Procollina mesomaculata, Sanborn, 2018

Sanborn, Allen F., 2018, The cicada genus Procollina Metcalf, 1952 (Hemiptera: Cicadidae): redescription including fourteen new species, with a key to the species of the subtribe Dazina Kato, 1932 rev. stat., the description of the Aragualnini n. tribe, and one new combination, Zootaxa 4389 (1), pp. 1-65: 24-28

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4389.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:C3029CC4-6A15-49A4-AAAD-F435D04E81C0

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B787C2-FFC4-FF90-FF5B-FEDEFDEAFD41

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Procollina mesomaculata
status

n. sp.

Procollina mesomaculata   n. sp.

( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 )

Type material. Holotype. “ GUATEMALA: Dept. Izabel / E. of Morales, Sierra del Mer- / endon, Finca Firmeza , 1 km / W   . Honduras 1250M elev. / 13–14–VII –2005, cloud forest / piceouslight/mercury vapor / R. Woodruff, J. Monzon” 1 male (FSCA). Paratypes. Same data as holotype, 2 males (FSCA), 1 male and 1 female ( AFSC); “ GUATEMALA: Dept. Izabel / nr. Cerro Negro Norte , 1 km / W   . Honduras, 1150m elev. / 6–7–VI –2002, M.V. Light / J. & C. Monzon, S. Davis, / R.E. Woodruff ” 3 males and 1 female ( FSCA)   , 2 males and 1 female ( AFSC); “ GUATEMALA: Dept. Izabel / E. of Morales, Sierra del Mer- / endon, Finca Firmeza, 1 km / W of Honduras 1250 M elev. / 27–28–V –2003, at light, cloud / forest R. Woodruff / J. Monzon ” 1 male and 1 female ( FSCA)   , 1 male ( AFSC); “Puerto Barrios, Izabal Guatemala. / Marzo 2007   . / Altura: m. / Col. A. Aldana. ” 1 male ( UDVG); “ GUATEMALA, Zacapa / Arriba La Union / 1500 m. 1 V 1992 / H   . Castañeda ” 1 female ( UDVG); “ GUATEMALA / Zacapa, La Union / 4 V 1992 1300 m / Cristina Bailey   ” 1 female ( UDVG); “ HONDURAS, Cortéz / Merendón, 1500 mm, adj. to / Parque Nac. De Cusuco / N15°30’12”, W88°11’54” / ( Orion ) GoogleMaps   , 24 July 2001 / C.L. Smith, BL + HgV” 1 male ( UGCA); “ HONDURAS: Yoro / PN Pico-Pijol / mv + bl   , 2 June 2003 / R. Turnbow” 1 female (UGCA).

Etymology. The species is named for the spotted appearance of the mesothorax and is a combination of meso – (for the mesothorax) and –maculata (L. spot, stain, mark).

Description. Ground color greenish-tawny marked with piceous and castaneous, fresh or live specimens probably green.

Head: Head not as wide as mesonotum, ocelli surrounded by piceous, castaneous anterior to lateral ocelli, piceous fascia extending from posterolateral lateral ocellus towards anterior margin of eye connecting to piceous spot on vertex anterolateral to lateral ocellus, spot extended into curved fascia lateral to lateral ocellus or castaneous rather than piceous in some paratypes, piceous tear-drop shaped mark extending posteromedially from medial angle of eye, castaneous transverse marks from anteromedial eye onto vertex in some paratypes, piceous extending from median ocellus to frontoclypeal suture, incomplete in some paratypes, frontoclypeal suture piceous in some paratypes, anterior or posterior cranial depression piceous, castaneous in some paratypes. Supra-antennal plate with castaneous mark on suture at posteromedial margin with postclypeus, additional mark on anterolateral margin or missing the posteromedial mark or suture completely marked in some paratypes. Covered with short piceous pile dorsally, denser in sutures, longer golden pile posterolateral to eye. Ocelli rosaceous, green in some paratypes, eyes castaneous, tawny in some paratypes. Ventral head green with piceous spot expanding on anteromedial suture of gena, lorum and postclypeus, piceous fascia between eye and postclypeus, reduced to piceous medial spot on gena in some paratypes, piceous spot on gena at the anterolateral angle of lorum in some paratypes, piceous posteromedial margin and piceous fascia on medial margin of lorum, transverse castaneous fascia on middle lorum expanding along lateral margin, reduced or expanded in some paratypes. Long and short silvery pile on lorum and gena. Postclypeus greenish-tawny with a castaneous spot on vetroposterior midline, absent or expanding along posterior and posterolateral margins in some paratypes, ventroposterior with central sulcus, with ten transverse grooves, lateral transverse ridges with castaneous spots or medial transverse ridges marked with castaneous in some paratypes, short silvery pile on lateral postclypeus. Anteclypeus with single castaneous spot on the middle of the carina, separated into two spots on either side of midline in some paratypes, piceous anterolateral margin, covered with silvery pile. Mentum ochraceous with transveres castaneous fascia in middle and distal margin, labium ochraceous with piceous tip reaching to posterior of posterior leg trochanters, with sparse short and long silvery pile. Scape green, proximal pedicel green, distal pedicel piceous, remaining antennal segments castaneous, piceous in some paratypes.

