Micariaplana, Booysen & Haddad, 2021

Booysen, Ruan & Haddad, Charles R., 2021, Revision and molecular phylogeny of the spider genus Micaria Westring, 1851 (Araneae: Gnaphosidae) in the Afrotropical Region, Zootaxa 4940 (1), pp. 1-82: 58-59

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4940.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:5F073867-F6EA-4222-A190-77F68076BE9C

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4681018

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03AC3314-9C0B-FFFC-7CBD-FC9BFBB0F868

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Micariaplana
status

sp. nov.

Micariaplana   sp. nov.

Figs 28, 29 View FIGURES 27–36 , 63 View FIGURES 61–64 , 70 View FIGURES 65–71 , 151 – 154 View FIGURES 151–154

Type material. Holotype ♀, ETHIOPIA: Shewa Region : Addis Alem, 10 km Wof Addis Alem, under stones, in pasture, handcollecting, 09°02.828’N, 38°24.452’E, leg. A. Russell-Smith, 28.VI.1988 (MRAC 225606). GoogleMaps  

Paratypes: ETHIOPIA: Shewa Region: Between Debre Berhan & Ankober, under stones near stream, hand collecting, 09°41’N, 39°42’E, leg. A. Russell-Smith, 27.IV.1983, 4 ♂ (MRAC 225570) GoogleMaps   .

Etymology. The species name is taken from the Latin adjective planus (flat), female -a, referring to the flattened and laterally extending copulatory ducts of the females.

Diagnosis. Females of this species can be recognised by the atypical structure of their copulatory ducts, in that they are laterally extending and tapered at the tip, opposed to the tubular structure of other Micaria   species. The males of this species typically have a short (free part approximately half the size of the MA) embolus that is thick. The MA is large and curves inwards.

Description. Female (holotype from Addis Alem, Ethiopia, MRAC 225606): Measurements: TL 2.45, CL 1.03, CW 0.68, CL:CW 1.52, CLH 0.08, CLH:AME 1.65. Eyes: ALE 0.06, AME 0.05, PLE 0.05, PME 0.04, AME–AME 0.02, PME–PME 0.04, MOQAW 0.11, MOQPW 0.13, MOQL 0.16. SL 0.64, SW 0.49, AL 1.25, AW 0.80. Leg measurements: Palpal segment lengths: 0.29, 0.18, 0.16, 0.24. Leg I: 0.64, 0.30, 0.46, 0.37, 0.46. II: 0.59, 0.30, 0.41, 0.35, 0.43. III: 0.48, 0.27, 0.33, 0.38, 0.34. IV: 0.73, 0.33, 0.56, 0.59, 0.42. TLoflegs (I–IV): 2.23, 2.08, 1.80, 2.63; leg formula: 4123.

Colouration: carapace dark brown; abdomen dark brown or black; femora darkened; sternum, endites, labium, and chelicerae similar in colour to carapace ( Fig. 28 View FIGURES 27–36 ). Carapace: smooth in texture; decorated with squamose setae; dark pattern present medially, radiating; posterior margin indented medially; fovea absent; anterior margin narrowing slightly from coxa I; PER procurved in dorsal view, AER slightly recurved in anterior view. Chelicerae: decorated with plumose setae. Labium: triangular in shape, truncating where chelicerae meet. Endites: slanting inwards. Sternum: shield-like; broadest between coxa Iand II; posterior margin truncating behind coxa IV; decorated with aculeate setae. Legs: femora laterally flattened, highest at base, leg Imore pronounced in this fashion; rest of legs normal, thin. Leg macrosetae: Palps: 1pl, 1do, 1pl, 1pl, 2plv, 1rlv, 3vt. Leg I: 1do, 1pl. II: 1d. III: 1do, 1plv, 2plv, 2rlv, 4vt. IV: 1do, 1plv, 2vt, 2plv, 3vt. Legs I–IV with two rows of scopulate setae on metatarsi and four rows on tarsi. Abdomen: cylindrical in shape; decorated with squamose setae; two white spots dorsally near anterior margin, white median transverse line broken into three smaller transverse stripes ( Fig. 28 View FIGURES 27–36 ); venter similar in colour to dorsum; sigilla not visible. Epigyne: in ventral view, anterior hood divided, recurved; posterior pockets present medially, straight; copulatory openings at tipof copulatory ducts. In dorsal view, copulatory duct projecting laterally outwards from anterior margin of spermathecae, curved, tapered; fertilisation duct curved laterally outwards; spermathecae globular ( Figs 151, 152 View FIGURES 151–154 ).

