Cryphalus mangiferae Stebbing, 1914,

Johnson, Andrew J., Honsberger, David & Beaver, Roger A., 2021, New records and taxonomic notes on Cryphalus Erichson, 1836 in Hawaiʻi (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae), Zootaxa 4999 (1), pp. 41-57: 45-47

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4999.1.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:B06EDF71-88EB-44FC-AF42-97583ADFF61F

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03A587B6-0B2A-FFAE-FF58-FE3CFB92FF00

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Cryphalus mangiferae Stebbing, 1914
status

 

Cryphalus mangiferae Stebbing, 1914 

( Figs. 3A–EView FIGURE 3)

Cryphalus inops Eichhoff, 1872: 131  (syn.: Wood 1982: 871, suppressed by Tubbs 1986).

Hypothenemus griseus Blackburn, 1885: 194  (syn.: Wood 1982: 871, suppressed by Tubbs 1986).

Hypothenemus sp.  ?” Stebbing 1903: 68.

Cryphalus (Hypothenemus) mangiferae Stebbing, 1914: 542  .

Dacryphalus (Cryphalus) mangiferae ( Stebbing, 1914)  : Hopkins 1927: 28.

Hypocryphalus mangiferae Eggers, 1928: 85  (syn.: Eggers 1931: 185).

Hypocryphalus mangiferae ( Stebbing, 1914)  : Eggers 1931: 185.

Cryphalus subcylindricus Schedl, 1942: 16  (syn.: Schedl 1958: 153).

Cryphalus mimicus Schedl, 1942: 17  (syn.: Kalshoven 1958: 164).

Hypocryphalus opacus Schedl, 1942: 20  (syn.: Kalshoven 1958: 164).

Taenioglyptes artestriatus Browne, 1970: 553  (syn.: Johnson et al. 2020b: 46).

Type material examined. Holotype Hypothenemus griseus Blackburn, 1885  . UNITED STATES • 1 ♀? Holo- type; Hawaiʻi; T. Blackburn leg.; labeled “ Type ///// Hawaiian Is.// Rev. T. Blackburn.// 1888-30. //// Cryphalus  not Hypothenemus D. J. Atkinson  det. 1950//// NHMUK 010805930View Materials ”; UFFE:26252; ( NHMUK)  . Lectotype Cryphalus mangiferae Stebbing, 1914  . INDIA • 1 ♀  Lectotype; 1902; E. P. Stebbing leg.; ex. Mangifera indica  ; mango twigs; labeled “ India // E.P.Stebbing //902-309. //// mango twigs // Cryphalus mangiferae Stb.  // C. Beeson det. //// LECTOTYPE Cryphalus mangiferae  // S.L.W. 1976 Stebb. //// NHMUK 010805929View Materials ”; UFFE:26286; ( NHMUK)  Paralectotype ♂?; same collection data; UFFE  :10426; ( NHMUK).

Other material examined. UNITED STATES • 1 ♀; Hawaiʻi, Oʻahu, Kahana Bay ; 21.5604°N,- 157.8765°E; 31 Jan. 2020; David Honsberger leg.; ex. Mangifera indica  ; from branches under bark; UFFEGoogleMaps  :35199 • 1 ♂; Same collection data; UFFE  : 35200 • 65; Same collection data; UFFE  : 35198 • 20; Hawaiʻi, Oʻahu, Waimānalo Research Station ; 23 Nov. 2020; David Honsberger leg.; ex. Mangifera indica  ; from branches under bark; UFFE  : 36092 • 1; labeled “ Honolulu T.H. 9-19-31. H.L. Lyon. ex. mango scions”; ( BPBM) • 1; labeled “Honolulu T.H. 10-10-31. H.L. Lyon. Vineyard St. Nursery. ex. mango graft.”; ( BPBM) • 4 labeled “Moanalua Gardens, Oahu. March ’47. Col K.L.Maehler. ” [det. S.L. Wood]; ( BPBM) • 6 labeled “Kawiwi, Oʻahu. 8-54. E.J Ford Collector. Mangifera indica  .”; ( BPBM) • 2 labeled “Wahiawa Wahiawa, Oʻahu. 9-58. E.J. Ford Jr. Collector ”; ( BPBM) • 1; labeled “ Hawaii No. 2443. Mangifera indica  .”; ( BPBM) • 1; labeled “Damon Tract, Oahu. 2-53. Coll. Ford. ”; ( BPBM) • 1 labeled “Ka- lihi Val. Oahu. E. J. Ford Jr. Collector. ”; ( BPBM)  .

