Odocnemis punctata Allard, 1876,

Nabozhenko, Maxim & Keskin, Bekir, 2016, Revision of the genus Odocnemis Allard, 1876 (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae: Helopini) from Turkey, the Caucasus and Iran with observations on feeding habits, Zootaxa 4202 (1), pp. 1-97: 19-25

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4202.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E89680AA-E413-4110-965E-F4084D45D4C3

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03ADFF28-F841-4969-FF1E-F8F43E5BFA3C

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Odocnemis punctata Allard, 1876
status

 

Odocnemis punctata Allard, 1876 

Figs. 43AView FIGURE 43. A, B, 52

punctatus Allard, 1876: 38  ( Odocnemis  , description in key); Allard 1877: 51, 214 ( Odocnemis  , in key, redescription); Seidlitz 1896: 724 ( Helops  ( Odocnemis  ), in key); Gebien 1911 ( Helops  ( Odocnemis  ), in catalogue); Reitter 1922: 128 ( Cylindronotus  ( Odocnemis  ), in catalogue), in key); Winkler 1928 –1929: 1018 ( Cylindronotus  ( Odocnemis  ), in catalogue); Gebien 1943: 426 (805) ( Cylindronotus  ( Odocnemis  ), in catalogue); Nabozhenko & Löbl 2008: 245 ( Odocnemis  , in catalogue).

= pseudoclarus Reitter, 1922: 134  ( Cylindrinotus  ( Odocnemis  ), description), syn.n.

pseudoclarus Reitter, 1922: 134  ( Cylindrinotus  ( Odocnemis  ), description); Winkler 1928 –1929: 1018 ( Cylindronotus  ( Odocnemis  ), in catalogue); Gebien 1943: 427 (806) ( Cylindronotus  ( Odocnemis  ), in catalogue); Nabozhenko 2008: 37 ( Odocnemis  , in catalogue); Nabozhenko & Löbl 2008: 244 ( Odocnemis  , in catalogue).

Type material (studied). Lectotype (♂) ( MNHP) designated here, with labels: “ Liban ” (green, hand-written), “ Type ” (printed), “ Muséum Paris, coll. Sedillot 1935, P de la Brûlerie ” (press), “ Syntype ”  . Paralectotype (♀): “ Liban ” (the same as the lectotype), “ Type ” (press), “ Odocnemis punctatus  ” (hand of Allard), “ Muséum Paris, coll. Sedillot 1935, P de la Brûlerie ” (press), “ Syntype ”  . Paralectotype, male: “ Liban ” (the same as the lectotype), “ Ex Musaeo E. Allard”, Muséum Paris , 1952, coll. R. Oberthür ”. 

Holotype of Cylindrinotus (Odocnemis) pseudoclarus  (DEI) (♀) with labels: “Libanon Gipfel” (hand-written), square “41”, “ clarus ” (hand-written), “coll. Kraatz” (printing), “Ed. Reitter det.” (printed), “ pseudoclarus  m. Type” (hand-written), “Holotypus” (printed), “coll. DEI Müncheberg” (printed).

Other studied material. Israel, Mt. Hermon , 1900 m, 22.iv.1973, leg. D. Furth, (2♀♀ in TAU, 1♀ in ZIN)  .— Turkey (on border with Iraq), Hakkari Province, Çukurca , 4.vi.2013, 1290 m, 37°14′32″N 43°36′34″E, leg. M.V. and S.V. Nabozhenko, B. Keskin, A. Pektaş, 1♀ ( ZDEU)GoogleMaps  .

