Cyana peregrina ( Walker, 1854 )

Singh, Navneet, Volynkin, Anton V., Kirti, Jagbir Singh, Datta, Harvinder Singh & Ivanova, Maria S., 2020, A review of the genus Cyana Walker, 1854 from India, with descriptions of five new species and three new subspecies (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Arctiinae: Lithosiini), Zootaxa 4738 (1), pp. 1-93: 20-21

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4738.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:B29D53CB-4E0D-4A25-97EC-ED983730E8B2

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3680107

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B8587A-3D0F-FB02-5FC7-F8E3FB4CF8E1

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Cyana peregrina ( Walker, 1854 )
status

 

Cyana peregrina ( Walker, 1854)  

( Figs 46–51 View FIGURES 39–51 , 179–182 View FIGURES 179–181 View FIGURES 182–184 , 252 View FIGURES 252–257 )

Bizone peregrina Walker, 1854   , List of the specimens of lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum 2: 551 (Type locality: “ Ceylon ”).

= Chionaema peregrina   form. arguta Draudt, 1914, in Seitz, Die Grossschmetterlinge der Erde 10: 168 (Type locality: [S India, Kerala, Peermade] “Pirmád”).

= puella sensu Moore (1882)   , nec Drury (1773).

Type material examined. Lectotype of Bizone peregrina Walker   (designated herein) ( Fig. 49 View FIGURES 39–51 ): ♀, handwritten label “ Ceylon. Colombo. (Nietner) 57–48” / printed label “7. BIZONE PEREGRINA   .” / printed round label with a green circle “Type” / printed label with a unique identifier “NHMUK010402066” (Coll. NHMUK); holotype of Chionaema peregrina   form. arguta Draudt ( Fig. 46 View FIGURES 39–51 ): ♂, printed label “Travancore. Peermade. Mrs. Imray.1904–226.” / Chionaema peregrina   (handwritten) ab. (printed) arguta Draudt (handwritten) Holotype. Hampson Ab. (printed) I (handwritten)” / printed round label with a red circle “Type” / printed label with a unique identifier “NHMUK010402067” (Coll. NHMUK).

Other material examined. TAMIL NADU: 1 ♂, Nilgiris / Rothschild Bequest B.M. 1939–1 (Coll. NHMUK)   ; 1 ♀, Nilgiris, Hampson Coll. , 89–129 (Coll. NHMUK)   ; 1 ♀, India, Coimbatore, M.I. Walhouse 61–20, slide NHMUK010315745 Volynkin (Coll. NHMUK)   ; 1 ♂, India mer., 1000m, Tamil Nadu, Kalkad, Wildlife Sanctu- ary Manjolai , 6–7.IV.[19]97, 8.15’N 77.27’E, tea estate/rainforest, Siniaev & Schintlmeister, slide MWM 34395 View Materials Volynkin (Coll. MWM / ZSM)   ; 1 ♂, S. India, Tamil Nadu, Nilgiri Hills, north slopes, 10 km SE Kotagiri, 900 m, 11°23’N, 76°55’E, Evergreen dry forest, 16.IV.1997, 19 °C / 1 a.m., leg. Siniaev & Schintlmeister (Coll. MWM / ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; 3 ♂, India mer., 1000 m, Tamil Nadu, Kalkad, Wildlife Sanctuary Manjolai , 6–7.IV.1997, 8.15’N, 77.27’E, tea estate / rainforest, Sinjaev & Schintlmeister (Coll. MWM / ZSM)   ; 1 ♂, India, T. N., Shevaroy Hills, Yercaud , 1200m, 16–17.VII.1990, leg. W. Thomas, slide AV4648   ♂ Volynkin (Coll. CKC)   ; 1 ♀, 5 ♂, India, Tamil Nadu, Naduvattam , 22.V.2015, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 1 ♀, Tamil nadu, Alangayam , 9.XI.15, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 1 ♂, Kodanad , 25.XI.2005 leg. Navneet Singh (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; KERALA: 40 ♂, 1 ♀, India mer., Kerala, 6 km N Munnar, 1700 m, Kodalar, Tea Estate , 10’06N / 77’04E, 14–15.IV.1997, leg. Schintlmeister & Siniaev, Mountain rainforest, 14 °C, slide MWM 34394 View Materials Volynkin (Coll. MWM / ZSM)   ; 1 ♂, S. India, Kerala, Paniyar , 1000 m, 9’36’’N, 77’00’’E, cultivated land, 9.IV.1997, Schintlmeister & Siniaev (Coll. MWM / ZSM)   ; 1 ♀, Kerala, Periyar , 12.VIII.2017, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 1 ♀, Kerala, Periyar , 13.VIII.2017, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 3 ♀, Kerala, Attapadi , 16.VIII.2017, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 2 ♂ India, Kerala, Attapadi , 16.VIII.2017, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 1 ♀, India, Kerala, Attapadi , 17.VIII.2017, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; KARNATAKA: 1 ♂, India, Karnataka, Kulagi , 16.VIII.2004, leg. Navneet Singh (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 1 ♂, India, Karnataka, Madikeri , 14.XI.2005, leg. Navneet Singh (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 3 ♂, India, Karnataka, Magervelli , 17.XI.2014, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 2 ♂, India, Karnataka, Agumbe , 18.XI.2014, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 2 ♂, India, Karnataka, Agumbe , 19.XI.2014, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 3 ♂, India, Karnataka, Madikeri , 20.XI.2014, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 1 ♀, India, Karnataka, Jog falls , 20.XI.2014, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 1 ♀, India, Karnataka, Jog falls , 21.XI.2014, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   .

Remarks. 1. In the original description, Walker (1854) mentions numerous specimens from various localities, which are syntypes. Hampson (1900) cited as ‘type’ specimens from Ceylon. In order to stabilize the nomenclature, we designate the specimen from Ceylon ( Sri Lanka) deposited in NHMUK and labeled as ‘type’ as lectotype, and fix the species’ type locality as Ceylon. 2. Singh et al. (2019b) described a form of C. peregrina   , which is lacking the chocolate colour patch on hindwing.

Diagnosis. Forewing length is 11–12 mm in males and 13–13.5 mm in females. Cyana peregrina   is a sister species of C. catorhoda   . Both species are variable in their forewing shape and width of forewing transverse lines and can be separated by the genitalia structures. In the male genitalia of C. peregrina   , the valva is slightly broader than that of C. catorhoda   , and the distal diverticulum is smaller and membranous (larger and granulated in C. peregrina   ). The female genitalia of C. peregrina   are similar to those of C. catorhoda   , but can be distinguished by the larger appendix bursae and longer band-like signum.

Distribution. Sri Lanka ( Hampson 1900), South and East India ( Singh et al. 2014). The records for Thailand and Cambodia ( Černý & Pinratana 2009; Bayarsaikhan & Bae 2016) belong to C. catorhoda   .

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

ZSM

Bavarian State Collection of Zoology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Erebidae

Genus

Cyana

Loc

Cyana peregrina ( Walker, 1854 )

Singh, Navneet, Volynkin, Anton V., Kirti, Jagbir Singh, Datta, Harvinder Singh & Ivanova, Maria S. 2020
2020
Loc

puella sensu

Moore 1882
1882
Loc

Bizone peregrina

Walker 1854
1854
Loc

Chionaema peregrina

Walker 1854
1854