Gasteruption kaweahense ( Bradley, 1909 )

Macedo, Antonio Carlos Cruz, 2011, A revision of Gasteruption Latreille (Hymenoptera: Gasteruptiidae) in the Neotropical Region 3030, Zootaxa 3030 (1), pp. 1-62: 35-37

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.3030.1.1

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03AF5828-A87C-8F0D-FDC7-ACDA9E4D5B2A

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Gasteruption kaweahense ( Bradley, 1909 )
status

 

Gasteruption kaweahense ( Bradley, 1909)   ( Figs. 14 View FIGURE 14 , 27e View FIGURE 27 )

Rhydinofoenus kaweahensis Bradley, 1909: 39   (in key, description); Townes, 1950: 129 (in key), 145 (redescription); Townes,

1951: 661 (catalog); Daly et al., 1967: 1275 (host record); Parker and Bohart, 1968: 6 (host record). Pseudofoenus kaweahensis: Kieffer, 1912: 205   (in key), 212–213 (redescription); Hedicke, 1939: 45 (catalog). Gasteruption kaweahense: Carlson, 1979: 1117   (catalog); Pereyra and Villanueva, 1987: 207 (on Parthenium hysterophorus  

Linnaeus flowers). Gasteruption kaweahensis: Hoebeke, 1980: 25   (holotype); Macedo, 2009: 7 (cladistic analysis). Pseudofoenus angustatus Kieffer, 1911b: 183   (in key), 184–185 (description); Kieffer, 1912: 205 (in key), 206–207 (redescription); Hedicke, 1939: 45 (catalog). New synonymy Gasteruption angustatum: Crosskey, 1962: 385   (fig. 28).

Diagnosis. Differs from other Neotropical species by the combination of the following characters: ovipositor sheath shorter than metasoma ( Fig. 14e View FIGURE 14 ); occipital carina narrow dorsally and very wide laterally ( Fig. 14b View FIGURE 14 ); and fore wing discal cell absent.

Redescription. Female ( Fig. 14e View FIGURE 14 ). Length: 11.9 mm (10.3–13.3 mm) (n=25); ovipositor sheath length 0.53 (0.46–0.60) × body length.

Head. Subtrapezoidal in dorsal view, longer than wide ( Fig. 14a View FIGURE 14 ), punctulate; mandible pre-apical tooth very short; malar space short, almost separated from gena; posterior ocellus inserted behind or at the level of upper eye margin; occipital carina relatively narrow dorsally and very wide laterally ( Fig. 14b View FIGURE 14 ). Head length 1.42 (1.32–1.53) × eye length; eye length 13.78 (10.00–19.00) × malar space; distance from posterior ocellus to occipital margin 1.81 (1.50–2.11) × distance between posterior ocelli; 1 st flagellomere 1.33 (1.18–1.44) × as long as scape, 1.44 (1.18–1.63) × as long as pedicel, 0.82 (0.48–1.18) × as long as 2 nd flagellomere. Color: black, clypeus with anterior portion lighter than remaining, antenna red brown to dark brown (apical flagellomeres usually lighter).

Mesosoma. Propleuron imbricate (with irregular striae in some specimens); pronotal process distinct; pronotum imbricate to rugulose, area between lobes crenulate; mesonotum rounded in lateral view ( Fig. 14d View FIGURE 14 ); mesoscutum with fine irregular striae and sparse punctation ( Fig. 14c View FIGURE 14 ); mesoscutelum rugulose; mesepisternum imbricate dorsally and areolate (or rugulose) ventrally; mesepimeron scrobiculate; metapleuron areolate, ventral region with a reduced smooth (or rugulose) portion; propodeum areolate, longitudinal carina distinct ( Fig. 27e View FIGURE 27 ); metacoxa finely striate. Mesosoma (excluding propleuron) 1.96 (1.70–2.32) × as long as high; propleuron 2.30 (1.77–2.89) × longer than its largest wide, 1.41 (1.28–1.56) × pronotum length; metacoxa 3.10 (2.53–3.44) × as long as wide; metatibia 4.65 (4.04–5.29) × as long as wide, 1.43 (1.28–1.53) × as long as femur, 2.85 (2.51–3.41) × as long as 1 st tarsomere. Fore wing discal cell absent; hind wing with 3 hamuli (rarely 2 or 4), equidistant or not. Color: propleuron and mesonotum black; pronotum red brown; mesopleuron and metapleuron red brown (with some black areas in several specimens); propodeum red brown to black; fore and middle legs with coxa, trochanter, femur and tibia red brown to dark brown, tibia with a yellow longitudinal stripe, tarsus yellow, with apical tarsomeres gradually darker than basal ones; hind leg with coxa, trochanter, femur and tibia red brown (to dark brown), subbasal portion of tibia yellow, tarsus red brown to dark brown.