Redescription, male. Body length 9–11 mm, body width 3.4–4 mm. Body slender, shining, dark-brown (specimens from Turkey, Israel) or black (specimens from Lebanon), antennae light-brown. Head widest at level of eyes. Eyes large, convex. Ratio of head width at eyes to distance between eyes: 1.5. Genae strongly rounded, outer margin of head between gena and clypeus emarginated. Punctation of head moderately coarse and dense on frons, denser on clypeus; punctures connected near eyes. Antennae long (reaching almost half of elytral length), with 4 apical antennomeres extending beyond base of pronotum. Pronotum weakly transverse (only 1.16 × as wide as long), widest before middle, 1.45 × as wide as head. Lateral margins weakly rounded, sinuate basally. Anterior margin almost straight. Base weakly rounded. Anterior angles of pronotum obtuse, widely rounded; posterior angles obtuse, with distinct apex. All margins narrowly beaded. Disc evenly convex. Punctation of disc moderately coarse, dense; punctures round, their diameter subequal to distance between punctures. Hypomera not flattened on outer margins, with fine long winkles. Elytra elongate (1.6 × as long as wide), widest behind middle, 1.4 × as wide and 2.7 × as long as pronotum, 2 × as wide as head. Elytral base slightly wider, than base of pronotum. Strial punctures deep, elongate, not merged in entire furrows. Elytral intervals flat, with distinct sparse punctation, with distinct rare tubercles apically and laterally. Epipleural carina distinctly visible dorsally, epipleura reaching elytral apex, where transformed into weakly thickened and small mucron. Lateral margins of elytra weakly sinuate near apex; epipleura reaching sutural angles of elytra, not flattened on apex, narrow inner carina of epipleura not reaching elytral apex. Ventral side of body not pubescent. Abdominal ventrites 1–3 with fine, sparse punctation and smooth irregular wrinkles, ventrite 4 with fine and dense punctation and with only lateral wrinkles; ventrite 1 without hair brush; ventrite 5 with widely rounded sides, deep transverse depression apically, dense pubescence of goldish hairs, completely beaded on apex. Legs long, slender. Femora smooth and shining on inner side, not pubescent. Protibiae slightly curved inwards in middle, with 4 teeth and some tubercles on inner side (all located in middle); mesotibiae bent, with 4 small teeth on inner side; metatibia straight, without teeth or tubercles. Sometimes metatibiae bent (extensor view). Trochanters with single long setae.

Redescription, female. Body length 10–13 mm, body width 4–4.6 mm. Body more robust, pronotum more transverse (1.2 × as wide as long), with distinct sinuate lateral margins in base, with weakly projected anterior angles. Antennae shorter, with 3 apical antennomeres extending beyond base of pronotum, reaching 1/3 of elytral length. Elytral intervals often weakly depressed, strial punctures less deep and more elongate. Abdominal ventrite 5 regularly setose apically, with more deep and wide transverse depression and sinuate lateral margins. Pro- and mesotibia not curved.

Variability. Females from Hermon Mts. ( Syria / Israel) and Turkey have elytra widest in the middle. Female from Turkey have more elongate apex of elytra, than females from other populations.

Bionomics. The specimen from Çukurca ( Turkey) was found at night (about 21:00) on a trunk of Juglans regia  near a stream. Specimens from Israel were found in mountain steppe landscape.

Notes. First record for Turkey. It is not clear which species was recorded by Reitter (1922: 128) and Gebien (1943: 426(805)) from Athens under the name Cylindronotus (Odocnemis) punctatus  . Odocnemis punctata  is distributed in Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Iraq and South Eastern Turkey.

Odoсnemis amanosica  sp. n. Figs. 10View FIGURE 10. O, 40View FIGURE 40 C, D, 43C, D, 49

Type material. Holotype, ♂ ( ZDEU) and paratypes (2♂♂, 2♀♀ in ZIN, 1♂ in BMNH; 5♀♀ (dry material) and 3♀♀ (in ethanol) in ZDEU): Turkey, Hatay Province, W Antakya, S Amanos Dağları, 36°18′36.6″N 36°03′12.7″E, 1480 m, 18.v.2010, leg. M.V. and S.V. Nabozhenko, B. KeskinGoogleMaps  ; Syria, muh. Al Ladhqiyah , 8 km NE Slunfeh, 35° 36.398N 36° 13.024E, 1390 m, 25.iv.2005, leg. N. Rahmé, A. Márkus, A. Kotan, A. Podlussány, 2♂♂ ( HNHM)GoogleMaps  ; Syria, Latakia Province, Slunfeh , macchia-oak forest, beaten and swept, 4.vi.2010, leg. A. Kotan, E. Mizcei, T. Németh, N. Rahmé, 1♀ ( HNHM)  .

