Paramyia lustrum, Levesque-Beaudin & Mlynarek, 2020

Levesque-Beaudin, Valerie & Mlynarek, Julia J., 2020, Revision of Nearctic Paramyia Williston (Diptera: Milichiidae), Zootaxa 4732 (1), pp. 1-56: 20-24

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4732.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:C4C108E8-71C8-4CAC-BB2B-908309BC6F3E

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3664786

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B187B7-FFAC-FFEC-FF3A-FA0DC7BBA5A0

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Paramyia lustrum
status

new species

Paramyia lustrum   , new species

( Fig. 9–10 View FIGURE 9 View FIGURE 10 ; 28 View FIGURE 28 )

Description. ( Fig. 9 View FIGURE 9 ) Total length ♂ 1.4–1.7 mm, ♀ 1.6–2.3 mm. Overall colour brown to dark brown, frontal tri- angle dark brown, shiny, reaching lunule; frons 1.0–1.13 times longer than wide and 1.9–2.0 times wider than flagellum; width at widest point 2.0–2.1 times the bottom eye width; gena brown with prunescence, 0.12–0.16 times eye height; postgena dark brown, with light prunescence and 0.24–0.28 width of head; scape and pedicel dark brown, first flagellomere subquadrate, same length than width, dark brown with pale pubescence, arista dark brown and 2.0–2.2 times width of first flagellomere; medium facial carina, easily visible laterally; palpus dark brown with 4–5 enlarge setae apically and 1 ventral seta pre-apical, labium brown to dark brown 0.35–40 mm and labella brown 0.45–0.48 mm long.

Scutum shiny brown to dark brown; scutellum dark brown, microsetose; fore femur brown with apical anterodorsal part with a strong circle shape patch yellowish to light brown; fore tibia brown on dorsal and posterior side with base and apex yellowish and anterior side light brown to yellowish; femur and tibia on mid and hind leg brown; all junction of femur and tibia (“knee”) yellowish; all tarsi yellowish; hind basitarsus shorter than length of tarsi 2–4 combined; haltere uniformly brown; wing 1.42–1.50 mm long; abdomen shiny dark brown with first tergite often slightly paler.

Male postabdomen ( Fig. 10 View FIGURE 10 ). Epandrium in lateral view 1.06 times higher than wide, in posterior view 2.3 times wider than high (before cerci), small setae densely covering posterior portion of epandrium mixed with a low density of large setae; surstylus 1.2 times as high as epandrium, paddle shape with a large circular structure situated basally with lots of short markings within and a distinct dent on the anterior side of the apical portion, setae medium length, covering anterior side and distal half of surstylus; cerci small and slightly blunt apically, 0.6 times length of surstylus in posterior view, with a pair of very long preapical setae and other shorter setae, less than 1/3 its length, apically swollen in lateral view.

Molecular barcode sequence can be accessed through GenBank Accession: KR391632 View Materials and BOLD BIN: BOLD: AAG0176 (average p-distance within BIN: 0.09%). Distribution ( Fig. 28 View FIGURE 28 ). Widespread throughout North America Type material. Holotype ♂. CANADA: Quebec: St-Charles Bog , 22.vi.2006, A.G. Taillefer, sweep, (formerly in LEMQ, now deposited in CNC) [LEM-0043800].  