Male (paratype collected between Debre Berhan and Ankober, Ethiopia, MRAC 225570): Measurements: TL 2.65, CL 1.10, CW 0.80, CL:CW 1.38, CLH 0.08, CLH:AME 1.41. Eyes : ALE 0.06, AME 0.06, PLE 0.06, PME 0.05, AME–AME 0.02, PME–PME 0.04, MOQAW 0.13, MOQPW 0.14, MOQL 0.16. SL 0.67, SW 0.49, AL 1.40, AW 0.26   . Leg measurements: Palpal segment lengths: 0.36, 0.19, 0.12, 0.30. Leg I: 0.81, 0.40, 0.68, 0.52, 0.51. II: 0.64, 0.33, 0.49, 0.41, 0.46. III: 0.52, 0.27, 0.37, 0.41, 0.37. IV: 0.75, 0.35, 0.57, 0.65, 0.46. TLoflegs (I–IV): 2.92, 2.33, 1.94, 2.78; leg formula: 1423   .

Colouration: carapace dark brown; abdomen black; femora darkened; sternum, endites, labium and chelicerae similar in colour to carapace ( Fig. 29 View FIGURES 27–36 ). Carapace: smooth in texture; decorated with squamose setae; broad somewhat rectangular dark marking medially, radiating dark lines project from it; posterior margin straight; fovea absent; anterior margin narrowing slightly from coxa I; PER procurved in dorsal view, AER recurved in anterior view.

Chelicerae: decorated with plumose setae. Labium: triangular in shape; cluster of setae present on tip. Endites: oblique; constricted just above halfway; posterior margin rounded. Sternum: shield-like; broadest between coxa I and II; posterior margin tapering behind coxa IV. Legs: femora laterally flattened, highest at base, leg Imore pronounced in this fashion; rest of legs normal, thin; decorated with lanceolate setae ( Fig. 70 View FIGURES 65–71 ). Leg macrosetae: Palps: 1do, 1pl, 1do, 1pl, 1pl, 1plv. Leg I: 1do, 1pl. II: 1do, 1plv, 2vt. III: 1do, 1pl, 1plv, 2vt, 2plv, 2rlv, 4vt. IV: 1do, 1plv, 2vt, 2plv, 1rlv, 3vt. Legs I–IV with two rows of scopulate setae on metatarsi and four rows on tarsi. Abdomen: cylindrical in shape; decorated with squamose setae; two white spots dorsally near anterior margin, broken transverse line medially ( Fig. 29 View FIGURES 27–36 ); venter similar in colour to dorsum; sigilla not visible. Palp: retrolateral tibial apophysis present apically on dorsal surface; median apophysis present, large, next to embolus, broad basally; sperm duct with slight bend posterior to embolus base, curved medially at an angle and continuing retrolaterally, straight, towards base of median apophysis; embolus base elongate, tip short, straight; cymbium elongate, pear-shaped and widest near basal third; two short spines present on tipof cymbium; three elongate ventral terminal spines present in front of embolus ( Figs 153, 154 View FIGURES 151–154 ).

Distribution. Micaria plana   sp. nov. is limited to two localities in Ethiopia ( Map 5 View MAP 5 ).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Gnaphosidae

Genus

Micaria