Cyana arama arama ( Moore, 1859 ), arama (Moore, 1859

Singh, Navneet, Volynkin, Anton V., Kirti, Jagbir Singh, Datta, Harvinder Singh & Ivanova, Maria S., 2020, A review of the genus Cyana Walker, 1854 from India, with descriptions of five new species and three new subspecies (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Arctiinae: Lithosiini), Zootaxa 4738 (1), pp. 1-93: 46-47

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4738.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:B29D53CB-4E0D-4A25-97EC-ED983730E8B2

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3680157

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B8587A-3D31-FB38-5FC7-FE32FD63FDE3

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Plazi

scientific name

Cyana arama arama ( Moore, 1859 )
status

 

Cyana arama arama ( Moore, 1859)  

( Figs 120–123 View FIGURES 120–127 , 219 View FIGURES 218–221 , 276 View FIGURES 273–276 )

Bizone arama Moore in Horsfield & Moore, 1859   , A catalogue of the lepidopterous insects in the Museum of Natural History at the East-India House 2: 306, pl. 79, fig. 10 (Type locality: “Darjeeling”).

= Bizone triguttata Walker, 1869   , Characters of undescribed Lepidoptera Heterocera   : 89 (Type locality: not stated), syn. nov.

= Cyana distincta babui Kishida, 1993   ; Tinea 13 (Suppl. 3): 38, pl. 41, figs 4, 5 (Type locality: [ Nepal] “Godavari”).

Type material examined. Lectotype of Bizone arama Moore   (designated herein) ( Fig. 122 View FIGURES 120–127 ): ♀, handwritten label “Darjeeling” / handwritten label “ Bizone arama   . Moore” / printed label “Ind. Mus. 79.64.” / printed round label with a red circle “Type H.T.” / printed label with a unique identifier “NHMUK010597965” (Coll. NHMUK); lectotype of Bizone triguttata   (designated herein) ( Fig. 123 View FIGURES 120–127 ): ♀ without abdomen, handwritten label “ Bizone triguttata   ” / green round label / “Brit. Mus. 1935- (printed) 288 (handwritten)” / printed round label with a green circle “Type” / handwritten label “Same as Bizone arama Moore   ” / printed label with a unique identifier “NHMUK010597913” (Coll. NHMUK).

Remarks. 1. Hampson (1900) and later authors ( Draudt 1914; Strand 1922) treated the taxon triguttata   as a junior synonym of C. guttifera   . However, the lectotype specimen of triguttata   is obviously conspecific with that of C. arama   and not the much smaller C. guttifera   . Thus, here we synonymize triguttata   with arama   . 2. Moore (1859) described Bizone arama   based on four females (listed as “a. b. c. d.”), which are syntypes. In the original description of triguttata, Walker (1869)   did not mention a number of specimens therefore the existence of syntypes is probable. To avoid any confusion with C. guttata   in the future, here we designate the specimens of Bizone arama   and Bizone triguttata   deposited in the NHMUK collection and labeled as “Type”s ( Figs. 122, 123 View FIGURES 120–127 ) as lectotype.

