Eudorylas skorpionensis, FÖLDVÁRI, MIHÁLY, 2013

FÖLDVÁRI, MIHÁLY, 2013, Taxonomic revision of the Afrotropical species of the tribe Eudorylini (Diptera, Pipunculidae), Zootaxa 3656 (1), pp. 1-121: 101-118

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.3656.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:73E59AED-B16D-430C-B611-EB5CFEAF7FDD

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03A487FD-FFF2-FF8D-1D0A-F984FA2549C9

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Eudorylas skorpionensis
status

sp. nov.

Eudorylas skorpionensis   sp. nov. ( Figs 35A–F)

Diagnosis : One pale anteromedial hair on 3rd tibia; S7 visible. Eyes touching for distance equal to 1–1.5 times ocellar triangle. The highly asymmetric gonopods are characteristic for this species, IG has a long process curved towards the median line (always with a flap-like structure at the base) and the PG is broad, S-shaped in lateral view. Type material: Namibia: 1♂, HT [# T647], Lüderitz, Skorpion Hill, 27°49’S 16°36’E, 09–12.viii.1997., Marais & Kirk-Spriggs, Malais trap. ( NMNW); 2♂, PTs, same data as HT ( NMNW, HNHM) GoogleMaps   .

Other material examined: Namibia: 1♂, S.W. Africa (10), Plateau Fm., 22 mls. E.Aus, 14–17.i.1972; Southern African Exp. B.M. 1972-1. (two labels by Hardy with notes and identification as Pipunculus (Eudorylas)   sp.n. nr. 800m, 19-II-1974, ME Irwin, sandy river bank (both NMSA)   ; 6♂, 2617 Ca, Bethanien Dist. 15km. W. Goageb, 1100m, 19-II-1974, ME Irwin, sandy river bank (4 NMSA, 2 HNHM)   . South Africa: 2♂, Cape Prov 14mi. N. Springbok, 2450ft, Sept.6, 1972, 2917 Bd, M.E. Irwin, open hillside (both NMSA)   ; 3♂, Cape Prov , 11mi. NNE Hondeklipbaai, Sept.8, 1972, 3017 Ab, ME &BJ. Irwin, 200ft. alt-, Reddish sand, shrubs (2 NMSA, 1 HNHM)   .

Male

Head. Third antennal segment acuminate; brown, more yellowish towards tip. Face silvery pollinose. Frons, upper part shining black, lower part silvery pollinose; eyes touching for distance equal to 1–1.5 times ocellar triangle. Occiput, lower half silvery pollinose, upper half subshining black.

Thorax. Humeri pale brown. Mesonotum (viewed obliquely from front) subshining black, along anterior margin greyish pollinose; completely silvery from the side. Scutellum subshining black, with 4–5 pairs of short, pale hairs. Dorsocentral hairs weakly developed, notopleuron with several whitish hairs (as long as t3 at base). Halter yellowbrown, stem darker.

Legs. Trochanters and femora brown (all femora shining ventrally, f3 also posteriorly), distal 1/5 of femora and knees yellow, tibiae and tarsal segments yellow-brown, last segment brown. Ventroapical row of 6–7 very short, black spines on mid femora; no spines on 1st femora, only white some hairs on 3rd femur. Subapical (distal) spines on first four tibiae present. One pale anteromedial hair on 3rd tibia. Hind trochanter with several pale hairs on shining brown ventral side. Pulvilli as long as than last tarsal segment.

Wing. Fourth costal section 0.6 times as long as third costal section. Cross-vein R-M just beyond 1/4 of discal cell. Pterostigma coloured on distal 4/5. Hairs on tegula missing.

Abdomen. Viewed obliquely from front tergites brownish pollinose (except T1 being grey), T1–4 greyish pollinose on distal 1/ 4 in the middle, distal 1/2 laterally; distal half of T5 completely grey, sides silvery pollinose. Hairs dispersed, short and weakly developed. Laterally 2–3 brown spines on first tergite (as long as 2 times the width of f3 at base). Postabdomen in dorsal view: S7 visible; T5 as long as ST8. Genitalia without dissection: ST8 silvery pollinose, roundish, but angled on right side dorsally and with a small depression on the right proximal edge, no m.a., SS and EP yellow.

Genitalia. Surstyli short, asymmetrical; epandrium enlarged; ST8 narrow, without m.a. ( Fig. 35E). SES developed, without distinct hairs; gonopods highly asymmetrical, IG with a long process bent medially (the base of the process bears always a flap-like structure), OG very small, rounded; hypandrium with elongated lobes ( Fig. 35F); phallic guide broad, narrowing towards tip, S-shaped in lateral view ( Fig. 35A); phallus supported by membranous structures, trifid, strongly curved, but not coiled distally; ejaculatory apodeme triangle shaped; sperm pump oval, with two lateral projections ( Fig. 35D).

Female—Unknown.

Remarks —The PG of this species may be interpreted as the OG, since it is lateral in position and no other structure is present between the two gonopods. This feature is also present in the closely related E. bipertitus Kehlmaier, 2005   from Israel.

Distribution— Namibia, South Africa.

Etymology —The species was named after the hill where the type specimens have been caught.

Eudorylas swanengi Földvári, 2003   ( Figs 35G–N)

Eudorylas swanengi Földvári 2003 a: 162   .

Diagnosis: Third antennal segment long acuminate. One distinct anteromedial hair on 3rd tibia. Edge of S7 visible in dorsal view; T5 1.8–2 times as long as ST8. Surstyli very broad at base, with hairs as long as SS in the middle, tip hooked; epandrium rounded around cerci, otherwise rectangular at distal end; no membranous area. SES very distinct, with 12–15 hairs ventrally; phallic guide with three hook-like projections at tip in ventral view, with toothlike projection towards SS; phallus coiled; ejaculatory apodeme 3-sided (with 3 lobes); sperm pump has oval base with 3 projections; phallic sheath possibly present.

Type material: South Africa: 1♂ [PT of E. aemulus   , no head], HT, S. Africa, Natal, Ingogo, 03.1932, Miss [ion] A     . Other material examined: Botswana: 1♂, Serowe , Swaneng, 01.1986 ( MT)   , leg. De Meyer (in alcohol, ISNB); 1♂, Serowe , 08.1989, leg. De Meyer ( ISNB)   . Namibia: 1♂, Tsumkwe district, Nama , 19°54'34''S 20°44'08''E, 20– 22.xii.1998, Kirk-Spriggs, Marais & Mann, Malaise traps ( NMNW) GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, Quqali River , 18º01’S 22º18’E, West Caprivi park, 06.IV.1990, E. Marais ( HNHM) GoogleMaps   .

Male

Head. Third antennal segment long acuminate; yellow-brown. Face silvery pollinose. Frons, upper part shining black, lower part silvery pollinose, except tiny black spot; eyes touching for distance equal to 2.5–3 times ocellar triangle. Occiput, lower half silvery pollinose, upper half less so.

Thorax. Humeri pale brown. Mesonotum (viewed obliquely from front) black with brownish pollinosity, along anterior margin more greyish; from the side greyish pollinose. Scutellum black with brownish-grey pollinosity, 3– 4 pairs of distinct, short, pale hairs. Dorsocentral hairs uncertain. Halter brown, stem darker.

