Fipsianus picturatus ( Distant, 1917 ), Holzinger, Werner E., 2009

Holzinger, Werner E., 2009, A new endemic genus of Oecleini from Seychelles (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Cixiidae), Zootaxa 2127 (1), pp. 59-68: 60-62

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.2127.1.3

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039B3220-FFF4-8115-B8F8-3372224BFF51

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Fipsianus picturatus ( Distant, 1917 )
status

comb. nov.

Fipsianus picturatus ( Distant, 1917)   , comb. nov.

Volcanalia picturata Distant, 1917: 281  

Volcanalia varicolor Distant, 1917: 282   , syn. nov.

Material studied: Syntypes of Volcanalia picturata Distant   : Male , glued to card, abdomen dissected, probably by Singh-Pruthi, labelled: “(printed on card) Mahe, ’08–9. / Seychelles Exp. / (handwritten) 38 // Seychelle Islands. / Percy Sladen Trust / Expedition. / 1913-170.” – Female, pinned, labelled: “(circular label with red border) Type / H. T. // (handwritten) Volcanalia   / picturata / type Dist. // (handwritten) 94 // Seychelle Islands. / Percy Sladen Trust / Expedition. / 1913-170.” – Female, pinned, labelled: “(handwritten) 65 // Seychele Islands. / Percy Sladen Trust / Expedition. / 1913-170.” – Female, pinned, dissected by I. Kammerlander, abdomen in microvial on same pin, labelled: “(handwritten) 65 // Seychelle Islands. / Percy Sladen Trust / Expedition. / 1913-170.” – Two females glued to one card, one without abdomen, the other one upside down, labelled: “(handwritten on card) 6 // Silhouette, ’08. / Seychelles Exp. // Seychelle Islands. / Percy Sladen Trust / Expedition. / 1913-170.” – Female, pinned, labelled: “(handwritten) 49 // Seychelle Islands. / Percy Sladen Trust / Expedition. / 1913-170.” (all in BMNH).– Three females on three pins, each glued to a card, labelled “(printed on card) Mahe, ’08-9. / Seychelles Exp.”, with handwritten numbers 42, 53 and 104. – Female, glued to card, labelled “(handwritten) 29 // Mahe, ’08. / Seychelles Exp.” – Female, glued to card, labelled “(handwritten) 84” (in CUMZ)  

Syntypes of Volcanalia varicolor Distant   : Two males glued to card, one upside down, labelled: “(handwritten on card) 25 25 // (circular label with red border) Type / H. T. // (handwritten) Volcanalia   / varicolor / type Dist.” // Silhouette, ’08. / Seychelles Exp. // (handwritten) spec. figd” – Male , glued to card, labelled: “(handwritten) 40 / Mahe, ’08-9. / Seychelles Exp. // Seychelle Islands. / Percy Sladen Trust / Expedition. / 1913-170.” – Male , glued to card, labelled: “(handwritten) 104 / Mahe, ’08-9. / Seychelles Exp. // Seychelle Islands. / Percy Sladen Trust / Expedition. / 1913-170.” – Male , pinned, labelled: “Mahe, ’08-9. / Seychelles Exp. // (handwritten) 43 // Seychelle Islands. / Percy Sladen Trust / Expedition. / 1913-170.” (all in BMNH) – Male , pinned, labelled: “Mahe, ’08-9. / Seychelles Exp. // (handwritten) 43 // (handwritten) Volcanalia   / varicolor / Dist” – Male, glued to card, labelled: “(handwritten on card) 94 // Mahe, ’08-9. / Seychelles Exp.” – Male, glued to card, labelled: “(handwritten) 42 / Mahe, ’08-9. / Seychelles Exp.”, all in CUMZ   ).

