Microsargane

Andrew Hamilton, K. G., 2016, Neotropical spittlebugs related to Neaenini (Hemiptera, Cercopidae) and the origins of subfamily Cercopinae, Zootaxa 4169 (2), pp. 201-250: 212

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4169.2.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:B8B067BF-F6E6-4122-B884-AA385FF04421

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03A5742D-FFDE-AE01-FF76-AA11C8ECF854

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Microsargane
status

 

Key to species of Microsargane   (* male unknown)

1. Head with paired dark lines traversing ocelli ( Figs 9 View FIGURES 9 H –K); male theca with strongly curving spines arising from a flat basal plate ( Figs 55 View FIGURES 55 – 60 A –C)............................................ ….. Microrhaphe subg. nov. ... M. martialis   sp.nov.

- Head dark ( Figs 9 View FIGURES 9 A –G), or with pale margins ( Fig. 1 View FIGURES 1 – 8 A); male theca with laterally compressed shaft and nearly straight proc- esses ( Figs 56–58 View FIGURES 55 – 60 B –C)................................................................................ 2

2. Tegmina dark brown to reddish; male theca with 3–5 pairs of slender processes ( Figs 56–58 View FIGURES 55 – 60 B –C).................................................................................................... Microtholia subg. nov. ...10

- Tegmina with red patch across anteapical cells ( Fig. 1 View FIGURES 1 – 8 A); male theca with 1 pair of branching, serrate processes ( Figs 50–54 View FIGURES 46 – 54 C).................................................................................. nominate subgenus...3

3. Head dark (pronotum and tegmina may have pale areas)...................................................... 7

- Head marked with yellow spots or bands along margins ( Fig. 1 View FIGURES 1 – 8 A)............................................... 4

4. Crown with yellow spots before eyes, paler than orange bands along margins of pronotum; Paraguay............................................................................................... * insignis (Melichar)   , comb.nov.

- Crown with yellow marginal bands extending across eyes to margins of pronotum ( Fig. 1 View FIGURES 1 – 8 A); Ecuador north to Central America................................................................................................... 5  

5. Red patch on tegmen narrow; male thecal processes with furcate processes subequal ( Fig.52 View FIGURES 46 – 54 C); style tip truncate with strongly projecting setae ( Fig. 52 View FIGURES 46 – 54 E)........................................................... ornatipennis Lallemand  

- Red patch on tegmen broad ( Fig. 1 View FIGURES 1 – 8 A); male thecal processes unequal, outer branch less than half length of inner branch ( Fig. 54 View FIGURES 46 – 54 C); style tip pointed, scarcely exceeded by apical setae ( Fig. 54 View FIGURES 46 – 54 E)............................................ 6

6. Transverse arm of theca expanded at base, serrate ( Fig. 54 View FIGURES 46 – 54 C)....................................... cristata   sp.nov.

- Transverse arm of theca straight, parallel-margined, smooth ( Fig. 50 View FIGURES 46 – 54 C)................................. vittata Fowler  

7. Head as wide as pronotum; crown as long as midline of pronotum................................. splendida sp.nov.

- Head narrower than pronotum; crown shorter than midline of pronotum.......................................... 8

8. Pale spots at apex of tegmen forming narrow lines directed towards tip of red spot...................* procera Lallemand

- Large pale spot on costa in addition to 2 pale lines on dark wing tip, the latter remote from transverse red streak.......... 9

9. Male thecal processes longer than half length of shaft ( Fig. 53 View FIGURES 46 – 54 C)................................... mutans (Walker)  

- Male thecal processes shorter than half length of shaft ( Fig. 51 View FIGURES 46 – 54 C)................................... apicata   sp.nov.

10. Chocolate brown to reddish, with 5 yellow lines ( Figs 9 View FIGURES 9 F –G)...................................... habrotes   sp.nov.

- Blackish brown with not more than 3 yellow lines ( Figs 9 View FIGURES 9 A –E)................................................ 11

11. Crown as long as pronotum ( Fig. 9 View FIGURES 9 E).......................................................... sobria   sp.nov.

- Crown half as long as midline of pronotum ( Figs 9 View FIGURES 9 A –D)..................................................... 12

12. Dark brown except for faint streak on pronotum and 2 small, pale spots on tegmen ( Fig. 9 View FIGURES 9 D); length 12 mm ...................................................................................................* bipunctura   sp.nov.

- With more extensive pale markings, especially on venter; length 6.5–8.5 mm ..................................... 13

13. Entirely brown except for reddish veins and small costal spot ( Fig. 9 View FIGURES 9 A).................................. ios   sp.nov.

- Brown, dorsum with pale streaks and spots ( Figs 9 View FIGURES 9 B –C)........................................ karykroua   sp.nov.