Legs. Trochanters and femora dark brown (pv surface of f3 shining), knees, tibiae and tarsal segments yellowbrown, last segment dark brown. Ventroapical row of minute dark hairs, mainly on f2; pv some white hairs along f3. Subapical (distal) spines on first four tibiae distinct. One distinct anteromedial hair on 3rd tibia. Hind trochanter with fine, pale hairs on ventral side. Pulvilli equal to last tarsal segment.

Wing. Fourth costal section 0.85 times as long as third costal section. Cross-vein R-M beyond 2/5 of discal cell. Pterostigma fully coloured. Hairs on tegula uncertain.

Abdomen. Viewed obliquely from front the ground colour is brown with greyish pollinosity, T2 sometimes brownish. Hairs on abdomen very few and short; 1–3 dark lateral bristles on first tergite. Postabdomen in dorsal view: edge of S7 visible; T5 1.8–2 times as long as ST8. Genitalia without dissection: brown in general, no m.a.

Genitalia. Surstyli very broad at base, with hairs as long as SS in the middle, projections at base ventrally, tip of SS hooked; epandrium roundish around cerci, otherwise rectangular at distal end; no membranous area ( Fig. 35L). SES very distinct, with 12–15 hairs ventrally, strongly connected to SS; gonopods asymmetrical, OG is broader; hypandrium elongated, not connected to EP ( Fig. 35H); phallic guide with three hook-like projections at tip in ventral view ( Fig. 35M), with tooth-like projection towards SS ( Fig. 35G); phallus coiled; ejaculatory apodeme 3- sided (with 3 lobes); sperm pump oval base with 3 projections ( Fig. 35J); phallic sheath possibly present ( Fig. 35N), may be damaged on specimen from Natal.

Female—Unknown.

Distribution— Botswana, Namibia, South Africa.

Eudorylas tanzaniensis Földvári, 2003   ( Figs 36A–G)

Eudorylas tanzaniensis Földvári 2003 b: 278   .

Diagnosis: Scutellum with 6–8 pairs of longer pale hairs. Legs yellow, all femora shining posteriorly. T6 with a bent process; S7, EP visible. Surstyli asymmetrical OS with projection; epandrium with thickening on the left side in ventral view; SES clearly visible with numerous hairs; phallic guide with membranous lobe and slightly pointed tip.

Type material: Tanzania     : 1♂, HT, Uzungwa Mts , Mwanihana Forest above Sanje, 1000m, 01.viii.1982., M. Stolze & N. Scharff leg. Zool. Museum, Copenhagen   ; 1♀, AT, same data as HT, 1700m, 10.ix.1984   ; 2♂, PT’s, same data as HT   ; 2♂, PT’s, same data as HT except year: 1981 (all ZMUC, 1PT HNHM)   .

Other material examined: Kenya: 1♂, Kakamega Forest , 5200 feet, 18.xii.1970, [leg.] A.E. Stubbs, B.M. 1972– 211 [label by Hardy: “? sp. nov.”] ( BMNH)   . Uganda: 1♂, Mt. Sabinio, 7.000 ft., F.W. Edwards, Kigezi Dist. , “. xi.1934 ”, B.M.E. Afr. Exp. B.M. 1935–203 ( BMNH)   .

Male

Head. Third antennal segment long acuminate; yellow, arista black. Face silvery pollinose. Frons, upper part shining black, lower part silvery pollinose; eyes touching for distance equal to 2 times ocellar triangle (in case if two PTs eyes do not touch). Occiput, lower half silvery pollinose, upper half subshining black.

Thorax. Humeri pale brown. Mesonotum (viewed obliquely from front) and scutellum brownish pollinose, as well as thorax from the side. Scutellum with 6–8 pairs of longer pale hairs. Dorsocentral hairs well developed. Halter brown, stem paler.

G: surstyli, dorsal view, H: outer surstylus with phallic guide and outer gonopod, lateral view, I: ventral view with phallus and phallic guide (without ST8), J: inner surstylus, lateral view, K: sperm pump with ejaculatory apodeme, L: surstyli, dorsal view, M: dorsal view. Scale bars: 0.1 mm

Legs. Entirely yellow, all femora shining posteriorly, hind tibia curved and slightly thicker in the middle in posterior view. Tarsal segments yellow, last segment brown. Ventroapical row of 5–6 spines on mid femora; no spines on 1st and 3rd femur. Subapical (distal) spines on first four tibiae present. No anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia. Hind trochanter with several white hairs on ventral side (as long as half width of t3 at base). Pulvilli as long as last tarsal segment.

Wing. Fourth costal section 0.9–1.3 times as long as third costal section. Cross-vein R-M at 1/3 of discal cell. Pterostigma coloured on distal 4/5. Hairs on tegula missing.

Abdomen. Viewed obliquely from front first tergite brownish pollinose, other tergites shining black, also on hind margins and on the sides. Hairs dispersed, short and weakly developed. Laterally 2–4 dark spines on first tergite. Postabdomen in dorsal view: S7, EP visible; T5 as long as ST8. Genitalia without dissection: ST8 angled on the right, no m.a, EP and SS yellow.

Genitalia. T6 with a bent process (slightly variable in shape, Fig. 36F). Surstyli asymmetrical OS with projection; epandrium elongated, with thickening on the left side in ventral view; ST8 rather small, without m.a. ( Fig. 36B). SES clearly visible with numerous hairs; gonopods asymmetrical, OG longer; phallic guide with membranous lobe and slightly pointed tip ( Fig. 36E); phallus trifid, short; ejaculatory apodeme mushroom-shaped; sperm pump round, with two processes ( Fig. 36D).

Female

As male except for the following characters. Frons, eyes separated; silver–grey pollinose on lower half, shining black on upper half. Pulvilli and claws about 1.5 times as long as last tarsal segment. Subapical distal spine very distinct. The tergites of the abdomen are more subshining black with faint brownish pollinosity.

Distribution— Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda.

Eudorylas umbrinus ( Loew, 1858)   ( Figs 36H–M)

Pipunculus umbrinus Loew, 1858: 374   [ 1860: 354]

Diagnosis: Third antennal segment long acuminate. S7, EP visible, abdomen swollen distally, without m.a. Surstyli broad at base, pointed at tip; margins of SES clear, with numerous hairs (on both side); gonopods almost symmetric, IG more rounded; phallic guide broad at base in ventral view (broader in lateral view) and pointed at tip, with distinct hairs in the middle.

Type material: South Africa: 1♂, HT, Caffraria [3 hand-written labels:] “.B.” or “.3.”, “234”, “168”, [typewritten label:] “ Pipunculus umbrinus   ” (NHRS).

Other material examined: South Africa: 1♂, Natal, Pietermaritzburg, Town Bush, 9 June 1979, R. Miller ( NMSA)   .

Male

Head. Third antennal segment long acuminate; yellow-brown. Face subshining black. Frons, upper part shining black, lower part silvery pollinose; eyes touching for distance equal to 3.5 times ocellar triangle. Occiput, lower half silvery pollinose, upper half more brownish.

Thorax. Humeri pale brown. Mesonotum (viewed obliquely from front) brownish pollinose; silver-grey from the side. Scutellum brown, without hairs. Dorsocentral hairs very weakly developed. Halter pale brown.

