Noideattella mamba, Álvarez-Padilla & Ubick & Griswold, 2012

Álvarez-Padilla, Fernando, Ubick, Darrell & Griswold, Charles E., 2012, Noideattella and Tolegnaro, Two New Genera of Goblin Spiders from Madagascar, with Comments on the Gamasomorphoid and Silhouettelloid Oonopids (Araneae, Oonopidae), American Museum Novitates 2012 (3745), pp. 1-76: 39-44

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.1206/3745.2

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B787D9-010F-5F4B-FE13-43D368DDFA78

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Noideattella mamba
status

new species

Noideattella mamba   , new species

Figures 171–200, 374

TYPES: Male holotype and female allotype from Berlese sample of sifted leaf litter of a montane rainforest at an elevation of 900 m at Parc National d’Andohahela , Col du 36.7 km 341° NNW Tolagnaro 24°45′50″S, 46°45′6″E, Toliara (21 to 25 January 2002, Fisher-Griswold Arthropod Team) deposited in CASC ( PBI _ OON 00036160). The species epithet, a noun in apposition, is taken from the Malagasy word for crocodile   .

DIAGNOSIS: N. mamba   can be differentiated from other Noideattella species   by the following combination of characters: habitus orange-brown to pale orange; book lung covers large and ovoid (figs. 172, 173); sternum microsculpture finely reticulate, distributed medially and in furrows (figs. 175, 189, 190); carapace pars cephalica sides granulate (fig. 196), granulation of elevated portion varies (figs. 174, 187, 188).

DESCRIPTION: Male (PBI_OON 0003259): Total length 1.8. Cephalothorax: Carapace orange-brown. Sternum longer than wide, orange-brown, furrow with rows of small pits, anterior margin with interrupted transverse groove (figs. 175, 185, 189, 190). Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites, and labium orange-brown. Cheliceral paturon inner margin setae thickness varies among specimens (figs. 177, 191–193). Abdomen: Ovoid. Dorsal scutum orange-brown, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, abdomen dorsal scutum color varies from orange-brown to pale orange. Abdominal scuta color varies from orange-brown to pale orange. Postepigastric scutum orange-brown, long, semicircular, covering nearly full length of abdomen (figs. 171– 173). Male genital opening slightly protruded, epigastric scutum apodemes large, contiguous with the anterior book lung opening and connected by a furrow. Posterior spiracles connected by a groove (fig. 183). Legs: Pale orange, without color pattern. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): tibiae: I p2-1-1; r1-1-1; II p1-1-1; r1-1-1; IV p0-0-1; metatarsi: I, II p1-1-0; r1-1-0. Leg IV: legs I and II tibial spines as twice as large leg IV tibial spines. Genitalia: Epigastric region with sperm pore situated in front of anterior spiracles (fig. 183). Palp proximal segments pale orange; cymbium pale orange, without distal patch of setae; bulb pale orange (figs. 176, 178). Embolus dorsal lamella with one distal apophysis (fig. 199), ventral lamella bifurcated (fig. 200). Palp as in figures 194 and 197–200. Female (PBI_OON 0003251): Total length 2.1. As in male except as noted. Legs: Metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): tibiae: I, II p2-1-1; r2-1-1; IV p0-0-1; metatarsi: I, II p1-1-0; r1-1-0. Trichobothria of metatarsus: I and IV one. Tarsal organ with two sensilla visible. Genitalia: Genital opening slit shaped (fig. 184). Sperm sac secretory gland openings flat, extending less than half receptaculum length and concentrated in the center. GAp process shaped as a twisted tube (figs. 181, 182). Genitalia as in figures 179 and 180.

VARIATION: Carapace pars cephalica microsculpture varies from strongly granulate to smooth in the elevated portion of the carapace in both sexes; the sides are always moderately granulate (figs. 174, 187, 188). Some specimens lack modified setae over the paturon inner margin, while other specimens have a brush of these setae concentrated in the middle (figs. 177, 191–193). The spine number in legs I and II of both sexes varies widely among specimens: most have four spines on the prolateral surface and three on the retrolateral, but some specimens have only one or none.

