Helioptera, Andrew Hamilton, K. G., 2016

Andrew Hamilton, K. G., 2016, Neotropical spittlebugs related to Neaenini (Hemiptera, Cercopidae) and the origins of subfamily Cercopinae, Zootaxa 4169 (2), pp. 201-250: 218-219

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Helioptera   gen.nov.

Type-species: Helioptera gilvum   sp.nov.

Etymology. helio- sun; pteron (n) wing.

Distribution. Mountains of Bolivia and Peru.

Diagnosis. Pale yellow, tegmina brown with contrasting yellow veins ( Fig. 4 View FIGURES 1 – 8 A).

Description. Eyes black; dorsum yellow, boldly patterned with black ( Fig. 4 View FIGURES 1 – 8 A) as follows: 5 spots in circle on crown (posterior pair circling ocelli) and 5 in row across front of pronotum, small streak at tip of frons and broader streak across disc of pronotum. Head distinctly narrower than pronotum; crown weakly impressed transversely, anterior margin not carinate; frons inflated, lora linear; eye round, as wide or wider than lateral margins of pronotum. Tegminal venation contrastingly pale, without costal crossveins, outer and inner anteapical cells large, tip with small, irregular preapical cells radiating 4–7 veins to margin, the latter sometimes furcate ( Fig. 4 View FIGURES 1 – 8 A); costal margin of hind wing with 5 hooks that are erect, strongly curved (as in Fig. 1 View FIGURES 1 – 8 D). Hind leg 2nd tarsomere with 10 close-set, black-tipped spines. Male tenth abdominal segment membranous; pygofers with sharp proces on posterior margin ( Fig. 49 View FIGURES 46 – 54 A–B); subgenital plates separated by V-shaped notch to base, tapered to sharp, curved points; styles robust, armed with long setae and short, slender process; theca slender, weakly curved and tapered cephalad, armed with low, pointed crest on anterior edge, paired retrorse processes appressed to shaft, extending to midlength, with 3 apical hooks, 1 turned forwards, the other backwards.

Remarks. The shape and color pattern on the head and thorax are similar to that of darkly marked specimens of Hyboasca teres Jacobi ( Carvalho & Webb 2005, fig. 282) but the face is strongly inflated, the lora are as narrow as in Microsargane Fowler   , and the wing pattern and male genitalia are distinctive.

Two species: H. tigrina   ( Paladini & Cryan, 2012: Zuata   ), comb.nov. from Bolivia and one new species described below from Peru.

Helioptera gilvum   sp. nov.

Etymology. gilvum   (adj.), pale yellow.

Diagnosis. Face with black streaks descending vertically from antennal pits nearly to midline of frons ( Fig. 4 View FIGURES 1 – 8 C).

Description. Clypellus, upper part and disc of each mesopleuron black; hind mesopleuron with brown area; pronotum with discal brown, mustache-shaped mark; hind margins of pronotum and scutellum edged with brown. Male pygofer with process directed dorsad ( Fig. 49 View FIGURES 46 – 54 A–B), ventral articulated rods connected to phallobase ( Fig. 49 View FIGURES 46 – 54 D); subgenital plates flat, tapered to decurved points; styles short, clubbed, armed with long setae and short, pointed process ( Fig. 49 View FIGURES 46 – 54 A–B); theca as in H. tigrina   but with 3 tiny apical hooks shorter than those of H. tigrina   . Length: male 7.5 mm, female 7.0 mm.

Types. Holotype male, PERU: Chancha Mayo , 21 July 1960 (J. Salazar) on Leguminosae; in NMNH from NCSU   . Paratypes: 2 females, PERU: Junin ─ 12 km NW San Ramón , 950 m, 11o3'15"S 75o24'34"W, 19 Oct. 2002 (C.H. Dietrich) sweeping 02-22-1, in CNCI and ILNHS GoogleMaps   .

Remarks. The black vertical streaks on the face below the antennal pits ( Fig. 4 View FIGURES 1 – 8 C), smaller size, vertical pygofer spine and horizontal rather than vertical subgenital plates separate this species from H. tigrina   .


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History


North Carolina State University Insect Museum


Canadian National Collection Insects