Legs. Entirely yellow (probably parts of the femora used to be brown on HT), f3 shining pv. Ventroapical row of 6–7 very short spines on f2; spines missing on f1,3. Subapical (distal) spines on first four tibiae present. No anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia. Hind trochanter without hairs or spines on ventral side. Pulvilli as long as last tarsal segment.

Wing. Fourth costal section 0.8 times as long as third costal section. Cross-vein R-M at 1/3 of discal cell. Pterostigma fully coloured. Dark hairs on tegula present (2).

Abdomen. Viewed obliquely from front tergites brownish pollinose, hind margins and sides slightly greyish. Hairs missing on abdomen. Laterally 3 black bristles on first tergite. Postabdomen in dorsal view: S7, EP visible; T5 0.8 Genitalia. Surstyli broad at base, pointed at tip; ST8 with uncertain borders ( Fig. 36M). Margins of SES clear, with numerous hairs (on both side); gonopods almost symmetric, IG more rounded; phallic guide ( Fig. 36I) broad at base in ventral view (broader in lateral view, Fig. 36H) and pointed at tip, with distinct hairs in the middle; phallus trifid, curved, with membranous supporting structure; ejaculatory apodeme fan shaped; sperm pump round with two projections ( Fig. 36K).

Female—Unknown.

Remarks —The type specimen was collected during a Swedish expedition to southern and south-eastern Africa led by J.A. Wahlberg. The numbers refer to particular localities, but the list of localities had disappeared and correct labels had never been produced according to Thomas Pape, NHRS (pers. comm.). Loew (1858: 374) gives the type locality as “Caffraria (Wahlb.)”, which refers to a large part of current South Africa, but does not mention the number of specimens he had studied.

Distribution— South Africa.

Eudorylas unanimus (Hardy, 1949)   ( Figs 37A–F)

Dorilas (Eudorylas) unanimus Hardy 1949 b: 4   .

Diagnosis: Trochanters and femora black (all legs shining ventrally), knees yellow, tibiae yellow-brown on basal half, distally brown. Vein Cu-M sharply bent (intruding into discal cell). SES present, but borders uncertain; gonopods symmetric, pointed; phallic guide with a hook on the right (in lateral view with additional supporting structure); phallus trifid, short, branches close to each other (with teeth on one of the branches in lateral view); phallic sheath present.

Type material: Democratic Republic of Congo: 1♂, HT, Congo-Belge, Rutshuru, 6-XII-1937, J. Ghesquiere (sic!), I.G. 10.482 ( ISNB)   .

Other material examined: Ivory Coast: 4♂, BancoNat. Prk N Abidjan S side 23& 27.iv. 1989, 05º22’N: 04º03’W, J G H Londt Edges of wide track in forest (2 NMSA, 1 HNHM) GoogleMaps   . Uganda: 1♂, Kilembe., 4,500 ft., F. W. Edwards.; Ruwenzori Range., xii.1934 – i.1935., B.M.E. Afr. Exp., B.M. 1935-203 ( BMNH)   .

Male

Head. Third antennal segment acuminate; dark brown. Face silvery pollinose along margins, subshining black in the middle. Frons, upper part subshining black, lower part silvery pollinose; eyes touching for distance equal to 3 times ocellar triangle. Occiput, upper half brownish pollinose, lower half more silvery pollinose.

Thorax. Humeri brown, paler than mesonotum. Mesonotum (viewed obliquely from front) subshining black; also black from the side with greyish pollinosity. Scutellum black, paler on margins, with very weakly developed hairs. Dorsocentral hairs weakly developed. Halter yellow brown.

Legs. Trochanters and femora black (all legs shining ventrally), knees yellow, tibiae yellow-brown on basal half, distally brown. Tarsal segments yellow-brown, last segment black. Ventroapical row of 6–8 short, stout spines on first four femora; 8 spines on 3rd femur, 2 times longer than on other legs. Subapical (distal) spines on first four tibiae absent. No anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia. Hind trochanter covered with weak white hairs on ventral side. Pulvilli shorter than last tarsal segment.

Wing. Fourth costal section 0.6 times as long as third costal section. Cross-vein R-M at 2/5 of discal cell. Vein Cu- M sharply bent (intruding into discal cell). Pterostigma fully coloured. Hairs on tegula uncertain.

Abdomen. Viewed obliquely from front tergites completely black. Hairs dispersed, short and weakly developed. Lateral spines on first tergite: 3–5 strong, black bristles. Postabdomen in dorsal view: T5 1.3 times as long as ST8. Genitalia without dissection: thickened, dark brown.

Genitalia. SES present, but borders uncertain; gonopods symmetric, pointed (some hairs at tips and along inner edges may be present); phallic guide ( Fig. 37B) with a hook on the right (in lateral view with additional supporting structure, Fig. 37A); phallus trifid, short, branches close to each other (with teeth on one of the branches in lateral view); ejaculatory apodeme linear, but thickened; sperm pump elliptic with projection ( Fig. 37E); phallic sheath Remarks —There are two females at ISNB identified by Hardy (1951) as E. unanimus   , but the affinities with the HT are uncertain, since they were collected in different years and at different localities. Therefore no formal female description is given here.

Distribution— Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Uganda.

Eudorylas vicarius (Hardy, 1949)   ( Figs 38A–F)

Dorilas (Eudorylas) vicarius Hardy 1949 a: 60   .

Diagnosis: Abdominal tergites entirely silvery pollinose, sides golden-yellow pollinose; edge of S7 visible in dorsal view. Genitalia without dissection: black, with golden-yellow pollinosity. Surstyli broad, OS (in dorsal view) with two projections; SES large, with numerous hairs (up to 18); gonopods asymmetrical, IG more developed; phallic guide with protuberances and numerous hairs, the round projection facing SS bears hairs as well; phallus trifid, one of the branches shorter.

Type material: Malawi: 1♂, HT, Nyasaland., Cholo., R.C. Wood; Pres by Com Inst Ent, BM 1953-357 ( BMNH)   .

Male

Head. Third antennal segment acuminate; yellow-brown. Face silvery pollinose. Frons, upper part shining black, lower part silvery pollinose with black patch in the middle; eyes touching for distance equal to 4 times ocellar triangle. Occiput uncertain (greasy on HT).

Thorax. Humeri yellow. Mesonotum (viewed obliquely from front) brownish pollinose; yellow-brown from the side. Scutellum brownish pollinose, 4–6 pairs of short pale hairs. Dorsocentral hairs weakly developed. Halter yellow-brown.

Legs. Trochanters, femora, knees, tibiae, tarsal segments yellow, last segment brownish yellow. Ventroapical row of 4–5 (on f1) and 10–12 (on f2) short black spines; no spines on 3rd femur. Subapical (distal) spines on first four tibiae absent. No anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia. Hind trochanter with 8–10 white hairs as long as width of t3 at base. Pulvilli slightly shorter than last tarsal segment.

Wing. Fourth costal section 0.7 times as long as third costal section. Cross-vein R-M beyond 1/3 of discal cell. Pterostigma fully coloured. Hairs on tegula absent.