Paratypes. CANADA: Nova Scotia: Kejimkujik, Grafton Lake, 44.383°N, 65.2023°W, 103m, 1♀, 03.viii.2009, BIObus 2009 (BIOUG); Ontario: Frontenac Co., Skycroft Campground, 5km W Chaffeys Locks, 44.55°N, 76.3667°W, 2♂, 14–19.vii.1987, B. Hubley, Malaise trap (ROM), Guelph, U of G Arboretum, 43.54°N, 80.21°W, 1♂, 22–29.vi.2008, B.V. Brown, unbaited pitfalls (DEBU), Hilton Township, Tendy Bay, 46.09°N, 83.92°W, 1♂, 27.viii.1994, J.E. Swann, Malaise trap (ROM), Mer Bleu, 5 mi. E. Ottawa, 45.39°N, 75.51°W, 1♂, 6.viii.1966, D.D. Munroe, Malaise trap (CNC), 1♂, 11.vii.1966, D.D. Munroe, Malaise trap (CNC), 1♂, 25.vi.1964 (CNC), 1♂, 29.vii.1966, D.D. Munroe, Malaise trap (CNC), 2♂, 17.vii.1966, D.D. Munroe, Malaise trap (CNC), 1♂, 25.vii.1966, D.D. Munroe, Malaise trap (CNC), Oliver bog, 3km S. Galt, 43.34°N, 80.3°W, 1♂, 27.vi–4.vii.2006, D. Blades (DEBU), 1♂, 3–10.vii.2006, D. Blades (DEBU), Ottawa, 45.43°N, 75.68°W, 1♂, 30.viii.1993, J.R. Vockeroth (CNC), 1♂, 8.viii.1993, J.R. Vockeroth (CNC); Quebec: Johnville Bog and Forest Park, 45.345°N, 71.7417°W, 2♂, 15–22.vii.2005, J. Savage, J. Kuchta, Malaise trap (LEMQ), Reserve ecologique des Tourbieres de Lanoraie, 45.9967°N, 73.3°W, 3♂, 10–17.vii.2006, A. Moores, Malaise trap (LEMQ), St-Charles Bog, 46.7478°N, 70.995°W, 2♂, 14.vi.2006, A.G. Taillefer, sweep (LEMQ), 2♂, 22.vi.2006, A.G. Taillefer, sweep (LEMQ), Ste-Barbe, Large Teafield, 45.125°N, 74.225°W, 2♂, 17–24.vii.2006, A. Moores, Malaise trap (LEMQ). UNITED STATES: Florida: Alachua Co., Chantilly Acres, 29.71°N, 82.42°W, 1♂, 25.iv.1970, W.W. Wirth, Malaise trap (USNM), Gaines- ville, 29.65°N, 82.32°W, 1♂, 21–30.vi.2006, W. Mason, Malaise trap (DEBU), Highlands Co., Archbold Biol. Sta, 27.18°N, 81.35°W, 1♂, 13–20.vii.2012, S.M. Paiero, Malaise trap (DEBU), Ocean Pond, Olustee, 30.21°N, 82.45°W, 1♂, 29.vi.1953, M.R. Wheeler (AMNH), Orange Co., Rock Springs, 28.76°N, 81.5°W, 1♂, 21.iv.1970, W.W. Wirth (USNM), Sebring, Highlands Hamm State Park, 27.47°N, 81.53°W, 2♂, 15.iv.1970, W.W. Wirth, Mal- aise trap (USNM); Illinois: Macomb, 40.46°N, 90.68°W, 1♂, 29.v.1962, W.W. Wirth (USNM); Indiana: La Fayette, 40.42°N, 86.87°W, 1♂, 4.ix.1916, J.M. Aldrich (USNM); Maryland: Montgomery Co., Bethesda, 38.99°N, 77.1°W, 1♂, 20.vii.1968, G. Steyskal (USNM); Michigan: Hunt Cr. Exp. Sta. nr. Lewiston, 44.88°N, 84.31°W, 1♂, 20.vii.1942, C.W. Sabrosky (USNM); North Carolina: Bladen Co., Singletary Lake State Park, 34.5833°N, 78.4583°W, 1♂, 19–21.vi.2006, Marshall, Paiero, pan trap (DEBU), Highlands, 35.05°N, 83.2°W, 1158m, 1♂, 29.vi.1957, J.R. Vockeroth (CNC); Tennessee: Cades Cave, GSMNP, 35.59°N, 83.84°W, 1♂, 1.vii–31.viii.1953, J.M. Carpenter (AMNH); Texas: Woodville, 30.76°N, 94.43°W, 1♂, 1–30.ix.1954, M.R. Wheeler (AMNH); Vermont: East Franklin, Lake Carmi State Park, 44.9533°N, 72.8817°W, 1♂, 11–18.vii.2006, A. Moores, Malaise trap (LEMQ); Virginia: Cape Henry, 36.93°N, 76.02°W, 2♂, 28.vi.1939, A.L. Melander (USNM).

Other material examined. CANADA: British Columbia: Lakelse L. bog nr. Terrace, 54.37°N, 128.53°W, 1♂, 14.vi.1960, C.H. Mann (CNC), Skagit Val., 8 mi. W Hope, 49.38°N, 121.44°W, 1♂, 8–15.vii.2001, intercept trap (DEBU); Ontario: Mer Bleu, 5 mi. E. Ottawa, 45.39°N, 75.51°W, 1♂, 6.viii.1966, D.D. Munroe, Malaise trap (CNC), 2♂, 19.vii.1966, D.D. Munroe, Malaise trap (CNC), 1♂, 25.vii.1966, D.D. Munroe, Malaise trap (CNC), 17♂, 17.vii.1966, D.D. Munroe, Malaise trap (CNC), 1♂, 15.vii.1966, D.D. Munroe, Malaise trap (CNC), 8♂, 29.vii.1966, D.D. Munroe, Malaise trap (CNC), 3♂, 25.vi.1964, D.D. Munroe, Malaise trap (CNC), 3♂, 25.vi.1964 (CNC), 2♂, 18.viii.1966, D.D. Munroe, Malaise trap (CNC), Mer Bleu, Ottawa, 45.39°N, 75.51°W, 1♂, 26.v.1904, W. Metcalfe (CNC), Mer Bleue, Ottawa, 45.39°N, 75.51°W, 7♂, 25.vii.1963, J.G. Chillcott (CNC), Ottawa, 45.43°N, 75.68°W, 1♂, 31.vii.1989, J.R. Vockeroth (CNC); Quebec: Gatineau Co., Masham Twp., 45.64°N, 76.01°W, 1♂, 6–8.vii.1974, D.M. Wood (CNC), Johnville Bog and Forest Park, 45.345°N, 71.7417°W, 11♂, 1♀, 15–22.vii.2005, J. Savage, J. Kuchta, Malaise trap (LEMQ), 1♂, 28.vii–1.viii.2005, J. Savage, J. Kuchta, Malaise trap (LEMQ), 1♀, 6.vi–1.vii.1992, J. Savage, J. Kuchta, Malaise trap (LEMQ), 1♂, 9–13.vi.2006, J. Savage, J. Kuchta, Malaise trap (LEMQ), 1♂, 26.viii–2.ix.2013, J. Savage, J. Kuchta, Malaise trap (LEMQ), 1♂, 29.vi–3.vii.1986, J. Savage, J. Kuchta, Malaise trap (LEMQ), 6♂, 1♀, 22–26.vii.2005, J. Savage, J. Kuchta, Malaise trap (LEMQ), 1♂, 22– 30.vii.2013, J. Savage, J. Kuchta, Malaise trap (LEMQ), 1♂, 13.v–21.vii.1983, J. Savage, J. Kuchta, Malaise trap (LEMQ), Ogden, Marlington Bog, 45.04°N, 72.1733°W, 1♂, 27.vi–4.vii.2006, A. Moores, pan trap (LEMQ), Old Chelsea, Summit King Mt., 45.49°N, 75.86°W, 351m, 1♂, 25.vi.1962, J.R. Vockeroth (CNC), Reserve ecologique des Tourbieres de Lanoraie, 45.9967°N, 73.3°W, 1♀, 26–28.vii.2005, A. Moores, Malaise trap (LEMQ), 1♂, 10– 17.vii.2006, A. Moores, pan trap (LEMQ), 41♂, 10–17.vii.2006, A. Moores, Malaise trap (LEMQ), St-Charles Bog, 46.7478°N, 70.995°W, 35♂, 2♀, 22.vi.2006, A.G. Taillefer, sweep (LEMQ), 4♂, 14.vi.2006, A.G. Taillefer, sweep (LEMQ), Ste-Barbe, Large Teafield, 45.125°N, 74.225°W, 30♂, 17–24.vii.2006, A. Moores, Malaise trap (LEMQ), 2♂, 18–25.vi.2014, A. Moores, Malaise trap (LEMQ), 1♂, 3–7.viii.1936, A. Moores, Malaise trap (LEMQ), 6♂, 2♀, 3–10.vii.2006, A. Moores, Malaise trap (LEMQ). UNITED STATES: Arizona: 10 mi. NW Flagstaff, San Francisco Mts, 35.34°N, 111.68°W, 2896m, 1♂, 18–21.vii.1983, S. Peck, J. Peck, Malaise trap (DEBU); Arkansas: Lo- gan Co., Ozark National Forest, Magazine Mountain, 35.17°N, 93.64°W, 1♂, 23.vi–31.viii.1995, J.E. Swann, flight interception trap (ROM); District of Columbia: Washington, Rock Creek Park, 38.94°N, 77.05°W, 1♂, 4.viii.1956, P.H. Arnaud, Jr. (USNM); Florida: Archbold Biol. Sta., 27.18°N, 81.35°W, 1♂, 28.iv.1967, B.V. Peterson (CNC), 1♂, 29.iv.1967, B.V. Peterson (CNC), Sebring, Highlands Hamm State Park, 27.47°N, 81.53°W, 4♂, 15.iv.1970, W.W. Wirth, Malaise trap (USNM); Georgia: Forsyth, 33.03°N, 83.94°W, 2♂, 2.vi.1970 (CNC), Warwoman Creek, 34.89°N, 83.29°W, 1♂, 4.viii.1957, W.R.Richards (CNC), Waycross, 