Noctuini, Latreille, 1809

Pohl, Greg, Anweiler, Gary, Schmidt, Christian & Kondla, Norbert, 2010, An annotated list of the Lepidoptera of Alberta, Canada, ZooKeys 38 (38), pp. 1-549: 297-545

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.3897/zookeys.38.383

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3788813

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B2F256-9E04-A602-E6A7-FB54FB92AB22

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Noctuini
status

 

Noctuini  – cutworm moths

2172 * M Peridroma saucia (Hübner, [1808])  L May; L Aug – – – G Variegated Cutworm M Oct (2Br)

T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC,

NFRC, OLDS, UASM

2173 * R Anicla exuberans ( Smith, 1898) L Jun  – E Aug – – G T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Bowman (1951), Hooper (1996a), Lafontaine

(2004) C: CNC, UASM

2174 R Anicla tepperi (Smith, 1888) M Jun  – M Jul m – G T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC,

NFRC, OLDS, PMAE, UASM

2175 R H Actebia fennica (Tauscher, 1806) E Jul  – M Sep m B g Black Army Cutworm

T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC,

NFRC, OLDS, UASM

2176 R H Actebia balanitis (Grote, 1873) M Jun  – L Sep M b G T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC,

NFRC, OLDS, UASM

2177 * R Dichagyris grotei ( Franclemont and Todd, 1983) M Aug M  – – T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: None C: UASM

2178 R Dichagyris variabilis (Grote, 1874) M Aug  – L Sep M – g T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Bowman (1951), Crumb (1956), Lafontaine

(2004) C: CNC, NFRC, UASM

2179 * R Copablepharon longipenne Grote, 1882 E Jul  – M Aug – – G Dusky Dune Moth

T: Lafontaine (1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC, UASM

2180 * R Copablepharon grandis (Strecker, 1878) L Jul  – L Aug – b G Pale Yellow Dune Moth

T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Strickland (1920), Seamans (1925), Bowman

(1951), Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC, UASM

2181 * R Copablepharon viridisparsa Dod, 1916 L Jun  – L Jul – – G T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Dod (1916), Bowman (1951), Crumb (1956),

Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC, UASM

2182 R Protogygia enalaga McDunnough, 1932  M May – E Jun m – G T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC, UASM

2183 R Protogygia postera Fauske and Lafontaine, 2004 M Aug  – L Aug – – G T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC, UASM

2184 * R Protogygia querula (Dod, 1915) L Jun  – L Jul – – G T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Dod (1915b), Bowman (1951), Hooper

(1996a), Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC, UASM

2185 * R Protogygia alberta Troubridge and Lafontaine, 2004  L May – L Jun – – G T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC, UASM

2186 * R Protogygia pallida Fauske and Lafontaine, 2004 L Jul  – E Aug – – G T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: [ Seamans (1925)], [ Bowman (1951)], Lafontaine

(2004) C: CNC, UASM

2187 R Euxoa bochus (Morrison, 1874) E Aug M  – G T: Lafontaine (2004) L: Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC

2188 * R H Euxoa adumbrata (Eversmann, 1842) E Jun  – M Sep M B G T: Lafontaine (1987), Fibiger (1997) L: Bowman (1951), Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, OLDS, UASM

2189 * R Euxoa auxiliaris (Grote, 1873)  L May – E Sep M b G Army Cutworm T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Bowman (1951), Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, NFRC, OLDS, PMAE, UASM

2190 * R Euxoa shasta Lafontaine, 1975 L Aug M  – – T: Lafontaine (1987) L: None C: CNC, UASM

2191 * R Euxoa mimallonis (Grote, 1873) L Jul  – M Sep M b G T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Bowman (1951), Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1975, 1987) C: CNC, OLDS, UASM

2192 * R Euxoa septentrionalis Walker, 1865 E Sep M  – – T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Bowman (1951) C: UASM

2193 R Euxoa olivia Morrison, 1876 Aug  – – G T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Bowman (1951) C: CNC

2194 * R Euxoa messoria (Harris, 1841) M Jul  – L Sep M b G Darksided Cutworm T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Bowman (1951), Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, OLDS, UASM

2195 R Euxoa divergens Walker, 1857 E Jun  – L Jul M B G T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Bowman (1951), Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, NFRC, OLDS, PMAE, UASM

2196 R Euxoa sinelinea Hardwick, 1965 L Jun  – M Jul – B – T: Lafontaine (1987) L: None C: CNC, UASM

2197 * R Euxoa edictalis (Smith, 1893)  M May – – G T: Lafontaine (1987) L: None C: UASM

2198 R Euxoa westermanni (Staudinger, 1857) M Jul  – E Aug M B – T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Bowman (1951), Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, UASM

2199 * R Euxoa quebecensis (Smith, 1900) M Jun  – L Jul M B – T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Bowman (1951), Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, OLDS, UASM

2200 * R Euxoa scandens (Riley, 1869) L Jun  – L Jul M b G T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Bowman (1951), Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, OLDS, PMAE, UASM

2201 R Euxoa aurulenta (Smith, 1888)  L May – M Jul – – G T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Bowman (1951), Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, UASM

2202 * R Euxoa vallus (Smith, 1900) E Jul  – E Sep M – – T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Bowman (1951), Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, UASM

2203 * R Euxoa lewisi (Grote, 1873) L Jul  – L Aug M – – T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Bowman (1951), Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, UASM

2204 * R Euxoa tristicula (Morrison, 1876) E Jun  – E Aug m b G T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Bowman (1951), Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, NFRC, OLDS, UASM

2205 * R Euxoa atomaris (Smith, 1890) L Jul M  – – T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987) C:?CNC

2206 R Euxoa pleuritica (Grote, 1876) L Jun  – E Aug – b G T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Bowman (1951), Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, UASM

2207 R Euxoa pestula Smith, 1904 M Jun  – L Jul M b G T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Bowman (1951), Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, OLDS, UASM

2208 R Euxoa simona McDunnough, 1932 L Jun  – L Jul – – G T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Bowman (1951), Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, UASM

2209 R Euxoa medialis (Smith, 1888)  E – L Sep m – G T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, UASM

2210 * R Euxoa perexcellens (Grote, 1875) L Aug M  – – T: Lafontaine (1987)

L: None C: UASM

2211 * R Euxoa rufula (Smith, 1888) L Jul  – L Aug M – – T: Lafontaine (1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC,

UASM

2212 R Euxoa intrita (Morrison, 1874) E Aug  – M Aug M b G T: Lafontaine (1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC,

NFRC, OLDS, UASM

2213 R Euxoa terrenus (Smith, 1900) E Jul  – E Aug M – – T: Lafontaine (1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, UASM

2214 * R Euxoa setonia McDunnough, 1927 M Jun  – E Aug M b G T: Lafontaine (1987)

L: Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, OLDS, UASM

2215 R Euxoa declarata (Walker, 1865) M Aug  – M Sep M b G T: Lafontaine (1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC,

NFRC, OLDS, UASM

2216 R Euxoa campestris (Grote, 1875) M Jul  – M Sep M B g T: Lafontaine (1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC,

OLDS, UASM

2217 * R Euxoa silens (Grote, 1875) M Jun  – – G T: Lafontaine (1987)

L: Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC

2218 R Euxoa spumata McDunnough, 1940 M Aug  – E Sep – – G T: Lafontaine (1987)

L: Lafontaine (1974, 1987) C: CNC, UASM

2219 R Euxoa pallipennis (Smith, 1888) M Aug  – E Sep m – G T: Lafontaine (1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC,

NFRC, PMAE, UASM

2220 * R Euxoa tessellata (Harris, 1841) E Jul  – M Aug M b G Striped Cutworm

T: Lafontaine (1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC,

NFRC, OLDS, UASM

2221 R Euxoa plagigera (Morrison, 1874) M Jul  – L Aug m b G T: Hinks and Byers (1976), Lafontaine (1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC,

OLDS, UASM

2222 R Euxoa albipennis (Grote, 1876) M Aug  – E Sep m b G T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, OLDS, UASM

2222.1 * P Euxoa hollemani (Grote, 1879)  ? M – – T: Lafontaine (1987)

2223 R Euxoa catenula (Grote, 1879) L Aug  – E Sep – – G T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, UASM

2224 * R Euxoa comosa (Morrison, 1876) E Aug  – M Sep M b G T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, OLDS, UASM

2225 R Euxoa infausta (Walker, 1865) E Aug  – E Sep M – G T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, UASM

2226 R Euxoa satis (Harvey, 1876)  ? M – – T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, UASM

2227 * R H Euxoa cursoria (Hufnagel, 1766) E Aug  – L Aug M B – T: Lafontaine (1987) L: None C: CNC, UASM

2228 * R H Euxoa ochrogaster (Guenée, 1851) M Jul  – L Sep M b G Red-backed Cutworm T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, NFRC, OLDS, PMAE, UASM

2229 R Euxoa nostra (Smith, 1890) L Jun  – – G T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Lafontaine (1987), Hooper (1994) C: CNC, UASM

2230 R Euxoa siccata (Smith, 1893) E Sep  – M Sep – – G T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, UASM

2231 * R Euxoa choris (Harvey, 1876) M Jul  – M Aug – b G T: Lafontaine (1987) L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, OLDS, UASM

2232 R Euxoa obeliscoides (Guenée, 1852) M Aug  – L Oct – b G T: Lafontaine (1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1987), Ives and

Wong (1988) C: CNC, OLDS, PMAE, UASM

2232.1 * P Euxoa oberfoelli Hardwick, 1973  ? – – G T: Lafontaine (1987)

2233 R Euxoa basalis (Grote, 1879) E Jul  – E Sep m b G T: Lafontaine (1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC,

NFRC, UASM

2234 R Euxoa castanea Lafontaine, 1981 E Jul  – E Aug m b G T: Lafontaine (1987)

L: Lafontaine (1981,1987) C: CNC, OLDS, UASM

2235 * R Euxoa idahoensis (Grote, 1978)  ? M b – T: Lafontaine (1981, 1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC,

UASM

2236 * R Euxoa furtivus (Smith, 1890) L Jun  – L Jul M – G T: Lafontaine (1987)

L: None C: CNC, UASM

2237 * R Euxoa clausa McDunnough, 1923 L Jul  – E Aug – – G T: Lafontaine (1981, 1987)

L: McDunnough (1923b), Bowman (1951),

Lafontaine (1981, 1987) C: CNC, UASM

2238 R Euxoa brevipennis (Smith, 1888) E Sep  – M Sep – – G T: Lafontaine (1981, 1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1981, 1987) C:

CNC, UASM

2239 * R Euxoa servitus (Smith, 1895) E Jul  – L Aug M b G T: Lafontaine (1974, 1981, 1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1974, 1981,?1987)

C: CNC, NFRC, UASM

2240 * R Euxoa auripennis Lafontaine, 1974 E Aug  – E Sep M – G T: Lafontaine (1974, 1981, 1987)

L: [ Bowman (1951)], Lafontaine (1974, 1981, 1987)

C: CNC, UASM

2241 R Euxoa olivalis (Grote, 1979) L Jun  – M Aug M b G T: Lafontaine (1981, 1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1981, 1987) C:

CNC, NFRC, UASM

2242 R Euxoa oblongistigma (Smith, 1888) L Jul  – E Sep – – G T: Lafontaine (1981, 1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1981, 1987) C:

CNC, UASM

2243 R Euxoa citricolor (Grote, 1880) M Aug  – E Sep – – G

T: Lafontaine (1981, 1987)

L: Hooper (1994), Lafontaine (1981, 1987) C:

CNC, UASM

2244 R Euxoa tronellus (Smith, 1903) L Aug  – E Sep – – G T: Lafontaine (1981, 1987)

L: Lafontaine (1981, 1987) C: CNC, OLDS, UASM

2245 R Euxoa teleboa (Smith, 1890) L Aug  – E Sep – – G T: Lafontaine (1981, 1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC,

UASM

2246 R Euxoa difformis (Smith, 1900) L Aug  – E Sep – b G T: Lafontaine (1987)

L: Bowman (1951),?Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC,

UASM

2247 R Euxoa moerens (Grote, 1883) M Aug  – L Aug – – G T: Lafontaine (1981, 1987)

L: Lafontaine (1981, 1987) C: CNC

2248 * R Euxoa murdocki (Smith, 1890) L Aug M  – – T: Lafontaine (1981, 1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1981, 1987) C: UASM

2249 * R Euxoa dodi McDunnough, 1923 M Aug  – E Sep m – G T: Lafontaine (1981, 1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1981, 1987) C:

CNC, UASM

2250 R Euxoa infracta (Morrison, 1875) E Aug  – L Aug M – g T: Lafontaine (1981, 1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1981) C: CNC, UASM

2251 R Euxoa laetificans (Smith, 1894) M Aug  – E Sep – – G T: Lafontaine (1981, 1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1981, 1987) C:

CNC, OLDS, UASM

2252 * R Euxoa quadridentata (Grote and Robinson, 1865) E Aug  – M Sep m b G T: Lafontaine (1981, 1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1981, 1987) C:

CNC, OLDS, UASM

2252.1 * P Euxoa unica McDunnough, 1940  ? – – G T: Lafontaine (1987)

2253 R Euxoa niveilinea (Grote, 1882)  ? – – G T: Lafontaine (1981, 1987)

L: Lafontaine (1981, 1987) C: CNC

2254 R Euxoa dargo (Strecker, 1898) L Aug  – E Sep – – G T: Lafontaine (1981, 1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC,

UASM

2255 * R Euxoa detersa (Walker, 1856) L Jul  – M Sep – B G Sand Cutworm

T: Lafontaine (1981, 1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1981, 1987) C:

CNC, UASM

2256 R Euxoa cicatricosa (Grote and Robinson, 1865) L Aug  – E Sep – – G T: Lafontaine (1981, 1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1981, 1987) C:

CNC, UASM

2257 * R Euxoa aequalis (Harvey, 1876) E Aug  – M Sep M b G T: Lafontaine (1976, 1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC,

PMAE, UASM

2257.1 * P Euxoa cona (Strecker, 1898) Sep  – – G T: Lafontaine (1987)

2258 R Euxoa munis (Grote, 1879) E Aug  – E Sep M b G T: Lafontaine (1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC,

NFRC, UASM

2259 R Euxoa misturata (Smith, 1890) L Aug  – – G T: Lafontaine (1987)

L: None C: CNC, UASM

2260 R Euxoa nevada (Smith, 1900) M Aug  – E Sep – – G T: Lafontaine (1987)

L: Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, OLDS, UASM

2261 R Euxoa cinereopallidus (Smith, 1903) E Sep  – L Sep – – G T: Lafontaine (1987)

L: Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, UASM

2262 * R Euxoa mitis (Smith, 1894) E Sep  – – G T: Lafontaine (1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC,

UASM

2263 * R H Euxoa nomas (Ershov, 1874) E Jul  – E Aug M – – T: Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine

(1987) C: CNC, UASM

2264 R Euxoa aberrans McDunnough, 1932 M Jul  – L Jul – – G T: Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Hardwick (1970a), Hooper

(1994), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, UASM

2265 R Euxoa manitobana McDunnough, 1925 M Jul  – L Jul – B G T: Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987)

L: Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC,

UASM

2266 R Euxoa perolivalis (Smith, 1905) M Jul  – L Aug M b G T: Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine

(1987) C: CNC, NFRC, UASM

2267 * R Euxoa perpolita (Morrison, 1876) E Aug  – M Sep m B G T: Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987)

L: Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC,

UASM

2268 * R Euxoa taura Smith, 1905 Aug  – – G T: Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine

(1987) C: CNC, UASM

2269 R Euxoa flavicollis (Smith, 1888) M Jul  – M Aug – B G T: Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine (1987)

L: Bowman (1951), Hardwick (1970a), Lafontaine

(1987) C: CNC, NFRC, OLDS, UASM

2270 * R Euxoa maimes (Smith, 1903) E Aug  – L Aug – b G T: Byers et al. (1975), Lafontaine (1987)

L: Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, UASM

2271 * R Euxoa ridingsiana (Grote, 1875) L Jul  – L Aug M b G T: Byers et al (1985), Lafontaine (1987)

L: Lafontaine (1987) C: CNC, NFRC, OLDS,

PMAE, UASM

2272 R Feltia mollis (Walker, [1857]) E Jun  – E Jul M B g T: Lafontaine and Kononenko (1986), Lafontaine

(2004)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC,

OLDS, UASM

2273 * R H Feltia nigrita (Graeser, 1892) L Jun  – L Jul M B – T: Lafontaine and Kononenko (1986), Lafontaine

(2004)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC,

UASM

2274 * R Feltia jaculifera (Guenée, 1852) M Jul  – L Sep – b G Dingy Cutworm

T: Lafontaine (2004) L: Bowman (1951), Crumb (1956), Sperling et

al. (1996), Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC, OLDS,

PMAE, UASM

2274.1 * P Feltia subgothica (Haworth, 1809)  ? – – G T: Lafontaine (2004)

2274.2 * P Feltia tricosa (Lintner, 1874)  ? – – G T: Lafontaine (2004)

2275 R Feltia herilis (Grote, 1873) E Jul  – M Sep m B G T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC,

OLDS, PMAE, UASM

2276 R Agrotis vetusta Walker, 1856 L Jul  – M Sep m b G T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC,

OLDS, UASM

2277 R Agrotis daedalus (Smith, 1890)  M May – E Jun – – G T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC, UASM

2278 R Agrotis rileyana (Morrison, 1874) L Aug  – E Sep – – g T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC

2279 * R H Agrotis ruta Eversmann, 1851 M Jul  – L Jul M – – T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC,

OLDS, UASM

2280 * R Agrotis orthogonia Morrison, 1876 M Aug  – M Sep m – G Pale Western Cutworm

T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC,

OLDS, UASM

2280.1 * P Agrotis kingi McDunnough, 1932  ? – – G T: Lafontaine (2004)

2281 R Agrotis robustior (Smith, 1899) M Aug  – L Aug – – G T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC,

OLDS, UASM

2282 R Agrotis venerabilis Walker, [1857] E Aug  – L Sep m b G T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Bowman (1951), Crumb (1956), Lafontaine

(2004) C: CNC, OLDS, UASM

2283 R Agrotis vancouverensis Grote, 1873 E Jun  – M Jul M – g T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Bowman (1951), Crumb (1956), Lafontaine

(2004) C: CNC, OLDS, UASM

2284 * R Agrotis stigmosa Morrison, 1874  M May – M Jun – – G T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC,

UASM

2285 * R Agrotis volubilis Harvey, 1874  L May – L Jun – b g T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC,

OLDS, UASM

2286 * R Agrotis obliqua (Smith, 1903)  M May – M Jul m b G T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (2004) C: CNC,

OLDS, PMAE, UASM

2287 * R Agrotis antica Crabo and Lafontaine, 2004  L May M – – T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: None C: CNC

2288 * M Agrotis ipsilon (Hufnagel, 1766) L Aug  – L Sep – – G Black Cutworm

T: Lafontaine (2004)

L: Bowman (1951), Crumb (1956), Lafontaine

(2004) C: CNC, OLDS, PMAE, UASM

2289 * R Ochropleura implecta Lafontaine, 1998  L May – L Jul M B g T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: [ Bowman (1951)], [ Crumb (1956)], [ Ives and

Wong (1988)], Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC,

OLDS, UASM

2290 * R Diarsia calgary ( Smith, 1898) L Jun  – L Jul M B – T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC,

NFRC, OLDS, PMAE, UASM

2291 R Diarsia dislocata (Smith, 1904) Jul  – M Aug M B – T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998), Pohl et al.