Abdomen. Viewed obliquely from front tergites entirely silvery pollinose, sides golden-yellow pollinose. Minute whitish hairs dispersed. 3 dark lateral spines on first tergite. Postabdomen in dorsal view: edge of S7 visible; T5 as long as ST8. Genitalia without dissection: black, with golden-yellow pollinosity, m.a. as an elongated ellipse, EP and SS yellow.

Genitalia. Surstyli broad, OS (in dorsal view) with two projections; epandrium rather long, but robust; ST8 with medium sized m.a. ( Fig. 38B). SES large, with numerous hairs (up to 18); gonopods asymmetrical, IG (in ventral view) more developed; phallic guide ( Fig. 38F) with several projections and numerous hairs, the round projection facing SS with hairs as well ( Fig. 38A); phallus trifid, one of the branches shorter; ejaculatory apodeme linear, broadening distally; sperm pump small, with a membranous lobe and a projection ( Fig. 38D).

Female—Unknown.

Distribution— Madagascar, Malawi.

Eudorylas wittei ( Hardy, 1950)   ( Figs 37G–L, 40U)

Dorilas (Eudorylas) wittei Hardy 1950: 39   .

Diagnosis: Scutellum shining black, 6–9 pairs of short, pale hairs (as long as width of t3 at widest). Abdominal tergites shining black. Hairs dense, whitish, longest on T5 and distal part of T4. Lateral spines on first tergite present as a patch of 8–10 long hairs. Surstyli highly asymmetrical, with numerous hairs ventrally; ST8 enlarged, part; phallus trifid, branches long, not separating from each other; ejaculatory apodeme flat, broad at tip; sperm pump with two wing-like projections.

Type material: Rwanda     : 1♂, HT, Congo belge: Ruanda, Kundhuru ya Tsuve, (Col Gahinga-Sabinyo), 2600 m, (Bambous), 15-ix-1934, G.F. de Witte: 601   ; 1♀, AT, same data as HT, 18-ix-1934, [No.] 611   ; 2♂, 2♀, PTs, same data as HT, Rutabagwe , 13-14-ix-1934, [No.] 595   ; 1♀, PT, Congo belge: Ruanda, Kansenze (pied Volc. Karisimbi), 2400 m, 4-iii-1935, G.F. de Witte: 1209 (all MRAC)   ; 1♂, PT, same data as HT, Rutabagwe , 13-14-ix-1934, 2600 m, [No.] 595 ( AMNH)   . Democratic Republic of Congo: 2♂, PTs, Congo belge: PNA, Nyakibumba , (près Kikere), 2226 m, 9-vii-1934 [as “ 2250 m 5.VII.1934 ” in Hardy 1950], G.F. de Witte: 478   ; 3♂, PTs, Congo belge: P.N.A., Nyarusambo (Kikere), 2226m, 28–29.vi.1934 [as “VII” in Hardy 1950], G.F. de Witte: 453 (all USNM)   ; 1♂, PT, same data as the specimen before ( AMNH)   .

Other material examined: Kenya: 1♂, 1♀, Mt. Kenya., Kathita river ., 9,900ft., 7.viii.1949., J.A. Riley.; " O.U.E.C. Exp, Mt Kenya, B.M. 1949-562."; "56" [hand-written]   ; 1♂, 1♀, Mt. Kinangop, 8,000ft., F.W. Edwards.; Aberdare Range. , x.1934., B.M.E. Afr. Exp., B.M. 1935-203. (all BMNH)   ; 1♂, Mt. Kenya., Naro Moru , 9,000ft., 31.viii.1949., J.A. Riley.; " O.U.E.C. Exp, Mt Kenya, B.M. 1949-562."   ; 1♀, Mt. Kenya., Kathita river ., 9,900ft., 7.viii.1949., J.A. Riley.; " O.U.E.C. Exp, Mt Kenya, B.M. 1949-562."; "56" [hand-written] (both HNHM)   ; 1♂, Ngong Forestry Sta [tion]. IV-13-20-1968, Malaise trap, Paul J. Spangler   ; 1♂, 1♀, same data, 13–18 Jan. 1968, Krombein & Spangler (♂ HNHM, USNM)   . Rwanda: 1♀, PT, Congo belge: Ruanda, Nyabitsindi (entre Volc. Bishoke-Musule ), 2400 m, 18-II-1935, G.F. de Witte: 1159 ( MRAC)   , [the specimen is not listed in Hardy (1950), therefore it is not paratype]. South Africa: 1♂, RSA: Cape Prov. Nature’s valley, at Groot Rivier , 33° 58´S, 23° 33´E, 15– 17.10.1994, loc 21, leg. Roy Danielsson ( ZML) GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, Blaauwkrantz Pass, Nr. Plettenberg Bay, indigenous forest, E. Cape 11 Oct 1959, B & P Stuckenberg, “ Pipunculus (Eudorylas)   n.sp. freak spec. right wing Cephalosphaera, Det. 1961, D.E. Hardy ” ( NMSA)   . Uganda: 1♂, Mt. Sabinio., 8,000ft., F.W. Edwards.; Kigezi Distr. , xi.1934., B.M.E. Afr. Exp., B.M. 1935- 203. ( BMNH)   . Zimbabwe: 1♂, Rhodes-Inyanga National Park., S. Rhodesia , 13 Jan. 1955, B.R.S. P.G., ” Pipunculus (Eudorylas)   n.sp? runs near P.(P.) pallidipleura Curran, Det. 1961 D.E. Hardy ” ( NMSA)   .

Male

Head. Third antennal segment acuminate; yellow, arista shining black. Face silvery pollinose. Frons, upper part shining black, lower part silvery pollinose; eyes touching for distance equal to 2 times ocellar triangle. Occiput, upper half subshining black, lower half silvery pollinose.

Thorax. Humeri yellow. Mesonotum (viewed obliquely from front) subshining black, faintly greyish pollinose; silver grey from the side. Scutellum shining black, 6–9 pairs of short, pale hairs (as long as width of t3 at widest). Dorsocentral hairs distinct. Halter yellow-brown.

Legs. Trochanters, femora brown (may be more yellow, in this case dorsal surface of femora always brown), knees, tibiae, tarsal segments yellow, last segment brown. Ventroapical row of 2–4 short black spines on first four femora; no spines on 3rd femur. Subapical (distal) spines on first four tibiae distinct. No anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia. Hind trochanter covered with short, white hairs on ventral side. Pulvilli shorter than last tarsal segment.

Wing. Fourth costal section 0.7–1.1 times as long as third costal section. Cross-vein R-M at 1/4 to 2/5 of discal cell. Pterostigma fully coloured. Hairs on tegula absent.

Abdomen. Viewed obliquely from front tergites shining black. Hairs dense, whitish, longest on T5 and distal part of T4. Lateral spines on first tergite present as a patch of 8–10 long hairs. Postabdomen in dorsal view: T5 1.1 times as long as ST8. Genitalia without dissection: shining black with whitish hairs dorsally, SS and EP yellow, m.a. oval.

Genitalia. Surstyli highly asymmetrical, with numerous hairs ventrally; ST8 enlarged, with narrow m.a. ( Fig. 37H). SES uncertain; gonopods asymmetrical, outer longer; hypandrium short, hypandrial apodeme well developed; phallic guide pointed at tip and with protuberance on the right side covered with thick hairs ( Fig. 37L); in lateral view with membranous part ( Fig. 37G); phallus trifid, branches long, not separating from each other; ejaculatory apodeme flat, broad at tip; sperm pump with two wing-like projections ( Fig. 37J).