MATERIAL EXAMINED: N = 120. Madagascar: Antananarivo: 3 km 41° NE Andranomay, 11.5 km 147° SSE Anjozorobe , montane rainforest, 1300 m, S18.47333°, E47.96000°, Dec. 05–13, 2000, Fisher-Griswold Arthropod Team, 3♀ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3943); 1♀ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3944) GoogleMaps   ; Ambohimanga , 1400 m, S18.73333°, E47.56666°, Nov. 02, 1993, C. Griswold, S. Larcher, N. Scharff, 1♀ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3948) GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ ( CASC PBI _ OON 36236 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Reserve Speciale d’Ambohitantely, Forêt d’Ambohitantely , forest fragment, ca. 20 km NE d’Ankazobe, montane rainforest, 1638 m, S18.20805°, E47.28555°, Mar. 20, 2003, D. Andriamalala, D. Silva, et al., 1♂ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3291) GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3542) GoogleMaps   ; Reserve Speciale d’Ambohitantely, Forêt d’Ambohitantely , 20.9 km 72° NE d’Ankazobe, montane rainforest, 1410 m, S18.22527°, E47.28694°, Apr. 17–22, 2001, Fisher-Griswold Arthropod Team, 3 mixed ( CASC PBI _ OON 3259) GoogleMaps   ; Reserve Speciale d’Ambohitantely, Forêt d’Ambohitantely , 24.1 km 59° NE d’Ankazobe, montane rainforest, 1620 m, S18.00277°, E47.00444°, Apr. 17–22, 2001, Fisher-Griswold Arthropod Team, 1♀ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3940) GoogleMaps   . Antsiranana: 7 km N Joffreville , dry forest, 360 m, S12.33333°, E49.25000°, Mar. 06–20, 2001, R. Harin’Hala, 1♀ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3961) GoogleMaps   ; Ampasindava, Forêt d’Ambilanivy , 3.9 km 181° S Ambaliha, rainforest, 600 m, S13.79861°, E48.16166°, Mar. 04–09, 2001, Fisher-Griswold Arthropod Team, 1♂ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3269) GoogleMaps   ; Marojejy Reserve , 8.4 km NNW Manantenina, 700 m, S14.43333°, E49.75000°, Nov. 10–16, 1993, J. Coddington, S. Larcher, C. Griswold, R. Andriamasimanana, N. Scharff, 1♀ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3476) GoogleMaps   ; Parc National de Marojejy, 25.4 km 30° NNE Andapa, 10.9 km 311° NW Manantenina , montane shrubland, 2000 m, S14.44500°, E49.73500°, Nov. 23, 2003, Fisher-Griswold Arthropod Team, 2 mixed ( CASC PBI _ OON 36241 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Reserve Speciale d’Anjanaharibe, Sud , 12.2 km WSW Befingotra, montane rainforest, 1985 m, S14.00694°, E49.00722°, Nov. 25, 1994, B.L. Fisher, 1♀ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3249) GoogleMaps   ; 1♀ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3251) GoogleMaps   ; 1♀ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3288)   ; 1♂ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3976)   ; 2 mixed ( CASC PBI _ OON 36242 View Materials )   ; Reserve Speciale Manongarivo : 10.8 km 229° SW Antanambao, rainforest, 400 m, S13.96166°, E48.43333°, Nov. 08, 1998, B.L. Fisher, 1♂ ( CASC PBI _ OON 36140 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   . Fianarantsoa: 3.62 km ENE Ranomafana, P.N. Ranomafana, Vohiparara , 1137 m, S21.24130°, E47.40147°, Jan. 13, 2009. D. Andriamalala, C. Griswold, G. Hormiga, A. Saucedo, N. Scharff, H. Wood, 9 mixed ( GWU PBI _ OON 35150 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 7 km W Ranomafana , 1100 m, S21.12°, E47.27°, Nov. 