Turdus merula mauritanicus Hartert

Mary, Croy, History, Bulletin Of The American Museum Of Natural, At, Central Park West, Street, Th, York, New & Ny, 2005, Type Specimens Of Birds In The American Museum Of Natural History. Part 6. Passeriformes: Prunellidae, Turdidae, Orthonychidae, Timaliidae, Paradoxornithidae, Picathartidae, And Polioptilidae, Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 2005 (292), pp. 1-132: 41-43

publication ID

0003-0090

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039D2563-BA5D-9D36-FD0E-FF11FD87FD9D

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Turdus merula mauritanicus Hartert
status

 

Turdus merula mauritanicus Hartert  

Turdus merula mauritanicus Hartert, 1902b: 323   (Mhoiwla bei Mazagan).

Now Turdus merula mauritanicus Hartert, 1902   . See Urban et al., 1997: 54, and Clement, 2000: 352.

LECTOTYPE: AMNH 574998 View Materials , adult male, collected at Mehuila (5 Mhoiwla), Morocco, on 3 February 1902, by Fritz Wilhelm Riggenbach. From the Rothschild Collection.  

COMMENTS: In the original description, Hartert said only that the type was from ‘‘Mhoiwla’’ and that he had a series of 15 specimens (males and females) from that locality, with the main distinguishing feature being in the color of the female. Measurements were not given for individual specimens. Hartert (1910a: 668–669) did not mention a type. Later, Hartert (1920: 477) designated as the lectotype a male collected on 3 February 1902 by Riggenbach and noted the corrected spelling of the type locality.

Both AMNH 574998, the above male, and AMNH 574999, a female, were collected on 3 February 1902 at ‘‘Mhoiwla’’ by Riggenbach, and both bear a Rothschild type label. They are the only two specimens collected by him on that date. Perhaps Hartert’s designation of the male as the lectotype was a slip of the pen. Because both specimens have always been included in the type collection at AMNH, and because the distinguishing feature occurs in the female, the female remains there with an added label to explain the error.

Of the 14 paralectotypes, only 10 came to AMNH with the Rothschild Collection: AMNH 574999–575005 View Materials and 575008– 575010. The remainder were perhaps exchanged to other collections by Rothschild. Two further specimens, AMNH 575006 View Materials and 575007, were collected by Riggenbach at ‘‘ Mhoiwla’ ’ in 1903, after the description was published   ; they have no type status.

Hartert (1902a: 311–316) himself visited Mehuila and described his trip inland from Mazagan (338169N, 088309W, Seltzer, 1962: 1172) as a five hour ride on muleback to ‘‘Mhoiwla’’, a flat fertile valley on the banks of the ‘‘Oum Rbiah’’ (5 Oum er Rbia). The Oum er Rbia reaches the ocean at Azem­ mour, 9 mi ENE of Mazagan ( Seltzer, 1962: 132).

Molecular studies of Turdus merula   are reported by Wink et al. (2002a, 2002b).

Turdus merula brodkorbi Koelz   Turdus merula brodkorbi Koelz, 1939: 67   (Far­

akar, Afghanistan).

Now Turdus merula intermedius (Richmond   ,

1896). See Vaurie, 1959: 403, and Clement,

2000: 355.

HOLOTYPE: AMNH 466153 View Materials , adult female, collected at Farkhar (5 Farakar), 368399N, 698439E (Times Atlas), Afghanistan, on 6 July 1937, by Walter Koelz.  

COMMENTS: The holotype is the only specimen collected at Farkhar. The eight paratypes listed by Koelz are AMNH 466145– 466152.

Molecular studies of Turdus merula   are reported by Wink et al. (2002a, 2002b).

Turdus nigrorum Ogilvie­Grant  

Turdus nigrorum Ogilvie­Grant, 1896a: 544   (volcano of Canloon, from 5000 to 6000 feet, Negros).

Now Turdus poliocephalus nigrorum   Ogilvie­ Grant, 1896. See Dickinson et al., 1991: 321, and Clement, 2000: 361, 364.

SYNTYPES: AMNH 575412 View Materials , adult male (B.432), 13 April 1896   ; AMNH 575413 View Materials , adult male (B.418), 12 April 1896   ; AMNH 575414 View Materials , adult male (B.417), 12 April 1896   ; AMNH 575415 View Materials (now DMNH 11125 View Materials ), adult male (B.431), 13 April 1896   ; AMNH 575416 View Materials , adult female (B.427), 13 April 1896   ; AMNH 575417 View Materials , adult female (B.428), 13 April 1896   ; AMNH 575418 View Materials , immature, unsexed (B.426), 13 April 1896. All were collected by John Whitehead, whose field number follows the sex determination above, on Canlaon (5 Canloon) Volcano, 108259N, 1238089E ( Dickinson et al., 1991: 417), Negros I., Philippines. From the Rothschild Collection   .

