Thalassodes immissaria Walker, 1861, Walker, 1861

Han, Hongxiang & Xue, Dayong, 2011, Thalassodes and related taxa of emerald moths in China (Geometridae, Geometrinae), Zootaxa 3019, pp. 26-50: 28-29

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.205134

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B687B1-3E27-6B44-BCCD-FCF7FD8C75B4

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Plazi

scientific name

Thalassodes immissaria Walker, 1861
status

 

Thalassodes immissaria Walker, 1861  

Figs 1 View FIGURES 1 – 20 , 21 View FIGURES 21 – 26 , 40 View FIGURES 40 – 57 , 58 View FIGURES 58 – 72 , 84 View FIGURES 84 – 96

Thalassodes immissaria Walker, 1861   , List Specimens lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus   ., 22: 553. Syntype (s) 3, Ceylon [ Sri Lanka].

Material examined. CHINA: Hunan ( IZCAS): Hengshan, 25.VI. 1981, coll. Li Jutao, 13; Liuyang, 20.XI. 1984, 1Ƥ. Hainan ( IZCAS): Danzhou, South China University of Tropical Agriculture, 140–150 m, 15–17.V. 2007, coll. Chen Fuqiang, 1 Ƥ; Baisha, Yinggeling, 434 m, 1–4.IV. 2008, coll. Lang Songyun, 135 Ƥ (Slide No. 1203 (3 )); Baisha, Nankai, Nanmaola, 1261 m, 10, 12–14.V. 2009, coll. Chen Fuqiang, Yan Keji, 538 Ƥ (Slide No. 1230 (3), 1232 (3), 1233 (Ƥ)); Baisha, Hongkan Shuiku, 553 m, 3–5.V. 2009, coll. Yan Keji, 232 Ƥ (Slide No. 1247 (3 )); Wuzhishan, Shuiman, 730–900 m, 7–11.V. 2007, coll. Han Hongxiang, Lang Songyun, 2235 Ƥ (Slide No. 1191 (Ƥ), 1192 (3), 1193 (3), 1239 (3 )); ibidem, 732 m, 8–9.XII. 2007, coll. Li Jing, 1 Ƥ; ibidem, 730–900 m, 1.IV. 2008, coll. Lang Songyun, 13; Wanning, Xinglong, 41 m, 21.III. 2008, coll. Lang Songyun, 1 Ƥ; Lingshui, Diaoluoshan, 920 m, 2–5.V. 2007, coll. Han Hongxiang, Lang Songyun, 532 Ƥ (Slide No. 1205 (3 )); ibidem, 95 m, 10.XII. 2007, coll. Li Jing, 131 Ƥ (Slide No. 1214 (3 )); ibidem, 929 m, 11–12.XII. 2007, coll. Li Jing, 1 Ƥ; ibidem, 30–31.III. 2008, coll. Lang Songyun, 439 Ƥ; Ledong, Jianfengling, Yulingu, 707 m, 21.V. 2009, coll. Chen Fuqiang, 1 Ƥ. Guangxi ( IZCAS): Longzhou, Nonggang, 330 m, 15.VI. 2000, coll. Yao Jian, 13 (Slide No. 612). Yunnan ( IZCAS): Wenshan, Malipo, Tianshengqiao, 1105 m, 5, 21–25.XI. 2003, coll. Lu Shengxian, 3 Ƥ (Slide No. 1261). Hong Kong (AG Coll.): Victoria peak   , Hong Kong Island, 23.VIII. (G. 42), 13. INDONESIA ( BMNH): G. Rangkoenau, Paloe, W. Celebes, 1800 ft, XII. 1936, (J.P.A. Kalis), Rothschild Bequest, B.M. 1939 - 1, 13 (Slide No. 4161); ibidem, 900 ft, XI. 1936, 13; Sidaonta, Paloe, W. Celebes, 4500 ft, VI. 1937, (J.P.A. Kalis), Rothschild Bequest, B.M. 1939 - 1, 1 Ƥ (Slide No. 4153). MALAYSIA ( BMNH): Sarawak, Kuching, Semengok   , 3–9.II. 1976, E.W. Classey, B.M. 1976 - 116, 13 (Slide No. 8685; figured specimen in The Moths of Borneo Part 9).

Diagnosis. T. immissaria   can be distinguished from the other congeners by the male genitalia having a long, tongue-like valva basal process and a tongue-like harpe. Other similar species, for example T. viridulus Inoue, 2006   ( Philippines), T. yazakii Inoue, 2006   (Sulawesi, Philippines) and T. intaminata Inoue, 1971   also have a long valva basal process. The harpe of the first two species have two processes, and the harpe of the last species is a horn-like or triangular sclerite instead of tongue-like. The aedeagus is slender as in T. intaminata   , but the sclerotized posterior process is usually much more acute than that of T. intaminata   (but also pointed in BMNH slide 17678). The cornutus is smaller than in T. intaminata   . The posterior margin of the male eighth sternite is less excavated centrally than that of T. intaminata The   corpus bursae is relatively small and much shorter than the ductus bursae. Whereas, in T. intaminata   , the corpus bursae is of similar length to the ductus bursae. The frons is greyish reddish brown. The terminal line appears as brown dots on the vein ends as in T. opalina Butler, 1880   .

Biology. Holloway (1996) and Parsons et al. (1999) recorded the food plants of Thalassodes immissaria   as follows: Anacardiaceae   : Mangifera indica   ; Myrtaceae   : Eucalyptus camaldulensis   ; Sapindaceae   : Dimocarpus longan   , Nephelium   ; Lythraceae   : Lagerstroemia   . Hung et al. (2006) recorded Thalassodes immissarius Walker   (a misspelling of immissaria   ) feeding on litchi ( Litchi chinensis   ) and longan   ( Dimocarpus longans   ) in Taiwan, both of the Sapindaceae   family.

Distribution. China (Hunan, Taiwan, Hainan, Hong Kong, Guangxi, Yunnan), Japan, India, Vietnam, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Indonesia.

IZCAS

Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Geometridae

Genus

Thalassodes

Loc

Thalassodes immissaria Walker, 1861

Han, Hongxiang & Xue, Dayong 2011
2011
Loc

Thalassodes immissaria

Walker 1861
1861