Runcinioides litteratus ( Piza, 1933 ), Piza, 1933

Faleiro, Bárbara T. & Santos, Adalberto J., 2019, Revision of the crab-spiders of the genus Runcinioides Mello-Leitão, 1929 (Araneae, Thomisidae), Zootaxa 4567 (1), pp. 25-46: 37-40

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4567.1.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:13DBDF5F-66C4-4A8E-9A97-9F55BC0A59FB

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03AB87B1-FFDF-C123-84F6-FA8F79896751

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Runcinioides litteratus ( Piza, 1933 )
status

 

Runcinioides litteratus ( Piza, 1933)  

( Figs 1 View FIGURE 1 a–b, 9–14, 15b)

Metadiaea litterata Piza, 1933: 46   , fig. 2. Piza 1937: 179; Soares 1944: 153.

Misumenops litteratus (Piza)   . Rinaldi 1988: 23, figs 5–8.

Runcinioides litteratus (Piza)   . Lehtinen & Marusik 2008: 191.

Type material. Female holotype (IBSP 138196) from Brazil, São Paulo, Piracicaba, W.C. Vasconcellos leg., examined.

Diagnosis. Males of R. litteratus   differ from those of R. argenteus   in the distinct bulging base of embolus ( Figs 9c View FIGURE 9 , 11e View FIGURE 11 , 14 View FIGURE 14 a–b, d). Females differ in the coupling pocket longer than wide and with a tubular shape ( Figs 9a View FIGURE 9 , 10e View FIGURE 10 , 13 View FIGURE 13 a–c).

Description. Female (holotype): Carapace brown, with one median, pale-yellow band ( Figs 10a, c View FIGURE 10 ). Ocular area pale-yellow ( Fig. 10c View FIGURE 10 ). Chelicerae pale-yellow with a dark spot at the proximal margin of the basal segment ( Fig. 10c View FIGURE 10 ), endites light brown at the base, gradually becoming lighter towards the apex ( Fig. 10d View FIGURE 10 ). Labium and sternum light brown ( Fig. 10d View FIGURE 10 ). Legs I and II brown, III and IV pale-yellow ( Fig. 10 View FIGURE 10 a–b). Legs I and II with five pairs of lateroventral macrosetae on the tibia and eight pairs on the metatarsus ( Fig. 10 View FIGURE 10 a–b). Anterior half of opisthosoma dark yellow, with a marginal brown band, one median, inverted V-shaped brown spot and two brown spots. Posterior half is pale-yellow ( Fig. 10a View FIGURE 10 ). Venter of opisthosoma, spinnerets and anal tubercle pale-yellow ( Fig. 10b View FIGURE 10 ).

Measurements. Total length 8.47, prosoma length 3.55, width 3.8, clypeus height 0.33, sternum length 1.65, width 1.63, opisthosoma length 4.92, width 4.31. Measurements of palp and legs: Palp: 2.59 (0.76, 0.38, 0.56, -, 0.89), I: 13.25 (3.91, 1.53, 3.3, 3.09, 1.42), II: 12.55 (3.8, 1.4, 3.09, 2.84, 1.42), III: 6.55 (2.28, 0.84, 1.53, 1.14, 0.76), IV: 7.14 (2.54, 0.84, 1.6, 1.4, 0.76).

Variation. Female (N=15), total length 6.75–9.74, prosoma length 2.84–4.06, width 3.2–3.96, opisthosoma length 3.5–5.83, width 3.3–6.34. The color pattern of females is very variable; prosoma and legs I and II can be brown to almost white; the dorsum of the opisthosoma can vary from dark brown with many spots to almost white, without spots ( Figs 1 View FIGURE 1 a–b, 12).

Male (from Brazil, Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, UFMG 5963): Color pattern as in the male of R. argenteus   ( Figs 11 View FIGURE 11 a–d).

Measurements. Total length 3.44, prosoma length 1.53, width 1.73, clypeus height 0.23, sternum length 0.74, width 0.81, opisthosoma length 1.91, width 1.5. Measurements of palp and legs: Palp: 0.82 (0.51, 0.18, 0.13 -, 0.86), I: 7.89 (2.29, 0.76, 1.96, 1.81, 1.07), II: 7.65 (2.36, 0.71, 1.91, 1.86, 0.81), III: 3.48 (1.12, 0.25, 0.84, 0.76, 0.51), IV: 3,59 (1.12, 0.36, 0.84, 0.81, 0.46).

Variation. Male (N=24), total length 2.62–3.71, prosoma length 1.27–1.63, width 1.45–2.68, opisthosoma length 1.35–2.08, width 0.89–1.86.

