Procollina hondurensis, Sanborn, 2018

Sanborn, Allen F., 2018, The cicada genus Procollina Metcalf, 1952 (Hemiptera: Cicadidae): redescription including fourteen new species, with a key to the species of the subtribe Dazina Kato, 1932 rev. stat., the description of the Aragualnini n. tribe, and one new combination, Zootaxa 4389 (1), pp. 1-65: 16-19

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Procollina hondurensis

n. sp.

Procollina hondurensis   n. sp.

( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 )

Type material. Holotype. ““ HONDURAS: Cortés / Parque Nac. Cusuco / N15°29’47”, W88°12’43” / 1 Julio 2000 1600 m / R. Cave & J. Torres / 36.060 EAPZ ” 1 male ( FSCA).

Etymology. The name is a combination of hondur – for the country of origin of origin of the type specimen, Honduras, and –ensis (L. suffix denoting place).

Description. Ground color green and tawny marked with piceous and castaneous.

Head: Head green, not as wide as mesonotum, piceous surrounding posterior lateral ocelli connecting to anterolaterad curving marks lateral to lateral ocelli continuing as castaneous mark to near anterior of eye, piceous in anterior and posterior cranial depressions and posterior to anterior cranial depression near posterior of head, piceous tear-shaped mark between medial angle of eye and posterior head, light castaneous marks on medial and anterior lateral ocelli expand across midline, posterior median ocellus piceous, castaneous anterolaterally, piceous fascia on midline between frontoclypeal suture and median ocellus, light castaneous mark near lateral margin of supra-antennal plate and anterior vertex. Covered with short silvery pile dorsally, long silvery pile posterolaterally on eye, short piceous pile on vertex, frons and posterior to eye. Ocelli greenish, eyes castaneous. Ventral head greenish-tawny with castaneous spot on medial suture of gena and lorum extending transversely toward but not reaching eye, castaneous posteromedial margin and transverse castaneous fascia on middle lorum almost reaching lateral margin. Long silvery pile and white pubescence on lorum and gena. Postclypeus tawny with ochraceous lateral margins, transverse castaneous fascia on lateral transverse ridges, castaneous mark on dorsum, with eleven transverse grooves, short silvery pile and white pubescence on lateral postclypeus. Anteclypeus with castaneous spot on posterolateral surfaces extending as fascia and connecting across the middle of the carina, covered with white pubescence and silvery pile. Mentum ochraceous striped with castaneous with castaneous lateral spots near distal end, labium ochraceous with piceous tip reaching to middle of sternite I with sparse short and long golden pile. Scape and proximal pedicel green, remaining antennal segments castaneous.

Thorax: Dorsal thorax greenish-tawny. Pronotum with light castaneous fascia on either side of midline, expanding laterally to form a triangular anterior margin posterior to anterior prothoracic margin, slightly widening laterally on posterior before terminating on ambient fissure, piceous within anterior paramedian fissure, piceous within lateral fissures, piceous continues anterolaterally from anterior paramedian fissure to posterior ambient fissure at the level of the posterior lateral fissure almost encircling lateral disc. Pronotal collar tawny mottled with green. Pronotum and pronotal collar covered with short silvery pile, denser in fissures, short piceous pile dorsoanteriorly and across anterior lateral portion of pronotal collar. Mesonotum greenish-tawny, submedian and lateral sigillae mottled with castaneous, incomplete fascia on disc between parapsidal suture and lateral sigilla extending to posterior of submedian sigilla, mark on disc between submedian sigillae expanding laterally posterior to submedian sigillae and converging to a point between scutal depressions, and scutal depressions castaneous. Cruciform elevation tawny, midline and arms lighter, wing groove greenish-tawny with castaneous marks anteriorly and posteriorly. Metanotum tawny, medial castaneous spot. Short silvery pile on mesonotum, longer and denser on medial lateral margin, laterally and anteriorly between arms of cruciform elevation, shorter silvery pile on dorsolateral disc. Long piceous pile on posterior margin, anterolaterally, between anterior arms of cruciform elevation and in anterior, medial margin and posterior of wing groove, shorter, on dorsal surface and medial posterior margin of cruciform elevation. Ventral thoracic segments green, except castaneous lateral basisternum 2, lateral basisternum 3, with castaneous spots on episternum 2, covered with white pubescence.

Wings: Fore wings hyaline with eight apical cells, hind wings hyaline with six apical cells. Venation tawny mottled with green, green in paratypes, except piceous posterior margin of anal vein 2 + 3. Basal cell with infuscation at base and distally across arculus into basal radial and medial cells, and in proximal and distal clavus. Pterostigma present. Infuscation on distal wing veins connecting to infuscation on ambient vein producing Lshaped marks on distal median veins 2–4, additional marks in the middle of radius anterior 1 and proximally on median veins 1–3, on proximal radius anterior 2 connecting across radial crossvein to radius posterior, on radiomedial crossvein, at divergence of median veins 1 and 2, on mediocubital crossvein, and on proximal cubitus anterior 1 and the entirety of cubitus anterior 2, cubitus anterior 2 spot extends into medial cell, spot at node that extends on distal median vein onto base of ulnar cell 1 and into ulnar cell 2, on nodal line on median vein 1 + 2 extending into radial cell and ulnar cell 3, and median vein 3 + 4 expanding into ulnar cell 3. Basal membrane of fore wing gray mottled with red. Venation of hind wing tawny mottled with green. Anal cell 3 and anal cell 2 along anal vein 3 gray mottled with red, anal cell 1 and 2 along anal vein 2 gray mottled with red. Infuscation at base of medial cell, cubital cells 1 and 2, distal anal cell 1, base and along anal veins 2 and 3 and distal anal cells 1 and 2. Infuscation along outer wing margin and along ambient vein of apical cells 2–6.