(2004b) C: CNC, NFRC, OLDS, UASM

2292 R Diarsia rubifera (Grote, 1875) M Jul  – M Aug M B g T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998), Pohl et al.

(2004b) C: CNC, NFRC, UASM

2293 * R Diarsia rosaria (Grote, 1878) L Jun  – L Aug M B g T: Hardwick (1950), Lafontaine (1998)

L: Hardwick (1950), Bowman (1951), Crumb

(1956), Lafontaine (1998), Pohl et al. (2004b) C:

CNC, NFRC, OLDS, UASM

2294 R Cerastis salicarum (Walker, 1857) M Apr  – L Jun m B g T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998), Pohl et al.

(2004b) C: CNC, NFRC, OLDS, PMAE, UASM

2295 R Paradiarsia littoralis (Packard, 1867) E Jun  – M Jul M B G T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC,

NFRC, OLDS, PMAE, UASM

2296 * R Hemipachnobia monochromatea (Morrison, 1874)  L May – E Jul – B – T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC,

OLDS, UASM

2297 R Lycophotia phyllophora (Grote, 1874) M Jun  – M Jul – B – T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: None C: CNC, NFRC, UASM

2298 * R Rhyacia clemens (Smith, 1890)  L May – L Jun; L M b G T: Lafontaine (1998) Aug – E Sep (2Br)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC,

OLDS, UASM

2299 R H Chersotis juncta (Grote, 1878) E Jul  – M Aug M B G T: Mikkola et al. (1987), Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC,

OLDS, UASM

2300 * R I Noctua pronuba (Linnaeus, 1758)  L May – E Sep – b G Large Yellow Underwing

T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: None C: CNC, UASM

2301 R Cryptocala acadiensis (Bethune, 1870) E Jul  – E Aug – B G T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998), Pohl et al.

(2004b) C: CNC, NFRC, OLDS, PMAE, UASM

2302 R Spaelotis clandestina (Harris, 1841) E Jun  – L Jul; E M B G T: Lafontaine (1998) Aug – L Sep (2Br)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC,

OLDS, PMAE, UASM

2303 * R Spaelotis bicava Lafontaine, 1998 E Jun  – E Aug m – G T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: [ Bowman (1951)], Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC,

NFRC, OLDS, UASM

2304 * R H Eurois occulta (Linnaeus, 1758) M Jun  – L Sep M B g T: Lafontaine (1998) (2Br?)

L: Bowman (1951), Prentice (1962), Lafontaine

(1998), Pohl et al. (2004b) C: CNC, NFRC,

OLDS, PMAE, UASM

2305 R Eurois astricta (Morrison, 1874) E Jul  – M Aug M B G T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Crumb (1956), Prentice (1962),

Lafontaine (1998), Pohl et al. (2004b) C: CNC,

NFRC, OLDS, PMAE, UASM

2306 R Eurois nigra (Smith, 1892) M Jul  – L Aug M b – T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Hooper (1996a), Lafontaine

(1998) C: CNC, NFRC, OLDS, PMAE, UASM

2307 * R H Graphiphora augur (Fabricius, 1775) L Jun  – M Sep M B g T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Prentice (1962), Lafontaine

(1998), Pohl et al. (2004b) C: CNC, NFRC,

OLDS, PMAE, UASM

2308 R H Anaplectoides prasina  ([Denis and Schiffermüller], 1775) E Jul – M Aug M B g T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Crumb (1956), Lafontaine

(1998), Pohl et al. (2004b) C: CNC, NFRC,

OLDS, PMAE, UASM

2309 R Anaplectoides pressus (Grote, 1874) E Jun  – E Aug M B g T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Crumb (1956), Lafontaine (1998),

Pohl et al. (2004b) C: CNC, NFRC, OLDS, UASM

2310 R Aplectoides condita (Guenée, 1852)  L May – L Jul – B g T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998), Pohl et al.

(2004b) C: CNC, NFRC, OLDS, UASM

2311 * U Eueretagrotis sigmoides (Guenée, 1852)  ? – – G T: Lafontaine (1998)

L:?Lafontaine (1998) C: Unknown

2312 R Eueretagrotis perattentus (Grote, 1874) L Jun  – E Aug M B g T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC,

NFRC, OLDS, UASM

2313 R Xestia smithii (Snellen, 1896) M Jul  – L Aug M B G T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Crumb (1956), Lafontaine

(1998), Pohl et al. (2004b) C: CNC, NFRC,

OLDS, PMAE, UASM

2314 R Xestia normanianus (Grote, 1874) M Jul  – E Aug M B g T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Crumb (1956), Lafontaine

(1998), Pohl et al. (2004b) C: CNC, NFRC,

OLDS, UASM

2315 R Xestia oblata (Morrison, 1875) E Jul  – L Jul M B – T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC,

NFRC, OLDS, PMAE, UASM

2316 * R Xestia plebeia ( Smith, 1898)  ? m – – T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC

2316.1 * P Xestia mustelina (Smith, 1900)  ? M – – T: Lafontaine (1998)

2317 R Xestia vernilis (Grote, 1879) E Jul  – L Aug M – g T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC,

UASM

2318 * R Xestia infimatis (Grote, 1880) E Sep M  – – T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: None C: UASM

2319 * R Xestia finatimis Lafontaine, 1998  ? M – – T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: None C: CNC, UASM

2320 * R Xestia praevia Lafontaine, 1998 L Jul  – L Aug M B – T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: [ Bowman (1951)], [ Prentice (1962)], Lafontaine

(1998) C: CNC, NFRC, OLDS, UASM

2321 * R Xestia dilucida (Morrison, 1875) M Aug  – B – T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: None C: UASM

2322 * R H Xestia  c-nigrum (Linnaeus, 1758) M Jun – E Sep M B G T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Crumb (1956), Lafontaine

(1998), Pohl et al. (2004b) C: CNC, NFRC,

PMAE, UASM

2323 * R Xestia maculata (Smith, 1893) L Jul M  – – T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC, UASM

2324 * R H Xestia speciosa (Hübner, [1813]) L Jul  – M Aug M – – T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC,

OLDS, UASM

2325 * R Xestia mixta (Walker, 1856) M Jul  – M Aug M B – T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Lafontaine (1998), Pohl et al. (2004b) C: CNC,

NFRC, UASM

2326 R Xestia imperita (Hübner, [1831]) M Jul  – M Aug M B – T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998), Pohl et al.

(2004b) C: CNC, NFRC, OLDS, UASM

2327 * R H Xestia atrata (Morrison, 1874) L Jun  – L Jul M B – T: Lafontaine et al. (1987b), Lafontaine (1998)

L: Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC, OLDS, UASM

2328 * R H Xestia okakensis (Packard, 1867) L Jul M  – – T: Lafontaine et al. (1987b), Lafontaine (1998)

L: None C: CNC, UASM

2329 * R Xestia perquiritata (Morrison, 1874) M Jul  – M Aug M B – T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Crumb (1956), Prentice (1962),

Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC, NFRC, PMAE, UASM

2330 * R Xestia fabulosa Ferguson, 1965 L Jun  – M Jul M B – T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: [ Bowman (1951)], Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC,

OLDS, UASM

2331 * R Xestia homogena McDunnough, 1921 M Jul  – M Aug M B – T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC,

UASM

2331.1 * P Xestia bryanti (Benjamin, 1933)  ? M – – T: Lafontaine (1998)

2332 * R Xestia lupa Lafontaine and Mikkola, 1998 E Jul  – L Aug M – – T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: [ Bowman (1951)], Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC,

OLDS, UASM

2333 * R Coenophila opacifrons (Grote, 1878) M Jul  – E Aug M B – T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998), Pohl et al.

(2004b) C: CNC, NFRC, OLDS, UASM

2334 R Prognorisma substrigata (Smith, 1895) M Jun  – E Aug M b G T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC,

NFRC, PMAE, UASM

2335 * R Agnorisma bugrai (Kocak, 1983) E Aug  – M Sep M b G T: Lafontaine (1998) L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC, NFRC, UASM

2336 * R Pseudohermonassa bicarnea (Guenée, 1852) E Aug  – b G T: Lafontaine (1998) L: None C: CNC, UASM

2337 R Pseudohermonassa tenuicula (Morrison, 1874) M Jul  – E Aug m B G T: Lafontaine (1998) L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998), Pohl et al. (2004b) C: CNC, NFRC, PMAE, UASM

2338 * R Setagrotis pallidicollis (Grote, 1890) M Jul  – E Aug M – – T: Lafontaine (1998) L: [ Bowman (1951)], Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC, OLDS, UASM

2339 * R Setagrotis vocalis (Grote, 1879) M Aug M  – – T: Lafontaine (1998) L: None C: UASM

2340 * R Setagrotis radiola (Hampson, 1903) M Aug  – E Sep – – G T: Lafontaine (1998) L: None C: CNC, UASM

2341 * R Tesagrotis atrifrons (Grote, 1873) E Aug  – L Aug M b – T: Lafontaine (1998) L: None C: UASM

2341.1 * P Tesagrotis piscipellis (Grote, 1878)  ? M – – T: Lafontaine (1998)

2341.2 * P Adelphagrotis indeterminata (Walker, 1865)  ? M – – T: Lafontaine (1998)

2342 R Parabagrotis exsertistigma (Morrison, 1874) M Jun  – E Oct M – G T: Lafontaine (1998) (2Br) L: None C: CNC, NFRC, UASM

2343 * R Parabagrotis sulinaris Lafontaine, 1998 L Aug M  – – T: Lafontaine (1998) L: None C: UASM

2344 R Protolampra rufipectus (Morrison, 1874) M Jul  – L Aug M B G T: Lafontaine (1998) L: Bowman (1951), Prentice (1962), Lafontaine (1998), Pohl et al. (2004b) C: CNC, UASM

2345 R Protolampra brunneicollis (Grote, 1864) L Jun  – M Jul M – G T: Lafontaine (1998) L: Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC, UASM

2346 * R Abagrotis erratica (Smith, 1890) M Aug  – – G T: Lafontaine (1998) L: None C: CNC, UASM

2347 R Abagrotis trigona (Smith, 1893) E Aug  – E Sep – – G T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC, UASM

2347.1 * P Abagrotis apposita (Grote, 1878)  ? M – – T: Lafontaine (1998)

2348 R Abagrotis vittifrons (Grote, 1864) M Aug  – – G T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: None C: CNC, UASM

2349 * R Abagrotis mirabilis (Grote, 1879) L Aug M  – – T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: None C: UASM

2350 * R Abagrotis nefascia ( Smith, 1908)  ? – – G T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC, NFRC

2351 R Abagrotis reedi Buckett, 1969 L Jun  – E Sep – b G T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC, UASM

2352 * R Abagrotis duanca ( Smith, 1908) L Jun  – – G T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC, UASM

2353 R Abagrotis nanalis (Grote, 1881) E Aug  – M Sep – – G T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC,

UASM

2354 * R Abagrotis discoidalis (Grote, 1876) L Jun  – M Aug – – G T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC, UASM

2355 * R Abagrotis hermina Lafontaine, 1998 L Jul  – L Sep M b G T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC, UASM

2356 * R Abagrotis dodi McDunnough, 1927 L Jul M  b – T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC

2357 * R Abagrotis placida (Grote, 1876) M Jul  – E Sep M B G T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC,

NFRC, OLDS, PMAE, UASM

2358 * R Abagrotis orbis (Grote, 1876) M Aug  – E Sep M b G T: Lafontaine (1998)

L: Bowman (1951), Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC,

UASM

2359 R Abagrotis variata (Grote, 1876) L Jun  – M Aug M b G T: Lafontaine (1998) L: Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC, OLDS, UASM

2360 * R Abagrotis scopeops (Dyar, 1904) E Sep  – – G T: Lafontaine (1998) L: None C: UASM

2361 * R Abagrotis alternata (Grote, 1864) L Jul  – L Aug – – G T: Lafontaine (1998) L: Bowman (1951), Crumb (1956), Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC, UASM

2362 * R Abagrotis forbesi (Benjamin, 1921) E Sep M  – – T: Lafontaine (1998) L: None C: UASM

2363 * R Abagrotis brunneipennis (Grote, 1875) L Jul  – L Aug – B – T: Lafontaine (1998) L: None C: CNC, UASM

2364 * R Abagrotis cupida (Grote, 1864) M Aug  – E Sep M – G T: Lafontaine (1998) L: Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC, UASM

2365 * R Pronoctua typica Smith, 1894 L Aug M  – – T: Lafontaine (1998) L: None C: UASM

2366 * R Pronoctua peabodyae (Dyar, 1903) L Jul  – M Aug – – G T: Lafontaine (1998) L: Lafontaine (1998) C: CNC, UASM

2367 * R Pronoctua craboi Lafontaine, 1998 L Jul  – M Aug M – – T: Lafontaine (1998) L: None C: CNC, UASM

Notes

1 Eriocrania semipurpurella  – The nominate subspecies is known from ON, and subspecies pacifica Davis is known from Vancouver Island, BC; it is not known which of these subspecies, if either, applies to AB populations.

1.1 Acanthopteroctetes tripunctata  – Known globally only from Glacier National Park, MT. It likely occurs in adjacent Waterton Lakes National Park in AB.

2 Acanthopteroctetes bimaculata  – Known in AB only from near Lac La Biche and from Winfield. This species does not come to light; it is rarely collected but is probably more widely distributed in the boreal forest.

3 Gazoryctra hyperboreus  – Reported only in July by Bowman (1951), but all known AB records are from considerably later, from mid-August to mid-September.

5 Gazoryctra novigannus  – AB specimens are referable to subspecies mackiei (Barnes and Benjamin)  .

6 Korscheltellus gracilis  – Two-year life cycle, with higher adult flight in alternate years.

7 Sthenopis argenteomaculatus  – Th is species was reported from AB by Bowman (1951), but Schmidt and Lawrie (1999) determined that all known vouchers (from NFRC, CNC, and UASM) were in fact referable to S. purpurascens (Packard)  . Schmidt and Lawrie (1999) concluded that S. argenteomaculatus  does not occur west of MB in Canada. However, recent confirmation of material from northern BC in the CNC, and the discovery of probable S. argenteomaculatus  from boreal SK indicate that it does occur in the west, and it probably occurs in boreal AB, although this is unconfirmed.

8 Sthenopis purpurascens  – Includes quadriguttatus (Grote), a recently designated synonym ( Nielsen et al. 2000). This inclusion was not accepted by Handfield (2002) but it is supported by lack of mitochondrial DNA differences (BCS, unpublished data). Bowman’s (1951) known vouchers labeled as “ S. argenteomaculatus (Harris)  ” are referable to S. purpurascens  , but the former species probably occurs in AB as well (see note 7 on that species).

9 Stigmella fuscotibiella  – Th is species is known in AB only from near Sherwood Park but is probably more widely distributed.

