Pedinotus botocudo Shimbori, Castro et Penteado-Dias, 2017

Belokobylskij, Sergey A., Castro, Clóvis Sormus De, Shimbori, Eduardo Mitio, Zaldívar-Riverón, Alejandro, Penteado-Dias, Angélica Maria & Braet, Yves, 2017, Taxonomic revision of the Neotropical species of the braconid wasp genus Pedinotus Szépligeti, 1902 (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Doryctinae), Zootaxa 4327 (1), pp. 1-102 : 13-15

publication ID 10.11646/zootaxa.4327.1.1

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Pedinotus botocudo Shimbori, Castro et Penteado-Dias

sp. nov.

Pedinotus botocudo Shimbori, Castro et Penteado-Dias , sp. nov.

( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 )

Type material. Holotype: female, “ Brazil, Linhares, E. Santo, IX.1972, M. Alvarenga ” ( CNCI).

Paratypes. 1 female, Brazil, Espirito Santo, Linhares, IX.1972, M. Alvarenga MT. Sweep ( CNCI) ; 1 female, Brazil, ES, Itaguaçu, Alto Lajinha, Fazenda Binda , 19°48'S– 40°48' S, 22–29.IX.2008, Malaise, M. T. Tavares & eq. col. ( UFES, 82833) ; 1 female, Brazil, ES, Laranja da Terra , Joatuba—Faz. Betzel, 280–430, 19°50'25” S– 40° 49'40” W, 5–12.X.2012, Malaise B–16, M.T. Tavares & eq. col. ( UFES, 135006) GoogleMaps .

Description. Female. Body length 6.0– 7.8 mm; fore wing length 3.9–4.9 mm.

Head width (dorsal view) 1.6–1.8 × its median length, 1.2 × maximum width of mesoscutum. Head behind eyes (dorsal view) roundly narrowed. Eye 2.8 × longer than temple (dorsal view). Ocelli medium-sized, arranged in almost equilateral triangle. POL 0.7 × OD, 0.3 × OOL. Frons concave, with fine but distinct median longitudinal carina. Eye glabrous, 1.1–1.2 × higher than broad. Face width 0.7 × height of eye and 0.8 × height of face and clypeus combined. Malar space 0.2 × height of eye, 0.8 × basal width of mandible. Hypoclypeal depression width 0.8 × the shortest distance between depression and eye and 0.4 × width of face.

Antenna slender, almost filiform, with more than 45 antennomeres (apical flagellomeres missing). Scape about 1.3 × longer than its maximum width. First flagellomere 5.0–7.5 × longer than its apical width, 1.2 × longer than second flagellomere. Subapical flagellomeres 3.0–4.0 × longer than their maximum width.

Mesosoma depressed, 2.8 × longer than its maximum height. Pronotum distinctly convex dorsally (lateral view) and with fine submedian pronotal carina (dorsal view). Median lobe of mesoscutum distinctly protruding forwards and anteriorly weakly convex, without median longitudinal furrow. Notauli complete, shallow and crenulated. Median length of mesoscutum about equal to its maximum width. Prescutellar depression (scutellar sulcus) rather deep, finely crenulated, with five distinct carinae, almost 0.5 × as long as scutellum medially. Precoxal sulcus (sternaulus) complete and scrobiculate, running over entire length of lower part of mesopleuron.

Wings. Fore wing 3.7–3.9 × longer than maximum width. Vein r (first radial abscissa) arising after middle of pterostigma. Vein 3RSa (second radial abscissa) 1.6–1.8 × longer than vein r (first radial abscissa), 0.2 × as long as the straight vein 3RSb (third radial abscissa), 0.8 × longer than vein 2RS (first radiomedial). Second submarginal (radiomedial) cell 2.8 × longer than maximum width, 0.7 × as long as first subdiscal (brachial) cell. Vein (RS+M)a (first medial abscissa) weakly sinuate. Vein 1m-cu (recurrent) weakly antefurcal, subparallel to vein 1M (basal). Vein 1cu-a (nervulus) postfurcal, about 0.2 × as long as distance between veins 1M (basal) and nervulus (1cu-a). Hind wing vein M+CU (first submedial abscissa) 0.3 × as long as vein 1-M (second submedial abscissa). Vein mcu (recurrent) almost straight and distinctly antefurcal.