1–7, 1988, W.E. Steiner, 3♀ ( USNM 2046648 View Materials PBI _ OON 27911 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Oct. 22–31, 1988; 2♂ ( USNM 2046648 View Materials PBI _ OON 27910 View Materials )   ; Feb. 1–9, 1990, W.E. Steiner, 1♂ ( USNM 2046648 View Materials PBI _ OON 27913 View Materials )   ; Feb. 1–9, 1990, W.E. Steiner, 1♂ ( USNM 2046648 View Materials PBI _ OON 27912 View Materials )   ; 8.0 km NE Ivohibe , forest, 1200 m, S22.42100°, E46.89600°, Nov. 03–09, 1997, B.L. Fisher, 2♂ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3982) GoogleMaps   ; Forêt de Vevembe , 66.6 km 293° WNW Farafangana, rainforest to montane transition, 600 m, S22.01305°, E47.00277°, Apr. 26, 2006, Fisher-Griswold Arthropod Team, 3 mixed ( CASC PBI _ OON 3445) GoogleMaps   ; Isalo National Park , S22.62277°, E45.36527°, May 23–26, 1992, V. Roth, 1♀ ( MCZ 53662 View Materials PBI _ OON 28198 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; P.N. Ranomafana , 2.3 km N Vohiparara, 1100 m, S21.21330°, E47.38300°, Apr. 28, 1998, C. Griswold, D. Ubick, 3 mixed ( CASC PBI _ OON 3984) GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3985)   ; P.N. Ranomafana , 2.3 km N Vohiparara, 1100 m, S21.21330°, E47.38300°, Apr. 18, 1998, C. Griswold, D.H. Kavanaugh, N.D. Penny, M.J. Raherilalao, E. Rajeriarison, J.S. Ranorianarisoa, 1♂ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3990) GoogleMaps   ; Parc Nationale Ranomafana : road side vegetation near park entrance, 800 m, S21.23833°, E47.43333°, Apr. 22, 1998, C. Griswold, D.H. Kavanaugh, N.D. Penny, M.J. Raherilalao, E. Rajeriarison, J.S. Ranorianarisoa, 3 mixed ( CASC PBI _ OON 3987) GoogleMaps   ; Parc Nationale Ranomafana: Talatakely , S21.24833°, E47.42666°, Apr. 19–30, C. Griswold, D. Ubick, 1♀ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3986) GoogleMaps   ; Parc Nationale Ranomafana, Talatakely , S21.24833°, E47.42666°, Apr. 19–30, 1998, C. Griswold, D.H. Kavanaugh, N.D. Penny, M.J. Raherilalao, E. Rajeriarison, J.S. Ranorianarisoa, 1♂ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3989) GoogleMaps   ; Parc Nationale Ranomafana: Talatakely, Trail F, 940 m, S21.26333°, E47.42000°, Nov. 01–21, 1998, V. Lee, K. Ribardo, 1♂ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3983) GoogleMaps   ; Parc Nationale Ranomafana, Vohiparara, Piste Touristique , 1000 m, S21.22666°, E47.40000°, Apr. 12–14, 1998, C. Griswold, D.H. Kavanaugh, N.D. Penny, M.J. Raherilalao, E. Rajeriarison, J.S. Ranorianarisoa, 1♀ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3988) GoogleMaps   ; Ranomafana N.P., Maharira trail, Apr. 10, 1992, Emile (Kariko-Roth Coll.), 2♂ ( MCZ 53654 View Materials PBI _ OON 28197 View Materials )   . Mahajanga: Reserve Speciale de Bemarivo , 23.8 km 223° SW Besalampy, tropical dry forest, 30 m, S16.92500°, E44.36833°, Nov. 19–23, 2002, Fisher-Griswold Arthropod Team, 1♀ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3540) GoogleMaps   . Majunga: Reserve forestiere Beanka , 50.2 km E Maintirano, tropical dry forest on tsingy, 250 m, S18.02638°, E44.05055°, Oct. 19–22, 2009, Fisher-Griswold Arthropod Team, 1♂ ( CASC PBI _ OON 36119 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Beanana forêt annual, 500m, 1–31 Dec. 1946, 1♂ ( MNHN PBI _ OON 36136 View Materials )   ; C. Mandraka (battage), Dec. 1–31 1946. J. Millot, 1♀ ( MNHN  