10 Stigmella populetorum  – Th is species is known in AB only from two female specimens from near Sherwood Park, which cannot be identified with certainty; they could be S. aromella (Wilkinson and Scoble)  .

10.1 Ectoedemia canadensis  – This species is known only from the holotype (now lost), reared from mines on River Alder ( Alnus tenuifolia Nutt.  ; Betulaceae  ), collected at Roger’s Pass, BC, on 19 August 1915 by A. Braun. It probably occurs in adjacent AB as well.

11 Ectoedemia weaveri  – Newly discovered in North America from the Birch Mountains, collected by D. A. Macaulay and S. Dunne in 2004.

13 Antispila aurirubra  – AB specimens are not identified with certainty. Th is species was discovered in the Edmonton area in 2006 by J. J. Dombroskie and A. Rose; it is probably more broadly distributed. Larvae are blotch miners of Cornus  species ( Cornaceae  ).

14 Cauchas cockerelli  – Known in AB from Steveville, Sundre, and Waterton Lakes National Park.

15 Cauchas simpliciella  – Known in AB only from Waterton Lakes National Park.

19 Lampronia capitella  – Th e identity of specimens currently determined as L. capitella  in NFRC is not certain; O. Pellmyr and D. Davis (personal communication) suggest that these may in fact be L. oregonella Walsingham. The  genus Lampronia  is poorly known; a revision of the group is currently underway by Pellmyr and Davis.

20 Lampronia taylorella  – Known in AB only from Blairmore and near Lac La Biche.

21 Lampronia aenescens  – Known in AB from the Porcupine Hills.

22 Lampronia sublustris  – Type locality: Waterton Lakes National Park, AB.

23 Lampronia humilis  – Known in AB only from the Edmonton area, the Winfield area, and Gogo Lake (north of Fort McMurray).

24 Tetragma gei  – Known in AB only from the Porcupine Hills; collected by GRP and D. W. Langor in 2002.

25 Greya piperella  – Th is species has a new status since Hodges et al. (1983); it was previously treated as a synonym of G. punctiferella (Walsingham) ( Davis et al. 1992)  .

26 Greya obscuromaculata  – Th is species is known in AB only from Waterton; it was probably collected by J. H. McDunnough.

27 Greya politella  – Th e single AB specimen, collected near Lac La Biche by GRP in 1994, is not determined with certainty. In Canada, this species is otherwise restricted to the BC interior.

28 Greya enchrysa  – Th is species is known in AB only from Waterton; it was collected by J. H. McDunnough in 1923.

29 Greya variata  – Th is species is known in AB only from Waterton; it was probably collected by J. H. McDunnough. Type locality: Glacier National Park, MT.

30 Greya subalba  – Hodges et al. (1983) mistakenly placed the author in parentheses. This species is known in AB only from Waterton; it was probably collected by J. H. McDunnough. Type locality: Glacier National Park, MT.

31 Tegeticula yuccasella  – Th is species occurs naturally in AB only at two sites near Onefour, the only locations for native populations of its host plant ( Yucca glauca Nutt. ex Fraser  ; Agavaceae  ), with which it has a well-documented mutualistic relationship. It has been assessed as “endangered” by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada ( COSEWIC 2009a) and is protected under Canada’s Species At Risk Act ( SARA 2008). It is also being assessed by the Scientific Subcommittee of Alberta’s Endangered Species Conservation Committee, although the Alberta Wildlife Act does not formally extend protection to invertebrate species at the time of writing. It has recently been documented at several sites (Lethbridge, Medicine Hat, Etzikom, Olds) with transplanted Y. glauca  (GRP and GGA, unpublished data).

32 Tegeticula corruptrix  – In AB this species is found only near Onefour, the only site with its host plant ( Yucca glauca Nutt. ex Fraser  ; Agavaceae  ). Tegeticula corruptrix  is closely related to the pollinating species T. yuccasella (Riley)  , but it “cheats” by feeding on the host without pollinating it. It has been assessed as “endangered” by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada ( COSEWIC 2009a) and is protected under Canada’s Species At Risk Act ( SARA 2008).

33 Prodoxus quinquepunctella  – Th is species is a stem borer of yucca ( Yucca glauca Nutt. ex Fraser  ; Agavaceae  ). In AB P. quinquepunctella  is known only from Onefour, at one of the two sites where its host plant occurs. It has been assessed as “endangered” by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada ( COSEWIC 2009a) and is protected under Canada’s Species At Risk Act ( SARA 2008).

33.1 Phylloporia bistrigella  – Th is species is known from boreal forest habitat in SK; it probably occurs in AB.

34 Coptotriche admirabilis  – Known in AB only from a single specimen collected by J. J. Dombroskie at Buffalo in 2006.

35 Haplotinea insectella  – A pest of stored grain ( Arnett 1993).

36 Homosetia bifasciella  – Th is species was collected for the first time in western Canada near Sherwood Park, AB, by GRP in 2008.

37.1 Homosetia marginimaculella  – Th is species is known from boreal forest habitat in SK; it probably occurs in AB.

39 Nemapogon  sp. nr. acapnopennella  – This species is similar externally to N. acapnopennella  but the two species have clear genitalic differences. It is probably undescribed. It has been collected in Edmonton, near Lac La Biche, and near Zama City, as well as in SK and MB. It may be the same as an unidentified species near N. acapnopennella  reported from QC by Handfield et al. (1997).

40 Nemapogon auropulvella  – Known in AB from two specimens collected near Sherwood Park in July 2007 by GRP. Forbes (1923) reported the species from the eastern United States “...westward to BC,” but no AB records were known before the 2007 specimens were collected. This species rarely comes to light; it is probably more abundant than collection records indicate.

41 Nemapogon granella  – A pest of grain and dried fruit ( Arnett 1993).

43 Nemapogon tylodes  – Th is species is known in AB only from near Sherwood Park (collected by GRP in 2004); it is probably more widely distributed in the boreal forest.

44 Tinea irrepta  – Type locality: Nordegg, AB.

45 Tinea pellionella  – Hodges et al. (1983) mistakenly left the author out of parentheses. This species is an occasional pest of woollen clothing ( Arnett 1993). Th e report of T. grumella Zeller  by Bowman (1951) is probably referable to this species.

46 Niditinea fuscella  – Replacement name for N. spretella  ([Denis and Schiffermüller]) ( Robinson 2003). Determinations of specimens in the UASM have not been recently confirmed.

48 Monopis crocicapitella  – Most early records in Canada are referable to M. laevigella  ([Denis and Schiffermüller]). The only confirmed record of M. crocicapitella  in AB is a single specimen from near Sherwood Park, collected in 2004 (GRP), but this species is probably more widely distributed in urban areas. It feeds on seeds and dried vegetable matter and was probably introduced from the Old World.

49 Monopis laevigella  – Th is Holarctic species has long been confused in North America with M. crocicapitella (Clemens)  . It is widespread in the boreal forest, where it feeds on skin, fur, and other material of animal origin.

52 Elatobia carbonella  – Hodges et al. (1983) mistakenly left the author out of parentheses. It was treated by Bowman (1951) as E. martinella Walker  , an Old World species.

53 Tineola bisselliella  – An occasional pest of woollen clothing ( Arnett 1993).

54 Amydria effrentella  – A second, undescribed Amydria  species near A. effrentella  has recently been found in AB at Tolman Bridge (D. Davis, personal communication).

55 Taleporia walshella  – Recently transferred from the genus Solenobia ( Sauter and Hättenschwiler 2003)  . This species is known in AB from Cypress Hills, Jasper, and near Zama City.

56 Dahlica triquetrella  – Recently transferred from the genus Solenobia ( Sauter and Hättenschwiler 2003)  . Th is species was introduced from Europe; it is known in North America only as a wingless parthenogenetic race, but a sexual race exists  in Europe ( Leech and Sugden 1967). It is found in AB in locations associated with humans, primarily on the outside of buildings.

57 Hyaloscotes fragmentella  – Listed as “ident. uncertain” in Hodges et al. (1983).

58 Hyaloscotes pithopoera  – Known in AB only from Banff.

59 Tinagma obscurofasciella  – Known in AB from three specimens collected in Waterton Lakes National Park in June 1938 by J. H. McDunnough.

60 Tinagma pulverilinea  – Type locality: Glacier National Park, MT. Th is species includes leucaspis Braun (type locality: Aweme, MB), a recently designated synonym ( Gaedike 1990). Th e latter was reported from the Waterton area by Bowman (1951), but no AB specimens are known. Bowman’s Waterton record may refer to the Waterton specimens in the CNC currently determined as T. obscurofasciella (Chambers)  . A single specimen in the UASM, from Edmonton (5 June 1927) was determined as T. pulverilinea  by Bowman, but it is not the basis of his 1951 checklist records and it is not T. pulverilinea  ; it appears to be an undescribed Tinagma  species. Because of Waterton’s proximity to Glacier National Park there is no reason to doubt the species’ occurrence there, but owing to Bowman’s identification error and the taxonomic problems in the group the validity of Bowman’s record is uncertain.

61 Tinagma giganteum  – This species is known in AB from Cypress Hills and Waterton Lakes National Park. Type locality: Glacier National Park, MT, “on cliffs on the side of Goat Mtn.”

62 Tinagma brunneofasciatum  – Type locality: Laggan [= Lake Louise], “Mt. St. Piran, 8000–9000 Ft.”

64 Bucculatrix frigida  – Type locality: Jasper.

66 Caloptilia alnivorella  – Th is species was listed by Bowman (1951) as C. alnivorella pulchella (Chambers)  ; C. alnivorella  is a valid AB record, but C. pulchella  is now considered to be a separate species, which is not likely to be found in AB.

68 Caloptilia betulivora  – Th is species probably occurs in AB but no accurately determined vouchers are known. It was reported from the Touchwood Lake area of AB by Pohl et al. (2004b), but voucher specimens from that study in the NFRC were recently re-examined by GRP and are actually C. invariabilis (Braun)  . Several other specimens in NFRC that had been previously identified as C. betulivora  await re-examination; most are probably C. invariabilis  but some may indeed be correct.

72 Caloptilia fraxinella  – Treated by Prentice (1965) (although no AB records are presented there) as C. cuculipennella Hübner  , a Palaearctic species. Introduced to AB in the 1990s from eastern North America, C. fraxinella  is an occasional pest of ornamental ash trees ( Pohl et al. 2004c).

73 Caloptilia invariabilis  – Th is species was misidentified as C. betulivora McDunnough  by Pohl et al. (2004b); see note 68 on the latter species.

74 Caloptilia murtfeldtella  – Known in AB only from the Waterton area.

75.1 Caloptilia rhoifoliella  – Th is species is known from BC and SK; it probably occurs in AB.

85 Phyllonorycter apparella  – Includes atomariella (Zeller), ontario (Freeman)  , and tremuloidella (Braun), all recently designated synonyms ( Davis and Deschka 2001). This species is often misidentified as P. salicifoliella (Chambers)  . The “ salicifoliella  complex” referred to by Prentice (1965) probably includes at least some records of P. apparella  .

87 Phyllonorycter nipigon  – Th is species has regularly been misidentified as P. salicifoliella (Chambers)  .

88 Phyllonorycter salicifoliella  – Includes kenora (Freeman), a recently designated synonym ( Davis and Deschka 2001). Th is taxon was treated by Prentice (1965) as a complex of three species near P. salicifoliella  . Most records of this species on Populus  species are incorrect, and are actually P. apparella (Herrich-Schäffer)  , or P. nipigon (Freeman)  , or perhaps other species.

88.1 Phyllonorycter scudderella  – This species occurs in interior AK and in eastern North America; it probably occurs in AB.

89 Phyllocnistis populiella  – An occasional pest of Trembling Aspen.

92 Kessleria parnassiae  – Known in AB only from Nordegg, collected by K. Bowman in the 1920s.

95 Argyresthia calliphanes  – See note 97 on A. goedartella  . Th is species was reported from “across western Canada ” by Covell (1984).

95.1 Argyresthia columbia  – This species is known from southeastern BC; it probably occurs in southwestern AB where its host plant (Western Larch) occurs.

96.1 Argyresthia flexilis  – Th is species is known globally only from northern MT but is expected to occur in southern AB where its host plant (Limber Pine) occurs.

97 Argyresthia goedartella  – According to Forbes (1923), this species is not widely distributed in North America, and most reports of it actually refer to A. calliphanes Meyrick.  Th e species differences have not been clearly defined, and AB records are retained under the name A. goedartella  pending further taxonomic work.

100 Argyresthia monochromella  – Known in AB only from the Waterton area.

105 Ypsolopha dentella  – Treated historically as Cerostoma xylostella (Linnaeus)  by Forbes (1923) and others. This species was collected for the first time in AB at Olds by E. Mengersen in 1998. It has since been discovered near Sherwood Park (collected by GRP in 2007).

106 Ypsolopha dentiferella  – Listed by Bowman (1951) as Harpipteryx dentiferella frustrella  [sic] (Walsingham). Ypsolopha frustella  is currently considered to be a distinct species, but we know of no way to separate it from Y. dentiferella  and we suspect that it is a synonym; it was treated thus by McDunnough (1939b). All AB records are listed here under the latter name. For details, see note E6 on Y. frustella  in the Excluded Taxa section.

109 Ypsolopha flavistrigella  – Collected for the first time in AB at Olds by E. Mengersen in 1986. It has since been collected near Sherwood Park (by GRP in 2006).

110 Ypsolopha rubrella  – Known in AB only from specimens collected in Waterton by J. H. McDunnough in 1923.

112 Plutella notabilis  – Known in AB only from specimens collected at Moraine Lake by J. H. McDunnough in 1923.

114 Plutella xylostella  – A common pest of cruciferous crops, this species undergoes several generations but rarely overwinters in AB ( Dosdall 1994). Adults are long-distance migrators that are borne on high-altitude winds to AB (and as far north as Greenland) from the United States each year. Specimens collected in AB in early spring are probably survivors from the previous year’s AB populations.

115 Pseudoplutella porrectella  – Baraniak (2007) recently erected the genus Pseudoplutella  and moved this Holarctic species to it from the genus Plutella  .

116 Plutelloptera haasi  – Th is Holarctic species was thought to be confined to the Palaearctic region until recently. It is known in AB from Cypress Hills Provincial Park, Jasper National Park, and Richardson River Dunes Wildland Park in the Canadian Shield, all collected since 2000. Baraniak (2007) recently erected the genus Plutelloptera  for this and several other Palaearctic species that were previously placed in the genus Plutella  .

119 Acrolepiopsis californica  – First noted in AB ( Pohl et al. 2005) under the name liliivora Gaedike, a recently designated synonym ( Landry 2007). Th is species is known in AB only from near Sherwood Park, collected by GRP for the first time in 2001.

120 Glyphipterix urticae  – Known in AB only from Waterton Lakes National Park and Cypress Hills.

121 Glyphipterix sistes  – Known in AB only from Barrhead, collected by D. A. Macaulay in 1998.

122 Glyphipterix juncivora  – Known in AB only from Waterton, collected in 1923 by J. H. McDunnough.

124 Bedellia somnulentella  – Known in AB from a single specimen collected near Sherwood Park by GRP on 4 August 2005. This species is probably more widespread in the province.

124.1 Lyonetia saliciella  – Th is species is known from BC near Lake Louise, AB ( Prentice 1965); it probably occurs in AB.

125 Lyonetia prunifoliella  – Replacement name for L. speculella Clemens  since Hodges et al. (1983).

126 Paraleucoptera albella  – Th is species is known in AB from specimens collected near Sherwood Park by GRP; it is almost certainly more widely spread in the parkland areas of the province.

127 Pyramidobela quinquecristata  – Known in AB only from Waterton Lakes National Park, collected in 2006 by J. J. Dombroskie.

128 Ethmia monticola  – AB populations in the mountains are referable to the nominate subspecies; those in the southeastern prairies are referable to subspecies fuscipedella (Walsingham), which is otherwise unknown west of MB ( Powell 1973).

129 Ethmia albicostella  – Known in AB only from Cardston and Kananaskis.

133 Agonopterix chrautis  – Known in AB only from the head of Pine Creek, near Calgary, collected by F. H. Wolley Dod in 1906. See note 137 on A. flavicomella  .

133.1 Agonopterix sabulella  – Th is species is known from boreal forest habitat in SK; it probably occurs in AB.

135 Agonopterix canadensis  – Treated twice by Bowman (1951) and Prentice (1965), as A. pallidella Busck  and Martyrhilda sciadopa Meyrick  (both are synonyms). All records by Prentice (1965) are suspect; the only voucher specimen located in the NFRC was a misidentified A. fusciterminella Clarke. 

136 Agonopterix arnicella  – Known in AB only from Elkwater in the Cypress Hills.

137 Agonopterix flavicomella  – Th ere are no clear differences in females between this species and A. chrautis Hodges. Two  female specimens in the UASM, from Edmonton, collected by K. Bowman, are not identifiable with certainty. Th e identity of the OLDS specimen has not been confirmed.