Female

As male except for the following characters. Frons, eyes separated; silver-grey pollinose on lower half, shining black on upper half. Pulvilli only slightly longer than last tarsal segment. Female ovipositor as in Fig. 40U.

Remarks— Specimens can be found among the material examined bearing the label “P.(P.) pallidipleura” by Hardy, Eudorylas facetus   , J–K: Dasydorylas quasidorsalis   , L: Eudorylas amuscarinum   , M: Eudorylas abdominalis   , N–O: Clistoabdominalis namibiensis   sp. nov., P: Eudorylas mutillatus   , Q: Eudorylas femoralis   sp. nov., R: Eudorylas ghesquierei   , S: Dasydorylas okongoensis   sp. nov., T–U: Eudorylas angustus   , V: Eudorylas excisus   . Scale bar: 0.5 mm

setiformis   , L: Clistoabdominalis lomholdti   , M: Dasydorylas sordidatus   , N–O: Eudorylas mikenensis   , P–Q: Eudorylas decorus   , R–S: Eudorylas galeatus   , T: Eudorylas sinuosus   , U: Eudorylas wittei   , V–W: Dasydorylas evanidus   . Scale bar: 0.5 mm

Key to males of Afrotropical Eudorylini  

Genus Claraeola  

1 Gonopods symmetrical. Phallus trifid with apical projection covered by scale-like setae. SES well developed, hairy; PG pointed, with minute hairs just below apex ( Figs 4A–F). Large species, wings dark brown.................................................................................................... Claraeola nigripennis (Hardy, 1949)  

– Gonopods asymmetrical, phallus without projection. SES different, PG not pointed. Smaller species, wings not dark brown..................................................................................................... 2

2 Surstyli asymmetrical, outer surstylus having two pointed tips. SES clear, with distinct long hairs, PG broad, with pointed tip and membranous structures bearing scale-like hairs ( Figs 3E–J).................... Claraeola hadrosoma ( Hardy, 1962)  

– Surstyli symmetrical, always with one tip. SES not always clear, PG different...................................... 3

3 Gonopods long, with hairy projections, PG short, curved and pointed at tip. branches of phallus longer ( Figs 3A–D)................................................................................. Claraeola francoisi ( Hardy, 1952)  

– Gonopods short, without hairy projections. PG long slightly curved, blunt at tip. Phallus broad at base, branches very short ( Figs 3G–K)................................................................. Claraeola stuckenbergi   sp. nov.

Genus Clistoabdominalis  

1 Hypandrium deflected in ventral view, gonopods weakly developed............................................. 2

– Hypandrium straight in ventral view, gonopods well developed.................................................. 3

2 Phallic guide broad and flat, with small protuberances in ventral view. Base of surstyli without protuberances ( Figs 5A–E). Cross-vein basally situated, pterostigma extremely reduced, eyes separated in males................................................................................................... Clistoabdominalis nitidifrons ( Becker, 1900)  

– Phallic guide only broad at base, pointed at tip. Surstyli with protuberances at base in dorsal view ( Figs 5F–K). Cross-vein and pterostigma different, eyes not separated in males............................ Clistoabdominalis crassus ( Bezzi, 1926)  

3 Gonopods asymmetrical, outer gonopod longer; sides of phallic guide parallel, tip rounded ( Figs 6A–F); ejaculatory apodeme and sperm pump parachute-like (as in E. flexus   ). Scutellum silvery pollinose, with 7–8 pairs of strong hairs. S7 not visible without dissection. Hind femur much thicker than others and curved, no subapical spines on mid tibiae.................................................................................... Clistoabdominalis lomholdti Földvári, 2003  

– Gonopods highly asymmetrical, since the outer gonopod has a large, flat, spiny lobe ( Figs 6G–L), ejaculatory apodeme and sperm pump different. Scutellum not silvery pollinose. S7 is visible in dorsal view without dissection. Hind femur not thicker than others, two subapical (distal) spines on mid tibiae of both sexes.............. Clistoabdominalis namibiensis   sp. nov.

Genus Dasydorylas  

1 Tips of surstyli elongated, curved strongly ventrally.......................................................... 2

– Tips of surstyli rounded, not curved ventrally................................................................ 5

2 Phallic guide with a pointed projection on the left side in ventral view. gonopods well developed, pointed; outer gonopod with a lobe extending towards phallic guide ( Figs 7G–K)................................... Dasydorylas bodocsi   sp. nov.

– Phallic guide without pointed projection in ventral view. Gonopods less developed, rounded.......................... 3

3 Phallic guide with thick hairs, visible in lateral and ventral views, bent towards SS. Surstyli subsymmetrical, each with an appendage on the side in dorsal view ( Figs 8A–F). All tibiae with a dark spine anteromedially (sometimes only short hairs present)................................................................. Dasydorylas evanidus (Hardy, 1949)  

– Phallic guide without thick hairs. Surstyli different, tibae without dark spine....................................... 4

4 Phallic guide narrowing towards tip, S-shaped in lateral view. Surstyli large, both hook-shaped in lateral view and with extended basal lobes ( Figs 10G–L). No anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia............... Dasydorylas turneri (Hardy, 1949)  

– Phallic guide short, straight, rather wide apically and with folded membranes, tip pointed in lateral view ( Figs 10A–F). Surstyli smaller, 3–4 outstanding dark hairs anteromedially on 3rd tibia.................... Dasydorylas sordidatus ( Hardy, 1950)  

5 Phallic guide with one spine on each side, pointed; phallus longer than SS, curved. ST8 with narrow m.a. SES with 12–14 little spines; gonopods symmetric, with 1–2 minute hairs on each side ( Figs 9G–L). Femora and tibiae dark brown to black........................................................................... Dasydorylas quasidorsalis ( Hardy, 1961)  

– Phallic guide without spines, pointed or not; phallus shorter than SS, m.a. broad. SES without spines, gonopods different, legs not dark............................................................................................. 6

6 Gonopods with at least 3 hairs on each side. Phallus with and extra structure, phallic guide broad at tip ( Figs 9A–F). Two very distinct erect hairs on t3 anteromedially and 3–4 dark spines in a row on the hind trochanters ventrally............................................................................................ Dasydorylas okongoensis   sp. nov.

– Gonopods without hairs, phallus without extra structure. Phallic guide different, no hairs on t3 or trochanters............. 7

7 Phallic guide has parallel sides in ventral view, slightly curved and pointed in lateral view. Phallus with teeth on one of the

– Phallic guide pointed and with lobes in ventral view (curved towards SS in lateral view); tubes of the phallus very thin. Eyes touching for distance equal to 5–6 times ocellar triangle. Fourth costal section very short (0.5 times the length of third costal section). T5 3 times as long as ST8 ( Figs 8G–L). ST8 and m.a. different, no hairs on 3rd tibia............................................................................................... Dasydorylas minymerus ( Hardy, 1962)  

Genus Eudorylas  

The following eight species are not included in the key, since they have no male representatives or it was not possible to study type specimens: Eudorylas abdominalis   , E. angustus   , E. bredoi   , E. cupreiventris   , E. falcatus   , E. katonae   , E. liberia   , E. parvifrons   .

