Magnolia sanchez-vegae Marcelo-Peña, Marcelo-Pena, 2014

Marcelo-Peña, José Luis & Filho, Mario Tomazello, 2014, Magnolia sanchez-vegae, a new species of Magnoliaceae from northern Peru, Phytotaxa 184 (5), pp. 290-294: 290-293

publication ID 10.11646/phytotaxa.184.5.5

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scientific name

Magnolia sanchez-vegae Marcelo-Peña

sp. nov.

Magnolia sanchez-vegae Marcelo-Peña   , sp. nov. ( Figs. 1 View FIGURE 1 , 2 View FIGURE 2 )

Magnolia sanchez-vegae   is similar to M. venezuelensis   in leaf and petiole shape; however, they differ in internode length (10.0–12.0 mm vs. 3.5–5.5 mm, respectively), leaf base shape (cordate, asymmetric, truncate vs. rounded), peduncle apex (pubescent vs. glabrous), shape of sepals (obovate vs. ovate), number of stamens (59 vs. 32) and number of carpels (19–23 vs. 11).

Type : — PERU. Amazonas : Bagua Grande, San Antonio, Bello Horizonte. 72̊ 20’ 27.37” W, 5̊ 59’ 21.03” S, 2250 m, 10 July 2013   , Marcelo- Peña & Yrigoin 9824, (holotype: MOL; isotypes: CPUN, USM)     .

Trees 12–25 m high, 50–70 cm dbh; outer bark lenticellate in young trees, slightly fissured in mature trees; inner bark creamy white, with pleasant odour; branchlets terete, 5–10 mm in diameter, glabrous, with elliptic or ellipticoblong lenticells; internodes 10.0–12.0(–25) mm long. Leaves alternate, petiolate, olive green, with pleasant smell, (21.0)13.5–9.5 × (–16.8)11.0– 7.3 cm, ovate to oblong-elliptic, coriaceous, apex obtuse to rounded, base cordate to asymmetrically truncate, margin entire to sinuate, midrib canaliculate above, prominent beneath, leaf blade pinnately veined, with 5–11 pairs of secondary veins, tertiary venation finely reticulate, glabrous on both surfaces, except on the glabrescent insertion of the petiole with the lamina; petioles abaxially convex, adaxially concave, covered with an adaxial scar, (11.0–)5.7–4.0 cm long, 4 mm in diameter, glabrous, except for the apex, sometimes with hirsute hairs. Flowers terminal, solitary, floral buds oblong to obovate, 3.8–4.0 × 2.0– 2.5 cm, hypsophylls 2–4, glabrous, peduncle 3.8–4.7 cm long, 6–8 mm in diameter, with sparse dark brown indumentum; sepals 3, 5.0–5.2 × 2.4–3.2 cm, navicular, obovate, greenish white, base truncate, apex obtuse, slightly mucronate; petals 7–8, navicular, spathulate, 4.7–5.7 × 1.5–2.7 cm, fragrant, with numerous brown dots externally, inner petals shorter, creamy-white, apex obtuse, slightly mucronate, base truncate; stamens 59, spirally arranged in 4 series, linear to slightly falcate, apex obtuse, whitish, 10.0–12.0 mm × 1.5–2 mm, thecae 2, introrse, with longitudinal dehiscence; gynoecium strobiliform, ellipsoid, cream coloured, 17–18 × 11–12 mm, carpels 19–23. Fruit obovoid, creamy-green basally, dark green distally, lenticellate, glabrous, 4.5–6.5 cm long, 5.0 cm in diameter, dehiscence circumscissile; seeds 2, sometimes 1 per carpel, angularobovoid, 8–12 mm per side, 5 mm thick (widest side), dark red sarcotesta with pleasant smell.

Additional specimens examined:— PERU. Amazonas : Prov. Bagua Grande, San Antonio, Bello Horizonte, 72̊ 20’ 27,37” W, 5̊ 59’ 21,03” S   , 2248 m, 4 Oct 2012 GoogleMaps     , Marcelo-Peña   GoogleMaps , Tagle   GoogleMaps , Yrigoin, Guerra 8072 ( MOL); 78°20’29.56”W, 5°59’19.24”S, 2256 m; 78°20’28.91”W, 5°59’19.29”S, 2250 m; 78°20’33.01”W, 5°59’13.84”S, 2250 m, 18 Jul 2013, Marcelo-Peña & Yrigoin 9826, 9827, 9828 ( MOL).

Phenology:— Flowers and fruits in June and July.

Distribution and habitat:— This species is known from a single locality, covered by wet forests, between 2200– 2250 m, with a few scattered individuals. Other species growing in association with M. sanchez-vegae   are Weinmannia lentiscifolia Presl   (1831, 52), Ilex sp.   , Alchornea sp.   , Hyeronima sp.   , Symplocus sp., Miconia spp.   , Ficus sp.   , Cecropia sp.   and species of Lauraceae   .

Etymology:— This species is dedicated to Isidoro Sánchez Vega because of his notable contributions to the knowledge of taxonomy and floristics on the Andean ecosystems of northern Peru.

Conservation status:— The habitat of M. sanchez-vegae   is seriously threatened by migratory agriculture, these forest are often cleared to prepare fields as pastures and for subsistence agriculture. Because of this threat and its narrow range, it is suggested that the UICN conservation category of Endangered (EN) should be applied.

Discussion:— Magnolia sanchez-vegae   is similar to M. venezuelensis (Lozano 1990: 78) Govaerts (1996: 72)   in both leaf and petiole shape, but it differs from it in length of internodes, shape of leaf base, size of peduncle, shape of sepals and number of stamens and carpels ( Table 1). Magnolia sanchez-vegae   belongs to subsection Talauma   of section Talauma   based on presence of stipules adnate to the petiole and carpels with circumscissile dehiscence ( Figlar & Nooteboom, 2004). Moreover, carpels remain fused at the base of the mature fruit as in the rest of species of subsection Talauma   .


Naturhistorisches Museum Wien


Department of Botany, Swedish Museum of Natural History


Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina


Universidad Nacional de Cajamarca


Universiti Sains Malaysia