139 Agonopterix posticella  – Known in AB only from Bindloss, collected by GGA in 2005.

142 Depressariodes hildaella  – Known in AB only from near Lake Louise.

152 Depressaria artemisiae  – Known in AB only from Edmonton, collected by K. Bowman in 1945.

153 Depressaria pastinacella  – This introduced European species overwinters in cracks and crevices, including those in garages and woodpiles; it often emerges into buildings on warm winter days. It has arrived in AB since the time of Bowman and appears to have become established in the Edmonton area in the 1990s (GRP, unpublished data). In 2000 it reached high population levels in the Edmonton area and almost completely destroyed the seed crop of its host, Cow Parsnip ( Heracleum maximum Bartr.  ; Apiaceae  ). Since then, D. pastinacella  populations have stabilized at a much lower level.

154 Depressaria eleanorae  – Specimens in the POHL and UASM collections (from the Edmonton area) may be intergrades of D. eleanorae  and D. juliella Busck  ; more specimens (particularly of the more taxonomically informative females) are needed to explore the relationship of these species. According to Hodges (1974), D. juliella  occurs in the Rocky Mountains and westward; D. eleanorae  is known only in ON and ME. The UASM specimen, a male collected in Edmonton, was identified as “ Depressaria  prob. eleanorae  ” by R. W. Hodges in 1973, but was not mentioned in Hodges (1974).

156 Depressaria leptotaeniae  – Known in AB only from Waterton, probably collected by J. H. McDunnough.

157.1 Nites atrocapitella  – Th is species is known from boreal forest habitat in SK; it probably occurs in AB.

159 Perittia cygnodiella  – Known in AB only from Edmonton, collected by J.-F. Landry in 1983.

160 Elachista dasycara  – Replacement name for E. albella (Chambers, 1877)  since Hodges et al. (1983) ( Kaila 1999a). Known in AB only from Lethbridge, collected by R. M. White in 1932.

161 Elachista subalbidella  – Known in AB only from near Elk Island National Park, collected by D. A. Macaulay in 2000.

162 Elachista ossuaria  – Type locality: Saskatchewan Crossing.

163 Elachista aspila  – Known in AB only from near Drumheller, collected by J.-F. Landry in 1982.

165 Elachista aurocristata  – In early works (e.g., Braun 1948; Bowman 1951) this species included E. ossuaria Kaila. Of  the three Bowman vouchers in the UASM, two are actually E. ossuaria  ; the third is a female of questionable identity. Valid AB records exist for Nordegg and Waterton, collected by J. H. McDunnough in the 1920s. Elachista aurocristata  appears to be restricted to cordilleran regions. Type locality: Glacier National Park, MT. Th e female is unknown.

166 Elachista symmorpha  – Known in AB from Onefour, collected by GRP and D. A. Macaulay in 2001.

167 Elachista aphyodes  – Known in AB from a single specimen collected near Writing- On-Stone by GRP in 1996.

168.1 Elachista achrantella  – Th is species is known from Burstall sand dunes, SK; it almost certainly occurs in adjacent AB.

169 Elachista epimicta  – Includes purissima Braun, a recently designated synonym ( Kaila 1997). Known in AB only from Nordegg and Saskatchewan Crossing.

170 Elachista virgatula  – Replacement name for E. albella (Chambers, 1875)  since Hodges et al. (1983) ( Kaila 1997). Th is species is known in AB only from Cypress Hills, collected by J.-F. Landry in 1984.

171 Elachista albicapitella  – Known in AB only from near Lac La Biche, collected by GRP in 1994.

171.1 Elachista stramineola  – Th is species is known from Glacier National Park, MT; it probably occurs in adjacent AB.

172 Elachista fuliginea  – Known in AB only from near Saskatchewan Crossing, collected by L. Kaila in 1994.

173 Elachista maritimella  – Known in AB only from near Winfield, collected by C. D. Bird in 2000.

174 Elachista curufinella  – Known globally from a single male specimen from Saskatchewan Crossing, collected by L. Kaila in 1994.

176 Elachista aranella  – Known globally from a single female specimen from Beaver Lake, near Lac La Biche, collected by J.-F. Landry in 1994.

177 Elachista neithanella  – Known in AB only from Fairview, collected by J.-F. Landry in 1984.

178 Elachista pyrrha  – Known in AB only from Saskatchewan Crossing (type locality), collected by L. Kaila in 1994.

178.1 Elachista agilis  – Th is species is known globally only from Glacier National Park, MT; it probably occurs in adjacent AB.

179 Elachista eleochariella  – Known in AB only from Saskatchewan Crossing, collected by L. Kaila in 1994. It was recently recognized as a valid species by Kaila (1996).

180 Blastodacna bicristatella  – Th ere is confusion concerning the identity of Blastodacna  species in North America because the published descriptions of the two described species ( B. curvilineella (Chambers)  and B. bicristatella  ) are too vague to permit reliable species identification. The name B. bicristatella  is used here purely as a placeholder for the larger of the two known Blastodacna  species in AB. Th is species may in fact be B. bicristatella  but it is more likely that it represents an undescribed species. It is known in AB from Rochon Sands Provincial Park and from the Edmonton area. See note 181 on B. curvilineella  regarding misidentified specimens.

181 Blastodacna curvilineella  – Th is smaller of the two AB Blastodacna  species is probably B. curvilineella  but may prove to be something other than B. curvilineella  , possibly an undescribed species; see note 180 on B. bicristatella  . It is known in AB only from near Sherwood Park and Cypress Hills but is probably more widely distributed. Note that the Rochon Sands record and one of the Sherwood Park records mentioned by Pohl et al. (2005) actually refer to B. bicristatella  .

182 Chrysoclista cambiella  – Known in AB only from specimens collected in Waterton by J. H. McDunnough in 1923.

183 Scythris eboracensis  – Known in AB only from Edmonton, collected by J.-F. Landry.

183.1 Scythris inspersella  – Includes aterrimella (Walker) (described in Gelechia  ) and epilobiella McDunnough, recently designated synonyms ( Landry 1991). It is known from northeastern BC and it probably occurs in adjacent AB.

184 Scythris noricella  – Treated in Bowman (1951) and Hodges et al. (1983) under the name magnatella Busck, a recently designated synonym ( Landry 1991). It is known in AB only from the Edmonton area and Nordegg.

187 Landryia impositella  Landryia  is a replacement name for Asymmetrura  , described by Landry (1991), which is a junior homonym of a fossil mammal genus ( Kemal and Koçak 2006).

188 Landryia scintillifera  – Known in AB only from Onefour, collected by J.-F. Landry.

189 Glyphidocera hurlberti  – A recently described species, previously identified as G. septentrionella Busck  in many collections.

190 Decantha tistra  – Known in AB only from Kakwa Wildland Park, collected by D. A. Macaulay in July 2006.

194 Hofmannophila pseudospretella  – Th is species was introduced from Europe and reported in Canada from “BC east to MB” by Hodges (1974), but no specific AB records were given. Th is species is a pest of such items as dried foods, fur, dead insects, seeds, corks, and carpets.

198 Coleophora rosaefoliella  – Known in AB only from Edmonton, collected by K. Bowman in the 1940s.

200 Coleophora salicivorella  – Known in AB only from a reared specimen collected at Brocket as a larva in June 1962, by personnel of the Forest Insect and Disease Survey of the Canadian Forest Service.

201 Coleophora persimplexella  – Known in AB only from near Lac La Biche, collected by GRP in 1994.

202 Coleophora accordella  – Known in AB only from Nordegg, collected by J. H. Mc- Dunnough in 1921.

203 Coleophora corylifoliella  – Known in AB only from near Lac La Biche, collected by GRP in 1994.

204 Coleophora alnifoliae  – Known in AB only from near Lac La Biche, collected by GRP in 1994.

205 Coleophora comptoniella  – Known in AB only from near Lac La Biche, collected by GRP in 1994.

206 Coleophora rosaevorella  – Known in AB only from near Lac La Biche, collected by GRP in 1994.

208 Coleophora rosacella  – Known in AB only from Tolman Bridge, collected by J.-F. Landry in 1983.

209 Coleophora mcdunnoughiella  – Known in AB only from near Lac La Biche, collected by GRP in 1994.

210 Coleophora crinita  – No AB specimens are known; Bowman’s (1951) determination is questioned by J.-F. Landry (personal communication).

211 Coleophora duplicis  – Known in AB only from near Lac La Biche, collected by GRP in 1994.

212 Coleophora dextrella  – Known in AB only from near Lac La Biche, collected by J. Hammond in 1993.

213 Coleophora detractella  – Known in AB only from Lethbridge and Dunvegan.

213.1 Coleophora prepostera  – Th is species is known from Glacier National Park, MT; it probably occurs in adjacent AB.

214 Coleophora sparsipulvella  – Includes sparsiatomella McDunnough, an unofficial synonym (J.-F. Landry, personal communication). Th is species is known from Onefour, Tolman Bridge, and Saskatchewan Crossing; it is probably widely distributed but is poorly known because dissection is required to identify it.

215 Coleophora tenuis  – No AB specimens are known; Bowman’s (1951) record is questioned by J.-F. Landry (personal communication).

217 Coleophora bidentella  – Known in AB only from Waterton, collected by J. H. Mc- Dunnough in 1923.

218 Coleophora glissandella  – Known in AB only from Onefour, collected by E. E. Sterns in 1956.

219 Coleophora glaucicolella  – Known in AB only from near Lac La Biche, collected by GRP in 1994.

220 Coleophora maritella  – Th is species is known in AB from near Zama City and Buffalo Lake (collected by GRP); it is probably more widespread wherever its host plant ( Juncus  species; Juncaceae  ) occurs.

221 Coleophora mayrella  – Treated in older literature (including Bowman 1951) under the name C. spissicornis (Haworth)  , a synonym. Th is species was introduced from Eurasia to North America many years ago. Larvae feed exclusively on White Clover ( Trifolium repens  L.; Leguminosae) seeds and are an occasional pest of seed crops.

222 Coleophora trifolii  – Th is species was introduced from Eurasia to North America many years ago; it was not reported from AB by Bowman (1951) but was common in the Edmonton area by the early 1990s. Larvae feed on seeds of sweet clover ( Melilotus  species; Leguminosae).

223 Coleophora deauratella  – Th is species was introduced to the North American fauna from Eurasia after the publication of Hodges et al. (1983) and is spreading rapidly across North America. It was first recognized in AB at Beaverlodge in 2006 (collected by J. Otani), but examination of pinned specimens revealed a record from Dunvegan, collected by J.-F. Landry in 2003, and a series from Waterton, collected by GRP in 2005. Larvae feed on seeds of Red Clover and Alsike Clover ( Trifolium  species; Leguminosae) and are an occasional pest of seed crops.

226 Mompha definitella  – Th is species has not recently been treated taxonomically, but it is illustrated in Hodges (1978) in the general section on Gelechioidea  . This species was discovered in AB at Bindloss in 2005 by GGA.

227 Mompha eloisella  – Known in AB only from Lethbridge, collected in 1932 by H. L. Seamans.

228 Mompha stellella  – Th is species was discovered in AB at Buffalo in 2006 by J. J. Dombroskie.

229 Mompha unifasciella  – Treated in older literature under the name decorella Stephens. This species probably overwinters as an adult; it is often found in buildings and garages during the winter. Outdoors it is found from May to September.

230 Mompha idaei  – Replacement name for M. tricristatella Chambers. 

231 Mompha terminella  – Known in AB only from near Lac La Biche, collected by GRP in 1994.

232 Mompha raschkiella  – Known in AB from a specimen collected by GRP at Sherwood Park in 2004 and a specimen collected by C. D. Bird near Winfield in 2004. Th is is a previously unpublished record for North America.

232.1 Mompha sexstrigella  – Treated by Sinev (1996) as Psacaphora complexa Svensson  , now considered a synonym ( Koster and Harrison 1997). Th is species is known from Glacier National Park, MT (type locality); it probably occurs in adjacent AB.

234 Hypatopa insulatella  – Discovered in AB by C. D. Bird at several sites in central AB between 2000 and 2002. Th e determination was made by D. Adamski. Included within this species is rufopunctella Dietz, a recently designated synonym ( Adamski and Hodges 1996).

236 Oegoconia novimundi  – Reported by Bowman (1951) as O. quadripuncta (Haworth)  , an Old World species. Oegoconia novimundi  has recently been raised from synonymy and applied to North American populations ( Huemer 1998); true O. quadripuncta  is restricted to the Old World (J.-F. Landry, personal communication).

237 Taygete sylvicolella  – Known in AB only from Edmonton. The genus Taygete  was moved from the Gelechiidae  by Landry (2002).

237.1 Gerdana caritella  – Th is species is known from Beaverhead County, MT ( Clarke 1941) and Waskesiu, SK ( Prentice 1965) and may occur in adjacent AB.

237.2 Cosmopterix gemmiferella  – Th is species is known from boreal forest habitat in SK; it probably occurs in AB.

238 Cosmopterix fernaldella  – Th is species is known in AB only from the Birch Mountains and near Sherwood Park, but it is almost certainly more widely distributed. It is very localized around ponds with Carex  spp., on which it is a leaf miner.

239 Eteobalea intermediella  – A new addition to the North American fauna since the publication of Hodges et al. (1983). Th is species was introduced from Europe to control toadflax ( Linaria  species; Scrophulariaceae  ). Limited field releases were carried out in Lethbridge in 1998, but the species appears not to have become established in AB ( Weeden et al. 2002).

240 Eteobalea serratella  – A new addition to the North American fauna since the publication of Hodges et al. (1983). Th is species was introduced from Europe to control toadflax ( Linaria  species; Scrophulariaceae  ). It was released at six sites in AB between 1992 and 1996; it may not be established in AB ( Weeden et al. 2002).

242 Walshia miscecolorella  – Th is species was reported by Bowman (1951) as W. amorphella Clemens  ; W. miscecolorella  was considered to be a synonym of W. amorphella  at the time ( McDunnough 1939b).

242.1 Sorhagenia baucidis  – Th is species is known from boreal forest habitat in SK; it probably occurs in AB.

243 Metzneria lappella  – Known in AB only from Elkwater, Lethbridge, and Medicine Hat.

243.1 Metzneria paucipunctella  – This species was introduced from Europe for biocontrol of knapweed ( Centaurea  species; Compositae) in BC and MT ( Weeden et al. 2002); it may be established and may spread into AB.

244 Isophrictis magnella  – Known in AB from a series collected at Onefour on 4 August 1951 by D. F. Hardwick. Th e determination was made by S. Lee in 2004.

244.1 Isophrictis rudbeckiella  – Th is species is known from Burstall, SK, which is very close to the AB border; it probably occurs in adjacent AB as well.

245 Monochroa harrisonella  – Known in AB only from Waterton, probably collected by J. H. McDunnough.

246 Chrysoesthia drurella  – In western Canada, this species has often been confused with C. lingulacella (Clemens)  ; known AB specimens have been confirmed as C. drurella  by GRP and J.-F. Landry.

247 Chrysoesthia lingulacella  – Th e sole known AB record of this species was collected at Edmonton by K. Bowman in 1923, and its identity is not certain. It was identified by Bowman as C. lingulacella  , a determination with which GRP tentatively agrees; it is clearly not C. drurella (Fabricius)  .

248 Aristotelia devexella  – Known in AB only from Waterton (type locality).

251 Aristotelia rubidella  – Known in AB only from Waterton, probably collected by J. H. McDunnough.

252 Deltophora sella  – Known in AB only from Onefour and Sandy Point. Two subspecies are known, atacta (Meyrick) and californica Sattler  ; it is not known to which subspecies the AB populations belong.

253 Agnippe prunifoliella  – Th is species has traditionally been placed in Evippe  , a recently recognized synonym of Agnippe ( Lee and Brown 2008)  .

253.1 Coleotechnites ardas  – Th is species is known from Glacier National Park, MT; it probably occurs in adjacent AB.

255 Coleotechnites biopes  – Known globally only from Cypress Hills Interprovincial Park of SK and AB. Th e type locality is in the SK portion of the park.

256 Coleotechnites blastovora  – AB determinations are uncertain; they do not fit published host and phenologic information. McLeod (1962) reported the species as a needle tier of White Spruce, with adults emerging in midsummer. Larvae have been observed on White Spruce in AB that match the larval descriptions in McLeod (1962) and Ives and Wong (1988). However, adult specimens are required for certain determination, and no such vouchers are known from AB. All known AB specimens filed under the name C. blastovora  in collections had emerged in early spring in aspendominated forest, and are probably misdetermined. The genus Coleotechnites  is in need of revision to clarify the definitions of these and other species.

259 Coleotechnites gibsonella  – Specimens in the Bowman collection at the UASM have not been dissected to confirm their identities.

261 Coleotechnites lewisi  – Known globally only from Cowley, AB, but probably occurs across the range of its host, Limber Pine. Th is moth is of concern to conservationists because of the serious threat of White Pine Blister Rust ( Cronartium ribicola J. C. Fisch  ; Uredinales) to its host. Limber Pine is currently being evaluated for possible protection by the federal and provincial governments.

262.1 Coleotechnites occidentis  – Th is species is known from southeastern BC; it probably occurs in adjacent AB.

264 Coleotechnites starki  – Needle miner and occasional pest of Lodgepole Pine. Type locality: Mount Eisenhower, near Banff, AB.

