Monomorium stagnum Sparks

Sparks, Kathryn S., Andersen, Alan N. & Austin, Andrew D., 2014, Systematics of the Monomorium rothsteini Forel species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), a problematic ant group in Australia, Zootaxa 3893 (4), pp. 489-529: 519-520

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Monomorium stagnum Sparks


Monomorium stagnum Sparks   , NEW SPECIES

( Fig. 7 View FIGURE 7 j–l, 11 f)

Holotype worker. Western Australia, Kimberley Region, Mitchell   Falls, site 1, - 14.8167, 125.6833, 18 Jul 2007, A. Andersen, TERC 11 (deposited in WAM).

Paratypes. Western Australia. 20 workers, same data as holotype; 10 workers, Kimberley Region, Mitchell   Falls camp, - 14.8167, 128.6833, 18 Sep 2007, A. Andersen, TERC 21; 9 workers Kimberley Region, Mitchell   Falls, - 14.2333, 125.6833, 18 Jul 2007, A. Andersen, TERC 20; 3 workers, Mitchell   Plateau Fire Study, - 14.7667, 125.7833, Jun 2007, J. Lanoue, TERC 6 (deposited in NTM, SAM, WAM).

Diagnosis. A medium sized species with a deeply concave clypeus, strigate frons and sculpture mesonotum. T 1 is finely reticulate over anterior half.

Worker measurements (n= 9). HW 0.78–1.01, HL 0.82–0.98, EL 0.16–0.19, PMH 0.29–0.43, PH 0.29–0.35, PNH 0.19–0.23, LHW 0.47–0.59, EW 0.10–0.12, PML 0.51–0.68, ML 0.90–1.09, PL 0.41–0.49, PNWdv 0.21–0.31.

Worker Description. Medium sized species with a medium sized, rectangular head; posterior cephalic margin straight to slightly concave. Anterodorsal margin of the clypeus deeply concave with frontolateral carinae produced anteriorly, extending well beyond anteroventral margin, with acute anterolateral angles and with small, rounded, preapical teeth or nodules; anteroventral margin with or without a small median projection. Frons strigate, extending well above antennal lobes; coarse lateral cephalic strigae reach anterior eye margin. Eyes medium, EW 0.20–0.23 x LHW, number of ommatidia in longest vertical axis, 11 and 9 in longest horizontal axis.

Mesonotum strigulate with shallow alveolae in between strigulae over entire surface posteriad of promesonotal suture or with sculpture restricted to lateral curvature, metanotal groove and posterior mesonotum. Mesopleuron alveolate with a few strigae extending anteriorly from metanotal groove. Propodeum in lateral view with dorsolateral angles clearly forming an obtuse angle, sculpture alveolate, laterally with strigae extending over metapleural gland bulla and extending between spiracle and posterodorsal corner in some specimens; dorsally with prominent transverse anterior ridge and transverse and longitudinal strigae present. Petiole node of moderate width, between 2 and 2.5 x eye width when viewed from above, oval in shape in posterior view, anterior and posterior faces converging to a broadly rounded dorsum in lateral view. Petiole and postpetiole finely reticulate, sculpture not extending onto dorsal surface. T 1 finely reticulate, covering at least anterior half of surface.

Head, mesosoma and legs light to dark amber orange, some specimens with mesosoma and legs infuscated, petiole and postpetiole infuscated on dorsal half, metasomal tergites dark brown, sternites amber, hairs dull yellow.

Distribution. This species is known from the Kimberley region of Western Australia and far northern areas in the Northern Territory including Melville Island. Its range overlaps with M. geminum   sp. nov. / M. topend   sp. nov., M. maryannae   sp. nov. and M. mitchell   sp. nov.

COI sequences. Genbank accession numbers for this species are KC 573011 View Materials , KC 573012 View Materials , KC 573015 View Materials and KC 573016 View Materials .

Additional material examined ( TERC). Western Australia. Mitchell   Falls, Kimberley region, - 14.8 125.66, 18 Jul 2007, A. Andersen TERC 19, Kimberley Monitoring Program 0 0 2, Mitchell   River NP, - 14.8 125.66, 2006, K. Carnes. Northern Territory. Nguiu, Bathurst Is., - 11.76 130.63, 24 Sep 2002, B. Hoffmann; GanGan, NE Arnhem Land, - 13.05 135.95, 7 Nov 2002, B. Hoffmann; PWCNT Tiwi Island Fauna Survey, - 11 130, 2000, J. Woinarski; Maxwell Creek, Melville Island, - 11.48 130.58, 27 Jun 2008, B. Hoffmann.

Etymology. The specific name is taken from the Latin word for “pool” and refers to the pools of water that are found at the type locality Mitchell   Falls.


University of Newcastle


Western Australian Museum


Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences


South African Museum


University of Coimbra Botany Department