31.2°N, 82.4°W, 1♂, 30.vi.1953, M.R.Wheeler (AMNH); Illinois: Carlinville, 39.27°N, 89.86°W, 1♂, 1–31.vii.1956, M.R. Wheeler (AMNH), Macomb, 40.46°N, 90.68°W, 1♂, 29.v.1962, W.W. Wirth (USNM); Indiana: La Fayette, 40.42°N, 86.87°W, 1♂, 8.vii.1916, J.M. Al- drich (USNM), 1♂, 24.viii.1916, J.M. Aldrich (USNM); Maryland: Colesville, 39.08°N, 77°W, 1♂, 14.vi.1975, W.W. Wirth, Malaise trap (USNM), Montgomery Co., Bethesda, 38.99°N, 77.1°W, 1♂, 20.vii.1968, G. Steyskal (USNM), 1♂, 24.viii.1970, G. Steyskal (USNM), Montgomery Co., Colesville, 39.08°N, 77°W, 1♂, 13.viii.1977, W.W. Wirth, Malaise trap (USNM), Prince Georges Co., Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, 39.03°N, 76.8°W, 1♂, 8.vii.1978, W.W. Wirth (USNM); Michigan: Gd. Traverse Co., 44.76°N, 85.62°W, 1♂, 19.vii.1953, G. Steyskal (USNM); New Hampshire: Strafford Co., Spruce Hole, 3 mi. SW Durham, 43.14°N, 70.92°W, 1♂, 3–7.vi.1974, D.S. Chandler, flight interception trap (DEBU); New York: Lake Placid, 44.28°N, 73.98°W, 1♂, 19.vii.1962, J.G. Chillcott (CNC), 1♂, 28.vii.1929,A.L. Melander (USNM); North Carolina: Bladen Co., Singletary Lake State Park, 34.5833°N, 78.4583°W, 1♂, 19.vii–5.viii.1986, Marshall, Paiero, pan trap (DEBU), Macon Co., Highlands Lake Ravenel, 35.06°N, 83.19°W, 1♂, 14.vi.1986, W.W. Wirth, Malaise trap (USNM), Macon Co., Highlands Wightman Cottage, 35.05°N, 83.19°W, 2♂, 10.vii.1987, W.W. Wirth, UV light trap (USNM); Texas: San Jacinto Co., 6km S Coldspring, Double Lake Camp, 30.55°N, 95.13°W, 2♂, 22.v–8.vii.1983, S. Peck, J. Peck, flight interception trap (DEBU), San Jacinto Co., Coldspring, Double Lake Camp, 30.55°N, 95.13°W, 2♂, 22–26.vi.1974, S. Peck, J. Peck, flight interception trap (DEBU), Woodville, 30.76°N, 94.43°W, 1♂, 1–30.ix.1954, M.R. Wheeler (AMNH); Vermont: East Franklin, Lake Carmi State Park, 44.9533°N, 72.8817°W, 6♂, 2♀, 11–18.vii.2006, A. Moores, Malaise trap (LEMQ); Virginia: Cape Henry, 36.93°N, 76.02°W, 6♂, 28.vi.1939, A.L. Melander (USNM), Chain Bridge, 38.93°N, 77.11°W, 1♂, 20.viii.1922, J.R. Malloch (USNM), Falls Church, Holmes Run, 38.85°N, 77.19°W, 1♂, 2.vi.1962, W.W. Wirth, light trap (USNM), 1♂, 6.viii.1961, W.W. Wirth, light trap (USNM), 1♂, 23.viii.1961, W.W. Wirth, light trap (USNM), 1♂, 17.ix.1961, W.W. Wirth, light trap (USNM), Suitland bog, 38.84°N, 76.9°W, 4♂, 14.vi.1951, W.W. Wirth (USNM); West Virginia: Franklin, 38.64°N, 79.33°W, 1♂, 26.vi.1951, W.W. Wirth (USNM).

Etymology. The species name lustrum   , a Latin noun, refers to bogs from which most of the species have been collected.

Remarks. The male genitalia are similar to those of Paramyia silvestris   . Paramyia lustrum   has a lot more marking within the overall surface of circular structure ( Fig. 10D View FIGURE 10 ). The surstylus is often twisting and not flat in appearance; take care to adjust the position to see the anterior edge properly. Genitalia often tucked within the abdomen, making it harder to see all characters.

Females of Paramyia anguliloba   , P.lustrum   , P. nitens   , P. rectiloba   , P. silvestris   , P. wheeleri   can only be reliably identified through sequencing.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Milichiidae

Genus

Paramyia