268 Carpatolechia belangerella  – Th is species was moved from Pseudotelphusa  by Lee and Brown (2008), but was erroneously misplaced back in Pseudotelphusa in Lee et al. (2009)  . Lee et al. (2009) also synonymized oronella (Walsingham) with C. belangerella  .

269 Carpatolechia proximella  – First recognized in the North American fauna after the publication of Hodges et al. (1983).

270 Prolita sexpunctella  – Treated by Bowman (1951) under two synonyms: longicornis (Curtis) and petulans (Braun). Th e type locality of petulans is Moraine Lake, AB. Prolita sexpunctella  and other species of Prolita  were until recently placed in Lita Trietschke, 1833  , a primary homonym of Lita Kollar, 1832  ( Huemer and Karsholt 1999).

272 Prolita barnesiella  – Known in AB only from specimens collected by J. J. Dombroskie at the Pakowki dunes in 2006.

275 Bryotropha plantariella  – Discovered in North America after Hodges et al. (1983).

276 Bryotropha gemella  – Known in western North America from a single female specimen collected in Edmonton in 2005 by 5-year-old Colin Deneka. The identification was confirmed by T. Rutten.

277 Bryotropha similis  – First recognized in the North American fauna after the publication of Hodges et al. (1983). It includes clandestina (Meyrick)  , pullifimbriella (Clemens), and tahavusella (Forbes), all recently designated synonyms ( Rutten and Karsholt 2004).

279 Bryotropha altitudophila  – Known in northern AB from specimens collected by GRP and D. Kanashiro at Dunvegan in 2003. It is also known from the sand dunes at Burstall, SK, and almost certainly occurs in adjacent southern AB as well.

280.1 Gelechia dromicella  – Th is species is known from boreal forest habitat in SK; it probably occurs in AB.

284.1 Chionodes iridescens  – Th is species is known from boreal habitat in SK and NT; it probably occurs in adjacent AB.

284.2 Chionodes abitus  – Th is species is known from the sand dunes at Burstall, SK; it almost certainly occurs in adjacent AB.

286 Chionodes kincaidella  – Known in AB only from Onefour, collected by D. F. Hardwick in 1951.

287 Chionodes sistrella  – Known in AB only from Onefour.

288 Chionodes landryi  – Known in AB only from Onefour, the type locality, collected by J.-F. Landry in 1984.

289 Chionodes fructuaria  – Known in AB only from Sandy Point, collected by J.-F. Landry in 1985.

290.1 Chionodes salicella  – Th is species is known from Glacier County, MT; it probably occurs in adjacent AB.

291 Chionodes obscurusella  – Includes negundella Heinrich  , a recently designated synonym ( Hodges 1999).

294 Chionodes innox  – Known in AB only from Drumheller, collected by J.-F. Landry in 1982.

297 Chionodes ceanothiella  – Known in AB only from Waterton, collected by J. H. Mc- Dunnough in 1923.

299 Chionodes praeclarella  – Includes labradorica (Möschler) and fluvialella (Busck), recently designated synonyms ( Hodges 1999b).

300 Chionodes psiloptera  – Includes abradescens (Braun), a recently designated synonym ( Hodges 1999b). Th is species is an occasional pest of turf grass and forage.

301 Chionodes agriodes  – Includes seculaella (Clarke), a recently designated synonym ( Hodges 1999b). Th is species is known in AB only from Lethbridge and Onefour.

302 Chionodes whitmanella  – Known in AB only from Sandy Point, collected by J.-F. Landry in 1985.

303 Chionodes praeco  – Known in AB only from Cypress Hills and Writing-On-Stone, all collected by J.-F. Landry in 1982.

304 Chionodes occlusa  – Type locality: Waterton, AB.

306.1 Chionodes veles  – Th is species is known from Whitehorse, YT, and mountains in MT; it probably occurs in southern AB in the Rocky Mountains.

308 Chionodes ensis  – Known in AB only from Lake Louise, collected by J. D. Lafontaine in 1982.

309 Chionodes continuella  – Includes brumella (Clemens), a recently designated synonym ( Lee et al. 2009).

311 Chionodes offectus  – Known in AB only from Nordegg, collected by J. H. McDunnough in 1921.

312 Chionodes metallica  – Known in AB only from Drumheller and Waterton.

314 Chionodes nigrobarbata  – Type locality: Waterton, AB.

315 Chionodes braunella  – Includes loetae Clarke, a recently designated synonym ( Hodges 1999b). Known in AB only from Mount Eisenhower, near Banff, collected by R. H. Leuschner in 1973.

316 Chionodes permacta  – Type locality: Moraine Lake, near Banff, AB.

316.1 Chionodes flavicorporella  – Th is species is known from YT, MT, and MB; it probably occurs in AB.

318 Filatima albicostella  – Th e sole AB record is a Nordegg specimen collected by K. Bowman in 1921, which does not look like BC specimens.

319 Filatima demissae  – Known in AB only from Lloydminster. Determinations of UASM specimens are questionable. Th is species was misspelled “ dimissae ” by Hodges (1983).

320 Filatima normifera  – Known in AB only from Lloydminster.

321 Filatima ornatifimbriella  – Known in AB only from Nordegg.

322 Filatima serotinella  – Determination of UASM specimens are uncertain.

325.1 Gnorimoschema clavatum  – Th is species is known from the sand dunes at Burstall, SK; it almost certainly occurs in adjacent AB.

326 Gnorimoschema contrarium  – Known in AB only from Nordegg.

327 Gnorimoschema dudiella  – Known in AB only from Nordegg.

330 Gnorimoschema gallaespeciosum  – Known in AB from a single specimen collected by C. B. Christensen at Moose Lake in 2005.

330.1 Gnorimoschema petiolatum  – Th is species is known from the sand dunes at Burstall, SK; it almost certainly occurs in adjacent AB.

331 Gnorimoschema reichli  – Known in AB from specimens collected by GRP and B. Sheen in Jasper National Park in 2006.

331.1 Gnorimoschema segregatum  – Th is species is known from the sand dunes at Burstall, SK; it almost certainly occurs in adjacent AB.

332.1 Gnorimoschema spinosum  – Th is species is known from the sand dunes at Burstall, SK; it almost certainly occurs in adjacent AB.

335 Scrobipalpula henshawiella  – Th e AB record is based on some unverified specimens from Nordegg collected by J. H. McDunnough in 1921.

336 Scrobipalpula lutescella  – Th is species was placed in Scrobipalpulopsis  by Powell and Povolný (2001), but Scrobipalpulopsis  was subsequently synonymized with Scrobipalpula  by Lee et al. (2009). Th e species is known in AB only from Sunnydale (near Lloydminster), it was collected by P. F. Bruggeman in 1949.

337 Scrobipalpula psilella  – Part of the psilella  complex, which includes undescribed species ( Powell and Povolný 2001).

338 Scrobipalpula radiatella  – Known in AB only from Waterton, probably collected by J. H. McDunnough.

339 Scrobipalpa atriplicella  – Th is species was moved from Scrobipalpula  to Euscrobipalpa  by Powell and Povolný (2001), but Euscrobipalpa  was subsequently synonymized with Scrobipalpa  by Lee et al. (2009).

339.1 Scrobipalpa instabilella  – This species was added to the North American fauna after the publication of Hodges et al. (1983). It is known from the Great Sand Hills, SK and probably occurs in adjacent AB. See note 339 regarding placement in the genus Scrobipalpa  .

340 Scrobipalpa macromaculata  – Known in AB only from Lethbridge, collected by H. L. Seamans in 1922.

341 Scrobipalpa obsoletella  – See note 339 regarding placement in the genus Scrobipalpa  .

343 Caryocolum pullatella  – Includes subtractella (Walker), a recently designated synonym ( Huemer 1988).

345 Scrobipalpopsis petrella  – moved from Ptycerata  by Povolný (1993).

347 Battaristis concinnusella  – Discovered in AB near Sherwood Park by GRP in 1998.

352 Anacampsis paltodoriella  – Known in AB only from Onefour.

353 Sitotroga cerealella  – Known in AB only from a specimen collected at Sandy Lake by J.-F. Landry in 1982. Th is species is usually an indoor pest of stored grain products but can also infest grain in the field ( Robinson 2005).

355 Helcystogramma casca  – Questionable status as a species distinct from H. fernaldella (Busck)  . Th ere are no genitalic differences between the species, only color differences that seem to intergrade in AB. This species is known in AB only from Waterton Lakes National Park, but it probably occurs elsewhere in southern AB.

358 Dichomeris purpureofusca  – Known in AB from Ministik Lake and from Waterton. Bowman’s (1951) report of D. nonstrigella (Chambers)  is probably based on records of this species, which was considered at the time to be a synonym of D. nonstrigella ( McDunnough 1939b)  .

363 Dichomeris offula  – Known in AB only from Edmonton and Nordegg.

365 Zenodoxus canescens  – Known in AB only from Medicine Hat.

366 Zenodoxus sidalceae  – Known in AB only from Orkney, near Drumheller.

369 Paranthrene tabaniformis  – Th is species was reported from “across southern Canada and north into AK” by Eichlin and Duckworth (1988) and reported from AB by Engelhardt (1946) under the name tricincta (Harris), a synonym, but no verified AB records are known.

373 Sesia spartani  – Th is recently described species was discovered in AB by M. Aurelian during examination of museum material from Edmonton and Tolman Bridge. The specimen from Edmonton is the only female of the species known. Numerous specimens of this species were collected in Edmonton in 2009.

374 Synanthedon pictipes  – Known in AB only from Edmonton, collected by GGA.

375 Synanthedon tipuliformis  – Probably introduced from Europe ( Eichlin and Duckworth 1988). Th is species is known in AB only from Lethbridge and Edmonton.

377 Synanthedon viburni  – Known in AB with certainty only from Mariana Lake. Other old AB records were recently redetermined and proved to be S. fatifera Hodges  ; that may also be the case with the CNC specimens, which have not been confirmed.

378 Synanthedon arctica  – Known in AB from a single specimen collected from a bog near Sherwood Park by GGA, in a pheromone trap in late July 2009. Th is species was previously known from AK ( Eichlin and Duckworth 1988) and from MB, QC, and NF ( Rietz 1995).

380 Synanthedon canadensis  – Known in AB only from Banff, the Waterton Lakes area, and Willmore Wilderness ( Macaulay 2008).

384 Synanthedon albicornis  – Known in AB only from Edmonton, collected by J. Belicek in 1971.

385 Synanthedon proxima  – Known in AB only from recent collections by GGA at Tolman Bridge (2001) and south of Sherwood Park (2009).

386 Synanthedon polygoni  – Reported by Eichlin and Duckworth (1988) “from AK to Mexico and east to UT”. No voucher specimens are known from AB, but in June 2006, H. Proctor took a photograph of a freshly emerged specimen at Dry Island Buffalo Jump Provincial Park. Th e identity was confirmed by GGA and D. Holden. The image is on fi le at the UASM and the NFRC. Another specimen was photographed by T. Showalter in the Dry Island vicinity in 2009  ; larvae feed primarily on species of Umbrella-plant ( Eriogonum  spp.).

387 Synanthedon novaroensis  – Trunk borer and occasional pest on spruce and pine trees.

388 Synanthedon sequoiae  – Reported by Eichlin and Duckworth (1988) from “northern BC and in the Rocky Mountains to CO”; this description presumably includes southwestern AB, but no specific AB records are known.

389 Podosesia syringae  – Th is species is a trunk borer on ash and lilac trees; it is an occasional pest of ornamental trees.

390 Carmenta giliae  – Known in AB from Belly River, collected by personnel of the Forest Insect and Disease Survey of the Canadian Forest Service in 1962, and from east of Milk River, collected by Royal Alberta Museum staff in 1999 (determined by T. Eichlin from a photograph).

390.1 Carmenta verecunda  – Th is species was reported by Eichlin and Duckworth (1988) from “MB to WA”; no AB records are known but this species probably occurs in the southern part of the province.

394 Anthophila alpinella  – Th e records of Bowman (1951) under the names A. fabriciana (Linnaeus)  and A. fabriciana alpinella  are all referable to A. alpinella  . Anthophila fabriciana  has a strictly Old World distribution.

395 Prochoreutis pernivalis  – Hodges et al. (1983) mistakenly left the author out of parentheses.

396 Caloreas occidentella  – Known in AB only from Waterton and Nordegg. Specimens in the CNC were all redetermined in the 1990s by J. Heppner. He attached a label to the Waterton specimens with the unpublished name “ C. canadensis  ”, and a label to the Nordegg specimens with the unpublished name “ C. hyperboreas  ”. It may be that the true C. occidentella  does not occur in AB, but pending publication of formal species descriptions for these manuscript names, we continue to apply the name occidentella  to AB specimens.

397 Caloreas multimarginata  – Known in AB only from Nordegg.

398 Caloreas leucobasis  – Bowman’s (1951) record of this species in AB is based on a short series from Nordegg. The group is currently being revised by J. Heppner; on the basis of his determinations at the CNC, these specimens probably represent an undescribed species. The true C. leucobasis  probably does not occur in western Canada, but we continue to apply the name to AB material pending further clarification.

399 Tebenna balsamorrhizella  – Known in AB only from the Waterton area.

400 Tebenna onustana  – Known in AB only from Moraine Lake.

401 Choreutis diana  – Also treated by Bowman (1951) and Prentice (1965) as Allononyma vicarialis Zeller  , a synonym.

402 Choreutis  sp. nr. myllerana  – Bowman (1951) applied the Old World name C. myllerana (Fabricius)  to this undescribed species. When specimens in the CNC were examined by GRP in 2004, they had been labeled with the unpublished name “ Prochoreutis epichoris  ” by J. Heppner.

403 Acleris albicomana  – Placed until recently in Croesia  , now considered a synonym of Acleris ( Brown 2005)  .

404 Acleris curvalana  – Placed until recently in Croesia  , now considered a synonym of Acleris ( Brown 2005)  .

411 Acleris fuscana  – Pohl et al. (2004b) used the name A. obligatoria Park and Razowski  in error for this species, on the basis of misinformation that the two species were synonymous and that obligatoria  was the valid name. Acleris obligatoria  is a valid species that is restricted to Asia.

416 Acleris schalleriana  – All North American as well as some Eurasian specimens are members of the subspecies viburnana (Clemens) ( Razowski 1966).

421 Acleris arcticana  – Treated in Hodges et al. (1983) under the name A. walkerana Obraztsov  , a recently designated synonym ( Brown 2005).

424 Acleris logiana  – Occurs in a white and a gray form; the latter was described as subspecies placidana (Robinson).

425 Acleris flavivittana  – Known from boreal forest habitat in SK and from unconfirmed specimens collected in AB.

427 Acleris clarkei  – Known in AB only from Rimbey.

429 Acleris paracinderella  – Treated as a subspecies of A. minuta (Robinson)  by Razowski (1966). Acleris paracinderella  is known in AB only from Kananaskis, collected by personnel of the Forest Insect and Disease Survey of the Canadian Forest Service in 1951.

430 Acleris gloveranus  – A pest of spruce and fir trees in BC. Th is species is known in AB only from Lake Louise.

431 Acleris variana  – A common pest of spruce and fir trees. A number of striking forms occur with markedly different patterns on the forewings.

433 Acleris inana  – Bowman (1951) treated this species as A. inana  and as A. lipsiana  ([Denis and Schiffermüller]). The latter is strictly Palaearctic, and North American specimens referred to it are likely A. inana ( Clarke 1987)  . Th e genitalia of the males Bowman identified as A. lipsiana  in the UASM match the genitalia of A. inana  figured by Razowski (1966) and Bowman’s “ lipsiana  ” specimens are presumed to all be this species. In the original description, the female referred to is probably misidentified, according to Clarke (1987).

435 Acleris bowmanana  – Type locality: Edmonton, AB.

438 Acleris effractana  – North American populations have been referred to for many years as A. emargana (Fabricius)  . However, according to Karsholt et al. (2005), all North American specimens are A. effractana  and both species occur in Eurasia.

444 Phtheochroa modestana  – Known in AB from two specimens collected at Nordegg by J. H. McDunnough in 1921; determination uncertain.

445 Phtheochroa villana  – Specimens in the UASM that were originally determined as this species are of uncertain identity and await further taxonomic clarification of the species in this group.

447 Phtheochroa vulneratana  – First recognized in the North American fauna after Hodges et al. (1983). Th is species is known in AB only from Moraine Lake.

449 Platphalonidia albertae  – Known globally only from Nordegg, collected by J. H. McDunnough in 1921.

450 Platphalonidia dangi  – Known globally only from Nordegg, on the basis of a single male specimen collected in 1923.

452 Platphalonidia imitabilis  – Known globally only from Waterton, on the basis of two specimens collected by J. H. McDunnough in 1923.

454 Aethes biscana  – This species is known in AB with certainty from the Sherwood Park area, collected by GRP; a series of Bowman’s specimens identified as A. biscana  was noted in the UASM by GRP in 2001 but could not be found again later. These specimens have either been redetermined or misplaced.