Figs. 171–180. Noideattella mamba   , new species. 171. Habitus male, dorsal view. 172. Same, ventral view. 173. Same, lateral view. 174. Cephalothorax, dorsal view. 175. Same, ventral view. 176. Palp male, prolateral view. 177. Cephalothorax male, anterior view. 178. Palp male, retrolateral view. 179. Genitalia female, ventral view. 180. Same, dorsal view. Scale bars = 0.2 mm, except genitalia: 0.1 mm.

Figs. 181–188. Noideattella mamba   , new species. 181. Genitalia female, dorsal view. 182. Same, anterodorsal view. 183. Same, lateral view. 184. Receptaculum papillae field, anterior view. 185. Epigastric region female, ventral view. 186. Same male, ventral view. 187. Endites male, ventral view. 188. Endites female, ventral view. Scale bars = 50 µm.

Figs. 189–200. Noideattella mamba   , new species. 189. Cephalothorax male, dorsal view. 190. Infracoxal grooves male, ventral view. 191. Chelicerae with modified setae male, anterior view. 192. Cephalothorax male, anterior view. 193. Chelicerae male variations, anterior view. 194. Palp male, apical view. 195. Labium female. 196. Cephalothorax pars thoracica, lateral view. 197. Embolus, prolateral view. 198. Embolus, ventral view. 199. Embolus, retrolateral view. 200. Palp male, dorsal view. Scale bars = 50 µm, except 197–199: 10 µm; 195: 20 µm.

