Sphingius punctatus, Deeleman-Reinhold, Christa, 2001

Deeleman-Reinhold, Christa, 2001, Forest Spiders of South East Asia With a revision of the sac and ground spiders (Araneae: Clubionidae, Corinnidae, Liocranidae, Gnaphosidae, Prodidomidae and Trochanteriidae)., Forest Spiders of South East Asia With a revision of the sac and ground spiders- Family Liocranidae, Leiden, Netherlands: Brill Leiden; Boston; Köln, pp. 400-505 : 503-505

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.814704



persistent identifier


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scientific name

Sphingius punctatus

sp. nov.

Sphingius punctatus View in CoL sp. n. ( figs 862 -867 View Figs 862 - 867 , map 41 View Map 41 )

Type locality. — Indonesia, northern Bali.

Type material. — Holotype ♂ from the type locality, Ambengan near Singaraja, secondary forest, leaf litter , 19-31.i. 1990, S. Djojosudharmo et. al.; paratypes: 2 ♂, 4 ♀, same data .

Other material.— Indonesia, LOMBOK Island, Kute , 2 ♂, secondary forest litter, 8- 18.i. 1990, S. Djojosudharmo ; N Sulawesi, Dumoga watershed protection near Doloduo , 1 ♂, 3 ♀. vii.1982, PR. and C.L. Deeleman ; id., Dumoga Bone National Park, Toraut , 2 ♂, 3 ♀, grasscovered clearing in forest, ground pitfall trap, 7.x. 1985, R. Bosmans ( KBIN Cel004 ) ; id., 1 ♂, Lolak, grassland inland near mangrove , sweeping, 9.x. 1985, R. Bosmans ( KBIN Cel0 14 ); W Sumatra, Muarasiberut, 1♂, 1♀, rainforest, 15-29.viii. 1995, Beron and Ivanova ( NMNHS). Thailand, Krabi Prov., Khao Phanom Bencha National park, primary forest , 1 ♀, running on the ground, 16.xii. 1990, C.L. Deeleman ; Surat Thani Province, Khao Sok National Park , 50 m, secondary forest with bamboo, 1 ♂, pitfall trap, 6.xii. 1991, P. Schwendinger ( MHNG) .

Diagnosis.— This species shares with S. scrobiculatus the sculpture of the carapace which consists of large round widely spaced cut depressions, but is distinguished from this and all other species by the large, angular eyes, with posterior eyes in a straight line, close together, the PME the largest and juxtaposed; further it is distinct from scrobiculatus in the male palp by the short triangular apophysis in the male palpal tibia, which is flexed dorsalwards and the complex, two-branched median apophysis. It is distinguished from vivax by the punctated carapace, spineless femora and posterior metatarsi and by the much shorter tibial apophysis and triangular median apophysis, and the differently shaped anterior depression in the epigyne.

Description. — MALE. Total length 4.40 mm. Carapace length 2.00 mm, width 1.25 mm, height 0.88 mm, head width 1.00 mm, eye group width 0.65 mm; abdomen 2.20 mm long, 1.40 mm wide. Leg lengths: leg I 5.05 mm (1.35-2.00-0.90-0.80), leg II 4.55 mm (1.20- 1.70-0.85-0.80), leg III 4.10 (1.05-1.40-0.95-0.70), leg IV 6.25 (1.80-2.00-1.60-0.85), palp 0.64-0.32- 0.28-0.68 mm. Carapace, mouthparts, sternum, abdomen and femur I dark chestnut brown, rest legs a shade paler, anterior femora and patellae sometimes with a hue of grey. Carapace ( fig. 862 View Figs 862 - 867 ) with widely spaced radiating rows of seta-bearing granules, each sunk in a large round pit; margin lined with triangular thorns, with a long seta arising from the side. Thoracic groove obsolete. Eyes ( fig. 862 View Figs 862 - 867 ): AER procurved, AME, ALE and PLE of equal size and narrowly spaced, ALE-PLE=1 d, PER straight, PME almost double the diameter of other eyes and juxtaposed. Clypeus 1 eye diameter, rebordered, convex, small chilum without knob. Chelicerae bulging, geniculate. Sternum densely covered with round pits ( fig. 863 View Figs 862 - 867 ). Leg spination: all legs spineless, sometimes 1-0v on posteror tibiae. Tarsal claws as in vivax . Abdomen covered almost entirely with dorsal and ventral scutum, a short grooved collar present ( fig. 863 View Figs 862 - 867 ). Palp figs 864-865 View Figs 862 - 867 ; tibial apophysis short and pointed.

FEMALE. Total length 5.00 mm. Carapace length 1.92 mm, width 1.48 mm, head width 0.92 mm; abdomen 2.72 mm long, 1.60 mm wide, epigyne 0.35 mm wide, 0.50 mm long. Leg lengths: leg I 5.00 mm (1.48-1.88-0.88-0.76), leg II 4.45 mm (1.40-1.55-0.80-0.70), leg III 3.65 mm (1.00-1.25-0.85-0.55), leg IV 6.00 mm (1.60-2.00-1.45-0.95), palp 0.68- 0.32- 0.25-0.55 mm. Carapace, eyes, mouthparts and leg colouring as in male. Abdomen mouse grey without markings. Anterior depression of epigyne trapezoid ( figs 866-867 View Figs 862 - 867 ), anteriorly, with sides converging towards posterior spermathecae; spermathecae separated by posterior loop of insemination ducts.

Distribution. — Southern part of peninsular Thailand, Sumatra, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Islands. More southern in distribution than S. vivax and with preference for rainforest.

Etymology. — From English punctate, with depressions, derived from Latin punctum, a point.


Belgium, Brussels, Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique




Switzerland, Geneva, Museum d'Histoire Naturelle













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