Metasoma. Imbricate, 3.29 (3.00–3.55) × as long as mesosoma; subgenital sternun notched, Y-shaped; ovipositor sheath 0.85 (0.74–0.95) × as long as metasoma. Color: red brown to dark brown; ovipositor sheath dark brown, with apex yellow brown.

Male. Similar to female.

Host. Ceratina pacifica Smith   ( Daly et al. 1967; Parker and Bohart 1968).

Geographic distribution: USA (California, Lousiana, Texas) ( Townes 1950), Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico (Nuevo Leon (Pereyra and Villanueva 1987), Chiapas, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora, Veracruz), Venezuela.

Material examined. Rhydinofoenus kaweahensis   , holotype female ( CUIC no. 2628): USA: California: Tulare County, Kaweah River, Culbertson   .

Pseudofoenus angustatus   , one male, not determined as a syntype, but the locality in label is the same of type locality ( BMNH): MEXICO: Veracruz: Atoyac   .

Other material. COLOMBIA: Cundinamarca: Silvania , 16. I.1983, A   . Acosta , 1♂ ( UNCB)   ; Guajira: Nazareth , 1976, J   . Bird , 1♂ ( AMNH)   ; COSTA RICA: Alajuela: Alajuela, Malaise , 8–28.II.1970, O   . Peck, 2♀, 1♂