1 Two strong bristles on 3rd tibia at the apex anteriorly. T5 4 times as long as ST8. Epandrium with pointed structure around cerci. SES distinct, with minute hairs; gonopods hairy, small, symmetric; phallic guide with numerous hairs laterally in ventral view ( Figs 15G–L)......................................................... Eudorylas bisetosus ( Hardy, 1962)  

– Hind tibia without apical bristles. Genitalia different......................................................... 2

2 Third antennal segment long acuminate (projection at least as long as the height of third segment)..................... 3

– Third antennal segment at most acuminate (projection shorter than third segment)................................ 15

3 Hind tibia with an anteromedial hair...................................................................... 4

– No anteromedial hair on hind tibia....................................................................... 7

4 First four tibiae with a small (but distinct), erect posteromedial hair. SS elongated and bent ventrally, OS very broad at base, PG hooked in lateral view and SES with numerous hairs along edges ( Figs 31A–F)....... Eudorylas rooibergensis   sp. nov.

– First four tibiae without posteromedial hair, genitalia different................................................. 5

5 Surstyli completely symmetrical in ventral and lateral views. Phallic guide with hairy protuberances at base; phallus very long (at least two times as long as postabdomen) and coiled, branches stick together; part of the ejaculatory duct is coiled as a spiral ( Figs 33A–F). Legs entirely yellow............................................ Eudorylas setiformis (Hardy, 1949)  

– Surstyli at least slightly asymmetrical. Phallic guide without basal protuberances, phallus short (less than two times as long as postabdomen), not coiled, no part of the ejaculatory duct is coiled as a spiral, legs not entirely yellow.................. 6

6 SES without hairs. Gonopods equal in length, OG with a distinct process, directed medially; phallic guide with a sickle-shaped apical appendix on the left in ventral view; branches of phallus short ( Figs 30A–E)......... Eudorylas protumidus   sp. nov.

– SES with 12–15 very distinct hairs ventrally. Gonopods not equal in length. Phallic guide with three hook-like projections at tip in ventral view, with tooth-like projection towards ss in lateral view; phallus coiled ( Figs 35G–N)............................................................................................ Eudorylas swanengi Földvári, 2003  

7 SES without hairs.................................................................................... 8

– SES with at least 3–4 pale hairs......................................................................... 9

8 Gonopods much shorter than PG, hairless. Tips of surstyli turned ventrally, at the base with finger-like protuberance; hypandrium peculiar shape with one lobe in the middle; phallic guide tube-like, with tooth-like structure facing SS in ventral view; phallus long and coiled ( Figs 18A–G).......................................... Eudorylas discretus ( Hardy, 1952)  

– Gonopods longer than PG, with distinct hairs around tip. Surstyli club shaped and strongly bent ventrally; ST8 very small, without m.a.; hypandrium regular shape, phallic guide blunt at tip in ventral view, but curved and pointed in lateral view ( Figs 30F–K)................................................................ Eudorylas remiformis ( Hardy, 1962)  

9 Epandrium with lateral projection on the right side in dorsal view (also visible in lateral view, see Fig. 32A, Fig. 51A)... 10

– Epandrium without such a projection.................................................................... 11

10 Gonopods pointed; T6 with linear protuberance; surstyli asymmetrical, OS with two projections (in ventral view) ( Figs 17A– G). Legs not yellow, not all femora shining posteriorly. Abdomen elongated, broadest at T5...................................................................................................... Eudorylas decorus ( Hardy, 1950)  

– Gonopods rounded; T6 with a bent process; surstyli asymmetrical, OS with one projection ( Figs 36A–G). Legs yellow, all femora shining posteriorly. Abdomen not elongated, not broadest at T5............... Eudorylas tanzaniensis Földvári, 2003  

11 Apical lobes of gonopods flat with little “holes”, outer edges with zigzag pattern. ST8 very large; thick hairs at base of SS; phallic guide shorter than GP, rounded at tip. In ventral view both SS with an edge along middle line ( Figs 12D–I)................................................................................ Eudorylas aethiopicus (Hardy, 1949)  

– Gonopods smooth, without “holes”. ST8, SS, phallic guide different........................................... 12

12 Epandrium about as long as wide in dorsal view........................................................... 13

– Epandrium longer than wide in dorsal view............................................................... 14

13 Phallic guide broad at the end and with little protuberances in the middle in ventral view; gono-pods well developed, rounded. surstyli equal in length, both with ventral projections at base ( Figs 12A–C)............. Eudorylas aemulus (Hardy, 1949)  

– Phallic guide with two lobes on each side in ventral view, tip pointed in lateral view; gonopods very small, not protruding at all. Inner surstylus longer, both with ventral projections ( Figs 13A–G).................. Eudorylas amani Földvári, 2003  

14 Phallic guide broad, sides parallel, distal part with three pointed appendices at tip in ventral view; surstyli broad in the middle. SES with hairy ridges on both sides; gonopods with medial lobes (overlapping in ventral view), IG with a pointed tip ( Figs 28F–J)......................................................................... Eudorylas pilulus   sp. nov.

15 Hind femora with thick ventral protuberance at base. ST8 without m.a., with a visible dorsal de-pression. Gonopods asymmetrical, both with medial projections; hypandrium very narrow; phallic guide triangle shaped and with two strong hairs on each side in ventral view, pointed at tip ( Figs 20G–L)...................................... Eudorylas femoralis   sp. nov.

– Hind femora without basal protuberance. ST8 with m.a., gonopods, hypandrium and phallic guide different............ 16

16 The male's eyes do not touch (they are close to each other for a distance equal to half the length of ocellar triangle). Phallic guide broad, sides parallel in ventral view, tip narrowing and curved in lateral view; phallus with teeth on the branches ( Figs 23A–F)................................................................ Eudorylas ghesquierei ( Hardy, 1950)  

– The eyes of the male always touch. Phallic guide and phallus different.......................................... 17

17 Abdominal tergites 3–5 shining........................................................................ 18

– Abdominal tergites 3–5 pollinose....................................................................... 23

18 Preabdominal tergites at least partly yellow............................................................... 19

– Preabdominal tergites without any yellow colour........................................................... 20

19 The whole body is generally yellow, dull, only the fifth tergite and the last tarsi are dark. Thorax and abdomen covered with exceptionally dense, pale hairs. No long hairs on surstyli ventrally; SES with hairs at base of SS; phallic guide straight and blunt in ventral view, bent towards SS and pointed at tip in lateral view; phallus coiled, without projection at branching point ( Figs 14G–K)................................................................... Eudorylas angolae   sp. nov.