Diagnosis: Female. Length 1.6–2.2 mm. Proportions 2.2–2.3 times as long as wide. Matures yellow-orangebrown, rarely dark brown. Frons with fine aciculations converging at center of epistoma ( Fig. 3DView FIGURE 3). Antennal funiculus with five funicular segments, club with procurved sutures. Pronotal margin with four asperities, the median pair larger. Pronotal disc approx. 1/3 of pronotal length, with only hair or dagger-like setae. Elytral disc more than half of elytral length. Interstrial bristles hair-like, all of similar length. Striae clearly visible as rows of punctures without ground vestiture. Ground vestiture dagger-like. Setae on lateral area of first visible abdominal ventrite mostly bifid, setae on posterior margin of abdominal ventrites hair-like and not in a distinct row.

Diagnosis: Male. Similar to female except: protibiae and protarsi with coarse, curved setae ( Fig. 3BView FIGURE 3, ventral).

The long pronotal disc with no scale-like setae makes this easy to distinguish from all other Hawaiian Cryphalus  .

Host plants. Anacardiaceae  : Mangifera indica  L., M. odorata Griff.  ( Kalshoven 1958), Choerospondias axillaris (Roxb.) B. L. Burtt & A. W. Hill  ; Euphorbiaceae  : Codiaeum variegatum  (L.) A. Juss. [not a confirmed repro- ductive host].

Distribution. Hawaiʻi: Oʻahu. Other locations: Pan-tropical.

Discussion. Cryphalus mangiferae  is a pan-tropical species present wherever mango is grown. Two other Cryphalus species  are known from mango, C. dilutus Eichhoff, 1878  and C. paramangiferae Johnson, 2020  . We only examined specimens from Oʻahu, though it is likely to be present on other islands.

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

BPBM

Bishop Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Curculionidae

Genus

Cryphalus

Loc

Cryphalus mangiferae Stebbing, 1914

Johnson, Andrew J., Honsberger, David & Beaver, Roger A. 2021
2021
Loc

Cryphalus inops

Wood, S. L. 1982: 871
1982
Loc

Hypothenemus griseus

Wood, S. L. 1982: 871
1982
Loc

Taenioglyptes artestriatus

Johnson, A. J. & Li, Y. & Mandelshtam, M. Y. & Park, S. & Lin, C. S. & Gao, L. & Hulcr, J. 2020: 46
Browne, F. G. 1970: 553
1970
Loc

Cryphalus subcylindricus

Schedl, K. E. 1958: 153
Schedl, K. E. 1942: 16
1942
Loc

Cryphalus mimicus

Kalshoven, L. G. E. 1958: 164
Schedl, K. E. 1942: 17
1942
Loc

Hypocryphalus opacus

Kalshoven, L. G. E. 1958: 164
Schedl, K. E. 1942: 20
1942
Loc

Hypocryphalus mangiferae ( Stebbing, 1914 )

Eggers, H. 1931: 185
1931
Loc

Hypocryphalus mangiferae

Eggers, H. 1931: 185
Eggers, H. 1928: 85
1928
Loc

Dacryphalus (Cryphalus) mangiferae ( Stebbing, 1914 )

Hopkins, G. H. E. 1927: 28
1927
Loc

Cryphalus (Hypothenemus) mangiferae

Stebbing, E. P. 1914: 542
1914
Loc

Hypothenemus sp.

Stebbing, E. P. 1903: 68
1903