PBI _ OON 36280 View Materials   ); 1♀ ( MNHN PBI _ OON 3540)   ; Forêt Analamazaotra Perinet , Dec. 1–31, 1962, Mission Bauchot, 1♀ ( MNHN PBI _ OON 36277 View Materials )   ; Forêt Dioy , Dec., 4♀ ( MNHN PBI _ OON 36138 View Materials )   ; Lokobe 1 X Ravenala, Dec., 1♀ ( MNHN PBI _ OON 36276 View Materials )   ; Valle de la Besanetribe , 1200m, Dec. 05–09, 1963, P.V., 1♀ ( MNHN PBI _ OON 36275 View Materials )   ; N.O. Mahilara (battage), Dec. 1–31, 1946, J. Millot, 2♀ ( MNHN PBI _ OON 36279 View Materials )   ; Tampolo (battage), Dec., 1♂ ( MNHN PBI _ OON 36137 View Materials )   ; Tsiafajavona (Sasns Pierre), 2500 m, Dec. 1–31, 1946, J. Millot, 1♂ ( MNHN PBI _ OON 36135 View Materials )   ; Tsiafajavona (Sasns Pierre), 2500 m, June 1–30, 1947, 2 mixed ( MNHN PBI _ OON 36278 View Materials )   ; Vohibe , July 1–31, 1970, Lambillon A., 2 mixed ( MRAC MT.142.763 PBI _ OON 8000). Toamasina : Ile Sainte Marie, Forêt Ambohidena, 22.8 km 44° NW Ambodifotatra, littoral forest, 20 m, S16.82444°, E49.96416°, Nov. 21–24, 2005, Fisher-Griswold Arthropod Team, 1♀ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3571) GoogleMaps   ; Parc National Masoala , Ambohitsitondroina , Mt, Ambanizana, rainforest, 650 m, S15.58166°, 50.00333°, Feb. 26–Mar. 06, 2003, D. Andriamalala, D. Silva, et al., 1♂ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3292)   ; Tamatave , Foulpointe, Forêt sur argile, S17.68720°, E49.51530°, July 01–31, 1994, A. Pauly, 3 mixed ( MRAC MT. 205. 595 PBI _ OON 7997) GoogleMaps   ; 1♀ ( MRAC MT. 205. 632 PBI _ OON 8014)   ; 1♂ ( MRAC MT. 205. 743 PBI _ OON 8020)   ; 3 mixed ( MRAC MT. 205. 559 PBI _ OON 8023). Toliara : 2.7 km 302° WNW Ste. Luce, littoral rainforest, 20 m, S24.77166°, E47.17166°, Dec. 09–11, 1998, B.L. Fisher, 1♂ ( CASC PBI _ OON 36238 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2.7 km 302° WNW Ste. Luce , littoral rainforest, 20 m, S24.77166°, E47.17166°, Dec. 09–11, 1998, B.L. Fisher, 1♀ ( CASC PBI _ OON 36382 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Betioky (Forêt), Mar. 01–30, 1961, E. Ramahana, 1♂ ( MRAC MT. 142. 975 PBI _ OON 8002)   ; Bohibasia Forest , 59 km NE Sakaraha, tropical dry forest, 780 m, S22.46666°, E41.83333°, Jan. 13, 1996, B.L. Fisher, 1♀ ( CASC PBI _ OON 36269 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Forêt de Beroboka , 5.9 km 131° SE Ankidranoka, tropical dry forest, 80 m, S22.23305°, E43.36638°, Mar. 12–16, 2002, Fisher-Griswold Arthropod Team, 1♂ ( CASC PBI _ OON 36240 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Forêt de Petriky , 12.5 km W Tolagnaro, littoral forest, 10 m, S25.06216°, E46.86933°, Nov. 22, 1998, Sylvian, B.L. Fisher, 3♂ ( CASC PBI _ OON 2012) GoogleMaps   ; Manderano , gallery forest, 75 m, S23.52416°, E44.09277°, May 10, 2002, Frontier Project, 3♀ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3305) GoogleMaps   ; Parc National d’Andohahela , 36.7 km 341° NNW Tolagnaro, montane rainforest, 900 m, S24.76388°, E46.75166°, Jan. 21–25, 2002, Fisher-Griswold Arthropod Team, 1♀ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3529) GoogleMaps   ; Parc National d’Andohahela , Forêt de Manantalinjo, 33.6 km 63° ENE Amboasary, 7.6 km 99° E Hazofotsy, spiny forest thicket, 150 m, S24.81694°, E46.61000°, Jan. 12–16, 2002, Fisher-Griswold Arthropod Team, 2♀ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3235) GoogleMaps   ; Parc National de Kirindy Mite , 16.3 km 127° SE Belo sur Mer, tropical dry forest, 80 m, S20.79527°, E44.14694°, Dec. 06–10, 2001, Fisher-Griswold Arthropod Team, 1♀ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3277) GoogleMaps   ; Reserve Speciale de Cap Sainte Marie , 12.3 km 262° W Marovato, spiny forest thicket, 200 m, S25.58166°, E45.16833°, Feb. 11–15, 2002, Fisher-Griswold Arthropod Team, 1♂ ( CASC PBI _ OON 3308) GoogleMaps   ; Reserve Integrale Naturelle d’Andohahela , parcel 1, 13.5 km NW Eminiminy, 1200 m, S24.58333°, E46.73500°, Nov. 07–17, 1995, S. Goodman, 1♂ ( FMNH FMNH-INS 0000 033 741 PBI _ OON 10243 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Reserve Integrale Naturelle d’Andohahela , parcel 1, 15.0 km NW Eminiminy, 1500 m, S24.57000°, E46.73166°, Nov. 17–27, 1995, S. Goodman, 3 mixed ( FMNH PBI _ OON 10250 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Reserve Integrale Naturelle d’Andohahela , parcel 1, 20.0 km SE Andranondambo, 1857 m, S24.56166°, E46.72166°, Nov. 27–Dec. 05, 1995, S. Goodman, 1♂ ( FMNH PBI _ OON 10246 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; S.F. Mandena , 8.4 km NNE Tolagnaro, littoral forest, 20 m, S24.95233°, E47.00100°, Nov. 20, 1998, B.L. Fisher, 3 mixed ( CASC PBI _ OON 36237 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Sept Lacs , gallery forest, 80 m, S23.52833°, E44.15555°, Mar. 08, 2002, Frontier Project, 3 mixed ( CASC PBI _ OON 36239 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Southern Isoky-Vohimena Forest , tropical dry forest, 730 m, S22.68333°, E44.83333°, Jan. 21, 1996, Sylvian, B.L. Fisher, 2 mixed ( CASC PBI _ OON 3349) GoogleMaps   ; Nosey Mangabe , Feb. 20, 1990, G. Alpert, 1♀ ( MCZ 53666 View Materials PBI _ OON 28199 View Materials )   .

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

MRAC

Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale

FMNH

Field Museum of Natural History