( CNCI); Cartago : 6 mi SE Cartago, 6000 ft, 21.XII.1972, B   . & C   . Dasch, 1♀ ( AEIC); Orosí , 22. V   .1987, H   . & M   . Townes, 1♂ ( AEIC); Guanacaste: Estacion Exper. Enrique Jimenez Nuñes, 20 km SW Cañas, Malaise , 5– 17.XI.1991, A   . S   . Menke, 1♂ ( USNM); Heredia: Santo Domingo, Santa Rosa , 1100 m, 10. I   –30.III.2001, R   . Zúniga, 1♀ ( INBC); Puntarenas : P   . N   . Corcovado, Send. la Sirena , 100 m, 1–30.X.2000, J   . Azofeifa, 1♂ ( INBC); San José: San Antonio de Escazú , 1300 m, 5. VI   .1989, P   . Hanson, 1♀, 1♂ ( MUCR); San José , 4.VII.1963, L   . J   . Bottiner, 1♀ ( CNCI); Escazú , 20.V.1987, 21.V.1987, 23.V.1987, H   . & M   . Townes, 3♂ ( AEIC); Escazú , 10. I   .1988, W   . T   . Wcislo, 1♂ ( AEIC); GUATEMALA: Chimaltenango: Yepocapa, V   .1948, H. T   . Dalmat, 1♂ ( USNM); Escuintla: 1 mi N   . Palín, 1.XII.1972, 3.XII.1972, 7.XII.1972, 8.XII.1972, 10.XII.1972, B   . & C   . Dasch, 2♀, 4♂ ( AEIC); Guatemala: 3 mi S Amatitlán , 26.XI.1972, B   . & C   . Dasch, 1♀, 2♂ ( AEIC); Sacatepéquez: Finca Los Torrales , 91 o 08'W 14 o 31'N, 760 m, 20.III.1980, C GoogleMaps   . & J GoogleMaps   . Porter, 1♀ ( AEIC); MEXICO: unspecified locality, 1867, O   . Sichl., 3♀ ( MNHN); Chiapas: 20 mi N Bachil, Yerba Buena , 5700 ft, Malaise, 8. VI   .1969, H   . J   . Teskey, 1♂ ( CNCI); 10 mi N Bochil , 14. VI   .1969, H   . J   . Teskey, 2♂ ( CNCI); Quintana Roo: Felipe Carrilo Puerto , 11–13.X.1986, R   . J   . McGinley, 1♂ ( USNM); San Luis Potosí: El Naranjo, Oak Forest , 8.X.1962, H   . & M   . Townes, 1♂ ( AEIC); Sinaloa: Mazatian , 6.VIII.1964, W   . R   . M. Mason, 1♀ ( CNCI); El Mezquital, 16–VII–1984, C   . Alvarez P   ., 1♀ ( USNM); Sonora: Ciudad Obregon, 13–17. V   .1961, H   . Howden & Martin, 1♂ ( CNCI); Veracruz: San Rafael, Jicoltepec, Ashmead, 1♀, 1♂ ( USNM); Orizaba , 4079 ft, 24–28.VI.1972, 13.II.1973, 14.II.1973, B   . & C   . Dasch, 5♂ ( AEIC); 4.6 mi W   . Banderilla, 6000 ft, Banderilla, 23.VI.1972, 24.VI.1972, B   . & C   . Dasch, 4♀, 2♂ ( AEIC); VENEZU- ELA: Aragua: Can. Tiara , 1200 m, 30.VII.1952, F   . Fernandez, 1♂ ( MIZA); Villa de Cura, Est. Exp. Cataurito , 19.II.1981, J   . L   . García, 1♂ ( MIZA); Villa de Cura, Est. Exp. Cataurito, 9.IV.1981, 1♀ ( MIZA); Cojedes : El Pao. Higuerotal, 9 o 49'27"N 68 o 2'50"W, 376 m, 10–17. V GoogleMaps   .1995, A GoogleMaps   . Alemán, 2♂ ( MIZA); Mérida: Tabay , La Mucuy, 1900 m, streamside meadow, 17. VI   –2.VIII–1989, S   . & J   . Peck, 1♀, 1♂ ( CNCI); Miranda: El Lucero, Guatopo , Malaise, 28. VI   .1975, R   . E   . Dietz, 1♀, 1♂ ( MIZA); Trujillo: Sabana Grande , 3. VI   .1976, A   . S   . Menke & D. Vincent, 1♂ ( USNM); Zulia : 6 km N La Concepcion, 18. VI   .1976, A   . S   . Menke & D. Vincent, 1♀ ( USNM); El Tucuco, 26.IV.1981, H   . K   . Townes, 1♀, 1♂ ( AEIC); El Tucuco, 45 km SW Machiques , 5–6. VI   .1976, A   . S   . Menke & D. Vincent, 2♂ ( USNM); El Tucuco, 45 km SW Machiques , 14.IV.1981, A   . S   . Menke & L   . Hollenberg, 3♀ ( USNM); Los Angeles del Tutuco , 15–16.IV.1981, A   . S   . Menke & L   . Hollenberg, 1♀ ( USNM)   .

CUIC

Cornell University Insect Collection

I

"Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University

A

Harvard University - Arnold Arboretum

J

University of the Witwatersrand

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

O

Botanical Museum - University of Oslo

CNCI

Canadian National Collection Insects

B

Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum Berlin-Dahlem, Zentraleinrichtung der Freien Universitaet

C

University of Copenhagen

AEIC

American Entomological Institute

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

H

University of Helsinki

M

Botanische Staatssammlung München

S

Department of Botany, Swedish Museum of Natural History

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

INBC

Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio)

P

Museum National d' Histoire Naturelle, Paris (MNHN) - Vascular Plants

N

Nanjing University

VI

Mykotektet, National Veterinary Institute

MUCR

Museo de Insectos

L

Nationaal Herbarium Nederland, Leiden University branch

W

Naturhistorisches Museum Wien

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

F

Field Museum of Natural History, Botany Department

MIZA

Museo del Instituto de Zoologia Agricola Francisco Fernandez Yepez

E

Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh

K

Royal Botanic Gardens

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Gasteruptiidae

Genus

Gasteruption

Loc

Gasteruption kaweahense ( Bradley, 1909 )

Macedo, Antonio Carlos Cruz 2011
2011
Loc

Rhydinofoenus kaweahensis

Townes, H. K. 1950: 129
Bradley, J. C. 1909: 39
1909