Eviulisoma zebra, Enghoff, 2018
Enghoff, Henrik, 2018, A mountain of millipedes VII: The genus Eviulisoma Silvestri, 1910, in the Udzungwa Mountains, Tanzania, and related species from other Eastern Arc Mountains. With notes on Eoseviulisoma Brolemann, 1920, and Suohelisoma Hoffman, 1963 (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 445, pp. 1-90 : 63-66
treatment provided by
Eviulisoma zebra sp. nov.
urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:CDF79D62-E412-4DC3-AE93-6832AAC737 A 4
Differs from other species of the E. sternale group by the combination of its large size (width 3.0 mm), the lack of an apical dentate ridge on map and the lack of modification of post-gonopodal prefemora and femora.
A noun in apposition alluding to the striped appearance of this species.
Material studied (total: 5 ♂♂)
TANZANIA: 4 ♂♂, same collection data as for holotype (ZMUC).
SIZE. Length 31 mm, max. width 3.0 mm.
COLOUR. Live ( Fig. 1 View Fig. 1 ) and freshly preserved animals vividly ringed. Head, collum, telson and metazonites except for a narrow anterior zone deep black, contrasting with white prozonites, antennomeres 1–5 and legs; antennomeres 6–7 brown.
ANTENNAE. Reaching back to anterior part of ring 5.
BODY RINGS. Paranota absent, except for tiny keels on ring 2 ( Fig. 4C View Fig. 4 ). Stricture between pro- and metazonite clearly striolate ( Fig. 30 A View Fig. 30 ). A transverse row of setae on ring 2, ring 3 sometimes with a few tiny setae, following rings without setae.
HYPOPROCT. Rounded-trapezoid, without distinct tubercles.
LEGS. Length 1.3× body width. Relative lengths of podomeres: femur> prefemur = tarsus> tibia> postfemur. Legs densely hirsute on ventral surface ( Fig. 30D View Fig. 30 ), but proper scopulae poorly developed, on postfemur, tibia and tarsus ( Fig. 30C View Fig. 30 ); those on tarsus also present on posteriormost legs, however.
STERNUM 5. A rounded-trapezoid process between legs 4.
STERNUM 6 ( Fig. 30B View Fig. 30 ). Deeply excavated. Lateral rims of excavation produced into two lobes on each side, one lobe at basis of each leg.
GONOPODS ( Fig. 31 View Fig. 31 ). Coxal lobe (cxl) prominent. Prefemoral part (prf) ca 0.3× as long as acropodite. Mesal acropodital process (map) long, slender, slightly curved, apically divided into three pointed tines (tn1, tn2, tn3); ventral tine (tn1) process largest, separated from the two others by a V-shaped incision; lumps of an amorphous mass (am) adhering to tip of map. Solenophore (sph) ca 0.7× as long as map, a simple rolled sheet, ending in two small processes, one slender, the other broadly triangular.
Distribution and habitat
Known only from the Udzungwa Mts National Park, 1450 m a.s.l.
Although this species is very similar to the two other species in the E. sternale group, especially to E. kangense sp. nov., it differs by lacking the peculiar modifications of the prefemur and femur of at least some post-gonopodal legs.
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