Ocean ( Leloup 1932).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Cnidaria

Class

Hydrozoa

Order

Leptothecata

Family

Thyroscyphidae

Genus

Thyroscyphus

Loc

Thyroscyphus ramosus Allman, 1877

Calder, Dale R. 2013
2013
Loc

Thyroscyphus ramosus

Winston, J. E. 2010: 231
Winston, J. E. 1982: 116
Allman, G. J. 1877: 11
1877