– Tergites shining black, T3,4 with orange-brown ground colour. No hairs on thorax and abdomen. Surstyli with long hairs on ventral side; SES narrow, without hairs; phallic guide wide at tip with a membranous projection on the right in ventral view; phallus with a small projection at branching point ( Figs 31G–L). Hairs dispersed, short and white.................................................................................................. Eudorylas rubrus ( Hardy, 1950)  

20 Epandrium longer than wide, with a finger-like projection in ventral view. T1 and anterior half of T2 with stripes (pale brown), other parts shining black. Surstyli turned 90° ventrally; phallic guide short, rounded at tip ( Figs 19A–F). EP with a distinct yellow band in the middle....................................................... Eudorylas encerus (Hardy, 1949)  

– Epandrium as wide as or wider than long, without ventral projection. T1 and T2 different, surstyli not bent ventrally, EP without yellow band..................................................................................... 21

21 Gonopods asymmetrical; phallic guide with protuberance on the right side in ventral view covered with thick hairs, pointed at tip. Surstyli highly asymmetrical, with numerous hairs ventrally; phallus long, branches not separating from each other ( Figs 37G–L).................................................................... Eudorylas wittei ( Hardy, 1950)  

– Gonopods symmetrical or missing; phallic guide without thick hairs. Surstyli and phallus different................... 22

22 Phallic guide broad on distal half, tip narrow; phallus short with thick branches ( Figs 32A–F). abdominal tergites shining black (except t1, being greyish pollinose), sides with small grey patches. Cross-vein R-M at 1/2 of discal cell............................................................................................ Eudorylas scharffi Földvári, 2003  

– Phallic guide broad at base, narrowing towards tip in ventral view, flat and sharply pointed in lateral view; branches of the phallus thin and with a setulose membranous lobe ( Figs 20A–F). Abdominal tergites completely shining black, ST8 slightly pollinose. Cross-vein R-M at 1/4–1/3 of discal cell................................. Eudorylas facetus ( Hardy, 1962)  

23 At least one anteromedial hair present on hind tibiae........................................................ 24

– No anteromedial hair on hind tibiae..................................................................... 34

24 No ventroapical spines on first femora................................................................... 25

– Ventroapical spines present on first femora............................................................... 28

25. Epandrium wider than long in dorsal view................................................................ 26

– Epandrium longer than wide in dorsal view............................................................... 27

26 A special bilobed structure present between the surstyli in dorsal view ( Fig. 29B) connected to the phallic guide. S5 and S4 divided. surstyli elongated, both C-shaped in lateral view; cerci asymmetrically placed, small; SES without thick hairs medially; phallic guide with two apical lobes in ventral view ( Figs 14A–F). One erect anteromedial hair on 3rd tibia................................................................................... Eudorylas amuscarium (Hardy, 1959)  

– No special structure between surstyli, cerci symmetrical. S5 and S4 not divided. Surstyli and cerci different; SES with thick hairs medially; phallic guide with parallel sides in ventral view, slightly pointed in lateral view ( Figs 13H–M). Three to four anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia................................................ Eudorylas amitinus ( Hardy, 1962)  

27 Gonopods highly asymmetrical, IG has a long process curved towards the median line (always with a flap-like structure at the base) and the PG is broad, S-shaped in lateral view ( Figs 35A–F). Surstyli without ventral hairs; epandrium regular around cerci; SES without hiars. One pale anteromedial hair on 3rd tibia...................... Eudorylas skorpionensis   sp. nov.

– Gonopods equal in length; phallic guide with two distal round lobes bent behind the central process in lateral view. Surstyli with hairs along ridges on ventral side; epandrium with special tooth-shaped form around cerci; SES with distinct hairs ( Figs 25A–E). One weakly developed anteromedial hair on 3rd tibia............................. Eudorylas lobus   sp. nov.

28 Distinct hairs on SES................................................................................ 29

– Hairs missing on SES................................................................................ 31

29 Gonopods with hairy processes; phallic guide without elongated lateral projections, but with two flat lobes and a pointed tip in ventral view; at least one branch of phallus with teeth ( Figs 32G–L). One anteromedial hair on 3rd tibia......................................................................................... Eudorylas semiopacus ( Lamb, 1922)  

– Gonopods without processes; phallic guide with elongated lateral projections. Branches of phallus without teeth........ 30

30 Gonopods with 3–4 thick hairs close to tip, phallic guide with distinct lateral projection on the left in ventral view, tip pointed.

Surstyli without basal hairs. Two branches of phallus and a membranous part with teeth ( Figs 18H–M). One or two strong anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia................................................ Eudorylas diversus (Hardy, 1949)  

– Gonopods with minute hairs along median edge; phallic guide with 3 additional branches laterally. Phallus with little teeth in lateral view. Surstyli with a row of hairs along a ridge at base ( Figs 24A–F). Two longer anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia............................................................................. Eudorylas inornatus (Hardy, 1949)  

31 Phallic guide with six appendices projecting to different directions; phallus with at least one branch bearing comb-like ornament. Gonopods equal in length, IG hairy at tip, OG with hairs along medial edge in a row ( Figs 28A–E). One erect anteromedial hair on 3rd tibia........................................................... Eudorylas pectinatus   sp. nov.

– Phallic guide with not more than two appendices. Phallus without comb-like ornament; gonopods equal or unequal in length, hairs on gonopods different. One to three erect anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia................................... 32

32 Gonopods weakly developed; hypandrium deflected 45° in ventral view. Surstyli with distinct hairy projections at base. Phallic guide with two large lobes at tip in ventral view (almost as long as SS) ( Figs 17H–M). One erect anteromedial hair on 3rd tibia......................................................................... Eudorylas denotatus (Hardy, 1959)  

– Gonopods well developed; hypandrium not deflected. Surstyli without hairy projections at base, phallic guide different. One to three erect anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia................................................................ 33

33 Gonopods elongated, tips with hairy protuberances; phallic guide pointed at tip (hooked in lateral view), with two projections in ventral view. 2–3 erect anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia; hind trochanter without spines. surstyli symmetric, rounded at tip; phallus short, trifid, two branches teethed ( Figs 11A–F)............................ Eudorylas acroapex ( Hardy, 1962)  

– Gonopods broad at tip, with small hairs along tips and median edge; phallic guide with two lateral lobes and a hook (in lateral view); phallus with teeth ( Figs 22G–L). One anteromedial hair on 3rd tibia. Hind trochanter with 2 black spines posterodorsally.................................................................. Eudorylas garambensis ( Hardy, 1961)  

34 Hind trochanter with a long projection; f3 thickened and bent, hind tibia bent in the middle. ST8 very large, without m.a.; phallic guide with a hook on the left in ventral view; ejaculatory apodeme parachute-shaped, with 3 lobes ( Figs 21A–G)................................................................................... Eudorylas flexus (Hardy, 1949)  

– Hind trochanter without any projection; other parts of the hind legs are not modified. ST8, phallic guide, ejaculatory apodeme different........................................................................................... 35

35 Third antennal segment obtuse. ST8 large, m.a. occupies all of ST8, except upper left angle in dorsal view. SES enlarged, with a wide lobe at the end; phallic guide long, with a groove along median line, tip elongated, pointed (in lateral view with two teeth towards SS, the lower with numerous hairs); phallus extremely long, coiled with supporting structure ( Figs 34A–G)............................................................................. Eudorylas sinuosus (Hardy, 1949)  

– Third antennal segment at least acute (pointed). ST8 smaller, m.a. occupies only a portion of it; SES not enlarged, phallic guide different; phallus never extremely long and coiled.......................................................... 36

36 No ventroapical spines on first femora................................................................... 37

– Ventroapical spines present on first femora............................................................... 43

37 Epandrium with a projection on the left side in ventral view ( Figs 25F–L). T6 with an s-shaped process dorsally. Os with a projection towards the other surstylus............................................ Eudorylas luteopilus ( Hardy, 1962)  

– Epandrium without projection. T6 without a dorsal process; OS without a projection towards the other surstylus........ 38

38 SES without hairs................................................................................... 39

– SES covered with hairs............................................................................... 40

39 Phallic guide straight in lateral view, branches of phallus short. Gonopods symmetrical, elongated, hairy along median edges; phallic guide broad, sides parallel, with three pointed tips in ventral view ( Figs 15A–F).... Eudorylas barracloughi   sp. nov.