Description, male. Body length 10–11.2 mm, body width 3.6–4 mm. Body slender, shining, dark-brown (specimens from Turkey) or black (specimens from Syria), antennae light-brown. Head widest at level of the eyes. Eyes large, convex. Ratio of head width at eyes to distance between eyes: 1.6. Genae strongly rounded, outer margin of head between gena and clypeus weakly emarginated. Punctation of head moderately coarse and dense on frons, fine and dense on clypeus; punctures connected near eyes. Antennae long (reaching 1/3 of elytral length), with 4 apical antennomeres extending beyond base of pronotum; antennomer 3 1.9–2 × as long as antennomere 4. Pronotum with subequal length and width (only 1.03 × as wide as long), widest before middle, 1.4 × as wide as head. Lateral margins weakly rounded, very weakly sinuate basally. Anterior margin straight. Base weakly regularly rounded. Angles of pronotum obtuse, narrowly rounded on apex. All margins narrowly beaded, with narrower rim of anterior part. Disc evenly convex. Punctation of disc moderately coarse, not dense; punctures round, their diameter subequal to distance between punctures. Hypomera not flattened on outer margins, with distinct long winkles. Elytra elongate (1.8 × as long as wide), widest at middle, 1.4 × as wide and 2.7 × as long as pronotum, 2 × as wide as head. Elytral base slightly wider, than base of pronotum. Strial punctures deep, round, not merged in entire furrows. Elytral intervals flat, very finely punctured, with distinct tubercle on apical and lateral parts of elytra. Epipleural carinae distinctly visible dorsally only near apex, epipleura reaching elytral apex, where it turns into weakly thickened and small mucron. Lateral margins of elytra weakly sinuate before apex; epipleura reaching sutural angles of elytra, not flattened on apex, narrow inner carinae of epipleura not reaching elytral apex. Ventral side of body not pubescent. Abdominal ventrites 1–3 with fine, sparse punctation and smooth irregular wrinkles, ventrite 4 with fine and dense punctation and with only lateral wrinkles; ventrite 1 without hair brush; ventrite 5 with widely emarginated (not rounded) sides, deep round depression, dense pubescence of goldish hairs, completely beaded on apex. Legs long, slender. Femora smooth and shining on inner side, not pubescent. Protibiae curved inwards in middle, with 5–6 teeth and some tubercles on inner side (all located in middle); mesotibiae straight, with tooth on inner side apically; metatibiae straight, without teeth or tubercles. Trochanters with single long setae.

Description, female. Body length 12 mm, body width 4.6 mm. Body more robust, pronotum more transverse (1.2 × as wide as long), with distinct sinuate lateral margins in base. Antennae shorter, with 3 apical antennomeres extending beyond base of pronotum, reaching 1/5 of elytral length. Abdominal ventrite 5 weakly pubescent apically, with more deep and distinct depression. Protibiae not curved.

Etymology. The name derives from the type locality Amanos Dağları.

Bionomics. Specimens of Odocnemis amanosica  sp. n. were found at about 1500 m on trunks of Pinus nigra  densely covered with lichens between 21:00 and 22:00.

Diagnosis. See table 1. Additional diagnostic characters for O. amanosica  sp. n. and O. cordiformis  sp. n. are in the key.

Species Characters additional unique character: metatibiae with small granules on inner side

O. valga  regularly coarsely rugose, with very fine punctures round, deep, not granules extremely coarse

(Baudi di Selve, flattened setation and rounded apices connected in grooves and dense; smooth,

1881) punctation invisible

additional unique characters: metatibiae with very dense and long suberect hairs on inner side; apex of elytra with setation ventrally and dorsally

Odocnemis cordiformis  sp. n. Figs. 11View FIGURE 11. O, 43View FIGURE 43. A E, F, 49

Type material. Holotype (♂) ( ZDEU) and paratypes (3♂♂, 1♀ in ZIN, 1♂ in BMNH; 3♂♂, 1♀ (dry material) and 2♂♂ (in ethanol) in ZDEU): Turkey, Gaziantep Province, Islahiye District , W Tandır Köyü, Huzurlu Yaylası, 36°58′25.7″N 36°29′14.2″E, 1730 m, 19.v.2010, leg. M.V. and S.V. Nabozhenko, B. KeskinGoogleMaps  .

Description, male. Body length 11.2–12 mm, body width 4 mm. Body slender, weakly convex, shining, black, antennae dark-brown. Head widest at level of the eyes. Eyes large, convex. Ratio of head width at eyes to distance between eyes: 1.7. Genae angular, outer margin of head between gena and clypeus with distinct emargination. Transverse depression between frons and clypeus very deep, surface of clypeus is below the surface of frons. Punctation of head regularly coarse and dense; punctation near eyes more coarse and dense, punctures connected. Antennae long (reaching 1/3 of elytral length), with 4 apical antennomeres extending beyond base of pronotum; antennomere 3 1.7 × as long as antennomere 4. Pronotum cordiform, transverse (1.2 × as wide as long), widest before middle, 1.45 × as wide as head. Lateral margins visibly rounded, strongly sinuate in base. Anterior margin weakly widely emarginated; base weakly rounded, with sinuation in middle. Anterior angles obtuse, rounded on apex; posterior angles right, distinct on apex. All margins with narrow bead, base more widely beaded. Disc weakly convex. Punctation of disc moderately coarse, not dense; diameter of punctures in middle subequal to distance between punctures, on sides—1.5 × as wide as distance between punctures. Hypomera not flattened on outer margins, with fine long winkles. Elytra elongate (1.7 × as long as wide), widest behind middle, 1.35 × as wide and 2.8 × as long as pronotum, 2 × as wide as head. Elytral base visibly wider than base of pronotum. Strial punctures merged in entire deep furrows. Elytral intervals weakly convex, with fine and sparse punctation and distinct tubercles apically and laterally. Epipleural carinae completely visible dorsally, epipleura reaching sutural angles of elytra, not flattened (but thickened) on apex, narrow inner carinae of epipleura not reaching elytral apex. Lateral margins of elytra not sinuate or weakly sinuate on apex. Ventral side of body without pubescence. Abdominal ventrites 1–4 with regular, moderately dense and not coarse punctation; ventrite 1 without hair brush; ventrite 5 with finer punctation and not deep longitudinal depression, without pubescence, completely beaded on apex. Legs long, slender. Femora smooth and shining on inner side, not pubescent. Inner side of protibiae widened in middle, with 6–7 teeth located in middle; apical half of protibiae widely emarginated on inner side; mesotibiae weakly curved and sharply widened on apex, with some small teeth on inner side; metatibiae straight or weakly curved in basal 1/3, without teeth or granules. Trochanters with single long setae.

Description, female. Body length 12 mm, body width 5 mm. Pronotum more transverse (1.3 × as wide as long), with projected anterior angles. Antennae shorter, their 3 apical antennomeres extending beyond base of pronotum, reaching 1/5 of elytral length. Depression of abdominal ventrite 5 wide and occupying half of surface of the ventrite.

Etymology. The name has been constructed from Latin “cordis” (heart) and “forma” (form) referring to the cordiform pronotum.

Bionomics. The species was found at 1730 m on trunks of Cedrus libani  between 21:30 and 22:30.

Diagnosis. See table 1 and the key.

MNHP

Princeton University

TAU

Tel-Aviv University

ZIN

Russian Academy of Sciences, Zoological Institute, Zoological Museum

ZDEU

Zoology Department, Ege University

HNHM

Hungarian Natural History Museum (Termeszettudomanyi Muzeum)

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Tenebrionidae

Genus

Odocnemis

Loc

Odocnemis punctata Allard, 1876

Nabozhenko, Maxim & Keskin, Bekir 2016
2016
Loc

pseudoclarus

Reitter 1922: 134
1922
Loc

pseudoclarus

Nabozhenko 2008: 244
Gebien 1943: 427
Reitter 1922: 134
1922
Loc

punctatus

Nabozhenko 2008: 245
Gebien 1943: 426
Reitter 1922: 128
Seidlitz 1896: 724
Allard 1877: 51
Allard 1876: 38
1876