Pseudococcinae Cockerell 1905

Hodgson, Chris, 2020, A review of neococcid scale insects (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Coccomorpha) based on the morphology of the adult males, Zootaxa 4765 (1), pp. 1-264: 37-38

publication ID 10.11646/zootaxa.4765.1.1

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Pseudococcinae Cockerell 1905


Subfamily Pseudococcinae Cockerell 1905  

Introduction. Quite a few adult males of this subfamily have been described in detail (see Appendix A View Appendix A ), starting with Theron 1958, followed Beardsley (1960, 1962, 1964) and Afifi 1968; Afifi & Kozsztarab 1967; Afifi et al. 1976). For more recent studies, see Appendix A View Appendix A . Almost all of these males are macropterous and of rather uniform structure and fall within the diagnosis above. In addition, Williams and Miller (1999) described the adult male of Quadrigallicoccus lauracearum Williams & Miller. This   latter species is gall inducing and, although the male is an otherwise typical macropterous male, the abdomen and particularly the penial sheath have become considerably elongated, presumably to assist in fertilization of the female within the gall. This abdominal and/or penial sheath extension is typical of many males of gall-inducing Eriococcidae   ( Hodgson & Miller 2010; Semple et al. 2015).

Examples of macropterous adult male pseudococcine mealybugs are illustrated in Figs 10–12 View FIGURE 10 View FIGURE 11 View FIGURE 12 , e.g., Paracoccus glaucus (Maskell)   , Trabutina elastica Marchal   and? Spilococcus atriplex (Cockerell)   ; while an apterous pseudococcine mealybug, Oracella acuta (Lobdell)   and an allomyrmococcine mealybug, Promyrmococcus dilli Williams   are shown in Figs 13 View FIGURE 13 , 14 View FIGURE 14 .

For differences between Pseudococcidae   and Eriococcidae   , see key on p. 19.