– Phallic guide hooked in lateral view, branches of phallus long, coiled. Gonopods asymmetrical, OG longer; phallic guide with membranous parts at the end covered by microtricha ( Figs 19G–M).................... Eudorylas excisus (Hardy, 1949)  

40 Phallic guide with two lobes covered by thick hairs. SES with hairs behind PG; gonopods well sclerotized, round; hypandrium elongated, slightly turned ( Figs 29A–G)...................................... Eudorylas pondolandi Földvári, 2003  

– Phallic guide without lobes or thick hairs. SES with or without hairs behing PG; gonopods less sclerotized, hypandrium not elongated.......................................................................................... 41

41 Inner surstylus without basal projection in lateral view. Epandrium larger than ST8, broadest in the middle. Phallic guide broad at base and with two lobes surrounding PH ( Figs 21H–L). Wing with an extra spurious cross-vein closing the pterostigma at the end of the subcostal vein........................................................ Eudorylas gabela   sp. nov.

– Inner surstylus with a basal projection in ventral view. Epandrium smaller than ST8. Phallic guide without lobes. Wing without an extra spurious cross-vein closing pterostigma........................................................... 42

42 Base of surstyli with ridges on each side covered by thick hairs. Phallic guide hairy, thick and strongly bent in ventral view, slightly curved towards SS in lateral view ( Figs 11G–L). ST8 without a dorsal groove. Epandrium not wider than long. Crossvein R-M beyond 2/5 of discal cell............................................. Eudorylas aculeatus ( Loew, 1858)  

– Base of surstyli smooth, only thin hairs present. ST8 with a groove dorsally. Epandrium wider than long; phallic guide broad, tube-like ( Figs 24G–L). Cross-vein R-M just before middle of discal cell............... Eudorylas libratus (Hardy, 1949)  

43 No hairs on SES.................................................................................... 44

– Hairs present on SES................................................................................. 46

44 Hypandrium deflected by 45° in ventral view. Gonopods equally long, OG with short hairs; phallic guide with long lateral hairs (6–7) in ventral view, PG curved towards SS in lateral view ( Figs 23G–L).............. Eudorylas hirsutus   sp. nov.

– Hypandrium straight. Gonopods with different hairs; phallic guide without long lateral hairs, not curved towards SS in lateral view.............................................................................................. 45

45 Gonopods round, with minute hairs along median edges. Phallic guide with two lateral projections in ventral view and the tip of the PG forming a hook in lateral view ( Figs 16A–F). Vein Cu-M not sharply bent (discal cell convex).......................................................................................... Eudorylas brandbergensis   sp. nov.

– Gonopods pointed, without hairs. Phallic guide with a hook on the right in ventral view ( Figs 37A–F); tip of PG not forming a hook in lateral view. Vein Cu-M sharply bent (discal cell concave)................... Eudorylas unanimus (Hardy, 1949)  

46 Epandrium distinctly longer than wide................................................................... 47

– Epandrium distinctly shorter than wide.................................................................. 49

– Epandrium about as long as wide....................................................................... 51

47 Gonopods asymmetrical, OG shorter. genitalia black, with golden-yellow pollinosity without dissection. Phallic guide with protuberances and numerous hairs, the round projection facing ss is covered by hairs as well ( Figs 38A–F).......................................................................................... Eudorylas vicarius (Hardy, 1949)  

– Gonopods asymmetrical, OG longer and pointed at tip. Genitalia not black; phallic guide different................... 48

48 Phallic guide without projection in ventral view. Phallic guide thick, distally pointing towards SS, membranous lobes at tip; phallus as long as ST8+EP+SS ( Figs 22A–F). ST8 without dorsal groove on the right side....................................................................................................... Eudorylas galeatus (Hardy, 1949)  

– Phallic guide with hook-like projection on the right in ventral view. ST8 with dorsal groove on the right side ( Figs 27A–F)........................................................................... Eudorylas mutillatus ( Loew, 1858)  

49 Inner surstylus with basal projection in ventral view. Phallic guide broad in the middle, pointed at apex ( Figs 16G–K)............................................................................... Eudorylas conformis (Hardy, 1959)  

– Inner surstylus without basal projection in ventral view. Phallic guide not broad in the middle....................... 50

50 Gonopods asymmetrical, OG longer and hairy. T5 less than 3.5–4 times as long as ST8. ST8 almost divided by large m.a.; hypandrium without broadened lobes; phallic guide pointed (also curved in lateral view) and hidden by band-like structure (not membranous); phallus with thick branches ( Figs 27G–L).......................... Eudorylas natalensis (Hardy, 1949)  

– Gonopods symmetrical, without hairs. T5 3.5–4 times as long as ST8; ST8 with smaller m.a. Hypandrium with broadened lobes; phallic guide narrowing at tip, with hairs at base; phallus with very short branches distally and with membranous lobes along the whole PH ( Figs 29H–M)............................................ Eudorylas porrectus (Hardy, 1949)  

51 Gonopods symmetrical, rounded. Epandrium asymmetrical, cerci shifted to the right. Surstyli without lobes in lateral view. Phallic guide sharply pointed. Phallus with supporting structure and a distinct, long process between PG and PH ( Figs 26A–F)......................................................................... Eudorylas meruensis (Hardy, 1949)  

– Gonopods subsymmetrical, both slightly pointed. Epandrium symmetrical. Surstyli with lobes in lateral view; phallic guide pointed, with a distinct groove ( Figs 26G–L). Phallus without supporting structure and process................................................................................................. Eudorylas mikenensis ( Hardy, 1950)  

NMNW

National Museum of Namibia

HNHM

Hungarian Natural History Museum (Termeszettudomanyi Muzeum)

NMSA

KwaZulu-Natal Museum

MT

Mus. Tinro, Vladyvostok

ZMUC

Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen

MRAC

Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

ZML

St Petersburg State University

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Pipunculidae

Genus

Eudorylas

Loc

Eudorylas skorpionensis

FÖLDVÁRI, MIHÁLY 2013
2013
Loc

Eudorylas swanengi Földvári 2003 a: 162

Foldvari, M. 2003: 162
2003
Loc

Eudorylas tanzaniensis Földvári 2003 b: 278

Foldvari, M. 2003: 278
2003
Loc

Dorilas (Eudorylas) wittei

Hardy, D. E. 1950: 39
1950
Loc

Dorilas (Eudorylas) unanimus

Hardy, D. E. 1949: 4
1949
Loc

Dorilas (Eudorylas) vicarius

Hardy, D. E. 1949: 60
1949
Loc

Pipunculus umbrinus

Loew, H. 1860: 354
Loew, H. 1858: 374
1858