Tetranychus urticae Koch 1836

Zriki, G., Shaabo, A. & Boubou, A., 2015, A preliminary survey of the spider mites (Acari: Tetranychidae) in Latakia governorate of Syria, Acarologia 55 (3), pp. 303-309: 306-307

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.1051/acarologia/20152173

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03A5EF79-296C-C944-CDBA-1449414BFF6C

treatment provided by

Marcus

scientific name

Tetranychus urticae Koch 1836
status

 

Tetranychus urticae Koch 1836  

The two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae   , an ubiquitous species, is considered as one of the main phytophagous mites (Helle and Sabelis 1985). This species is the most polyphagous species of spider mites and the most economically injurious. It attacks around 1,094 plant species in 109 countries around the world. Among the 19 most important agricultural crops in the world, six (citrus, cotton, grapes, apples, beans, and papaya) were reported as being hosts of the two-spotted spider mite ( Yaninek and Moraes 1991; Marˇci´c et al. 2009).

Specimens examined — 10 ♀♀ and 8 ♂♂ on Ricinus communis   ( Euphorbiaceae   ), Latakia city (35°31’16.33"N, 35°48’26.72"E), 27-IX-2011 GoogleMaps   ; 10 ♀♀ and 6 ♂♂ on R. communis, Al Olaemeea   (35°38’3.40"N, 35°49’52.67"E), 5-X-2011; 10 ♀♀ and 8 ♂♂ on S. nigrum   ( Solanaceae   ), Qanjaraa (35°34’34.15"N, 35°49’4.97"E), 30-IX-2011 GoogleMaps   ; 10 ♀♀ and 8 ♂♂ on S. nigrum, Janata   (35°35’5.57"N, 35°50’3.18"E), 14-X-2011; 10 ♀♀ and 8 ♂♂ on S. melongena, Al Bassa   (35°29’55.60"N, 35°50’43.28"E), 20- X-2011; 8 ♀♀ and 8 ♂♂ on S. melongena, Al Qanjara   (35°34’55.41"N, 35°48’43.91"E), 7-XI-2011; 10 ♀♀ and 8 ♂♂ on Ipomoea sp.   ( Convolvulaceae   ), Al Qanjaraa (35°34’45.68"N, 35°48’27.42"E), 30-IX- 2011 GoogleMaps   ; 10 ♀♀ and 8 ♂♂ on Morus alba   ( Moraceae   ), Al Qanjaraa (35°34’44.73"N, 35°48’23.63"E), 30-IX- 2011 GoogleMaps   ; 10 ♀♀ and 8 ♂♂ on M. alba, Wadi Qandil   (35°42’36.78"N, 35°52’47.97"E), 5-X-2011; 10 ♀♀ and 6 ♂♂ on Amaranthus retroflexus   ( Amaranthaceae   ), Al Herajia (35°44’17.81"N, 35°52’59.79"E), 5-X-2011 GoogleMaps   ; 10 ♀♀ and 6 ♂♂ on A. retroflexus, Al Brazeen   (35°15’12.33"N, 36°01’21.36"E), 22-VII-2012; 8 ♀♀ and 10 ♂♂ on T. terrestis   ( Zygophyllaceae   ), Latakia city (35°30’54.19"N, 35°46’17.89"E), 8-X-2011 GoogleMaps   ; 8 ♀♀ and 8 ♂♂ on S. lycopersicum   ( Solanaceae   ), Al Rahbea (35°16’50.38"N, 35°59’13.08"E), 10-X-2011 GoogleMaps   ; 10 ♀♀ and 8 ♂♂ on S. lycopersicum   , Latakia Janata (35°34’58.51"N, 35°49’48.25"E), 14-X-2011 GoogleMaps   ; 10 ♀♀ and 8 ♂♂ on S. lycopersicum, Beshraghe   (35°17’58.54"N, 36°5’50.49"E), 5-VI-2012; 8 ♀♀ and 8 ♂♂ on Ziziphus jujuba   ( Rhamnaceae   ), Al Mzeraa (35°29’26.57"N, 35°53’32.26"E), 11-X-2011 GoogleMaps   ; 8 ♀♀ and 8 ♂♂ on Prunus persica   ( Rosaceae   ), Al Qanjara (35°34’51.68"N, 35°48’45.02"E), 13-X- 2011 GoogleMaps   ; 10 ♀♀ and 10 ♂♂ on Prunus armeniaca   , Latakia city (35°31’37.68"N, 35°47’29.55"E), 19-X- 2011 GoogleMaps   ; 10 ♀♀ and 8 ♂♂ on Urtica sp.   (Ur- ticaceae) Janata (35°35’2.35"N, 35°50’7.26"E), 14-X- 2011 GoogleMaps   ; 10 ♀♀ and 8 ♂♂ on Urtica sp.   , Al Herajea (35°44’22.77"N, 35°52’58.05"E), 15-X-2011 GoogleMaps   ; 10 ♀♀ and 7 ♂♂ on Polygonum convolvulus   ( Polygonaceae   ), Janata (35°34’45.97"N, 35°49’38.11"E), 14-X-2011 GoogleMaps   ; 10 ♀♀ and 8 ♂♂ on Cucumis sativus   ( Cucurbitaceae   ), Al Berjan (35°17’42.09"N, 35°58’56.37"E), 17-X-2011 GoogleMaps   ; 10 ♀♀ and 8 ♂♂ on Chenopodium album   ( Chenopodiaceae   ), Latakia city (35°31’28.92"N, 35°47’44.14"E), 19-X-2011 GoogleMaps   ; 8 ♀♀ and 6 ♂♂ on Malva sp.   ( Malvaceae   ), Al Shamea (35°38’6.34"N, 35°48’17.74"E), 6- IV-2012 GoogleMaps   ; 8 ♀♀ and 6 ♂♂ on Malva sp   , Al Hanadi (35°29’47.37"N, 35°51’56.74"E), 7-IV-2012 GoogleMaps   ; 10 ♀♀ and 5 ♂♂ on Melilotus sp.   (Leguminosae), Al Bassa (35°29’55.91"N, 35°50’32.71"E), 23-IV-2012 GoogleMaps   ; 8 ♀♀ and 7 ♂♂ on Sonchus oleraceus   ( Asteraceae   ), Latakia city (35°31’31.95"N, 35°47’27.30"E), 24-X-2012 GoogleMaps   ; 10 ♀♀ and 8 ♂♂ on P. vulgaris (Leguminosae)   , Hai Alarabi (35°30’29.74"N, 35°49’5.54"E), 17-VI-2012 GoogleMaps   .

Remarks — Tetranychus urticae   has a world distribution (109 countries around the world) and was reported before this study from many countries neighboring Syria ( Migeon and Dorkeld 2006 -2013). In Syria, this species is a key pest in horticultural crops (outdoors and greenhouses). In this study, it was the dominant species and was found in all sites considered. Two forms of this species can be recognized by their green or red body color ( Auger et al. 2013), the red form is dominant in our region and in addition, these two forms of that species were found together in the same population.