Cyana linatula ( Swinhoe, 1891 ), Singh & Volynkin & Kirti & Datta & Ivanova, 2020

Singh, Navneet, Volynkin, Anton V., Kirti, Jagbir Singh, Datta, Harvinder Singh & Ivanova, Maria S., 2020, A review of the genus Cyana Walker, 1854 from India, with descriptions of five new species and three new subspecies (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Arctiinae: Lithosiini), Zootaxa 4738 (1), pp. 1-93: 15

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4738.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:B29D53CB-4E0D-4A25-97EC-ED983730E8B2

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3680115

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B8587A-3D12-FB18-5FC7-FE8EFB4AF9B1

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Cyana linatula ( Swinhoe, 1891 )
status

stat. rev.

Cyana linatula ( Swinhoe, 1891)   , stat. rev.

( Figs 30–32 View FIGURES 28–38 , 175 View FIGURES 173–175 , 248 View FIGURES 246–251 )

Bizone linatula Swinhoe, 1891   , Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1891: 135 (Type locality: [ India, Maharashtra] “Khandalla and Matheran”).

Type material examined. Lectotype (designated herein) ( Fig. 32 View FIGURES 28–38 ): ♀, handwritten label “1801 Khandalla 10-86” / handwritten label “ Bizone linatula Swinhoe   type” / printed round label with a red circle “Type” / printed label with a unique identifier “NHMUK010918024” (Coll. NHMUK).

Other material examined. MEGHALAYA: 2 ♂, NE India, Assam, W Meghalaya, Garo Hills, Nokrek Nation- al Park , 25°40’N, 91°04’E, 1150 m, 2–13.VII. 1997, leg. Afonin & Sinajev, slide MWM 34509 View Materials (♂) Volynkin (Coll. MWM / ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; TAMIL NADU: 9 ♂, India mer., 1000 m, Tamil Nadu, Kalkad, Wildlife Sanctuary, Manjolai , 6– 7.IV.1997, 8.15’N, 77.27’E, tea estate / rainforest, Sinjaev & Schintlmeister, slides MWM 34407 View Materials (♂), MWM 34510 View Materials (♂) Volynkin ( Coll. MWM / ZSM)   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, India, T. N., Palani Hills, Perumalmatay , 1500m, 14.VII.1990, leg. W. Thomas, slides AV4649   ♂, AV4650 ♀ Volynkin ( Coll. MWM / ZSM)   ; 1 ♂, India, T. N., Shevaroy Hills, Yercaud , 1200m, 16–17.VII.1990, leg. W. Thomas (Coll. CKC)   ; 2 ♂, T. N., Anthiyur , 11.V.2015, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZC- ZSI)   ; 2 ♂, 1 ♀, T.N., Naduvattam , 22.V.2015, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 1 ♂, T.N., Alangayam , 15.V.2014, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; KERALA: 1 ♂, India mer., Kerala, 6 km N Munnar, 1700 m, Kodalar, Tea Estate , 10.06’N / 77.04’E, 14–15.IV.1997, leg. Schintlmeister & Siniaev, Mountain rainforest, 14°C (Coll. MWM / ZSM)   ; 1 ♂, Kerala, Aralam WLS, 16.VII.2013, leg. Rahul Ranjan (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 1 ♀, Kerala, Koni , 9.VIII.2017, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 1 ♀, Kerala, Attapadi , 17.VIII.2017, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; KARNATAKA: 1 ♀, Karnataka, Madikeri , 24.IX.2003, leg. Navneet Singh (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 1 ♂, Karnataka, Agumbe , 19.XI.2015, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   .

Remarks. 1. This taxon was treated as a junior synonym of Cyana subornata ( Walker, 1854)   distributed in Sri Lanka ( Hampson 1900; Draudt 1914; Strand 1922). However, significant external and genital differences prove its species status. 2. In the original description, Swinhoe (1891) did not mention a number of specimens, but cited two localities therefore the existence of syntypes is obvious. In order to stabilize the nomenclature, we designate the specimen deposited in NHMUK and labeled as ‘type’ as lectotype.

Diagnosis. Forewing length is 13–13.5 mm in males and 15–16 mm in females. Cyana linatula   is a closest relative of C. subornata   ( Figs 28, 29 View FIGURES 28–38 ), but can be easily distinguished by its inner black edging of the antemedial line and outer black edging of the postmedial line, whereas in C. subornata   both lines are pure red. The male genitalia of C. linatula   differ from those of C. subornata   ( Fig. 174 View FIGURES 173–175 ) by the larger ventral subbasal diverticulum, the larger dorsal medial diverticulum, and the presence of a cluster of small spinules on the tip of the distal diverticulum. The female genitalia of C. linatula   differ from those of C. subornata   ( Fig. 247 View FIGURES 246–251 ) by their broader ostium bursae, more strongly rugose posterior section of corpus bursae, and more robust spinulose scobination of the appendix bursae.

Distribution. India (Rajasthan, Meghalaya, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala) ( Singh et al. 2014, as C. subornata   ). The record for the Andaman Islands ( Swinhoe 1891) belongs to C. rudloffi   .

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

ZSM

Bavarian State Collection of Zoology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Erebidae

Genus

Cyana

Loc

Cyana linatula ( Swinhoe, 1891 )

Singh, Navneet, Volynkin, Anton V., Kirti, Jagbir Singh, Datta, Harvinder Singh & Ivanova, Maria S. 2020
2020
Loc

Bizone linatula

Swinhoe 1891
1891