Gonatocerus morrilli ( Howard, 1908 ), Howard, 1908

Triapitsyn, Serguei V., 2006, A key to the Mymaridae (Hymenoptera) egg parasitoids of proconiine sharpshooters (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) in the Nearctic region, with description of two new species of Gonatocerus, Zootaxa 1203, pp. 1-38: 12-15

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.172335

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3A92F5B0-E879-4D09-BBD9-2F7B9B1D6E53

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B187FB-4C43-A96F-B553-F91CC582FE29

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Gonatocerus morrilli ( Howard, 1908 )
status

 

Gonatocerus morrilli ( Howard, 1908)  

( Figs 8 View FIGURES 5 – 8 , 9 View FIGURES 9 – 13 )

Cosmocomoidea morrilli Howard 1908: 69   .

Gonatocerus morrilli (Howard)   : Huber 1988: 51 –53 (subsequent references, redescription, diagnosis, distribution, host associations); Triapitsyn et al. 1998: 241–243; Triapitsyn, Bezark and Morgan 2002: 39 –40 (distribution in Mexico, host associations); de León 2004 b: 318 –320 (molecular distinction between geographic populations); de León 2004 c: 322 –324 (molecular distinction between geographic populations); de León et al. 2005: 302–305 (molecular distinction between cryptic species); Hoddle and Stouthamer, 2005: 338 –340 (molecular and morphological distinction between similar species).

Type locality

Orlando, Orange Co., Florida, USA.

Material examined

MEXICO. BAJA CALIFORNIA SUR, Las Barracas, ca. 30 km E of Santiago, 27 ° 28 ’ 20 ’’N, 109 ° 27 ’ 10 ’’W: 30.iv – 14.v. 1985, P. DeBach [3 females, UCRC]; 11–26.iv. 1986, P. DeBach [2 females, UCRC]. MORELOS, Tlayacapan, 29.x. 1982, J.T. Huber [1 female, UCRC]. NUEVO LEÓN: Municipio Allende, Raíces, Río Ramos, 9.vii. 1983, A. González­Hernández, G. Gordh [5 females, UCRC]. Municipio El Carmen: El Carmen, 10.vii. 1983, A. González­Hernández [6 females, 1 male, UCRC]; Hacienda Barnabe Villarreal, 10.viii. 1983, M.A. Rodríguez­Pérez [1 male, UCRC]. SINALOA, 12 mi. N of Mazatlán, 24.x. 1982, J.T. Huber [1 female, UCRC]. TAMAULIPAS: Gómez Farías, 23 °02’ 56 ’’N, 99 °09’ 24 ’’W, 13–15.iii. 2003, S.V. Triapitsyn, E.Ya. Shouvakhina, S.N. Myartseva (ex.? Homalodisca   sp. or? Oncometopia   sp. on orange leaves) [1 female, 2 males, UCRC]. Llera de Canales, 23 ° 19.023 ’N, 99 °01.510’’W: 7.iii. 2005 (emerged 22.iii. 2005 in UCR quarantine), L. Pilkington (ex. Oncometopia   sp. eggs on orange leaf) [1 female, UCRC]; 26.iii. 2005 (emerged 29–30.iii. 2005 in UCR quarantine), S.N. Myartseva, S.V. Triapitsyn (ex. Oncometopia   sp. eggs on hibiscus leaf) [1 female, UCRC]. Municipio Hidalgo, near Ejido Benito Juárez, 24 °01’ 20 ’’N, 99 ° 16 ’08’’W, Hotel Hacienda Santa Engracia, 12–14.iii. 2003, S.V. Triapitsyn, E.Ya. Shouvakhina, S.N. Myartseva (ex.? Homalodisca   sp. or? Oncometopia   sp. on citrus leaf) [1 female, UCRC]. Ca. 5 km N of Valle Hermoso, 10.iii. 2000, S.V. Triapitsyn (on hibiscus) [1 female, UCRC]. VERACRUZ, 85 km S of Veracruz, 31.vii. 1984, G. Gordh [1 female, UCRC]. USA. ARIZONA, Cochise Co., Texas Canyon Rd., 32 °02’ 20 ’’N, 110 °05’ 40 ’’W, 11.xii. 2001, A. Owen [1 female, UCRC]. CALIFORNIA, Riverside Co., Menifee Valley, 33 ° 39 ’N, 117 ° 13 ’W, 1800 ’ el.: 8–13.viii. 1981, J.D. Pinto [1 female, UCRC]; 18–28.viii. 1981, J.D. Pinto [2 females, UCRC]. FLORIDA: Gadsden Co., Quincy, 29.vi. 2005, C. Tipping (from lab. colony on Oncometopia nigricans (Walker)   eggs on bean leaves, emerged in UCR quarantine 8.vii. 2005) [5 females, 33 males, UCRC]; Jefferson Co., Monticello: 2.vii. 1997, S.V. Triapitsyn (on grapevine) [1 female, UCRC]; 24–25.vii. 2000, V.V. Berezovskiy, S.V. Triapitsyn [2 females, UCRC]; 25.vii. 2000, S.V. Triapitsyn (emerged in UCR quarantine 2–4.viii. 2000 from an egg mass of H. coagulata   ; adult glassy­winged sharpshooters sleeved on crape myrtle 18.vii. 2000 by R. López, then sleeve removed and host eggs exposed 21.vii. 2000) [2 females, UCRC]. Location not indicated, 31.viii. 1952, S. Flanders [1 female, UCRC]. LOUISIANA, Orleans Parish, New Orleans, Michoud, 4.vii. 1934, H.L. Dozier [2 females, 1 male, USNM]. NORTH CAROLINA, Carteret Co., Morehead City, 20–27.viii. 2000, M. Wuenschel [1 female, UCRC]. TEXAS. Hidalgo Co: Elsa, 14.iv. 2000, W.C. Warfield (emerged 24.iv. 2000 in UCR quarantine ex. H. coagulata   eggs in Sophora   sp. leaves) [4 females, 1 male, UCRC]. Weslaco: 12.iii. 2001, W.C. Warfield (emerged 14.iii. 2001 in UCR quarantine ex. H. coagulata   eggs in Sophora secundiflora   leaves) [2 females, UCRC]; 21.iii. 2005, J.H. de León et al. (from lab. colony on H. coagulata   eggs) [3 females, 2 males, UCRC].