Legs: Legs greenish-tawny, with castaneous spots on lateral base of coxa, distal medial coxa, proximal medial trochanter, distal trochanter margin, femora striped with castaneous, distal tibiae, becoming annular castaneous mark in distal middle and hind tibiae. Fore femora proximal spine castaneous, thin, elongate and adpressed against femur, castaneous secondary spine small, triangular, upright, castaneous apical spine angled distally about the same size as the secondary spine. Tarsi and tarsal claws green, castaneous distally, claws green at base becoming castaneous with piceous tips, tibial spurs and comb castaneous with darker tips. Legs covered with short golden pile, longer on tibiae and tarsi, white pubescence on coxae, trochanters, and femora.

Operculum: Male operculum with curved lateral margin joining to smoothly rounded posterior margin, almost reaching to anterior of sternite II, green with castaneous base, covered with white pubescence, thicker at base. Medial margin rounded, extending to lateral trochanter base. Meracanthus pointed, green, reaching to about middle of operculum, with white pubescence. Opercula with long golden pile radiating from edge.

Abdomen: Abdominal tergites tawny, castaneous spots on lateral tergites 3–8, darker in more posterior tergites, tergites covered with long silvery and long piceous pile, piceous pile medially on tergites, proportion expanding laterally in distal tergites, piceous pile dorsolaterally on tergites 2–8 shifting laterally in posterior tergites, and lateral tergites 1 and 3–4, piceous pile separated by silvery pile giving the appearance of an angled silver fascia on lateral tergites 1–4 and a curving silver fascia on dorsolateral tergites 4–8. Timbal cover recurved exposing timbal, ochraceous with light castaneous mark on dorsolateral surface, short piceous pile radiating from middle of timbal cover, silvery pile from lateral timbal cover. Timbal with two long, dark spot on timbal plate. Sternites and epipleurites greenish-tawny, with castaneous marks on either side of midline of sternite I and transverse castaneous mark on anterior margin of sternite III, male sternites III –VII translucent, male sternite VII with castaneous spot on lateral margin, sternite VIII V-shaped radiating long silvery pile. Epipleurites and lateral sternites with white pubescence. Long golden pile radiating from sternites. Spiracles white.

Genitalia: Male pygofer greenish-tawny with castaneous mark on lateral base, castaneous fascia on dorsolateral surface not reaching posterior margin, castaneous posteroventral and posterior margins extending to and including dorsal beak, covered with short silvery pile dorsally, with rounded distal shoulder, dorsal beak roughly triangular with silvery pile dorsally. Pygofer basal lobe indistinct, pygofer upper lobes ochraceous, elongated with medial margin producing curved terminus, adpressed laterally to pygofer, golden pile distally. Anal styles castaneous, anal tube tawny. Median uncus lobe tawny, short, roughly triangular, surrounded by lateral uncus lobes. Lateral uncus lobes tawny, wrapping around sides of median uncus lobe bifurcating to meet along midline posterior to median uncus lobe where they recurve slightly and form a semicircular terminus and branching off at an approximate right angle when viewed laterally curling under terminus to form a support for the distal aedeagus, basal lateral uncus lobes angulate forming an enclosure around aedeagus base. Aedeagus tubular, dark castaneous, pseudoparameres castaneous.

Female is unknown.

Measurements (mm). N = 1 male. Length of body: male 27.9; length of fore wing: male 37.7; width of fore wing: male 12.8; length of head: male 3.4; width of head including eyes: male 6.8; width of pronotum including suprahumeral plates: male 11.3; width of mesonotum: male 8.4.

Diagnosis. Procollina hondurensis   n. sp. can be distinguished from P. biolleyi   , P. obesa   , P. ustulata   n. sp. and P. webbi   n. sp. by the bronzing of the fore wing in these species. Similarly, P. guatemalensis   n. sp., P. mayaensis   n. sp. and P. ulnamaculata   n. sp. can be distinguished by the spots in the fore wing ulnar cells 2 and 3 not found in this new species. Procollina parva   n. sp. can be distinguished by its head being as wide or wider than the mesonotum and P. minima   n. sp. can be distinguished by its small body size and radiomedial crossvein being highly angled with respect to the radial crossvein. The distal fore wing medial veins lack infuscation between the proximal vein divergence and the distal L-shaped infuscation in P. convexa   n. sp., P. mesomaculata   n. sp., P. nuevoleonensis   n. sp., P. tamaulipasensis   n. sp. which are spotted in this new species. The infuscation in the hind wing margin of P. hondurensis   n. sp. distinguishes P. medea   which lacks this infuscation. Procollina queretaroensis   can be distinguished by its smaller body size (body length less than 23 mm). The anterior postclypeus extends anteriorly along the midline when viewed from above in P. nicaraguaensis   n. sp. but forms a smoothly curved surface with the supra-antennal plates in this species. The lateral uncus lobes form a semicircle when viewed from above, the apex of the uncus is flat when viewed from the side, the rostrum does not reach the middle of sternite I, and the fore femora secondary spine height is barely the thickness of the adpressed primary spine in P. hondurensis   n. sp. while the lateral uncus lobes have sides angled medially with a semicircular apex when viewed from above, the apex of the uncus curves downward when viewed from the side, the rostrum almost reaches the posterior of sternite I, and the fore femora secondary spine height is about twice the thickness of adpressed primary spine in P. nigrapilosa   n. sp.

Distribution. The species is known only from the holotype collected in Honduras.


Escuela Agricola Panamericana


Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology