Scoliopterygini, Herrich-Schaffer, 1852
treatment provided by
1680 * R H Scoliopteryx libatrix (Linnaeus, 1758) L May – Jun; L M B G Herald Aug – E Sep (H)
T: Forbes (1954)
L: Bowman (1951), Crumb (1956), Prentice (1962),
Ives and Wong (1988) C: CNC, NFRC, OLDS,
Very small (10–14 mm wingspan) moths with relatively narrow wings, clothed with very fine scales. Th e subfamily is defined by several larval characters and by the evenly scaled frons ( Fibiger and Lafontaine 2005). Interestingly, the recently described Micronoctuidae Fibiger, 2005 (primarily a palaeotropical group not known from the New World), appears to be very closely related to the Hypenodinae , based on molecular data (Zahiri et al. in press). Th e Hypenodinae contains the smallest North American noctuids. Th e larvae feed on fungi, lichens and/or algae.
1681 * R Hypenodes fractilinea ( Smith, 1908) L Jun – E Aug – B g T: Ferguson (1954) L: [ Bowman (1951)], Pohl et al. (2004b) C: CNC, NFRC, UASM
1682 * R Hypenodes sombrus Ferguson, 1954 L Jul m B – T: Ferguson (1954) L: None C: UASM
Small (22–25 mm wingspan), broad-winged nocturnal moths, superficially very similar to some geometrids. They are defined by a number of adult and larval characters, including the long, thin, roughly scaled palps and the fully scaled frons of the adults. Th e larvae feed on mushrooms and bracket fungi.
The Boletobiinae occur in both North America and Eurasia, with about 18 species in four genera in North America, including one introduced European genus ( Parascotia ), and one that is likely misplaced in the Boletobiinae ( Prosoparia ; Lafontaine and Schmidt in press). One species is found in AB. Some North American species, including the sole species occurring in AB, were covered by Franclemont (1985).
1683 R Mycterophora inexplicata (Walker, ) E Jul – L Jul – B g T: Forbes (1954), Franclemont (1985)
L: Bowman (1951) C: CNC, NFRC, UASM
A small group of small to medium-sized (20–30 mm wingspan) moths with relatively broad wings. Th e group is defined by a number of derived character states, mainly genitalic. The Phytometrinae have traditionally been included within the Hypeninae , but the subfamily was reinstated by Fibiger and Lafontaine (2005).
In North America, the subfamily Phytometrinae contains some 25 species in nine genera. The group is in need of revision. Th e lone AB species was treated by Forbes (1954) and Covell (1984).
1684 R Spargaloma sexpunctata Grote, 1873 M Jun – M Jul – B g T: Forbes (1954), Covell (1984)
L: Bowman (1951) C: CNC, NFRC, UASM
Medium-sized to very large (50–160 mm wingspan) moths, often with brightly color- ed hindwings or with eyespots on fore- and hingwings ( Thermesiini ). Th e subfamily contains many large colorful species, as well as several species that are active during the day. Larval hostplants are a diverse array of vascular plants, but tend to be specialized within groups, such as deciduous trees and shrubs for the Catocalini ; a few (e.g., Caenurgina spp.) are occasional pests of forage crops.
Erebinae occur worldwide but are most diverse and abundant in tropical and subtropical regions. Th ere are approximately 325 species in 65 genera in North America, of which 35 species are reported from AB. Th e group as a whole is in need of work, but revisions have been published for the tribe Melipotini ( Richards 1939) and the genera Euclidia ( Franclemont 1957) and Zale ( Smith 1908) . The genus Catocala was illustrated by Barnes and McDunnough (1918a); a modern revision of the genus is currently under way as an upcoming Moths of North America fascicle by Gall and Hawks.
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