Cyana divakara ( Moore, 1865 )

Singh, Navneet, Volynkin, Anton V., Kirti, Jagbir Singh, Datta, Harvinder Singh & Ivanova, Maria S., 2020, A review of the genus Cyana Walker, 1854 from India, with descriptions of five new species and three new subspecies (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Arctiinae: Lithosiini), Zootaxa 4738 (1), pp. 1-93: 40-41

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4738.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:B29D53CB-4E0D-4A25-97EC-ED983730E8B2

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3680171

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B8587A-3D3B-FB3E-5FC7-FB0AFBD6FE57

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Cyana divakara ( Moore, 1865 )
status

 

Cyana divakara ( Moore, 1865)  

( Figs 106–108 View FIGURES 104–111 , 207 View FIGURES 206–209 , 271 View FIGURES 268–272 )

B.[izone] divakara Moore, 1865   , Proceedings of the general meetings for scientific business of the Zoological Society of London 1865: 798, pl. 42, fig. 9 (Type locality: “Darjeeling”).

= divacara, misspelling.

Material examined. SIKKIM: 1 ♂   , Sikkim, O. Möller, 7000’ [19]09 (Coll. NHMUK); 1 ♀   , Sikkim, VIII.1909, F. Moller, 1910–40 (Coll. NHMUK); 1 ♀   , Sikkim, H. J. Elwes / Collectio H. J. Elwes, slide AV2067 ♀   Volynkin (Coll. ZFMK); 13 ♂, 4 ♀   , Sikkim, Mt. Kanchenjunga Himal , 27°’30’N, 88°20’E, 2225 m, 11–14.VIII.1995, leg. Afonin & Siniaev (Coll. MWM / ZSM); 2 ♂, 1 ♀   , Sikkim, Mt. Kanchenjunga Himal , 27°30’N, 88°20’E, 1900 m, 15.VIII.1995, leg. Afonin & Siniaev, slide MWM 34471 View Materials (♂) Volynkin (Coll. MWM / ZSM); 1 ♀ GoogleMaps   , Sikkim, Mt. Kanchenjunga SE, 27°’30’N, 88°20’E, 3000 m, 7–8.VIII.1995, leg. E. Afonin & V. Siniaev ex coll. Schintlmeister, slide MWM 34472 View Materials (Coll. MWM / ZSM); 1 ♂   , Sikkim, Mt. Kanchenjunga SE, 27°’30’N, 88°20’E, 2600 m, 9–10.VIII.1995, leg. E. Afonin & V. Siniaev ex coll. Schintlmeister (Coll. MWM / ZSM)   ; WEST BENGAL: 1 ♂, 1 ♀   , Darjiling / Moore Coll. 94–106 (Coll. NHMUK); 1 ♂   , Darjeeling / Moore Coll. 94–106 (Coll. NHMUK); 1 ♀   , Darjeeling , Ex coll. Lidderdale (Coll. NHMUK); 1 ♂   , Darjeeling. Dr. Lidderdale 79–54 (Coll. NHMUK); 1 ♂   , Darjeeling , 20.VII.1886, H.J. Elwes (Coll. NHMUK); 1 ♂   , Darjeeling, H. J. E., 20.VII.[18]86, slide AV2066 ♂ Volynkin (Coll. ZFMK); AS- SAM: 1 ♂   , Assam, Crowley Bequest 1901–78 (Coll. NHMUK)   .

Diagnosis. Forewing length is 20–21 mm in males and 24–25 mm in females. Cyana divakara   is a closest relative of C. sikkimensis   and C. britomartis It   differs externally from C. sikkimensis   by its very broad orange forewing pattern occupying the most of the forewing area, larger basal discal black spot, distal black spots fused to the comma-like dash, and the presence of a discal spot on hindwing. The male genitalia of C. divakara   differ from those of C. sikkimensis   by their broader juxta, slightly broader valva with stronger curved costa, narrower subbasal dorsal diverticulum, smaller cluster of spinules of the medial diverticulum, larger lateral cluster of spinules, and shorter and broader distal diverticulum. The female genitalia of C. divakara   differ from those of C. sikkimensis   by the narrower and less sclerotized posterior section of the corpus bursae with a sclerotized left lateral protrusion, the slightly larger signum, the less sclerotized basal section of the appendix bursae, and the broader distal membranous section of the appendix bursae. The differences between C. divakara   and C. britomartis   are listed in the diagnosis of the latter.

Distribution. North East India (Sikkim, north of West Bengal and Assam) ( Hampson 1900), Nepal and Bhutan (present study). The records for China ( Fang 1992; 2000) belong to C. britomartis   .

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

ZFMK

Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig

ZSM

Bavarian State Collection of Zoology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Erebidae

Genus

Cyana