Thorax: Dorsal thorax greenish-tawny. Pronotum with incomplete castaneous fascia on either side of midline, complete in some paratypes, expanding laterally to form a triangular anterior margin posterior to anterior prothoracic margin, slightly widening laterally on posterior before terminating on ambient fissure, posteriorly curved S-shaped piceous mark on disc extending from middle of paramedian fissure towards lateral fissure, reduced in some paratypes, piceous within anterior paramedian fissure, fissure completely piceous in some paratypes, piceous within lateral fissures, piceous continues anterolaterally from anterior paramedian fissure to ambient fissure joining with extension of mark from posterior lateral fissure across disc to encircle lateral disc. Pronotal collar green mottled with tawny, completely tawny in some paratypes. Pronotum covered with short silvery pile, denser in fissures, short piceous pile in lateral ambient fissure and across pronotal collar lateral margin. Mesonotum greenish-tawny, piceous mark in posterior submedian sigilla, reduced to fascia along parapsidal suture in some paratypes, small castaneous fascia on anterior lateral sigilla, reduced to castaneous spot in some paratypes, piceous fascia around posterior lateral sigilla to posterior mesothorax but not reaching margin, reduced in some paratypes, connected to scutal depression by light castaneous mark, darker and thicker in some paratypes, piceous mark on scutal depression, posterior margin light castaneous, darker in some paratypes. Cruciform elevation green with ochraceous anterior arms, posterior arms and midline lighter in some paratypes, wing groove greenish-tawny with castaneous spot on posteromedial margin. Metanotum greenish-tawny. Silvery pile on dorsum, lateral margin, on lateral cruciform elevation and anteriorly between the arms of the cruciform elevation, longer and denser on lateral margin giving the appearance of a silvery fascia. Piceous pile surrounding scutal depressions, on posterior margin, between arms of the cruciform elevation, transversely across the posterior cruciform elevation, and on anterolateral wing groove. Ventral thoracic segments greenish-tawny, green in some paratypes, with castaneous spots on katepisternum 2, and lateral episternum 3, covered with white pubescence and sparse silvery pile.

Wings: Fore wings hyaline with eight apical cells, hind wings hyaline with six apical cells. Venation green becoming tawny distally, except castaneous cubitus anterior along basal cell, castaneous arculus, extending onto radius and subcostal vein in some paratypes, castaneous anterior anal vein 2 + 3, piceous posterior margin of anal vein 2 + 3, and castaneous node, green and tawny vary within fore wings of same individuals. Basal cell clouded, infuscated at base and across arculus, basal infuscation reduced in some paratypes, and infuscation in basal and distal clavus. Pterostigma present. Infuscation on distal wing veins connecting to infuscation on ambient vein producing L-shaped marks, mark on distal radius anterior 2 extends to fore wing apex, longitudinal infuscation near proximal portions of the L-shaped marks within apical cells 2–6, also in apical cell 7 or reduced to one or two elongated spots in some paratypes, on proximal radius anterior 2 connecting across radial crossvein to proximal radius anterior 2, missing in some paratypes, connecting across radiomedial crossvein to extend medially on median vein 1, proximal median vein 1 connecting through proximal median vein 2 to median crossvein extending distally on median vein 3, proximal median vein 3 connecting to proximal median vein 4 across mediocubital crossvein to distal cubitus anterior 1 to the ambient vein, the entirety of cubitus anterior 2, spot at node extends on distal median vein forming a spot near the base of ulnar cell 2 with light infuscation in distal radial cell and base of ulnar cell 1, on the nodal line on junction of median vein and median vein 3 + 4, connected in the right fore wing and two spots in the left fore wing generally curved connected mark in paratypes. Basal membrane of fore wing white with dark gray posterior margin. Venation of hind wing green mottled with tawny, some veins ochraceous in paratypes. Anal cell 3 and anal cell 2 along anal vein 3 gray, anal cell 1 and 2 along anal vein 2 gray. Infuscation at base of medial cell, cubital cells 1 and 2, base and along anal veins 2 and 3 and distal margin of anal cell 2. Light infuscation along outer edge of wing margins, fore wing with wing margin infuscated distal to apical cells 1–3.