Additional material: Mahé: Numerous specimens from the following sites: La Reserve E Anse Boileau, palm forest (4° 42' 32'' S 55° 30' 6'' E, 410–470m), 8.xi., 12.xi. and 14.xii.2006 GoogleMaps   ; Mare aux Cochons, near swamp, mixed forest (4° 38' S; 55° 25' E, 350–400m), 7.xi. and 12.xii.2006; Monte Cristo E Anse a la Mouche, roadside vegetation (4° 44' 15'' S; 55° 30' 1'' E, 130–150m), 13.xii.2006; Mt. Palmiste northeast of Grand Anse, mixed forest and highland glacis (4° 40' S 55° 26' E, 200m), 16.xi.2006 GoogleMaps   ; Near tea plantation 2 km E Port Glaud , mixed forest (4° 39' 42–43''S 55° 26' 12–20'' E, 350–450m), 9., 10. and 13.xi.2006   ; northeast of Port Glaud , mixed forest (4° 39' 37''S 55° 25' 28'' E, 150–250m), 9.xi.2006 GoogleMaps   ; S Bel Ombre, N Mont Le Niol , chrysobalanus shrub (4° 37' 35'' S 55° 24' 16'' E, 360–420m), 7.xi.2006 GoogleMaps   ; valley between Mt. Jasmin and Mt. Le Niol, mixed forest (4° 38' 5'' S 55° 24' 30'' E, 420–460m), 7.xi.2006 GoogleMaps   ; Congo Rouge, mixed and mossy montane forest (4° 38–39' S 55° 26' E, 350–820m), 10. and 17.xi.2006, all W. Holzinger & B. Komposch leg.; Morne Seychellois (4° 38’ S 55° 26’ E, 450–900 m), 16.ix.2008; Mt. Copolia , mixed forest (55° 26’ 56’’ E, 4° 39’ 06’’ S, 400–480m), 17.ix.2008 GoogleMaps   ; Congo Rouge, mixed and mossy montane forest, 18.ix.2008; Casse Dent (4° 38' S 55° 25' E, 400–500m), 19.ix.2008; Montagne Planeau, mixed forest (55° 26’ E, 4° 40’ S, 100–350m), 24.ix.2008, all W. Holzinger leg. (in OEKO).

Silhouette: Numerous specimens from the following sites: Path from La Passe to Jardin Marron, mixed forest (4° 28' 52'' S 55° 14' 26'' E, 250–320m), 20.xi.2006; Jardin Marron, Coco de Mer palm forest (4° 28' 55'' S 55° 14' 19'' E, 320–370m), 20. and 22.xi.2006; Mont Pot à Eau, mossy montane forest (4° 28' 51'' S 55° 13' 59'' E, 500–620m), 22.xi.2006, all W. Holzinger & B. Komposch leg.;path from La Passe to Jardin Marron, 20.ix.2008, and lowland glacis E La Passe (4° 29’ 26’’S 55° 15’ 71’’ E, 20–80m), 21.ix.2008, W. Holzinger leg. (in OEKO) GoogleMaps   .

Description (see also Figs 1 View FIGURE 1 , 3 View FIGURE 3 , 5 View FIGURE 5 , 7A, 7C, 7D View FIGURE 7 ): Body length in males 4.2–4.6 mm, in females 4.7–5.2 mm.

Head and thorax ochraceous, mesonotum with blackish spot caudally, abdomen brownish to blackish with yellowish segment margins. Body coloration of females darker than males, richer in contrast. Frons with large, semicircular red band, adjacent area of clypeus also largely red. Prothoracic lateral areas red. Legs yellow, pro- and mesotibiae with central black band. 1 st and 2 nd tarsi black. Fore wings of males with lightbrownish tinge, veins concolorous or wings blackish with light pterostigma; veins distad of pterostigma whitish. Fore wings of females opaque with three broad dark transverse bands: anterior one reaching from wingbase to tip of scutellum, middle one immediately follows, leading to middle of clavus and posterior one Y-shaped, reaching from proximal end of pterostigma to end of clavus and to apical cells of Cu.

Male anal segment short and stout, asymmetrical, its apical process bilobate, blunt, directed ventrad ( Figs 5 A, B View FIGURE 5 ). Genital style long, apically pointed ( Fig. 5 C View FIGURE 5 ). Aedeagus with four rigid spines: A long, bifurcate spine pointed cephalad on ventral side and three additional, slightly curved spines on left and right side and one subapically, pointing caudad ( Figs 5 D, E, F View FIGURE 5 ).

Female abdomen truncate. Ovipositor curved upwards. Inner female genitalia as shown in Fig 7 C View FIGURE 7 , with long ductus ejaculatorius, winding in 3–4 places.

Ecology and distribution: The species is endemic to the two islands of Mahé and Silhouette. It is monophagous on the endemic “thief palm” Phoenicophorium borsigianum (K. Koch.) Stuntz   and occurs in natural mid- and high altitude forests. It is distributed island-wide throughout Mahé and Silhouette almost wherever its host-plant occurs. Fipsianus picturatus   is the most common planthopper on this plant. It was recorded on more than 50% of the leaves, in numbers of up to 15 hoppers per leaf. Fipsianus picturatus   is a – in planthopper terms – quite “immobile” species. The subgregarious and sedentary behaviour of this species facilitates ant-attendance. Interactions of the species with ants of the genera Technomyrmex   and Anoplolepis   are described by Holzinger (2009).

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

CUMZ

Cameroon University, Museum of Zoology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Cixiidae

Genus

Fipsianus

Loc

Fipsianus picturatus ( Distant, 1917 )

Holzinger, Werner E. 2009
2009
Loc

Volcanalia picturata

Distant, W. L. 1917: 281
1917
Loc

Volcanalia varicolor

Distant, W. L. 1917: 282
1917