Natural history. Like the other species of the genus, R. litteratus   live in flowers. It has been collected in Gardenia jasminioides J. Ellis   ( Rubiaceae   ) (UFMG 22088), Bauhinia   sp. ( Caesalpinioideae   ) (UFMG 4104) and in Melostomataceae (UFMG 22086).

Distribution. Eastern Brazil, from the state of Paraíba to Rio Grande do Sul ( Fig. 15b View FIGURE 15 ).

Material examined. BRAZIL. Alagoas: GoogleMaps   4 ♂, Maceió, Bairro Mangabeiras   GoogleMaps , [9°38'50''S, 35°42'50''W], C. A. Camargo & E. Dante leg., 30 October 1952 ( MZSP 2380 View Materials ). Bahia   : 1 ♂, Iraquara, Pratinha , [12°21'9''S, 41°32'30''W], L.S. Rocha leg., 22 December 1998 ( IBSP 20758 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Mata de São João, Reserva Particular de Camurujipe , [12°31'0''S, 38°2'14''W], P. Fonseca leg., May 2006 ( IBSP 68565 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, São José da Vitória, Serra do Areial , [15°5'41.5''S, 39°22'35.5''W, 223m], A. Anker et al. leg., 30 December 2014 ( UFMG 17862 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Una, Reserva Biológica de Una , [15°10'23''S, 39°7'56''W], A.D. Brescovit et al. leg., 15–28 November 2000 ( IBSP 47140 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   . Distrito Federal: 1 ♀, Brasília , [15°46'47''S, 47°55'47''W], C.C. Nogueira et al. leg., April 1997 ( IBSP 11921 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   . Minas Gerais: 1 ♀, Belo Horizonte , [19°55'15''S, 43°56'16''W], A.J. Santos leg., 15 April 1994 ( IBSP 26664 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Bairro Coração Eucarístico, Campus da PUC-MG, [19°55'0''S, 43°59'0''W], J.E.M. Dias leg., 5 July 2010 ( UFMG 4104 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Bairro Jardim América , [19°56'41''S, 43°58'24''W, 937 m], J.G.L. Costa leg., 24 March 2009 ( UFMG 1505 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Bairro Luxemburgo , [19°56'54.4''S, 43°57'24.44''W, 957 m], L.C. Montresor leg., 20 April 2001 ( UFMG 841 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Bairro Ouro Preto , [19°52'38.5''S, 43°58'53''W], A.J. Santos leg., 14 March 2016 ( UFMG 22089 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Bairro Santa Mônica , [19°49'30.53''S, 43°58'45.95''W, 825 m], C. Freitas leg., 17 February 2001 ( UFMG 920 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Campus da UFMG, ICB, [19°52'6''S, 43°57'57''W, 835 m], P.H. Martins leg., 25 April 2013 ( UFMG 12660 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Campus da UFMG, Jardim do CAD II, [19°51'53''S, 43°57'38''W], R.F. Magalhães leg., 11 January 2018 ( UFMG 22088 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Estação Ecológica da UFMG, [19°52'38''S, 43°58'16''W, 845 m], E. S.S. Álvares & E.O. Machado leg., January 2001 ( UFMG 121 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, January 2001 ( UFMG 3968 View Materials )   ; 1 ♂, December 2000 ( UFMG 3973 View Materials )   ; 1 ♀, E.S.S. Álvares leg., 11 May 2002 ( UFMG 1676 View Materials )   ; 1 ♂, October 2000 ( UFMG 5963 View Materials )   ; 1 ♂, B.T. Faleiro leg., 9 September 2009 ( UFMG 3220 View Materials )   ; 1 ♂, 14 November 2015 ( UFMG 22086 View Materials )   ; 1 ♂, B.T. Faleiro et al. leg., 19 November 2011 ( UFMG 10072 View Materials )   ; 1 ♀, P.L.S. Miranda leg., 26 May 2010 ( UFMG 4777 View Materials )   ; 1 ♂, [19°52'50.6''S, 43°58'19.6''W, 840 m], A.F. Kumagai et al. leg., 23–30 January 2017 ( UFMG 22087 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, [19°52'38''S, 43°58'16''W, 845 m], E.S.S. Álvares leg., 3 February 2000 ( UFMG 22101 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Parque Ecológico da Lagoa do Nado , [19°50'5.27''S, 43°57'34.7''W, 785 m], M. de Maria et al. leg., 6 October 2004 ( UFMG 1302 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Parque Municipal das Mangabeiras , [19°57'14.86''S, 43°54'19.15''W], H.H. Santos et al. leg., 20–22 January 2009 ( UFMG 8001 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 10 ♂ ( UFMG 22102 View Materials )   ; 1 ♂, Catas Altas, Serra do Caraça , [20°5'51''S, 43°29'18''W], 17 November 1961 ( MZSP 3329 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Contagem, Bairro Nossa Senhora de Fátima, Rua Virgílio César , [19°54'38.5''S, 44°5'8.3''W, 904 m], P.H. Martins leg., 13 January 2015 ( UFMG 22090 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 3 ♂, Itaobim , [16°31'58.6''S, 41°30'37.5''W, 464 m], I.L.F. Magalhães et al. leg., 25 November 2011 ( UFMG 10103 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Monte Santo de Minas , [21°11'24''S, 46°58'48''W], F.S. Pereira leg., 1–5 April 1942 ( MZSP 100 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Santana do Riacho , [19°7'5.98''S, 43°40'47.48''W, 1122 m], P. Henrique leg., 2 June 2011 ( UFMG 7615 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♂, São Gonçalo do Rio Abaixo, Estação de Preservação e Desenvolvimento Ambiental de Peti , [19°53'0''S, 43°22'0''W], C.S. Azevedo leg., 12 November 1999 ( UFMG 831 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   . Pernambuco   : 1 ♂, Santa Cruz do Capibaribe, Serra do Pará , [7°52'29.2''S, 36°24'10.06''W], F.M.G. Las-Casas leg., 26 March 2012 ( UFMG 13592 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, 23 May 2013 ( UFMG 13618 View Materials )   . Rio Grande do Sul   : 1 ♀, Derrubadas, Parque Estadual do Turvo , [27°14'51''S, 53°57'28''W, 440 m], G. H.F. Azevedo & A.J. Santos leg., 21 March 2011 ( UFMG 10244 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   . São Paulo: 1 ♀, Águas da Prata , [21°56'12''S, 46°43'0''W], V.C. Onófrio leg., 11 April 1998 ( IBSP 17522 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 4 ♂, Baruerí , [23°30'38''S, 46°54'34''W], K. Lenko leg., 7 January 1961 ( MZSP 1263 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 5 ♂, 21–22 January 1960 ( MZSP 1270 View Materials )   ; 3 ♂, 13 January 1962 ( MZSP 2182 View Materials )   ; 1 ♀, 20 March 1965 ( MZSP 5537 View Materials )   ; 1 ♀, Botucatu , [22°53'9''S, 48°26'42''W], H. Rubião & C.A. Mantovan leg., 5 May 1965 ( MNRJ 11504 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Campinas, Loteamento Três Pontes Souza , [22°49'39''S, 46°56'13''W], 30 March–1 April 2009 ( IBSP 137428 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Carapicuiba , [23°31'21''S, 46°50'8''W], R.M.N. Gervauskão leg., 11 September 2000 ( IBSP 27458 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Diadema , [23°41'9''S, 46°37'22''W], P. Biasi leg., 11 February 1961 ( MZSP 1243 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Iporanga , [24°35'9''S, 48°35'34''W], K. Lenko & H. Reichardt leg., January–November 1901 ( MZSP 6824 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Itirapina , [22°15'10''S, 47°49'22''W], 21 May 1992 ( IBSP 6108 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Jundiaí, Reserva Biológica Municipal da Serra do Japi , [23°12'31''S, 46°57'58''W], A.D. Brescovit leg., 27 April 1996 ( IBSP 7038 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, A.J. Santos leg., 19 December 1996 ( IBSP 38788 View Materials )   ; 1 ♀, Mairiporã , [23°19'8''S, 46°35'13''W], 5 June 2002 ( IBSP 34897 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♂, Monte Alegre do Sul, Fazenda Santa Maria , [22°40'55''S, 46°40'51''W], B.A.M. Soares leg., 27–31 December 1942 ( MZSP 342 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Osasco , [23°31'58''S, 46°47'31''W], 2005 ( IBSP 5 View Materials 7290) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, A.R. Miranda leg., 18 July 2012 ( IBSP 212148 View Materials )   ; 1 ♀, Piracicaba , [22°43'30''S, 47°38'56''W], A. Corrêa leg., 27 February 1942 ( MZSP 113 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Reserva do Iguaçu, UHE Governador Ney Aminthas de Barros Braga , [25°59'53''S, 51°59'14''W], R. Pinto-da-Rocha & A.P. Barreto leg., 22 November 1991 ( MZSP 74364 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Santo André, Distrito Paranapiacaba , [23°46'39''S, 46°17'59''W] ( IBSP 