Legs: Legs green, with castaneous spots on lateral base and distal anterior of fore and middle coxa, castaneous marks on base and distal end of fore and middle trochanter, proximal and distal femora and tibiae light castaneous, femora striped with light castaneous, darker and larger in some paratypes, tibiae with proximal castaneous spot and central castaneous annular mark in some paratypes. Fore femora proximal spine castaneous with lighter tip, thin, elongate and adpressed against femur, secondary spine triangular, upright, large for the genus, castaneous with piceous tip, small, piceous, upright apical spine. Tarsi green proximally and castaneous distally, tarsal claws green at base becoming castaneous with piceous tips, tibial spurs and comb castaneous with piceous tip. Legs covered with long and short golden pile.

Operculum: Male operculum green with light castaneous base and piceous mark along anterolateral base, with lateral margin parallel to body axis joining to smoothly rounded posterior margin, not covering tympanal cavity nor reaching to anterior of sternite II, covered with white pubescence, thicker at base. Medial margin rounded, not reaching to middle of hind coxa nor covering medial portion of tympanal cavity. Meracanthus pointed, green with castaneous spot on base, reaching to about middle of operculum, covered with white pubescence, denser at base. Female operculum with straight lateral margin angled medially to long body axis and curved posterior margin, terminating at medial meracanthus, reaching to middle of sternite II, greenish or tawny with piceous anterior margin and piceous spot on anterolateral base, covered with white pubescence. Female meracanthus almost as long as operculum, greenish or tawny with light castaneous base and white pubescence. Opercula with long golden pile radiating from edge.

Abdomen: Abdominal tergites tawny, greenish with castaneous region on dorsolateral tergites in some paratypes, posterolateral margin of tergites 6 and 7 piceous, tergites covered with long silvery and long piceous pile, piceous pile medially on tergites, proportion expanding laterally in distal tergites, piceous pile dorsolaterally on tergites 2–8 shifting laterally in posterior tergites, and lateral tergites 3–4, piceous pile separated by silvery pile giving the appearance of a central piceous fascia that widens posteriorly, with two piceous fascia on either side of central fascia separated by silvery fasciae. Timbal cover recurved exposing timbal, ochraceous with short silvery pile radiating from timbal cover. Timbal with two long and one intercalary ribs, dark spot on timbal plate. Female abdominal segment 9 green or tawny, castaneous fascia laterally and dorsolaterally emerging from castaneous base, dorsolateral mark extends to curvature lateral to dorsal beak, stigma castaneous, piceous dorsal beak tip, green or tawny on ventroposterior margins, with long, golden pile along ventral and posterior margins, very dense short golden pile on ventral posterior margin, covered with short piceous pile, patch of short silvery pile dorsolaterally and extended into fascia laterally. Posterior margin of female abdominal segment 9 sinuate, green or tawny centrally margined with castaneous dorsally and ventrally. Sternites and epipleurites tawny, male sternite VII darker with transverse posterior margin, auditory capsule on sternite II and posterior margin of sternite VI and epipleurite VI piceous, male sternites III –VII translucent, sternite VIII V-shaped, tawny with radiating long golden pile. Female sternites with castaneous mark laterally fusing with castaneous medial spot female epipleurites. Female sternite VII green or tawny medial notch, posterior margin lateral to notch sinuate with the posterior extension of the notch and the most posterior extension of the posterolateral margin equal, castaneous spot on ventrolateral surface. Long golden pile radiating from sternites, sternites covered with white pubescence. Spiracles white.

