Gasteruption visaliae ( Bradley, 1909 )

Macedo, Antonio Carlos Cruz, 2011, A revision of Gasteruption Latreille (Hymenoptera: Gasteruptiidae) in the Neotropical Region 3030, Zootaxa 3030 (1), pp. 1-62: 54-56

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.3030.1.1

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03AF5828-A86B-8F1E-FDEA-AEF9991D5C07

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Gasteruption visaliae ( Bradley, 1909 )
status

 

Gasteruption visaliae ( Bradley, 1909)   ( Figs. 25 View FIGURE 25 , 27h View FIGURE 27 )

Foenus visaliae Bradley, 1909: 40   (description).

Gasteruption visaliae: Kieffer, 1912: 236   (in key), 306 (redescription); Hedicke, 1939: 34 (catalog); Carlson, 1979: 1118 (catalog); Hoebeke, 1980: 24 (holotype).

Rhydinofoenus visaliae: Townes, 1950: 130   (in key), 134–135 (redescription); Townes, 1951: 661 (catalog); Parker and Bohart, 1966: 95 (host record).

Diagnosis. Differs from G. brasiliense   by the occipital carina wide dorsally and laterally ( Fig. 25b View FIGURE 25 ); and the mesosoma mostly black ( Fig. 25d View FIGURE 25 ). Differs from other Neotropical species by the metacoxa with well-defined striae; the propleuron longer than or as long as the pronotum; the mesoscutum punctate rugulose ( Fig. 25c View FIGURE 25 ); the occipital carina wide dorsally and laterally ( Fig. 25b View FIGURE 25 ); the mesepisternum ( Fig. 25d View FIGURE 25 ) and the propodeum areolate; the ovipositor sheath longer than the metasoma, and dark brown, with apex yellow brown ( Fig. 25e View FIGURE 25 ); and the fore wing discal cell present.

Redescription. Female ( Fig. 25e View FIGURE 25 ). Length: 13.3 mm (11.7–15.1 mm) (n=10); ovipositor sheath length 0.86 (0.83–0.91) × body length.

Head. Subtrapezoidal in dorsal view, as long as wide ( Fig. 25a View FIGURE 25 ), punctulate; mandible pre-apical tooth distinct; malar space short, almost separated from gena; posterior ocellus inserted at the level of upper eye margin; occipital carina relatively wide dorsally and laterally ( Fig. 25b View FIGURE 25 ). Head length 1.38 (1.29–1.46) × eye length; eye length 18.32 (14.00–23.00) × malar space; distance from posterior ocellus to occipital margin 1.80 (1.57–2.20) × distance between posterior ocelli; 1 st flagellomere 1.10 (0.91–1.22) × as long as scape, 1.47 (1.25–1.67) × as long as pedicel, 0.58 (0.51–0.64) × as long as 2 nd flagellomere. Color: black.

Mesosoma. Propleuron imbricate, with irregular striae; pronotal process distinct; pronotum ventral lobe imbricate rugulose, dorsal and posterior lobes imbricate, area between lobes crenulate; mesonotum rounded in lateral view ( Fig. 25d View FIGURE 25 ); mesoscutum punctate rugulose ( Fig. 25c View FIGURE 25 ); mesoscutelum rugulose; mesepisternum imbricate dorsally and areolate ventrally; mesepimeron scrobiculate; metapleuron areolate, ventral region with a reduced smooth or rugulose portion; propodeum areolate, longitudinal carina indistinct or present ( Fig. 27h View FIGURE 27 ); metacoxa finely striate. Mesosoma (excluding propleuron) 1.96 (1.82–2.13) × as long as high; propleuron 1.87 (1.55–2.35) × longer than its largest wide, 1.12 (1.04–1.25) × pronotum length; metacoxa 2.83 (2.36–3.25) × as long as wide; metatibia 4.77 (4.17–5.16) × as long as wide, 1.45 (1.38–1.50) × as long as femur, 3.10 (2.97–3.35) × as long as 1 st tarsomere. Fore wing discal cell subtrapezoidal or subtriangular; hind wing with 3 hamuli, not equidistant. Color: black, pronotum posterior lobe usually red brown; fore and middle legs with coxa black, trochanter, femur and tibia red brown, tibia with a yellow longitudinal stripe, tarsus yellow, with apical tarsomeres gradually darker than basal ones; hind leg with coxa, trochanter, femur and tibia dark brown, subbasal portion of tibia yellow, 1 st tarsomere yellow, with base dark brown, 2 nd –3 rd yellow, 4 th –5 th dark brown.

Metasoma. Imbricate, 3.10 (2.85–3.22) × as long as mesosoma; subgenital sternun notched, Y-shaped; ovipositor sheath 1.39 (1.29–1.48) × as long as metasoma. Color: dark brown; ovipositor sheath dark brown, with apex yellow brown.

Male. Similar to female; hind tarsus usually entirely dark brown.

Host. Hylaeus cressoni ( Parker and Bohart 1966)   .

Geographic distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Oregon, Texas) ( Townes 1950); Costa Rica, Mexico (Baja California ( Townes 1950), Jalisco, Nuevo León, Quintana Roo, Sonora, Veracruz), Venezuela.

Material examined. Holotype female ( CUIC no. 2626): USA: California: Los Angeles Co., Claremont, C.F. Baker.  

Other material. COSTA RICA: Alajuela: 6 mi NW Alajuela , 28.XII.1972, B. & C. Dasch, 1♀ ( AEIC)   ; San José , San José, M. Valerio, 1♀ ( USNM)   ; MEXICO: Jalisco: Guadalajara, Crawford, 1♀ ( USNM)   ; Nuevo León: San Pedro Iturbide , 32 km W Linares, 5.X.1962, H. & M. Townes, 1♀, 1♂ ( AEIC)   ; Quintana Roo: X-can, VIII.1963, E. Welling, 2♀ ( CNCI)   ; Sonora: Ciudad Obregon , 17. V.1961, H. Howden & Martin, 1♀, 1♂ ( CNCI)   ; Veracruz: Panuco , 26.II.1971, F. Parker & D. Miller, 1♂ ( USNM)   ; VENEZUELA: Mérida: Tabay, La Mucuy, 1900 m, 18. VI –2.VIII–1989, S. & J. Peck, 1♂ ( AEIC)   ; Tabay , La Mucuy, 1900 m, streamside meadow, 17. VI – 2.VIII–1989, S. & J. Peck, 5♀, 9♂ ( CNCI)   .

Comments. According to Townes (1950) “this seems primarily a Mexican species that occurs also in the adjacent United States and in the far west as far north as Oregon ”.

CUIC

Cornell University Insect Collection

AEIC

American Entomological Institute

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

CNCI

Canadian National Collection Insects

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

VI

Mykotektet, National Veterinary Institute

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Gasteruptiidae

Genus

Gasteruption

Loc

Gasteruption visaliae ( Bradley, 1909 )

Macedo, Antonio Carlos Cruz 2011
2011
Loc

Rhydinofoenus visaliae:

Parker, F. D. & Bohart, R. M. 1966: 95
Townes, H. K. 1951: 661
Townes, H. K. 1950: 130
1950
Loc

Gasteruption visaliae: Kieffer, 1912: 236

Hoebeke, E. R. 1980: 24
Carlson, R. W. 1979: 1118
Hedicke, H. 1939: 34
Kieffer, J. J. 1912: 236
1912
Loc

Foenus visaliae

Bradley, J. C. 1909: 40
1909