Other material examined. SIKKIM: 6 ♂, Sikkim , X.1909, F. Moller, 1910–140 (Coll. NHMUK)   ; 1 ♀, Sikkim, 3.X.[18]90, G.C. Dudgeon, 94–52 ( Coll. NHMUK)   ; 2 ♂, India, Sikkim, Pemayangtse , 2000 m, 20–27.VIII.1988, Lf., leg. Dr. W. Thomas (Coll. MWM / ZSM)   ; 1 ♂, Sikkim, Dangar , 29.VIII.2014, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 1 ♂, Sikkim, Ribdi , 24.IX.2014, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 1 ♂, Chungthang , 28.IV.2014, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; WEST BENGAL: 1 ♀, Darjeeling ( Coll. NHMUK)   ; 1 ♀ Assam, W.F. Badgley, 1906–185 ( Coll. NHMUK)   ; 2 ♂, India WB, 1700 m, Darjeeling, 9 miles from vill, 19.VIII.1985, leg. W. Thomas, slide MWM 37061 View Materials (♂) Volynkin ( Coll. MWM / ZSM)   ; 1 ♂, India WB, Darjeeling , 2000 m, 12–20.VIII.1985, leg. Dr. W. Thomas (Coll. MWM / ZSM)   ; 3 ♂, India WB, Darjeeling, 2100 m, 28.VIII.–1.IX.1983, leg. Dr. W. Thomas, slide MWM 34423 View Materials (♂) Volynkin ( Coll. MWM / ZSM)   ; 2 ♂, India WB, Darjeeling, Tigerhill, 2400 m, end of VI.1987, leg. Dr. W. Thomas, slide MWM 34424 View Materials (♂) Volynkin ( Coll. MWM / ZSM)   ; 1 ♀, Gopaldhara, Darjeeling , 4720’ (H. Stevens) IX.1916, slide AV2065   ♀ Volynkin ( Coll. ZFMK)   ; ASSAM: 1 ♂, Assam, Garampani, 28.IX.15, leg. Devinder Pal Singh ( Coll. NZCZSI)   ; MEGHALAYA: 1 ♀, Khasis , VIII.1894, Nat. Coll. (Coll. NHMUK)   ; 1 ♂, Khasia Hills , Assam, slide AV2064   ♂ Volynkin ( Coll. ZFMK)   ; 1 ♂, Meghalaya, Nehu, 25.VIII.14, leg, H.S. Datta ( Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 1 ♂, Meghalaya, Cherrapunji, 2.IX.08, leg. Rahul Joshi ( Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 1 ♂, Meghalaya, Jowai , 04.IX.2008, leg. Rahul Joshi (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 1 ♂, Meghalaya, Nehu, 8.IX.15, leg. Devinder Pal Singh ( Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 8 ♂, Meghalaya, Pynursla , 10.IX.2014, H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 5 ♂, 1 ♀ Meghalaya, Pynursla , 11.IX.2014 H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 2 ♂, Mawsynram , 26.VIII.2014, H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 3 ♂, Ialong, 18.IX.15, Kumar Kaustubh ( Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 1 ♂, Meghalaya, Amlarem , 18.IX.2015, H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 1 ♂, Meghalaya, Amlarem , 19.IX.2015, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 2 ♂, Meghalaya, Umaim, 25.IX.15, leg. Devinder Pal Singh ( Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 5 ♂, 1 ♀, Jowai , 17.IX.2015, leg. Devinder Pal Singh (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 1 ♂, Meghalaya, Cherrapunji, 13.IX.15, leg. H.S. Datta ( Coll. NZCZSI)   ; MANIPUR: 1 ♀, Manipur, Ukhrul , 18.IX.1994, leg. APS Kaleka (Coll. NZCZSI)   .

Diagnosis. Forewing length is 19–20 mm in males and 22–23 mm in females. Cyana arama   is a closest relative of C. distincta (Rothschild, 1912)   distributed in Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam and South China. Externally, C arama   differs from C. distincta   ( Figs 126, 127 View FIGURES 120–127 ) by its amber yellow pattern of thorax and forewing, strongly wavy antemedial line and pale ochreous orange hindwing (that is pale crimson in C. distincta   ). The male genitalia of two species are similar and differ by the vesica structure only: in C. arama   the lateral cluster of spinules is small and elongated, and the subbasal cluster of spinules is long and curved distally and consists of robust spinules, whereas in C. distincta   ( Fig. 221 View FIGURES 218–221 ) the lateral cluster of spinules is large and rounded, and the subbasal one is short, straight and consists of small spinules. The female genitalia of C. arama   differ from those of C. distincta   ( Fig. 278 View FIGURES 277–281 ) by its stronger sclerotized posterior section of corpus bursae at the connection with appendix bursae, and larger appendix bursae.

Distribution. The nominate subspecies is distributed in North East India (Sikkim, north of West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Mizoram, Manipur) ( Hampson 1900; Singh et al. 2014), Nepal ( Kishida 1993, as distincta   babui) and West China (Tibet) ( Fang 2000).

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

ZSM

Bavarian State Collection of Zoology

ZFMK

Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Erebidae

Genus

Cyana

Loc

Cyana arama arama ( Moore, 1859 )

Singh, Navneet, Volynkin, Anton V., Kirti, Jagbir Singh, Datta, Harvinder Singh & Ivanova, Maria S. 2020
2020
Loc

Cyana distincta babui

Kishida 1993
1993
Loc

Bizone triguttata Walker, 1869

, Walker 1869
1869
Loc

Bizone arama

Moore in Horsfield & Moore 1859
1859