Chalcis boi Saguiah & Tavares, 2020

Saguiah, Pâmella Machado, Molin, Ana Dal & Tavares, Marcelo Teixeira, 2020, The South American species of Chalcis Fabricius (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae), Zootaxa 4885 (3), pp. 353-383: 356-358

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4885.3.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:4DA945AD-653E-4E8A-A33D-D52E2F9E44D3

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4330387

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039B87F3-FFC1-BB76-FF6F-FC43FDB5F871

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Chalcis boi Saguiah & Tavares
status

sp. nov.

Chalcis boi Saguiah & Tavares   , sp. nov.

Figs 1 View FIGURE 1 a–f, 2a–d

Diagnosis. Female. Malar space 0.8× eye height ( Fig. 1c View FIGURE 1 ); ovipositor sheath obliquely truncate apically and with some long setae ( Fig. 2d View FIGURE 2 ); protarsal claws only slightly curved, ventrally with 3 basal spines followed by 2 curved setae ( Fig. 1e View FIGURE 1 ); metatarsomere 5 slightly longer than any of tarsomeres 1–4 ( Fig. 2a View FIGURE 2 ).

Description. FEMALE. Length 8.8 mm. Color: Predominantly black, but with yellow, reddish-brown and golden-brown areas ( Figs 1 View FIGURE 1 a–c, f), as follows. The following yellow: a round spot on parascrobal area ( Fig. 1c View FIGURE 1 ), a narrow basal band on protibia, first metafemoral tooth ( Fig. 1f View FIGURE 1 ), metatibial spine ( Fig. 1f View FIGURE 1 ), dorsal and posterolateral face of petiole, a transverse, short, medially interrupted band on Gt1, a spot on submedian area of Gt1 ( Fig. 2c View FIGURE 2 ), a transverse band on Gt2 through Gt7+8. The following reddish-brown: ocelli, labrum, mandibles, maxillary palps and labial palps, protibia anteriorly, anterior half of mesotibia, and metafemur from the base through first tooth ( Fig. 2f View FIGURE 2 ) and a small internal spot next to apex. Tegula, tarsi and a sub-basal portion of metatibia golden-brown. Wings infuscate ( Figs 1a, b View FIGURE 1 ).

Head. Lower face bulging above clypeus ( Fig. 1d View FIGURE 1 ), with elongate umbilicate fovea enclosed by diagonal irregular carinae ( Fig. 1c View FIGURE 1 ); parascrobal area densely foveate, interstices raised as irregular diagonal rugae, with a median intumescence, malar space 0.80× eye height ( Fig. 1c View FIGURE 1 ); malar sulcus medially inconspicuous, straight, internal and external carinae fine and irregular, absent near eye; gena rugose, genal carina not reaching vertex; mandibular formula 2:3; antennal scrobe from coriaceous ventrally to slightly strigulate dorsally and with transverse carina below median ocellus ( Fig. 1c View FIGURE 1 ); interantennal projection with median carina dorsally, carina extending midway to median ocellus. MOD:POL:APL:OOL = 0.21:0.48:0.36:0.17.

Mesosoma   . Mesoscutum with interstices coriaceous and dull, narrower than diameter of umbilicate foveae; mesoscutellum distinctly convex, frenal carina forming two sublateral lobes; mesopleuron with mesepisternum puncticulate-foveolate dorsally to irregularly areolate-rugulose ventrally, interstices coarsely coriaceous; propodeum with median carina well defined, submedian carina absent, anterior and posterior costulae irregular, adpetiolar area with irregular rugae medially, anterosubmedial area areolate-rugose ( Fig. 2b View FIGURE 2 ); tarsomeres 4 and 5 of all legs with pubescence similar to other basal tarsomeres; protarsomeres 4 and 5 ventrally without pairs of distinct peg-like spines; protarsal claws only slightly curved, ventrally with 3 basal spines followed by 2 curved setae ( Fig. 1e View FIGURE 1 ); mesocoxa densely pubescent posteriorly; mesotibial spur 0.3× as long as width of mesotibial apex; metacoxa punctate-rugose dorsally, inner face glabrous; metafemur with outer face very densely punctate and interstices weakly coriaceous to smooth and shiny, ventrally without inner basal tooth but with 10 teeth along outer margin, outer basal tooth the largest and distant from second tooth, the second tooth minute, the third to sixth teeth similar-sized ( Fig. 1f View FIGURE 1 ); metatibia with apical spine robust and longer than apical width of metatibia ( Fig. 1f View FIGURE 1 ); metatarsomere 5 slightly longer than any of tarsomeres 1–4 ( Fig. 2a View FIGURE 2 ). Fore wing SMV:MV:PMV = 1.86:0.74:0.83.

Metasoma. Petiole about 2.4× as long as wide, dorsal face flat, dorsally and ventrally without longitudinal carinae; hypopygial median projection with long bristles ventrally (about as long as the width of hypopygial projection in lateral view), and with dense set of short and appressed bristles apically ( Figs 2c, d View FIGURE 2 ); ovipositor sheath obliquely truncate apically, with some long setae ( Fig. 2d View FIGURE 2 ).

MALE. Unknown.

Material examined. Holotype. ♀ ( DZUP), ‘ Brasil, São Paulo, Cajuru, Fazenda Rio Grande , 21°12’S 47°07’W, 13.IV.2001, G.A. R. Melo & M.C. Gaglianone cols.’ (specimen missing antennae and the left foreleg). GoogleMaps  

Biology. Unknown.

Distribution. BRAZIL (S„o Paulo).

Remarks. The only known female of C. boi   is distinguished from females of C. intervalensis   , C. ornatifrons   , and C. pilicauda   by its more robust body ( Fig. 1a View FIGURE 1 ), the mesosoma   being entirely black ( Figs 1a, b View FIGURE 1 ), and the malar space being almost as long as height of an eye ( Fig. 1c View FIGURE 1 ). It is further distinguished by the ovipositor sheath being obliquely truncate apically ( Figs 2c, d View FIGURE 2 ), and metatarsomere 5 being slightly longer than any of tarsomeres 1–4 ( Fig. 2a View FIGURE 2 ). Among the New World species, C. boi   is similar to C. megalomis Burks, 1940   , recorded from the United States and Mexico. Females of both have the mesosoma   entirely black, the protarsal claws ventrally with basal spines followed by few curved setae, the metafemur ventrally with similar-sized teeth along the outer margin, the petiole without longitudinal carinae, and the ovipositor sheath obliquely truncate apically. However, C. boi   differs from C. megalomis   by the gaster having yellow stripes (uniformly brown in C. megalomis   ), the lower face bulging above the clypeus ( Fig. 1d View FIGURE 1 ) (not bulging in C. megalomis   ), the malar space 0.8× eye height (0.7× eye height in C. megalomis   ), the mesoscutellum distinctly convex (almost flat in C. megalomis   ), the metafemur stronger and longer (not as strong or long in C. megalomis   , see Burks 1940, fig. 11j), the metatibia with a robust apical spine ( Fig. 1f View FIGURE 1 ) (triangular and acute in C. megalomis   ), and the petiole 2.4× as long as wide (1.5× as long as wide in C. megalomis   ).

Etymology. The species epithet is a noun in apposition, from an expression in Brazilian Portuguese used in reference to very large individuals.

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Chalcididae

Genus

Chalcis