457 Aethes promptana  – Razowski’s (1997) treatment of “ A. promptana  ” from eastern NA is incorrect; they represent the subsequently described A. razowskii (Sabourin and Miller) ( Sabourin et al. 2002)  . However, AB specimens from Lac La Biche and Red Deer are correctly identified as A. promptana  .

458 Aethes rutilana  – Th is species is thought to be Holarctic in distribution ( Razowski 1997, 2002), with subspecies canadana Razowski  occurring in North America. Gillespie and Gillespie (1982) reported it as having been introduced from Europe. It is known in AB from Brooks and Erskine.

459 Aethes sexdentata  – Previously misidentified as A. angulatana (Robinson)  by many workers including Bowman (1951) and Razowski (1997). The true A. angulatana  is not known to occur west of MN. Th e nominal subspecies occurs throughout North America ( Razowski 2002).

460 Aethes smeathmanniana  – Includes scissana (Walker), a recently designated synonym ( Brown 2005).

461 Cochylidia subroseana  – First recognized in the North American fauna after Hodges et al. (1983). It is known in AB only from Nordegg.

462 Cochylis dubitana  – First recognized in the North American fauna after Hodges et al. (1983). Th e nominal subspecies occurs in North America ( Razowski 2002).

463 Cochylis hoffmanana  – Includes marloffiana (Busck), toxcana (Kearfott), and zoxcana (Kearfott), all recently designated synonyms ( Brown 2005). Th is species was recently discovered in AB. It appears to be widespread; it is known from Dunvegan, Rocky Mountain House, and Crowsnest Pass.

464 Cochylis hospes  – Th is species is known in AB only from a collection by J. J. Dombroskie and B. Proshek at Bindloss in 2008, but it is probably more widely distributed. It is an occasional pest of sunflowers ( Helianthus  spp.; Compositae).

465 Cochylis nana  – Includes albidana (Walker), a recently designated synonym ( Brown 2005). Bowman’s specimens in the UASM (labeled as Phalonia winniana Kearfott  , a synonym), were not listed in Bowman (1951); they were probably determined after 1951.

466 Eana argentana  – Th e nominal subspecies occurs in North America ( Razowski 2002).

467 Eana osseana  – The taxon niveosana (Packard), type locality: Hopedale, Labrador, was previously considered to be distinct but is now considered to be a subspecies of E. osseana ( Brown 2005)  . It probably applies to at least some AB populations.

468 Decodes fragariana  – Known in AB only from Waterton Lakes National Park, from a specimen collected by J. J. Dombroskie in 2006.

469 Decodes horariana  – According to Powell (1980), who had no AB specimens at the time, the division between D. horariana  and D. macdunnoughi Powell  is unclear, and he indicated that specimens from the northern Rocky Mountains are probably the latter species. However, recent dissections by GRP indicate that clear genital differences exist. AB specimens confirmed to be D. horariana  are from Banff, Calgary, and Red Deer.

470 Decodes macdunnoughi  – See note 469 on D. horariana  . Th is is a boreal species, known from Edmonton, AB, and central SK.

471 Pandemis limitata  – See note 472 on P. canadana  .

472 Pandemis canadana  – Th e validity of P. canadana  as a species is questionable; Freeman (1958) thought this was probably just a western subspecies of P. limitata (Robinson)  . Th ey co-occur without intergrades in the Edmonton area in AB, suggesting either that P. canadana  is just a dark morph of P. limitata  or that they are valid species. Further research is needed on these taxa.

473 Pandemis pyrusana  – Known in AB only from the Waterton area.

475 Argyrotaenia repertana  – Known in AB only from a series collected at Sunny Lake (near Lloydminster) by P. F. Brugemann in 1949.

485 Choristoneura conflictana  – Th is species is a pest of Trembling Aspen; adults can be so abundant that they are a nuisance at lights.

486 Choristoneura fumiferana  – Part of the fumiferana  complex, including C. fumiferana  , C. occidentalis Freeman  , C. biennis Freeman  , C. pinus Freeman  , C. lambertiana (Busck)  , and C. orae Freeman  , in which the species are not entirely discrete. Choristoneura fumiferana  is a serious pest of spruce and fir trees.

487 Choristoneura occidentalis  – Part of the fumiferana  complex; see note 486 on C. fumiferana  .

488 Choristoneura biennis  – Part of the fumiferana  complex; see note 486 on C. fumiferana  . It is a pest of spruce.

489 Choristoneura pinus  – Part of the fumiferana  complex; see note 486 on C. fumiferana  . It is a pest of Jack Pine.

490 Choristoneura lambertiana  – Part of the fumiferana  complex; see note 486 on C. fumiferana  .

492 Archips striana  – Hodges et al. (1983) mistakenly placed the author in parentheses.

495 Archips argyrospila  – We include the taxon mortuana Kearfott in our concept of A. argyrospila  , following the conclusions of Kruse and Sperling (2001). However, that synonymy has not been formalized as yet. Th is species exhibits considerable geographic variation in wing pattern, but there is considerable overlap of phenotypes. Treatment by Prentice (1965) probably includes misidentified specimens of other species.

497 Archips negundana  – Th is species has localized, multi-year outbreaks on Manitoba Maple in Edmonton.

498 Archips cerasivorana  – Social feeder in a large silken nest and an occasional pest of ornamental trees.

499 Archips purpurana  – Old specimen determinations in the CNC are questionable; confirmed AB specimens are from Barrhead (collected by D. A. Macaulay in 1992), Moose Lake (collected by C. B. Christensen in 2005), and Sherwood Park (collected by GRP in 2005). Archips purpurana  is a pest of many plant species.

500 Archepandemis borealis  – This species was reported by Freeman (1965) from AB, but at least some of his AB records were later redetermined by Mutuura (1978) as A. coniferana Mutuura. Some  AB specimens remain deposited in the CNC under the name A. borealis  , but the validity of their identity is in doubt.

503 Lozotaenia hesperia  – Known in AB from near Zama City and near Sherwood Park. AB specimens were originally misdetermined as L. rindgei Obraztsov  ; vouchers deposited at the CNC may still be labeled as such.

504 Aphelia alleniana  – Th e nominate subspecies occurs in western Canada.

505 Aphelia koebelei  – Known in AB from Nordegg and Jasper.

506 Clepsis fucana  – Known in AB from a specimen collected by M. Schwarzfeld at Kootenay Plains in 2007; other specimens collected recently at Jasper have not been identified with certainty (J. J. Dombroskie, personal communication).

507 Clepsis kearfotti  – Type locality: Mount Piran.

508 Clepsis persicana  – Specimens from southwestern AB are subspecies forbesi Obraztsov  , originally described as a separate species. Th ey have a smaller silver dash on the forewing costa and a slightly more oblong uncus than nominate persicana ( Obraztsov 1962b)  .

518 Sparganothis xanthoides  – Also treated by Bowman (1951) as S. irrorea (Robinson)  , now considered simply a distinctive variety. Th e status of subspecies inconditana (Walsingham), which occurs in AB with the nominate subspecies, is not fully understood.

526 Anopina ednana  – Known in AB from a single specimen collected near Sundre by E. Mengersen in 1989.

527 Anopina arizonana  – Known in AB only from Waterton, collected by J. H. McDunnough in 1923.

531 Endothenia hebesana  – Includes daeckiana (Kearfott), a recently designated synonym ( Brown 2005). Th e nominal subspecies occurs in North America ( Razowski 2003).

532 Endothenia infuscata  – Known in AB from a single Bowman specimen in the UASM, of uncertain validity. Th e species is otherwise unknown in northwestern North America.

533 Endothenia nubilana  – Th is species has often been referred to in North America (e.g., in Hodges et al. 1983) as E. quadrimaculana  , a strictly Palaearctic species. Bowman (1951) and Heinrich (1926) referred to it as E. antiquana nubilana  ( antiquana Hübner  is a synonym of quadrimaculana  ).

534 Taniva albolineana  – An occasional pest of spruce.

535 Tia enervana  – Treated in older works, including Heinrich (1926) and Bowman (1951), under the name vulgana (McDunnough), a recently designated synonym ( Brown 2005). Known in AB only from Nordegg, which is the type locality of vulgana.

537 Bactra furfurana  – Th e nominal subspecies occurs in North America ( Razowski 2003).

538 Bactra verutana  – Th is species occurs in AB in dark and light morphs; the dark morph was described as subspecies albipuncta Heinrich, now considered to be a synonym.

540 Paralobesia aemulana  – Known from a single old (1943) specimen in the CNC, and a recent (2002) collection by GRP near Sherwood Park.

541 Paralobesia blandula  – Known in western Canada only from two specimens collected in 2002 near Sherwood Park by GRP.

542 Lobesiodes euphorbiana  – Introduced to North America for biological control of Leafy Spurge ( Euphorbia esula  L.; Euphorbiaceae  ). Field releases were made at Millet and Cardston in 1990 but larvae did not successfully overwinter. Th is species was released again at Cardston in 1994 but it appears not to have established a viable population ( McClay et al. 1995). It has been successfully established in MB.

543 Ahmosia galbinea  – Known in AB only from two specimens collected at Onefour in 1996 by GRP.

545 Zomaria interruptolineana  – Th e surprising AB record of this otherwise eastern species comes from the Whitemud River valley in the Peace River area, collected by D. and S. Macaulay in 2008.

547 Apotomis removana  – Includes dextrana (McDunnough), a recently designated synonym ( Adamski and Peters 1986).

549 Apotomis tertiana  – Includes strigosa (Heinrich)  , a recently designated synonym ( Adamski and Peters 1986).

550 Apotomis bifida  – Listed twice by Prentice (1965). Th e only confirmed AB specimen is from Entrance, between Hinton and Jasper. Others may exist, misidentified as similar species; it is externally identical to A. capreana (Hübner)  and very close to A. tertiana (McDunnough)  . Th e AB specimen is reared, so the natural adult flight period is not known with certainty.

551 Apotomis capreana  – Bowman’s (1951) record of A. frigidana (Packard)  for AB is referable to this species.

553 Apotomis paludicolana  – Th is species is known in AB only from Edmonton and the Birch Mountains, but it is probably more widely distributed. It is restricted to bog habitats.

560 Olethreutes inornatana  – Although Bowman (1951) reported this species from AB, all of his specimens (all from Edmonton) are actually O. quadrifidum (Zeller)  . According to C. D. Bird (personal communication), who examined these specimens in detail, the only true O. inornatana  known in AB are ones he collected recently (between 2000 and 2005) at Dry Island Buffalo Jump Provincial Park.

561 Olethreutes quadrifidum  – See note 560 on O. inornatana  concerning Bowman’s (1951) voucher specimens.

562 Olethreutes appendiceum  – Bowman’s (1951) record of O. versicolorana (Clemens)  is referable to this species.

563 Olethreutes albiciliana  – Th is species is known in AB from a single specimen collected in Willmore Wilderness Park by D. A. Macaulay on 15 July 2007. This species is otherwise known from BC, MB, and across eastern Canada and is probably more widely distributed in AB.

565 Olethreutes sordidana  – Known in AB only from Nordegg and the Canadian Shield region.

568 Olethreutes coruscana  – Listed by Bowman (1951) as puncticostana (Walker)  , a synonym. This is the “true” puncticostana  , not in the sense of Heinrich (1926), who was dealing with misidentified O. metallicana (Hübner)  ( Miller 1985a). Olethreutes coruscana  also includes constellatana Zeller, a recently designated synonym ( Brown 2005).

569 Olethreutes metallicana  – Heinrich (1926) and many workers since (including Bowman 1951) have treated the larger western form of this species (BC and AB populations) incorrectly as O. puncticostana major (Walsingham)  . The true puncticostana  is a synonym of O. coruscana (Clemens)  , see note 568. All AB populations of O. metallicana  are referable to subspecies major (Walsingham)  .

570 Olethreutes nordeggana  – Includes kennethanus McDunnough (type locality: Edmonton), a recently designated synonym ( Miller and Jalava 2000) that was missed by Brown (2005). Reports of O. obsoletana (Zetterstedt)  in North America (e.g., Poole 1995) probably refer to this species. Th e type locality of O. nordeggana  is Nordegg, AB.

573 Olethreutes polluxana  – Known in AB only from Nordegg.

578 Olethreutes turfosana  – Treated in older works under the name intermistana (Clemens), a recently recognized synonym ( Jalava and Miller 1998).

584 Hedya ochroleucana  – Bowman’s (1951) report of Evora hemidesma (Zeller)  is referable to this species.

585 Hedya nubiferana  – Introduced from Europe to southwestern BC and eastern North America. It was first discovered in AB in 2003 and is known so far only from Tolman Bridge, where it has been collected on several occasions.

587 Ancylis subaequana  – AB populations are probably members of subspecies kinkaidana (Fernald) (type locality: AK). Gilligan et al. (2008) treated A. subaequana  , A. galeamatana (McDunnough)  , and A. sheppardana (McDunnough)  as a complex.

588 Ancylis discigerana  – Misidentified by Heinrich (1923) as A. spiraeifoliana (Clemens)  . Specimens in the Bowman collection are of uncertain identity; they may be misidentified A. metamelana (Walker)  or A. mira Heinrich. 

590 Ancylis tenebrica  – Known in AB only from Bilby (type locality).

591 Ancylis laciniana  – Th is taxon is part of a species complex, which includes A. spiraeifoliana (Clemens)  , A. laciniana  , A. burgessiana (Zeller)  , A. mira Heinrich  , and A. fuscociliana (Clemens)  . It is a diffi cult group in need of revision. Some or all of these taxa may prove to be races rather than distinct species. Further taxonomic work is required on this complex before the species can be reliably sorted out.

592 Ancylis burgessiana  – See note 591 on A. laciniana  .

593 Ancylis mira  – See note 591 on A. laciniana  .

594 Ancylis fuscociliana  – See note 591 on A. laciniana  .

603 Hystrichophora paradisiae  – Known in AB only from Lethbridge.

604 Hystrichophora stygiana  – We include H. asphodelana (Kearfott)  within our concept of this species, following advice from T. Gilligan (personal communication) that it is conspecific. However, H. asphodelana  has not been formally synonymized as yet. Variety seraphicana Heinrich, with white cilia on the hindwings, was described from WA and Glacier National Park, MT; it may be found in adjacent AB.

606 Hystrichophora vestaliana  – Known in AB only from Dry Island Buffalo Jump Provincial Park, collected by C. D. Bird in 2005.

607 Rhyacionia buoliana  – Known in AB from a single specimen reared from ornamental Austrian Pine (Pinus nigra Arnold  ; Pinaceae  ) in Edmonton, by G. Rankin in 2001. Rhyacionia buoliana  was introduced to North America many years ago from Europe. At the time of writing it is not abundant in AB and may not be established in this province.

608 Retinia albicapitana  – Th is species is an occasional pest of pines; it feeds on twigs, bark, and pitch. Th is and other species of Retinia  were placed in the genus Petrova  for many years; Lerault (1978) synonymized Petrova  with Retinia  , but this has only recently been widely accepted ( Brown 2005).

609 Retinia metallica  – Includes luculentana (Heinrich), a recently recognized synonym ( Brown 2005).

610 Retinia gemistrigulana  – First collected in AB on northern survey trips to Colin- Cornwall Lakes Wildland Provincial Park (2002) and Birch Mountains Wildland Provincial Park (2004) by G. J. Hilchie and D. A. Macaulay.

613 Barbara colfaxiana  – Two subspecies are known: coloradensis (Heinrich)  from CO and taxifoliella (Busck) from MT. It is not known if AB specimens are members of either of these subspecies.

615 Phaneta albertana  – Known in AB (and possibly globally) only from Lethbridge and vicinity.

617 Phaneta indeterminana  – Th is taxon may be conspecific with P. awemeana (Kearfott)  , according to Miller (1983c).

618 Phaneta umbrastriana  – This species includes roseoterminana (Kearfott) and subcandida Heinrich, both recently designated synonyms ( Brown 2005). Th e type locality of subcandida is Bilby, AB; it was described as a subspecies of P. formosana (Clemens)  .

619 Phaneta formosana  – Bowman’s (1951) record, and at least some AB specimens, probably refer to subcandida Heinrich, which was once considered to be a subspecies of P. formosana  but is now considered to be a synonym of P. umbrastriana (Kearfott)  . The AB record by Gilligan et al. (2008) is based on subcandida type series material in the USNM which is probably all referable to P. umbrastriana  (J. Brown, personal communication).

620 Phaneta corculana  – Known in AB only from the Waterton area.

621 Phaneta citricolorana  – Known in AB from a single specimen collected at Fort Assiniboine by D. A. Macaulay in 2002. Th is species is also known from Cypress Hills and Saskatoon, SK, and almost certainly occurs more widely in adjacent AB.

622 Phaneta amphorana  – Th is species is known in AB with certainty only from Calgary but probably is more widespread.

623 Phaneta refusana  – According to Miller (1971), all known reports of this species in North America, other than the holotype from James Bay, ON, are in fact referable to P. verna Miller  ; see note 624 on that species. Th is may be true in eastern North America; however, all examined AB material is in fact true P. refusana  . True P. refusana  has also been collected recently in MN (D. Wright, personal communication). The division between these species requires further investigation.