Diagnosis

Very similar to G. walkerjonesi   sp. n. described below. It differs by the parallel submedial carinae on the propodeum, with a narrower gap between them ( Fig. 8 View FIGURES 5 – 8 ). The petiole is generally relatively longer in G. morrilli   (usually at least 1.5 x as long as wide) than in G. walkerjonesi   (usually about as long as wide). Males have a relatively shorter apodeme of the genital sternite, which is almost as long as the aedeagal apodemes ( Fig. 9 View FIGURES 9 – 13 ). This species belongs to a complex of similarly looking species within the morrilli   subgroup of Gonatocerus   , all of which have a mostly yellow­orange body and F 5 and F 6 of the female antenna white (F 5 sometimes at least partially) (S. Triapitsyn in Hoddle and Stouthamer 2005). Using molecular methods, de León (2004 b, 2004 c) and de León et al. (2004, 2005) showed that the California (Orange and San Diego Counties) population of G. sp. near morrilli   (i.e., G. walkerjonesi   described in this communication) is significantly different genetically from the populations of G. morrilli   from southern Texas and Florida. Specimens of G. morrilli   from the Texas population are genetically identical to the specimens from Florida (de León et al. 2004), from where this species was originally described. They are also identical morphologically.

Distribution

Mexico and USA (Arizona [new record], California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, North Carolina [new record], Texas). Populations from Texas and Tamaulipas ( Mexico) were supposedly introduced into California (Morgan et al. 2002; Triapitsyn, Bezark and Morgan 2002; Pilkington et al. 2005) although a later report (de León and Morgan 2005) indicated that it was the California native “California near morrilli   species”) (i.e., G. walkerjonesi   sp. n. described below) that actually had been released in California due to contamination of the cultures of the insectary­reared G. morrilli   with this similarly looking species. Thus, the three females collected in Menifee Valley, Riverside Co., in 1981 seem to be the only specimens from California that at least morphologically can be tentatively identified as G. morrilli   . Unfortunately, attempts to extract DNA from these old, drymounted specimens for sequencing failed (H. van Oosten, personal communication). The identity of the only other California native specimen, a female collected at UCR campus, in Riverside, in 1984 ( Huber 1988), cannot be verified because it could not be located in CNCI (J.T. Huber, personal communication).

Hosts

Homalodisca coagulata (Say)   , H. liturata Ball   , Oncometopia clarior (Walker)   , O. nigricans (Walker)   , O. sp. near nigricans (Walker)   , and other Oncometopia   spp., also likely including O. orbona (Fabricius)   .

UCRC

University of California, Riverside

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

DNA

Department of Natural Resources, Environment, The Arts and Sport

CNCI

Canadian National Collection Insects

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Mymaridae

Genus

Gonatocerus

Loc

Gonatocerus morrilli ( Howard, 1908 )

Triapitsyn, Serguei V. 2006
2006
Loc

Gonatocerus morrilli

Hoddle 2005: 338
Leon 2004: 318
Leon 2004: 322
Triapitsyn 2002: 39
Huber 1988: 51
1988
Loc

Cosmocomoidea morrilli

Howard 1908: 69
1908