Legs. Hind femur 3.7–3.9 × longer than maximum width. Hind tarsus 1.1–1.2 × as long as hind tibia. Second segment of hind tarsus 0.4 × as long as basitarsus, 1.5 × longer than fifth segment (without pretarsus).

Metasoma 1.1–1.3 × longer than mesosoma and head combined. First tergite without basolateral lobes and spiracular tubercles, weakly and linearly widened from subbase to apex. Length of first tergite 0.9–1.0 × as long as its maximum (subapical) width; maximum width 1.2–1.4 × its minimum (basal) width. Second tergite with sublateral furrows almost indistinct; median length of second tergite 0.4 × its basal width, 0.6–0.7 × median length of third tergite. Suture between second and third tergites shallow and rather wide, distinctly sinuate, with distinct sublateral bends. Third tergite with distinct wide transverse crenulated depression in basal third. Ovipositor sheath 1.0–1.1 × as long as metasoma, 1.5 × longer than mesosoma, 0.8 × as long as fore wing.

Sculpture and pubescence. Vertex smooth; frons entirely costate; face rugose. Mesoscutum mainly smooth, rugulose in medioposterior triangle area. Mesopleuron and metapleuron mainly smooth. Propodeal areas distinctly delineated by carinae, basolateral areas densely areolate-rugulose, areola pentagonal and areolate-rugulose; basomedian carina very short, about 0.2 × as long as anterior fork of areola. Hind coxa and femur mainly smooth. First and second metasomal tergites rugulose-lacunose; third tergite densely punctate basally, smooth apically. Fourth tergite rugulose-lacunose in basal 0.3 and smooth posteriorly; fifth tergite punctate basally, smooth on remaining part. Remaining tergites smooth. Vertex with long and rather dense pale setae on wide area, with sparse short setae medioposteriorly. Mesoscutum with long, rather dense and semi-erect pale setae arranged along notauli and on medioposterior area. Dorsal side of hind tibia with long, rather sparse and semi-erect pale setae, their length 0.7–1.0 × maximum width of tibia.

Colour. Head mainly black, yellow at temple and ring around eye. Palpi whitish. Antenna black, basal segments with brownish tint. Mesosoma mainly black, mesopleuron on border with mid coxae, metapleuron and propodeum reddish brown. Tegula light yellow. Metasoma reddish brown, apical tergites slightly paler. Legs mainly yellow, mid and hind tarsi brown; fore coxa, fore and mid trochanters and trochantelli white, hind coxa black, hind femur with brownish spots. Ovipositor sheath from dark yellow basally to dark brown apically. Wings faintly and evenly infuscate especially on margins. Pterostigma black.

Male. Unknown.

Distribution. Brazil.

Etymology. Named after Botocudo (or Aimoré), a group of indigenous people, inhabitants of the eastern Brazil including northern Espirito Santo. The word “botocudo” is a reference to the typical ornaments used in their ear lobes and lower lips, called “botoque” by the Portuguese colonizers.

Comparative diagnosis. This new species belongs to the morphological group with a densely setose mesoscutum. Pedinotus botocudo sp. nov. is morphologically similar to P. pardalotus Marsh , but differs from it by having the eyes in lateral view 3.6 × longer than temples (2.3–2.7 × in P. pardalotus ), lateral areas of second metasomal tergite rugose (weakly striate in P. pardalotus ), frons entirely costate (weakly and partly striate in P. pardalotus ), and metasoma almost entirely reddish brown (dark brown dorsally and yellowish laterally in P. pardalotus ).


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