624 Phaneta verna  – Th is species was described by Miller (1971) for the species that Heinrich (1926) and most subsequent workers erroneously referred to as “ P. refusana  (Walk- er)” (see note 623 for details). Although Miller was correct that most “ P. refusana  ” specimens in North America are in fact P. verna  , all of the AB material examined by GRP has been confirmed as true P. refusana  , as was reported by Bowman (1951). It is not known if P. verna  occurs in the province and this matter requires further investigation.

627 Phaneta oregonensis  – Known in AB only from Waterton, collected by J. H. McDunnough in 1923.

628 Phaneta parmatana  – Includes perfuscana (Heinrich), crispana (Clemens), alterana (Heinrich), sinestrigana (McDunnough), and kennebecana (Kearfott), all recently designated synonyms ( Brown 2005).

629 Phaneta convergana  – Known in AB only from Calgary and Lavoy.

630 Phaneta influana  – Known in AB only from Lethbridge, Olds, and Tolman Bridge.

631 Phaneta lapidana  – Known in AB only from Buffalo Lake and Rochon Sands, collected by C. D. Bird.

632 Phaneta ornatula  – Known in AB only from a specimen collected at Big Knife Provincial Park by C. D Bird in 2008 and determined by D. Wright. Th is species is probably more widely distributed across the grasslands region in AB.

634 Phaneta rupestrana  – Known in AB only from Nordegg and Calgary.

637 Phaneta nepotinana  – Treated in the Appendix of Heinrich (1923).

638 Phaneta spectana  – Known in AB only from Edmonton.

639 Phaneta misturana  – Known in AB only from Opal.

640 Phaneta parvana  – Unsubstantiated record in Bowman (1951); no AB voucher specimens are known.

641 Phaneta fertoriana  – Treated in the Appendix of Heinrich (1923).

642 Phaneta crassana  – Known in AB from a recent collection at Onefour as well as an old unconfirmed record from Lethbridge.

646 Phaneta delphinoides  – Known in AB only from Lethbridge.

647 Phaneta modicellana  – Treated in the Appendix of Heinrich (1923).

650 Phaneta infimbriana  – Specimens of the paler eastern form are referable to subspecies candidula Heinrich. Th is name may apply to all specimens east of the Pacific coast.

652 Phaneta youngi  – Known in AB only from the type series collected at Waterton (elevation 2100 m) by C. H. Young, and from two specimens collected at Red Rock Canyon in Waterton Lakes National Park by GRP and D. W. Langor in 2005. The type series should be in the CNC, but GRP was unable to find it there in 2004.

655 Eucosma fandana  – Discovered in AB by GGA and J. J. Dombroskie at the Pakowki dunes in 2006 and subsequently collected at Edgerton. Eucosma fandana  includes gandana Kearfott, a recently designated synonym ( Wright 2007a).

657 Eucosma fernaldana  – Discovered in AB at the Pakowki dunes by J. J. Dombroskie in 2006; specimens were more recently identified among older material collected at Edgerton by GGA in 2002.

658 Eucosma caniceps  – Known in AB only from a single specimen from Onefour collected by D. F. Hardwick in 1951.

659 Eucosma ragonoti  – Known in AB only from Champion, Bindloss, and Buffalo.

660 Eucosma serpentana  – Treatment by Heinrich (1923) includes E. ophionana McDunnough  , now considered to be a valid species.

663 Eucosma lathami  – Known in AB only from Lethbridge and Tolman Bridge.

664 Eucosma agricolana  – Also treated by Heinrich (1923) and Bowman (1951) as pergandeana Fernald, now a synonym. Eucosma agricolana  was additionally treated by Heinrich (1923) as argentialbana (Walsingham), which was considered at that time to be a valid species but is now considered to be a subspecies.

666 Eucosma vagana  – Treated in error by Heinrich (1923) under the name mandana Kearfott, which is now a synonym of E. comatulana (Zeller) ( Brown 2005)  .

667 Eucosma galenapunctana  – Known in AB only from Lethbridge, collected by H. L. Seamans in 1922.

668 Eucosma serapicana  – Treated in the Appendix of Heinrich (1923).

669 Eucosma watertonana  – Known in AB only from Waterton (type locality) and Lethbridge.

670 Eucosma louisana  – Known in AB only from Lake Louise (type locality), collected by G. S. Walley in 1938.

673 Eucosma recissoriana  – Known in AB only from Cypress Hills, collected by personnel of the Forest Insect and Disease Survey of the Canadian Forest Service in 1963. All of these specimens are reared, so the natural flight time of this species is uncertain.

674 Eucosma lolana  – Known in AB only from Waterton, collected by J. H. McDunnough in 1923.

677 Eucosma heinrichi  – Th is species was discovered recently in AB by GRP (in Jasper National Park in 2006) and GGA (in the Suffi eld National Wildlife Area in 2008); determinations were made by D. Wright.

679 Eucosma biplagata  – Known in AB only from a specimen collected at Crowsnest Pass by D. C. Ferguson in 1966.

681 Eucosma landana  – Known in AB only from Jenner Bridge, collected by GGA in 2004.

682 Eucosma simplex  – Known in AB only from Calgary (type locality), collected by F. H. Wolley Dod.

684 Eucosma similiana  – Accorded a new status as a full species since the publication of Hodges et al. (1983). Eucosma similiana  was treated by Heinrich (1923) (who misspelled the specific epithet as similana) as a subspecies of E. dorsisignatana (Clemens)  .

686 Eucosma derelecta  – Known in AB only from Bilby, collected by O. Bryant in 1924, and from a recent collection by GRP near Sherwood Park.

687 Eucosma excusabilis  – Known in AB only from the Waterton area.

688 Eucosma nuntia  – Known in AB only from the Blackfoot Hills (near Lloydminster) and Calgary.

689 Eucosma pulveratana  – Bowman’s (1951) record is unsubstantiated by voucher material; no other records of this species are known in western Canada.

690 Eucosma hohana  – Known in AB only from Mount Piran (type locality) and Drumheller.

691 Eucosma suadana  – Known in AB only from Scandia, collected by W. O. Nummi in 1956.

693 Eucosma conspiciendana  – Known in AB from Waterton, Crowsnest Pass, and Tolman Bridge.

695 Pelochrista gelattana  – Described recently by Wright (2007b); this species is known in Canada from a paratype specimen collected at Onefour ( Manyberries Dominion Range Station ) by D. F. Hardwick on 13 July 1951 as well as more recent specimens collected from Onefour and Dry Island Buffalo Jump Provincial Park by E. Mengersen and from Tolman Bridge by GGA  .

696 Pelochrista scintillana  – Specimens from the Rocky Mountains and Sierra Nevada are members of the subspecies randana (Kearfott). Th is name may apply to at least some AB populations.

697 Pelochrista corosana  – Placed in Eucosma  by Brown (2005) but moved to Pelochrista  by Wright (2007b). Bowman’s (1951) record is unsubstantiated by voucher material, but there is no reason to doubt it, as the species is known from MT (type locality).

698 Pelochrista mediostriata  – This species was recently moved from Eucosma  by Wright (2008). It is known in AB only from Lethbridge, Onefour, and the Pakowki dunes.

699 Pelochrista kingi  – Heinrich’s (1923) treatment of “ P. occipitana (Zeller)  ” was based on this species, which has recently been recognized and described ( Wright 2008). Most of Bowman’s (1951) records of P. occipitana  and P. fuscosparsa (Walsingham)  are referable to this species; a few have been redetermined as other Eucosmini species (D. Wright, personal communication).

700 Epiblema abruptana  – Known in AB only from Tolman Bridge, collected by B. Landry in 2003.

702 Epiblema obfuscana  – Known in AB only from Moraine Lake.

704 Epiblema periculosana  – Treated in the Appendix of Heinrich (1923).

705 Epiblema lyallana  – Known in AB only from Lake Louise, collected by G. S. Walley in 1938.

707 Notocelia purpurissatana  – Hodges et al. (1983) mistakenly left the author out of parentheses.

711 Gypsonoma nebulosana  – Unsubstantiated record in Bowman (1951); no AB vouch- er specimens are known.

712 Gypsonoma parryana  – Unsubstantiated record in Bowman (1951); no AB voucher specimens are known.

720 Zeiraphera canadensis  – Treated by Heinrich (1923) as Z. ratzeburgiana (Ratzeburg)  , a similar Old World species. Zeiraphera canadensis  is a common pest of spruce, on which it is a bud feeder.

721 Zeiraphera improbana  – Treated by Heinrich (1923) and Prentice (1965) as Z. diniana (Guenée)  , a similar Old World species.

723 Zeiraphera unfortunana  – Powell (1983) proposed the name unfortunana  for the taxon previously known as destitutana Mutuura and Freeman. However, unfortunana Powell  was not accompanied by a description, so it is a nomen nudum. The taxon Z. unfortunana  was formally described by Ferris and Kruse (2008).

725 Pseudexentera oregonana  – According to J. J. Dombroskie (personal communication), at least one other Pseudexentera  species occurs in AB, but it has yet to be identified with certainty. Th ese two species are variable and extremely similar externally, and more work is required on AB material.

728 Rhopobota naevana  – Listed in Hodges et al. (1983) as unipunctana (Haworth), a recently designated synonym ( Brown 2005). Rhopobota naevana  is believed to be Holarctic in origin ( Lafontaine and Wood 1997; Razowski 2003) or introduced from Europe ( Gillespie and Gillespie 1982).

729 Epinotia trigonella  – Recent replacement name for E. stroemiana (Fabricius) ( Brown 2005)  .

730 Epinotia sperana  – Known in AB only from Nordegg and Jasper. Brown (1980) treated this species under the name “ jasperana,” which he described in his unpublished doctoral thesis.

731 Epinotia solandriana  – Reported as introduced from Europe to BC in 1909 ( Martineau 1984) but now thought to be Holarctic ( Brown 1980; W. E. Miller, personal communication).

732 Epinotia medioviridana  – Known in AB only from Waterton Lakes National Park, collected by J. J. Dombroskie in 2006.

735 Epinotia xandana  – Discovered in AB by J. J. Dombroskie at a locality on the Battle River in the central part of the province in 2008. Th is species is probably more widespread in the parkland area of AB. It was treated by Heinrich (1923) under the name yandana (Kearfott), a synonym.

742 Epinotia albangulana  – According to Heinrich (1923), this species is restricted to the far west of North America. Two AB specimens (from Jasper National Park and Kananaskis) in the NFRC are missing their abdomens but are tentatively assigned to this species.

744 Epinotia removana  – Known in AB only from Waterton (type locality), collected by J. H. McDunnough in 1923.

747 Epinotia digitana  – Known in AB only from Moraine Lake.

748 Epinotia nigralbana  – Known in AB only from Waterton, collected by J. H. McDunnough in 1923.

749 Epinotia crenana  – According to the unpublished doctoral thesis of Brown (1980), the North American “ E. crenana  ” is a separate species from the European E. crenana  and should be referred to as E. columbia (Kearfott)  . Th is unpublished opinion has not been widely accepted.

750 Epinotia arctostaphylana  – Known in AB from Fort Chipewyan and Nordegg.

751 Epinotia nonana  – Bowman’s (1951) record is unsubstantiated by voucher material; the closest confirmed records are from MN (Miller 1987).

752 Epinotia aridos  – Th is species is known in AB only from Jasper National Park, where it was collected by GGA and BCS on 27 June 2006. Th e specimen’s identity was confirmed by J. J. Dombroskie (personal communication). It is otherwise known globally only from East Glacier, MT (type locality).

756 Epinotia seorsa  – Known in AB from Crowsnest Pass, collected by personnel of the Forest Insect and Disease Survey of the Canadian Forest Service in 1949.

758 Dichrorampha simulana  – Includes kana (Busck), capitana (Busck), and britana (Busck), all recently designated synonyms ( Brown 2005). Th is species is known in AB from Mount Piran and Moraine Lake.

759 Dichrorampha bittana  – Includes immaculata McDunnough, a recently designated synonym ( Brown 2005).

760 Dichrorampha radicicolana  – Known in western Canada only from specimens collected at two localities in Waterton Lakes National Park in 2005 and 2007 by GRP.

761 Dichrorampha banana  – Known in AB from two specimens collected at Lake Louise (Laggan) and Moraine Lake in July 1925 by O. Bryant. Both specimens are in the USNM.

765 Pammene perstructana  – Includes signifera (Heinrich), a recently designated synonym ( Brown 2005).

766 Pammene bowmanana  – Known in AB from Nordegg (type locality) and the Caribou Mountains.

769 Grapholita imitativa  – Known in AB from the Waterton and Calgary areas.

771 Grapholita interstinctana  – Known in AB from Entrance and Kananaskis.

772 Grapholita dyarana  – Known in AB only from Lethbridge.

773 Cydia bracteatana  – Known in AB only from two reared specimens, from Saskatchewan Crossing and Robb, collected as larvae from Lodgepole Pine by personnel of the Forest Insect and Disease Survey of the Canadian Forest Service. These specimens had been previously misidentified in the NFRC as Grapholita caeruleana Walsingham  , which does not occur in AB.

774 Cydia rana  – Known in AB only from Saskatchewan Crossing and Nordegg.

775 Cydia inopiosa  – Known in AB only from Ribbon Creek and Saskatchewan Crossing, from a series of specimens collected as larvae and reared from infections of Commandra Blister Rust ( Cronartium commandrae Pk.  ; Uredinales) on Lodgepole Pine, by personnel of the Forest Insect and Disease Survey of the Canadian Forest Service. The specimens had been previously misidentified as Grapholita caeruleana Walsingham  , which does not occur in AB. Cydia inopiosa  includes resinosae (Freeman), a recently designated synonym ( Brown and Miller 1983).

776 Cydia strobilella  – Includes youngana (Kearfott), a recently designated synonym ( Brown and Miller 1983).

781 Cydia nigricana  – Includes rusticella (Clerck), a suppressed European name ( Brown 2005).

784 Cydia toreuta  – Treated by Gilligan et al. (2008) as a complex including C. piperana Kearfott  and C. ingens (Heinrich)  .

785 Wockia asperipunctella  – Discovered in North America after Hodges et al. (1983).

786 Schreckensteinia festaliella  – Previously considered to be introduced to North America, but probably Holarctic in origin. Th is species was mistakenly reported as new in Canada by Pohl et al. (2005); in fact it was previously known in QC ( Handfield et al. 1997).

787 Epermenia falcata  – Known in AB only from near Sherwood Park, collected by GRP in 2002 and 2007. Th ese specimens were originally identified by Pohl et al. (2005) as E. imperialella Busck  , which does not occur in AB.

788 Epermenia canadensis  – Th is species is known globally only from the holotype, collected at Cypress Hills by J.-F. Landry in 1982.

788.1 Epermenia albapunctella  – Th is species is known from boreal forest habitat in SK; it probably occurs in AB.

789 Epermenia lomatii  – Known in AB only from Edmonton, collected by K. Bowman in 1947.

790 Epermenia infracta  – Th is species is known globally only from Nordegg (type locality); it was described from two female specimens (in the CNC). Male specimens were recently discovered in the UASM, collected by K. Bowman in 1923 (misidentifed and reported in Bowman (1951) as Xyrosaris  (= Zelleria  ) celastrusella Kearfott  ; Yponomeutidae  ).

791 Ochromolopis ramapoella  – Hodges et al. (1983) mistakenly placed the author in parentheses.

792 Alucita montana  – Previously grouped with other North American Alucita  species ( A. adriendenisi Landry and Landry  and A. lalannei Landry and Landry  ) and treated vari- ously as A. hexadactyla Linnaeus  or A. huebneri Wallengren  , both Palaearctic species. The accuracy of published records before Landry and Landry (2004) is not certain; the records in the NFRC have been confirmed. All three Alucita  species overwinter as adults and may be encountered in buildings in winter. Alucita montana  was reported by Bowman (1951) as A. huebneri  ; A. montana  was considered a synonym of it at the time.

793 Alucita adriendenisi  – See note 792 on A. montana  .

794 Alucita lalannei  – See note 792 on A. montana  .

797 Platyptilia percnodactylus  – Known in AB only from Waterton, collected by J. H. McDunnough in 1923.

800 Gillmeria pallidactyla  – Moved recently from Platyptilia ( Gielis 1993)  .

801 Gillmeria albertae  – Known in AB only from Lake Louise (type locality) and from Kakwa Wildland Provincial Park.

805 Paraplatyptilia albiciliatus  – Moved recently from Stenoptilodes ( Gielis 1993)  . AB populations are members of the subspecies canadensis (McDunnough)  (type locality: Lilloet, BC; paratypes from Nordegg, Banff, Moraine Lake, and Waterton).

