Tomaspisinella Lallemand

Andrew Hamilton, K. G., 2016, Neotropical spittlebugs related to Neaenini (Hemiptera, Cercopidae) and the origins of subfamily Cercopinae, Zootaxa 4169 (2), pp. 201-250: 223-224

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4169.2.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:B8B067BF-F6E6-4122-B884-AA385FF04421

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03A5742D-FFC3-AE1D-FF76-AC15CF63FD79

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Tomaspisinella Lallemand
status

 

Tomaspisinella Lallemand   , redefined

Tomaspisinella Lallemand, 1927: 117   . Type-species by original designation: T. parva Lallemand, 1927   .

Hemitomaspis Lallemand, 1949: 31   , syn.nov. Type-species by original designation: Tomaspis caligata Jacobi, 1908   .

Distribution. Neotropical, from Costa Rica south to Venezuela.

Diagnosis. Superficially similar to Menytes   ( Fig. 14 View FIGURES 14 – 15 A) but without sulcate face; color usually black to brown (except jocosa   sp. nov.), body shorter, broader across the head, with convex tegmina ( Fig. 35 View FIGURES 25 – 35 ) and distinctive antenna ( Figs 19 View FIGURES 17 – 19 A –C) with postpedicel retracted into pedicel, as in Orthoraphini (Aphrophorinae) and basiconic sensillum elongate and setiform, as in Menytes   and Simorhina (Neaenini)   and Sphenorhina Amyot & Serville (Ischnorhinini)   .

Description. Head distinctly to slightly narrower than pronotum ( Carvalho & Webb 2005, figs 280–281); eyes varying from globose to transverse; crown short, weakly concave; antennal ledge arched above coronal margin; frons convexly inflated. Pronotum with anterior margin steeply declivous ( Fig. 5 View FIGURES 1 – 8 C), anterior border weakly to distinctly bowed; lateral margins as long as eyes to much shorter than half length of eyes, surface variable from medially carinate and transversely rugulose ( Fig. 26 View FIGURES 25 – 35 ) to smooth with scattered pits ( Fig. 27 View FIGURES 25 – 35 ) or densely setose ( Fig. 35 View FIGURES 25 – 35 , Merinx subg. nov.), the nominate subgenus having fine setae ( Fig. 5 View FIGURES 1 – 8 C). Tegmina convex, shiny to hirsute; hind wing with 3 apical cells (Cu is unbranched; appendix large, even width around tip of wing. Fore femora distinctly longer than hind femora. Hind tibiae with 2 spines on outer edge, both long in smallest species, but basal one tiny in largest species; hind tibial pectin with 8–9 spines; hind basitarsal pecten of 6–7 black-tipped spines, that of second tarsomere with 8–9 such spines (hind legs missing from type of T. parva   ); arolia variable from much shorter than claws (in the type-species) as in Ischnorhinini, to longer than the claws (in Merinx subg. nov.). Male pygofer usually elongate and deeply notched dorsally on each side of anal tube ( Figs 28–35 View FIGURES 25 – 35 A) as in Menytes   ; subgenital plates absent or broad, fused to pygofer, nearly vertical, upper angles with decurved, pointed tips, sometimes with long, median processes ( Fig. 34 View FIGURES 25 – 35 D); styles unarmed or absent; phallobase short, sometimes fused to theca to form aedeagus; shaft unarmed or with paired, retrorse processes ( Figs 28 View FIGURES 25 – 35 C, 34–35C).

Included species. The original description included Tomaspisinella caligata (Jacobi)   T. parva Lallemand   , T. minuscula (Jacobi)   and 2 species now assigned to Zuata   . Carvalho & Webb (2005) added T. apicifasciata (Fowler)   , known only from the female type, and these identities (except that of minuscula   ) have been confirmed by examination of the antennae. T. punctatissima   (Stål: Lepyronia   ) comb.nov. and T. ignobilis (Fowler)   , comb.nov. were formerly placed in Hemitomaspis Lallemand   and are here transferred to Tomaspisinella   . These together with 6 new species increase the genus to 12 species. The typical subgenus appears to be paraphyletic with respect to 3 other apomorphic subgenera, with T. lucifer   sp. nov. intermediate in pronotal characters and T. diabolos   sp. nov. intermediate in genital characters.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Cercopidae

Loc

Tomaspisinella Lallemand

Andrew Hamilton, K. G. 2016
2016
Loc

Hemitomaspis

Lallemand 1949: 31
1949
Loc

Tomaspisinella

Lallemand 1927: 117
1927