COMMENTS: These types were not listed by Hartert in any of his Rothschild type lists. AMNH 575415 was exchanged with DMNH. A male syntype is also held by BMNH, Reg. no. 1897.5.13.413 ( Warren and Harrison, 1971: 385).

Ogilvie­Grant (1896a) mentioned Turdus nigrorum   on p. 526, where it is a nomen nudum.

Turdus celebensis hygroscopus 

Stresemann

Turdus celebensis hygroscopus Stresemann,  

1931b: 44 (Latimodjong­Gebirge 2800 m.) Now Turdus poliocephalus hygroscopus   Strese­

mann, 1931. See Clement, 2000: 362, 364.

HOLOTYPE: AMNH 292823 View Materials , adult male, collected in the Latimojong Mountains , 2800 m, 038309S, 1208059E ( USBGN, 1982b), Sulawesi, Indonesia, on 5 July 1930, by Gerd Heinrich (no. 777). From the Heinrich Expedition 1930.  

COMMENTS: In the original description, Stresemann gave Heinrich’s field number of the holotype, described males and females, but did not say how many specimens were collected. Fifteen paratypes were cataloged in AMNH: AMNH 292819 –292822 and 292824–292834. Dr. Leonard C. Sanford sent AMNH 292820 to Prof. Sarasin in Basel on 25 October 1932 and AMNH 292826 to R. Meinertzhagen on 10 February 1933. For comments on the deposition of specimens from this expedition, see Heinrichia calligyna   .

Turdus poliocephalus sterlingi Mayr   Turdus poliocephalus sterlingi Mayr, 1944: 135   ,

155 (Mt. Ramelan (2600 meters); Portuguese

Timor).

Now Turdus poliocephalus sterlingi Mayr, 1944   .

See White and Bruce, 1986: 334, and Clement,

2000: 362, 364.

HOLOTYPE: AMNH 308001 View Materials , adult male, collected on Mt. Ramelan , 2600 m, Timor , Indonesia, on 1 May 1932, by Georg Stein (no. 4278). From the Stein Expedition to Timor and Sumba, 1931–1932.  

COMMENTS: The AMNH number of the holotype was cited in the original description. Mayr (1944: 135) noted six males from Mt. Ramelan of the new subspecies that he described more fully on p. 155. According to an agreement (housed in the Archives, Dept. of Ornithology, AMNH) between J. Sterling Rockefeller, who supported the expedition, and Erwin Stresemann, ZMB, the birds collected by Georg Stein and his wife, Clara, were to be divided between ZMB and AMNH, with a ‘‘representative group’’ to go to Lisbon in return for permission to collect in what was then Portuguese Timor. Four specimens, in addition to the holotype, were cataloged at AMNH: AMNH 345800– 345803. Of these, AMNH 345800 and 345802 were sent to ZMB, after World War II, in 1956. One specimen that was not cataloged was sent to Lisbon. These five specimens are paratypes.

Stein did not write an account of this expedition, as his home and all of his notebooks and belongings were lost in World War II ( Stresemann, 1967: 186–187).

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Aves

Order

Passeriformes

Family

Turdidae

Genus

Turdus

Loc

Turdus merula mauritanicus Hartert

Mary, Croy, History, Bulletin Of The American Museum Of Natural, At, Central Park West, Street, Th, York, New & Ny 2005
2005
Loc

Turdus merula mauritanicus

Clement, P. 2000: 352
Urban, E. K. & C. H. Fry & S. Keith 1997: 54
1997
Loc

Turdus poliocephalus nigrorum

Clement, P. 2000: 361
Dickinson, E. C. & R. S. Kennedy & K. C. Parkes 1991: 321
1991
Loc

Turdus poliocephalus sterlingi

Mayr, E. 1944: 135
1944
Loc

Turdus merula brodkorbi

Koelz, W. 1939: 67
1939
Loc

Turdus merula mauritanicus

Hartert, E. 1902: 323
1902
Loc

Turdus nigrorum Ogilvie­Grant, 1896a: 544

Ogilvie-Grant, W. R. 1896: 544
1896