Pyralini, Latreille, 1809
treatment provided by
849 R I Pyralis farinalis Linnaeus, 1758 Jun – Aug M B G Meal Moth
L: Kearfott (1905), Bowman (1951) C: CNC,
NFRC, OLDS, PMAE, UASM
850 * H I Aglossa pinguinalis (Linnaeus, 1758) [Jan – Dec] – – – Large Tabby
L: None C: UASM
851 * R I Aglossa caprealis (Hübner, 1809) Aug – b g L: None C: NFRC
852 * R I Aglossa cuprina Zeller, 1872 Aug – – G Grease Moth
T: Covell (1984)
L: None C: BIRD
853 * S I Hypsopygia costalis (Fabricius, 1775) Jul – b g Clover Hayworm
L: Pohl et al. (2005) C: OLDS
854 * R Dolichomia olinalis (Guenée, 1854) Jun – Aug – b g L: None C: CNC, NFRC, OLDS
855 * R Dolichomia thymetusalis (Walker, 1859) Jul – B g Spruce Needleworm
L: Bowman (1951), Prentice (1965), Lafontaine
and Wood (1997), Pohl et al. (2004b) C: NFRC,
Small to medium-sized (20–35 mm wingspan) moths. Th ey can be distinguished from all other pyralids by the distinctively upturned and elongated last segment of the labial palps. Larvae are leafrollers, leaftiers, and leafminers.
Approximately 570 species of Epipaschiinae are known worldwide, from tropical and temperate regions except Europe. Forty-nine species are known from North America, four of which are reported in AB. Western hemisphere members of the group were treated by Holland and Schaus (1925); a few more species have been added to the North American fauna since that time. Solis (1991, 1993) provides modern taxonomic treatment of a few species.
856 R Toripalpus trabalis Grote, 1881 Jul – – G T: Solis (1993) L: Bowman (1951) C: CNC, NFRC, OLDS
857 * R Pococera aplastella (Hulst, 1888) Jul – B g Aspen Webworm T: Holland and Schaus (1925), Allyson (1977) L: Bowman (1951), Prentice (1965), Allyson (1977) C: NFRC, UASM
858 * R Pococera asperatella (Clemens, 1860) Jul – B – Maple Webworm T: Holland and Schaus (1925) L: None C: NFRC,?OLDS
859 * R Pococera baptisiella (Fernald, 1887) E Jul – – G T: Holland and Schaus (1925)
L: None C: CNC
Mostly small to medium-sized (10–30 mm wingspan, a few up to 50 mm wingspan) moths with drably colored wings. Th ey can usually be separated from other pyralids by the wing shape and pattern. Th e forewings are relatively narrow and are usually predominantly gray, with diffuse transverse bands of black and white scales on the forewings. The hindwings are fan shaped and silky cream or gray. Most larvae are leafrollers; a few feed within silken tubes, are borers in a variety of plant parts, or feed on dry materials. Several are of economic importance, such as the coneworms ( Dioryctria spp.), which affect conifers, and a number of pests of stored products. A few large species are borers in cacti. The Phycitinae is a large group, with approximately 4000 species known from throughout the world. At last count, 530 species were known from North America; 74 species are reported in AB. Th e majority of species have been treated recently by Neunzig (1986, 1990, 1997, 2003). Most of the remaining species were covered in the older comprehensive work by Heinrich (1956) or by Shaffer (1968).
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