Epicratinus ehonda,

Gonçalves, Ricardo Antonio & Brescovit, Antonio Domingos, 2020, Taxonomic review and cladistic analysis of Neotropical spider genus Epicratinus Jocqué & Baert, 2005 (Araneae: Zodariidae) with description of eleven new species, Zootaxa 4886 (1), pp. 1-77: 37-39

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4886.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E8FBC153-BDE4-4404-9167-20B2DB1DCB14

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4333246

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039D87F5-7E12-FFD1-FF03-F987BD3A0500

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Epicratinus ehonda
status

sp. nov.

Epicratinus ehonda  sp. nov.

Figs 24–25View FIGURE 24View FIGURE 25.

Type. Male holotype from Estaç „o Ecológica do Una, 15º17’48’’S, 39º03’28’’W, Una, Bahia, Brazil, X/1999 - IX/2000, M.F. Dias, deposited in IBSP 64527. Paratype. 1♀, same data of holotype deposited in IBSP 64499GoogleMaps  .

Additional material examined: BRAZIL, Bahia, Una, Estaç „o Ecológica do Una , 15º17’48’’S, 39º03’28’’W, 1♁, 2003, M.F. Dias ( IBSP 62505View Materials); 1♁ ( IBSP 64546View Materials)GoogleMaps  .

Diagnosis. Males of E. ehonda  sp. nov. are easily recognized by a dorsal distal constricted patellar apophysis, with inverted comma-shaped dark brown, hyaline RTA directed retrolaterally and bifid in the distal portion without separation. Females epigynum presents small atrium, spermathecae resembles the shadow of a crouching person which reveres the other, with a camera visible all over the spermathecae ( Figs 24View FIGURE 24, 25View FIGURE 25).

Etymology. The specific epithet is a noun taken in apposition and is in reference to Edmond Honda, a fictional character in Street Fighter series game from CAPCOM. E. Honda is a Japanese sumo wrestler, and the epigynum resembles two sumo wrestlers in fighting position.

Description. Male (IBSP 64527). Color: carapace brown uniform, dark orange sternum, orange-brown chelicerae, pale yellow coxae, dark yellow legs; dorsal abdomen predominantly dark brown with 5 spots (2-2-1) and small dorsal shield (less than half of the abdomen) brown, short bristles throughout the abdomen; ventral abdomen with two dark brown spots and a pale stripe between them, two pale white spots on each side, little sclerotinized, dark yellow and orange above the epigastric furrow. Total length 3.65; carapace length 2.05; width 1.4; abdomen length 1.45; maximum length of spinnerets 0.25; chelicerae length 0.64; clypeus height 0.54. Eyes: diameters AME 0.09, ALE 0.09, PME 0.11, PLE 0.1. Interdistances AME-AME 0.02, AME-ALE 0.09, PME-PME 0.08, PME-PLE 0.2, ALE-PLE 0.06. Spinulation: I: Fe d1-1-1, p0-0-1, r0, v0; Pa d0, p0, r0, v0; Ti d0, p0, r0, v1-1-2; Me d0, p0-0-1, r0, v2-1-2. II: Fe d1-2-1, p0-1-1, r0-0-1, v0; Pa d0, p0, r0, v0; Ti d0, p1-1-0, r0, v1-1-2; Me d0-0-1, p0-1-1, r0, v2-1-3. III: Fe d1-2-1, p1-0-1, r0-1-1, v0; Pa d0-0-1, p0-1-0, r0-1-0, v0; Ti d1-1-0, p1-1-0, r1-1-0, v2-2-2; Me d1-1-2, p0-1- 1, r0-1-1, v2-2-2. IV: Fe d1-2-1, p1-0-1, r0-0-1, v0; Pa d0-0-1, p0-1-0, r0-1-0, v0; Ti d1-0-1, p1-0-1, r1-0-1, v2-2-2; Me d1-3-3, p0-2-2, r2-0-1, v2-2-2. Formula: 4132.

Measurements of legs:

Palp. Femur with 2 dorsal spines (0-1-1); patella with a distal constricted apophysis in a dark brown inverted comma format; tibia with a row of median bristles on the proximal/medial portion of the retrolateral margin; Hyaline RTA directed retrolaterally and bifid in the distal portion without separation; cymbium with basal lateral projection at the front of the RTA, two distal spines; subtegulum with curved ridge; tegulum large and spermatic duct visible, conductor also visible dorsally and covering the embolus only in the distal portion; tegular apophysis short and ventral in spoon format; embolus totally conspicuous.

Female (IBSP 64499). Color: carapace dark brown uniform, dark orange sternum, reddish brown chelicerae, pale yellow coxae, dark yellow legs; dorsal abdomen predominantly dark brown with five spots (2-2-1) and numerous small pale yellow dots, short bristles throughout the abdomen; ventral abdomen pale yellow with four light brown bands, a little sclerotinized, light yellow and dark orange above the epigastric furrow. Total length 5.1; carapace length 2.25; width 1.55; abdomen length 2.6; maximum length of spinnerets 0.5; chelicerae length 0.88; clypeus height 0.68. Eyes: diameters AME 0.07, ALE 0.1, PME 0.11, PLE 0.1. Interdistances AME-AME 0.03, AME-ALE 0.11, PME-PME 0.09, PME-PLE 0.3, ALE-PLE 0.05. Spinulation: I: Fe d1-1-0, p0-0-1, r0, v0; Pa d0, p0, r0, v0; Ti d0, p0, r0, v0; Me d0, p0, r0, v0-1-3. II: Fe d1-1-0, p0-0-1, r0, v0; Pa d0, p0, r0, v0; Ti d0, p0-1-0, r0, v0; Me d0, p0, r0, v1-1-3. III: Fe d1-1-1, p1-0-1, r0-0-1, v0; Pa d0-0-1, p0-1-0, r0-1-0, v0; Ti d1-1-0, p0-0-1, r0-1-1, v2-1-2; Me d0-1-2, p1-1-1, r1-1-1, v2-1-2.IV: Fe d1-2-1, p0-0-1, r0-0-1, v0; Pa d0-0-1, p0-1-0, r0-1-0, v0; Ti d1-1- 0, p0-1-1, r0-1-1, v2-1-2; Me d2-1-2, p0-1-1, r0-1-1, v2-2-2. Formula: 4132.

Measurements of legs:

Epigynum. Epigynal plate almost hexagonal, with small atrium and without borders. Internally presents spermathecae that resembles the shadow of a crouching person in front the other with encapsulated copulatory ducts and a large chamber.

Variation. Males (n = 3): total length 3.6‾3.65, carapace 2‾2.06, femur I 1‾1.2.

Distribution. Only known from the type locality ( Fig. 41View FIGURE 41).