Genitalia: Male pygofer tawny with a green ventral margin, light castaneous fascia curving from lateral base, reaching almost to posterior margin in some paratypes, covered with sparse, long, golden pile dorsally, dorsolaterally and on ventral margin, with rounded distal shoulder, dorsal beak roughly triangular. Pygofer basal lobe indistinct, pygofer upper lobes tawny, elongated with medial margin producing curved terminus, adpressed laterally to pygofer. Anal styles tawny, anal tube ochraceous. Median uncus lobe tawny, short, roughly triangular, surrounded by lateral uncus lobes. Lateral uncus lobes tawny, green in some paratypes, wrapping around sides of median uncus lobe meeting along midline posterior to median uncus lobe where they bifurcate, one extension posterior to median uncus lobe recurves before the apex bends in the opposite direction, the sides taper to a rounded apex, and a second extension parallel to the apex of the upper extension and about twice as long as the upper extension when viewed laterally the lateral sides with parallel base angled about midway to curve to apex, terminating in an elongated triangle curving under and supporting the distal aedeagus, basal lateral uncus lobes straight, angled mediad forming an enclosure around aedeagus base. Aedeagus tubular, dark castaneous.

Female gonapophysis VIII castaneous, gonapophysis IX piceous. Gonocoxite X piceous extending beyond dorsal beak with radiating golden pile. Anal styles green or tawny.

Measurements (mm). N = 10 males or 7 females, mean (range). Length of body: male 23.99 (22.7–25.9), female 21.01 (18.6–22.4); length of fore wing: male 32.54 (31.0–34.4), female 31.46 (30.0–33.0); width of fore wing: male 10.36 (9.6–10.8), female 9.49 (9.0–9.9); length of head: male 2.87 (2.6–3.1), female 2.87 (2.6–3.1); width of head including eyes: male 6.22 (5.9–6.4), female 6.13 (5.7–6.5); width of pronotum including suprahumeral plates: male 9.14 (8.6–9.8), female 8.73 (7.9–9.4); width of mesonotum: male 7.09 (6.7–7.7), female 6.81 (6.3–7.6).

Diagnosis. Procollina mesomaculata   n. sp. can be distinguished from P. biolleyi   , P. obesa   , P. ustulata   n. sp. and P. webbi   n. sp. by the bronzing of the fore wing in these species. Similarly, P. guatemalensis   n. sp., P. mayaensis   n. sp. and P. ulnamaculata   n. sp. can be distinguished by the spots in the fore wing ulnar cells 2 and 3 not found in this new species. Procollina parva   n. sp. can be distinguished by its head being as wide or wider than the mesonotum and P. minima   n. sp. can be distinguished by its small body size and radiomedial crossvein being highly angled with respect to the radial crossvein. The distal fore wing medial veins lack a spot of infuscation between the proximal vein divergence and the distal L-shaped infuscation in P. hondurensis   n. sp., P. medea (Stål, 1864)   , P. nicaraguaensis   n. sp., P. nigrapilosa   n. sp., and P. queretaroensis   . The hind wing margin is infuscated in P. nuevoleonensis   n. sp. and P. tamaulipasensis   n. sp. but is only infuscated on the distal edge in this new species and the base of hind wing apical cell 4 is infuscated in P. nuevoleonensis   n. sp. and P. tamaulipasensis   n. sp. The species is very similar to P. convexa   n. sp. in general appearance but the species differ in the upper pygofer lobe is pointed in P. convexa   n. sp. but curved to the terminus in P. mesomaculata   n. sp., the median uncus lobe is semicircular in P. convexa   n. sp. but triangular in P. mesomaculata   n. sp., the long extension of the lateral uncus lobes is about 1.5 times the length of the short extension and the lateral sides are smoothly curved to the apex in P. convexa   n. sp. while the lobes are 2 times as long as the short extension and the lateral sides have a parallel base angled about midway before curving to the apex in P. mesomaculata   n. sp., the fore wing infuscation extends beyond the mediocubital crossvein to median vein 3 and does not terminate at the mediocubital crossvein in P. convexa   n. sp. as it does in P. mesomaculata   n. sp., the mark on the distal radius anterior 2 does not extend to the fore wing apex in P. convexa   n. sp. but it does in P. mesomaculata   n. sp., the male operculum has a transverse posterior margin in P. convexa   n. sp. but is curved in P. mesomaculata   n. sp.

Distribution. The species is known only from the type series collected in Guatemala and Honduras and is often found with P. convexa   n. sp.

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Cicadidae

Genus

Procollina