806 Paraplatyptilia shastae  – Known in AB only from Waterton, collected by J. H. Mc- Dunnough in 1923.

807 Paraplatyptilia nana  – Known in AB only from Waterton, collected by J. H. Mc- Dunnough in 1923.

808 Paraplatyptilia albidorsellus  – Known in AB only from Waterton, collected by J. H. McDunnough in 1923.

809 Paraplatyptilia maea  – Known in AB only from Moraine Lake.

810 Paraplatyptilia modesta  – Known in AB from Hays, Lost River, and Writing-On- Stone Provincial Park.

811 Paraplatyptilia bowmani  – Known in AB only from Nordegg (type locality).

813 Geina tenuidactylus  – Known in AB only from Waterton, collected by J. H. McDunnough in 1923.

814 Capperia ningoris  – Th is species was reported from AB by Bowman (1951), probably in error; Bowman’s vouchers in the UASM have been examined by D. A. Macaulay and redetermined as C. evansi (McDunnough)  . A specimen reported from the Birch Mountains by Macaulay and Pohl (2005) has also been redetermined by D. A. Macaulay as C. evansi  . Capperia ningoris  (type locality: CA) probably does not occur in AB, but the name is retained here as an unverified record pending further collection and investigation.

815 Capperia evansi  – Bowman’s (1951) records of C. ningoris (Walsingham)  and C. raptor (Meyrick)  in AB are referable to this species.

816 Capperia raptor  – Th is species was reported by Bowman (1951), probably in error; one Bowman voucher specimen in the UASM has been redetermined by D. A. Macaulay as C. evansi (McDunnough)  . Th e species is otherwise known only from CO, but the name is retained here as an unverified record pending further collection and examination.

817 Oxyptilus delawaricus  – Known in AB only from Waterton, from a series of specimens collected by J. H. McDunnough in 1923.

818 Dejongia lobidactylus  – Known in AB only from Jasper, collected by J. H. McDunnough in 1926.

819 Hellinsia fishii  – Reported by McDunnough (1923a, 1927a) from Banff and Nordegg, but the specimens are not filed under H. fishii  at the CNC; they have probably been redetermined as another species recently, perhaps Oidaematophorus mathewianus (Zeller)  .

820 Hellinsia gratiosus  – Known in AB only from Banff.

824 Hellinsia pectodactylus  – Th is Holarctic species was traditionally treated in North America under the name stramineus (Walsingham). It was recently recognized as conspecific with H. pectodactylus  , which was described from Spain ( Gielis 2003).

826 Hellinsia lacteodactylus  – Known in AB only from Edmonton, collected by K. Bowman in 1918.

827 Hellinsia subochraceus  – Known in AB from a single specimen collected at Dinosaur Provincial Park in 2000 by D. Lawrie.

828 Hellinsia sulphureodactylus  – Known in AB only from Onefour, collected by J.-F. Landry in 1984.

830 Hellinsia arion  – Discovered in 2000 by C. D. Bird and collected subsequently at several sites in the AB parkland.

834 Oidaematophorus phaceliae  – Type locality: Waterton.

836 Oidaematophorus rileyi  – Known in AB from Moraine Lake and the Waterton area.

838 Oidaematophorus castor  – Known in AB from Moraine Lake and the Waterton area.

843 Ellabella editha  – Known in AB only from Waterton Lakes National Park.

844 Carposina sasakii  – Known in AB only from Edmonton, collected by K. Bowman in 1921. Th at collection may represent an unestablished introduction to the area, as this species has not been collected in AB since. Th is species has generally been known under the name niponensis Walsingham. Both niponensis and sasakii  were described in July of 1900. However, Hua (1992) established that sasakii  is the valid name. All North American specimens are members of the subspecies ottawana (Kearfott). Davis (1968) noted that C. s. ottawana probably represents a valid species but did not formally propose that combination in his revision of the group.

847 Galleria mellonella  – Occurrence of this species in the wild in AB has not been documented. However, G. mellonella  is often cultured in AB as food for reptile and amphibian pets. Larvae are pests of bees’ nests, where they eat the wax combs.

848 Acallis gripalis  – Known in AB only from Lethbridge.

850 Aglossa pinguinalis  – Known in AB from specimens collected in Edmonton by GGA in 2008 and 2009. Th is species was introduced from Europe, where it is known to frequent outbuildings. Th e larvae feed on dung and grease and have been found on cadavers. Th eir natural habitat is probably in caves, where they feed on bat guano.

851 Aglossa caprealis  – Known in AB from a single specimen, collected in Lacombe by M. Voorbij in 2002. Larvae are pests of stored products.

852 Aglossa cuprina  – Known in AB (and western Canada) from a single specimen collected by C. D. Bird at Tolman Bridge in 2002. Th is is an introduced household pest that feeds on grease, but given the natural habitat in which it was found, it is probably established and more widely distributed in natural habitats in AB.

853 Hypsopygia costalis  – Known in AB only from Olds, collected by E. Mengersen in 1998. It has not been collected since, despite intensive collecting in the area; it may not be established in AB. Larvae are pests of forage crops.

854 Dolichomia olinalis  – Includes infimbrialis Dyar, a recently designated synonym.

855 Dolichomia thymetusalis  – Moved from Herculia  by Munroe et al. (1995).

857 Pococera aplastella  – Many older records, including many in the Bowman collection and many records of the Forest Insect and Disease Survey of the Canadian Forest Service reported by Prentice (1965), have been redetermined by GRP as P. asperatella (Clemens)  , but some specimens in both of these series were correctly identified.

858 Pococera asperatella  – Some older records may be misidentified in collections as P. aplastella (Hulst)  ; see note 857 on that species.

859 Pococera baptisiella  – Known in AB only from Onefour and Sandy Point.

860 Acrobasis indigenella  – Th is species is known in AB from Bindloss (collected in 2004 by BCS) and Lethbridge (collected in 2005 by J. R. Byers).

862 Acrobasis betulella  – Includes hebescella Hulst, a recently designated synonym ( Neunzig 1986). Known with certainty in AB only from Empress, collected as larvae from Water Birch by personnel of the Forest Insect and Disease Survey of the Canadian Forest Service in 1962. Th is species may occur more widely in southern AB, particularly in the Medicine Hat area.

863 Myelopsis minutularia  – Includes coniella (Ragonot), a recently designated synonym ( Neunzig 1986).

864 Myelopsis subtetricella  – Also treated by Bowman (1951) under the name obnupsella Hulst, a synonym.

870 Vitula serratilineella  – Th is species was previously considered a subspecies of V. edmundsii (Packard)  but was reinstated as a full species by Neunzig (1990). However, there are no clear differences between V. serratilineella  and V. edmundsii  , and this situation warrants reexamination. Larvae live in bee and wasp nests and are also occasional pests in dried fruits. Adults can be found in buildings in winter, after emerging from bee nests in basements and walls.

872 Plodia interpunctella  – Th is is a cosmopolitan species described from Europe, but of Nearctic origin and introduced to the Old World. It is a pest of stored seeds, dried fruit, nuts, dead insects, and fungi.

873 Ephestia elutella  – Th is species was introduced from Europe; it is known only indoors in North America. It is a pest of dried fruits, nuts, and cereals.

874 Ephestia kuehniella  – Th is cosmopolitan species occurs naturally in the wild in Europe and the southern United States and occurs only indoors elsewhere in North America. It is a pest of dried fruits, nuts, and cereals.

875 Ephestia columbiella  – Th is species is known from boreal forest habitat in SK; it probably occurs in AB. Unconfirmed AB specimens are in the NFRC.

875.1 Cadra cautella  – Reported as a cosmopolitan indoor pest by Heinrich (1956), but no specific AB records are known. It is a pest of dried fruits and vegetables and will probably to be found in AB.

876 Bandera binotella  – Known in AB only from Onefour, collected by D. F. Hardwick in 1951.

877 Bandera virginella  – Known in AB only from Medicine Hat, collected by K. Bowman in 1945, and from a specimen collected by GGA at Suffield in 2008.

878 Bandera cupidinella  – Th is species has been reported in the literature only from southwestern United States, but a single specimen from Onefour in the CNC, collected by D. F. Hardwick in 1964, was dissected and confirmed by J. Shaffer.

881 Pima fulvirugella  – Includes vividella (McDunnough), a recently designated synonym ( Neunzig 2003).

882 Pima albocostalialis  – Known in AB from Lethbridge and Onefour.

883 Interjectio columbiella  – Known in AB only from Lethbridge.

888 Ortholepis pasadamia  – Known in AB only from Whitecourt, collected as larvae on birch by personnel of the Forest Insect and Disease Survey of the Canadian Forest Service in 1951.

889 Polopeustis arctiella  – Known in AB only from Nordegg, collected by K. Bowman in 1926.

890.1 Meroptera abditiva  – Th is species is known from BC and SK; it probably occurs in AB as well. Specimens may be found among museum specimens of the externally identical M. pravella (Grote)  .

892 Sciota levigatella  – Until recently ( Neunzig 2003), this species was considered to be a synonym of S. termitalis (Hulst)  .

894 Sciota rubescentella  – Known in AB only from Onefour and an unconfirmed specimen from the Pinhorn Provincial Grazing Reserve (collected by D. A. Macaulay).

895 Tulsa umbripennis  – Known in AB from Waterton Lakes National Park, and from Whistler Mountain in Jasper National Park.

896 Telethusia ovalis  – Includes rhypodella (Hulst), a recently designated synonym ( Neunzig 2003).

897 Pyla fasciolalis  – Known in AB only from Crowsnest Pass.

899 Pyla aequivoca  – Includes gaspeensis McDunnough, a recently designated synonym ( Neunzig 2003). It is known in AB from Banff (type locality) and Nordegg.

902 Pyla criddlella  – Th is species was reported only from southern Canada by Wilterding and Balogh (2002), but it has recently been collected from AB, from the Slave River area in the extreme northeastern part of the province in 2001 by D. A. Macaulay, A. D. Roe, and GRP.

904 Pyla hanhamella  – Known in AB from Hillcrest and Waterton.

905 Pyla aeneoviridella  – Bowman’s (1951) record of P. scintillans (Grote)  is referable to this species.

906 Dioryctria abietivorella  – A pest that feeds on needles and cones of spruce, fir, and Douglas-fir.

907 Dioryctria reniculelloides  – A pest that feeds on cones, twigs, and buds of spruce and occasionally other conifers.

907.1 Dioryctria pseudotsugella  – A pest that feeds on needles and cones of Douglas-fir. It is known from BC and MT and probably occurs in southwestern AB as well.

911.1 Philodema rhoiella  – Th is species is known from mountainous regions of AK and MT; it probably occurs in AB as well.

913 Sarata edwardsialis  – Known in AB only from Medicine Hat.

914 Sarata punctella  – Known in AB from Lloydminster and Calgary.

915 Lipographis fenestrella  – Includes leoninella (Packard), a recently designated synonym ( Neunzig 2003). It is known in AB only from Big Knife and Lowden Springs (near Stettler), collected by C. D. Bird.

916.1 Etiella zinckenella  – Th is species is known from BC and SK; it probably occurs in AB as well.

919 Rostrolaetilia placidissima  – Known in AB from a single male specimen collected at Onefour by GGA and J. Troubridge in 2005. Th e determination of this specimen is not certain because of the paucity of material on which the description of this and related species is based (two similar species are known only from females; all species in the genus are known otherwise only from southwestern United States).

920 Zophodia grossulariella  – New name for Z. convulutella (Hübner)  since the publication of Munroe (1983).

922 Melitara subumbrella  – Reported from AB by Bowman (1951) under the name Olycella  [= Melitara  ] nephelepasa Dyar. At  the time, M. subumbrella  was considered to be a synonym of M. nephelepasa  , which is now a valid species found only in Mexico. Later taxonomic works by Heinrich (1956) and Neunzig (1997) omitted Bowman’s AB record; see Simonsen et al. (2009) for details.

924 Homoeosoma stypticellum  – Also treated by Bowman (1951) under the name uncanale Hulst, a synonym.

928 Phycitodes mucidella  – Also treated by Bowman (1951) in error as Homoeosoma  [= Phycitodes  ] reliquellum Dyar  ; the latter is restricted to eastern North America. Heinrich (1956) considered P. reliquellum  to be a subspecies of P. mucidella  . Munroe (1983) considered both P. mucidella  and P. reliquellum  to be subspecies of the Palaearctic P. albatella (Ragonot)  , but Neunzig (1997) reinstated both P. mucidella  and P. reliquellum  as species distinct from P. albatella  .

932 Coenochroa illibella  – Known in AB from Medicine Hat and Scandia, collected by E. E. Sterns in 1956, and from Suffi eld, collected by GGA in 2008.

934 Gesneria centuriella  – Munroe (1972a) recognized several subspecies on the basis of slight geographical variation; most AB specimens are consistent with the subspecies caecalis (Walker), but northern ones may be closer to subspecies beringiella Munroe, and southern ones may be subspecies ninguidalis (Hulst).

935 Scoparia biplagialis  – Munroe (1972a) recognized several subspecies on the basis of slight geographical variation with considerable intergradation; the nominate subspecies would apply to AB specimens.

936 Scoparia basalis  – At least some AB records (those reported by Bowman 1951 that are in the UASM) probably refer to S. biplagialis Walker. 

939 Eudonia lugubralis  – Also treated by Bowman (1951) under the name phycitinalis Dyar, a synonym. Munroe (1972a) recognized two subspecies; AB specimens are members of the nominate subspecies.

940 Pseudoschoenobius opalescalis  – Known in AB only from Onefour and the Pakowki dunes.

942 Euchromius californicalis  – Reported by Bowman (1951) as Ommatopteryx  [= Euchromius  ] texana Robinson  , the only North American species recognized in the genus at that time, with both E. ocelleus (Haworth)  and E. californicalis  then considered to be synonyms ( McDunnough 1939b). Now E. ocelleus  and E. californicalis  are both recognized as distinct species, with texana  a synonym of the former. All AB specimens are referable to E. californicalis  . Euchromius ocelleus  is not known north of the contiguous United States ( Capps 1966).

943 Platytes vobisne  – Known in AB only from Dry Island Buffalo Jump Provincial Park, collected by C. D. Bird in 2002.

945 Catoptria maculalis  – Known in AB only from near Zama City, collected by GRP in 1997, and the Birch Mountains, collected by D. A. Macaulay in 2004.

948 Chrysoteuchia topiarius  – Larvae are general root feeders and occasional pests of turfgrass and conifer seedlings. Bowman’s (1951) record of Toripalpus breviornatalis (Grote)  ( Pyralidae  ) appears to be based on an old misidentified specimen of C. topiarius  found in the synoptic collection of the UASM under this name by GRP.

950 Crambus hamella  – AB specimens are probably members of subspecies carpenterellus Packard.

951 Crambus alienellus  – AB specimens are probably members of subspecies labradoriensis Christoph.

955 Crambus whitmerellus  – Subspecies browni Klots ranges across AB south to Glacier National Park, MT; it is replaced to the south by the nominate subspecies ( Klots 1942).

958 Crambus cockleellus  – Known in AB only from Moraine Lake.

964 Raphiptera argillaceellus  – Th e status of subspecies minimellus (Robinson) is uncertain; it may apply to all boreal populations.

965 Agriphila biarmicus  – Known in AB only from Nordegg and Winfield. Populations in the Rocky Mountains are members of subspecies paganellus (McDunnough) (type locality: Nordegg); the subspecific status of boreal specimens is not known.

966 Agriphila plumbifimbriellus  – Reported from across AB by Bowman (1951), but recent examination of many specimens by C. D. Bird indicates that A. plumbifimbriellus  appears to be found in AB only in the southern Rocky Mountains, and material from other regions is probably referable to A. ruricolellus (Zeller)  (C. D. Bird, personal communication). Specimens in the OLDS and the UASM collections require reexamination.

967 Agriphila ruricolellus  – See note 966 on A. plumbifimbriellus  .

968 Agriphila vulgivagellus  – Larvae are pests of turfgrass, on which they feed from silken tubes they construct in the thatch.

969 Agriphila attenuatus  – Discovered recently in AB by C. D. Bird; known from several locations across the grasslands.

973 Neodactria murellus  – Known in AB only from Banff, where it was collected by C. B. D. Garrett in 1922.

974 Pediasia aridella  – All North American populations appear to be members of subspecies edmontellus (McDunnough) (type locality: Edmonton, AB).

981 Loxocrambus awemensis  – Known in AB from Medicine Hat and Onefour.

985 Donacaula melinellus  – Some AB material has been identified in collections as D. aquilellus (Clemens)  , but the status of the latter as a separate species is uncertain. A revision of the group is currently underway by E. Martinez-Calez.

986 Donacaula longirostrallus  – Th e true identity of AB material traditionally treated under this name is not known. Bowman (1951) reported AB material under the Old World name Schoenobius forficellus Thunberg  , which is referable in North America to D. longirostrallus  , according to Munroe (1983). However, material in the CNC, including material from Lloydminster, has been tentatively redetermined by E. Martinez-Calez as D. amblyptepennis (Dyar)  . Further work is being done to determine whether longirostrallus  and amblyptepennis  are separate species and to determine which name would apply to AB material (E. Martinez-Calez, personal communication). The species name was misspelled in Munroe (1983) and elsewhere as “ longirostrellus.”

987 Acentria ephemerella  – New name for A. nivea (Olivier)  since the publication of Munroe (1983). Th is species was introduced from Europe to Montréal in 1927; it spread westward and reached central AB by the late 1990s. It was first reported in AB at Olds, collected by E. Mengersen in 1995.

988 Elophil