212275 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, São Bento do Sapucaí , [22°41'20''S, 45°43'51''W], C. Costa, 22 March 1 998 ( IBSP 16220 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, São Paulo , [23°32'51''S, 46°38'10''W], L.H. Pereira leg., July 1991 ( IBSP 5728 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, March 1996 ( IBSP 6923 View Materials )   ; 1 ♀, S.E. Soares leg., 25 March 1997 ( IBSP 11922 View Materials )   ; 1 ♀, March 1997 ( IBSP 13994 View Materials )   ; 1 ♀, A. Eterovic leg., June 1997 ( IBSP 14018 View Materials )   ; 1 ♀, P.E. Vilella leg., 30 April 1997 ( IBSP 14033 View Materials )   ; 1 ♀, W. Adinolti leg., 5 June 1996 ( IBSP 14038 View Materials )   ; 1 ♀, R.A. Pinto leg., 11 January 1998 ( IBSP 16256 View Materials )   ; 1 ♀, C.R. Bertim leg., 1 August 1998 ( IBSP 20419 View Materials )   ; 1 ♀, M. Procópio leg., 13 March 2000 ( IBSP 27414 View Materials )   ; 1 ♀, S.C. Scoldafemi leg., 20 May 2002 ( IBSP 34907 View Materials )   ; 1 ♀, [23°33'1''S, 46°38'2''W], V.W. Maier leg., 9 July 2016 ( IBSP 211560 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, I.R. Presoto leg., 20 April 2015 ( IBSP 211700 View Materials )   ; 1 ♀, E.B. Crispino leg., 23 March 2013 ( IBSP 211810 View Materials )   ; 1 ♀, Bairro Butantãn, Parque da Previdência , [23°34'51''S, 46°43'34''W], J. Império leg., 15 February 2001 ( IBSP 29111 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, 27 November 2000 ( IBSP 29112 View Materials )   ; 1 ♀, Bairro Cháacara Flora , [23°38'44''S, 46°41'1''W], O.M. Emaculada leg., 17 April 2014 ( IBSP 165095 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Campus da USP, [23°33'33.51''S, 46°42'56.4''W, 723 m], E.S.S. Álvares leg., 8 June 2002 ( UFMG 1681 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Campus da USP, Instituto de Biociências , [23°33'55''S, 46°43'51''W], L. Camargo leg., 12 May 2003 ( IBSP 39879 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Campus da USP, Creche USP, [23°33'50''S, 46°42'55''W], 26 February 2016 ( IBSP 211470 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Campus do Instituto Butantan , [23°34'3''S, 46°43'6''W], L.T. Miglio leg., 8 May 2004 ( IBSP 43687 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Morumbi , [23°35'48''S, 46°43'15''W], E.R. Kiritschenco leg., 15 February 2000 ( IBSP 26856 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, C.V. Janini leg., 22 March 2007 ( IBSP 73195 View Materials )   ; 1 ♀, Parque Ibirapuera , [23°35'18''S, 46°39'32''W], M. Gervatawskos leg., 15 April 2002 ( IBSP 35016 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♂, Parque Residencial Cocaia, Represa Billings , [23°45'55''S, 46°40'59''W], H. Urban leg., 4 December 1952 ( MZSP 1701 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, 23 November 1952 ( MZSP 1750 View Materials )   ; 1 ♂, November 1949 ( MZSP 1809 View Materials )   ; 1 ♂, Sacomã , [23°36'53''S, 46°35'49''W], J.L. Lima leg., 14 February 1942 ( MZSP 74368 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Tremembé , [22°57'30''S, 45°32'58''W], M. Kratzsch leg., 2 May 1973 ( IBSP 2644 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, São Roque , [23°31'44''S, 47°8'6''W], F. Lane leg., 7 March 1976 ( MZSP 74367 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Vargem Grande Paulista , [23°36'10''S, 47°1'33''W], W.G. Cintra leg., 20 April 2015 ( IBSP 211539 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   . Sergipe   : 1 ♂ 1 imm., São Cristovão, Campus da UFSE, [10°55'34''S, 37°6'8''W] ( IBSP 10347 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   .

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Thomisidae

Genus

Runcinioides

Loc

Runcinioides litteratus ( Piza, 1933 )

Faleiro, Bárbara T. & Santos, Adalberto J. 2019
2019
Loc

Runcinioides litteratus

Lehtinen, P. T. & Marusik, Y. M. 2008: 191
2008
Loc

Misumenops litteratus

Rinaldi, I. M. P. 1988: 23
1988
Loc

Metadiaea litterata

Soares, B. A. M. 1944: 153
Piza, S. T. 1937: 179
Piza, S. T. 1933: 46
1933